John K. Lodge

John K. Lodge
Northumbria University · Faculty of Health and Life Sciences

PhD

About

83
Publications
8,068
Reads
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2,638
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
1077 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
Northumbria University
Position
  • Reader in Metabolic Nutrition

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Beneficial effects of nut supplementation on cognitive function have previously been demonstrated in young and older adults. Alterations to gut microbiota have also been shown following tree nut consumption. However, no data exists on the effects of nuts on cognition and intestinal microbial communities assessed within the same study....
Article
Full-text available
Blueberries are rich in polyphenols, and their effect on cardiovascular health, including risk factors for endothelial dysfunction and hypertension, has been investigated in interventional studies. However, the difference between blueberry treatments in varied forms for their cardiovascular-protective effect remains poorly understood. The current s...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The cognitive-protective effects related to the consumption of a variety of fruits are supported by several intervention studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared the magnitude of effects following chronic (≥1 week) consumption of frozen, freeze-dried powder including extracts and juices of fruits, covering berries, cher...
Article
Full-text available
Tart Montmorency cherries (MC) are a particularly rich source of anthocyanins and other polyphenols that have been shown to elicit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and vasomodulatory actions. This study aimed to determine the influence of chronic MC supplementation on cognitive function and mood. In a 3-month double-blinded, placebo-controlled parall...
Article
Full-text available
Montmorency tart cherries (MC) have been found to modulate indices of vascular function with interventions of varying duration. The objective of this preliminary study was to identify the chronic effects of MC supplementation on vascular function and the potential for urinary metabolomics to provide mechanistic evidence. We performed a placebo-cont...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological and intervention studies have reported negative health effects of sucrose intake, but many of these studies were not representative of typical dietary habits. In this pilot study, we aimed to test the effect of increasing sucrose intakes for 1 week on body composition and blood pressure and explore the feasibility of consuming high...
Article
Full-text available
Recommendations for free sugar intake in the UK should be no more than 5% of total energy due to increased health risks associated with overconsumption. It was therefore of interest to examine free sugar intakes and associations with health parameters in the UK population. The UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) rolling programme (2008-201...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Tart Montmorency cherries (MC) have been shown to be rich in anthocyanins and other phytochemicals known to have anti-inflammatory properties and influence pathways that might improve cardiometabolic health. However, there is limited evidence for the longer-term use of tart cherries on these indices. The aim of the current study was to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This review aims to compare the magnitude of the effects of chronic consumption of fruits; specifically berries, citrus and cherries on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.Methods PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and psycARTICLES were searched from inception until January 2020. Forty-five chronic (≥ 1 week) randomised controlled trials...
Article
Full-text available
In the original publication, a study supplementing orange juice by Morand, et al., 2011 (France) was incorrectly reported for the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) outcome.
Conference Paper
Introduction Crohn’s disease (CD) is strongly associated with risk variants in Nod2 and an imbalanced gut microbiome. Historical and emerging data indicate that gut fungi play an important role in CD pathogenesis, however a causal link between fungi and dysregulated immunity remains obscure. A recent study has shown that NOD2 acts beyond peptidogly...
Article
Water-soluble vitamins are essential dietary components with a multitude of important functions that require quantification from food sources to characterise the nutritional status of food. In this study, we have developed a hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) based method coupled to single-quadrupole mass spectrometry (MS) for the analy...
Article
Background and Aims Historical and emerging data implicate fungi in Crohn's disease (CD) pathogenesis. However, a causal link between mycobiota, dysregulated immunity and any impact of NOD2 variants remains elusive. This study aims to evaluate associations between NOD2 variants and faecal mycobiota in CD patients and non-CD subjects. Methods Faecal...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims Historical and emerging data implicate fungi in Crohn’s disease (CD) pathogenesis. However, a causal link between mycobiota, dysregulated immunity and any impact of NOD2 variants remains elusive. This study aims to evaluate associations between NOD2 variants and faecal mycobiota in CD patients and non-CD subjects. Methods Faeca...
Presentation
The effect of consuming red and orange cherry tomatoes on blood-borne circulating biomarkers in free-living normotensive males: a randomised cross-over trial - Volume 78 Issue OCE2 - H. M. Cheng, G. Koutsidis, J.K. Lodge, K. Keane, M. Siervo, J. Lara
Article
There is a dearth of information regarding the reliability of non-invasive measures of vascular function taken in a single testing session. This study aimed to determine the test-retest reliability of a test battery of vascular function measures: automated blood pressure (BP), laser Doppler imaging with iontophoresis (LDI), digital volume pulse (DV...
Chapter
Metabolomics aims to characterise changes to the complement of metabolites in a biological sample (metabolome), and this technology is gaining interest in nutrition research as it can define perturbations to metabolism induced by dietary factors. There have been a number of metabolomic studies in human and animal models based around vitamin E suppl...
Presentation
The effect of consuming red and yellow cherry tomatoes on endothelial function in free-living normotensive males: a randomised cross-over trial - Volume 77 Issue OCE4 - H.M. Cheng, G. Koutsidis, J.K. Lodge, K. Keane, M. Siervo, J. Lara
Article
Accumulating evidence suggests flavonoid intake is associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. We aimed to systematically determine and quantify the potential association between dietary anthocyanin intake and risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). A systematic literature search of studies reporting anthocyanin intake and risk of fat...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of berries has been linked to decreased risk of degenerative disease. Berries are regularly processed into juices. It is largely unknown how the juicing process affects the bioavailability of metabolites. As metabolomics has shown to be a valuable nutritional tool to study global metabolite differences, the aim of this study was to...
Article
Background and aims: Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains as the main cause of mortality. Observational studies supports an association between intake of tomato products or lycopene with a reduced CVDs risk. Our aim was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on the topic. Methods: Medline, Web of Science, an...
Article
Full-text available
How temperate bacteriophages play a role in microbial infection and disease progression is not fully understood. They do this in part by carrying genes that promote positive evolutionary selection for the lysogen. Using Biolog phenotype microarrays and comparative metabolite profiling we demonstrate the impact of the well-characterised Shiga toxin-...
Article
Background and aims: Epidemiological evidence suggests an association between consumption of tomato products or lycopene and lower risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Our aim was to evaluate the state of the evidence from intervention trials on the effect of consuming tomato products and lycopene on markers of cardiovascular (CV) function. We...
Article
ScopeThe intake of sucrose is of public health concern but limited information is available on the metabolic effects of short term exposure. Our aim was to use metabolomics to investigate the metabolic impact of acute sucrose exposure.Methods and resultsWe performed a randomised, parallel, single-dose feeding study on healthy females (n = 90, aged...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the phytochemical uptake following human consumption of Montmorency tart cherry (L. Prunus cerasus) and influence of selected phenolic acids on vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro. In a randomised, double-blinded, crossover design, 12 healthy males consumed either 30 or 60 mL of Montmorency tart cherry concentrate. Following analys...
Article
Background: Previous studies suggest that the beneficial health effects of a diet rich in whole grains could be a result of the individual fibres found in the grain. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of a diet high in either wheat fibre (as an example of an insoluble fibre) or inulin (a nondigestible carbohydrate) on markers of...
Article
Objective: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measure of arterial stiffness and a marker for cardiovascular disease. Although commonly used, there are only a few reports investigating the intersession and intrasession variability in PWV measurements, the determination of which is important in a mixed population when using PWV as a clinical marker. The...
Article
Full-text available
Water-soluble vitamins are an important class of compounds that require quantification from food sources to monitor nutritional value. In this study we have analysed six water-soluble B vitamins ([thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinic acid (B3, NAc), nicotinamide (B3, NAm), pyridoxal (B6), folic acid (B9)], and ascorbic acid (vit C) with hydrop...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Background: Vitamin E is a nutrient with both antioxidant and non-antioxidant activities and has been shown to modulate the function of a number of cell types in vitro and in human studies. However studies have also shown vitamin E to have detrimental interactions and therefore it is important to establish the extent to which this nu...
Article
Atherosclerotic plaques form in the arterial intima, where low density lipoprotein (LDL) is thought to be oxidatively modified at sites which may contain catalytic amounts of copper in the presence of low O2 tension. We have investigated O2 consumption during LDL peroxidation induced by Cu2+ ions in vitro and found two phases: a lag phase followed...
Article
Full-text available
Development of a biomarker for sucrose intake based on metabolomics - Volume 71 Issue OCE2 - A. M. Joosen, M. M. Clarke, J. K. Lodge, O. Mugridge, G. Frost, B. Engel, K. Taillart, A. J. Lloyd, M. Beckmann, J. Draper
Article
Full-text available
The effect of fish oil versus krill oil on markers of metabolic syndrome and the plasma metabolome; a pilot study - Volume 71 Issue OCE2 - W. Jones, D. Scott, J. K. Lodge, M. A. Schmidt, I. G. Davies
Article
Full-text available
The present report summarises a workshop convened by the UK Food Standards Agency (Agency) on 25 March 2010 to discuss the current Agency's funded research on the use of metabolomics technologies in human nutrition research. The objectives of this workshop were to review progress to date, to identify technical challenges and ways of overcoming them...
Article
It has been well documented that ascorbate enhances iron uptake, with a proposed mechanism based on reduction to the more absorbable ferrous form. We have performed a study on the effects of ascorbate on ferric iron uptake in the human epithelial Caco-2 cell-line. Ascorbate increased uptake in a concentration-dependent manner with a significant dif...
Article
In Western societies the apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) genotype is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and represents a significant risk factor for cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease. In a recent study we observed significantly lower tissue alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOH) concentrations in apoE4 compared with apoE3 mice. Furthermore, gen...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin E is an essential vitamin and a lipid soluble antioxidant, at least, under in vitro conditions. The antioxidant properties of vitamin E are exerted through its phenolic hydroxyl group, which donates hydrogen to peroxyl radicals, resulting in the formation of stable lipid species. Beside an antioxidant role, important cell signalling propert...
Article
Full-text available
The present report discusses targeted and non-targeted approaches to monitor single nutrients and global metabolite profiles in nutritional research. Non-targeted approaches such as metabolomics allow for the global description of metabolites in a biological sample and combine an analytical platform with multivariate data analysis to visualise patt...
Article
Full-text available
Regular consumption of green tea polyphenols (GTP) is thought to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but has also been associated with liver toxicity. The present trial aimed to assess the safety and potential CVD health beneficial effects of daily GTP consumption. We conducted a placebo-controlled parallel study to evaluate the chronic...
Chapter
In the field of dermatology, antioxidants are a widely used and innovative ingredient in topical applications. This chapter is intended to provide an overview of the current state of research on the use of antioxidants in cosmeceutical applications as well as safety aspects. The most important antioxidants, vitamin E, vitamin C, thiols, and flavono...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin E is an important nutrient with antioxidant and non-antioxidant functions, and certain evidence suggests that it has a cardiovascular protective role. It is therefore important to maintain an optimal vitamin E status. In the present paper, a number of MS applications to monitor vitamin E status and its interactions, including the use of sta...
Article
The application of LC-MS for untargeted urinary metabolite profiling in metabonomic research has gained much interest in recent years. However, the effects of varying sample pre-treatments and LC conditions on generic metabolite profiling have not been studied. We aimed to evaluate the effects of varying experimental conditions on data acquisition...
Article
Background: Insulin resistance is a condition in which the amount of insulin released is inadequate to produce a normal glucose response from fat, muscle and liver cells. Its prevalence is increasing, affecting approximately 25% of the UK population (Diabetes UK, 2006) and with it the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (C...
Article
Ascorbic acid is an important water-soluble antioxidant and epidemiological data suggest an association between low intakes and low plasma concentrations with increased risk of degenerative disease. In humans ascorbate is associated with a number of metabolic functions, all of which are dependent on the powerful reducing properties of the molecule....
Article
In human cells, α-lipoic acid (LA) is present in a bound lipoyllysine form in mitochondrial proteins that play a central role in oxidative metabolism. The possible effects of oral LA supplementation, a single bout of strenuous exercise and endurance exercise training on the lipoyllysine content in skeletal muscle and liver tissues of rat were exami...
Article
We have compared the biokinetics of deuterated natural (RRR) and synthetic (all rac) alpha-tocopherol in male apoE4-carrying smokers and nonsmokers. In a randomized, crossover study subjects underwent two 4-week treatments (400 mg/day) with undeuterated RRR- and all rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate around a 12-week washout. Before and after each supple...
Article
The deleterious impact of cigarette smoking on cardiovascular health may be in part attributable to a free radical mediated proinflammatory response in circulating monocytes. In the current investigation, the impact of vitamin C supplementation on monocyte gene expression was determined in apoE4 smokers versus non-smokers. A total of 10 smokers and...
Article
It is important to understand factors that can influence vitamin E bioavailability, particularly in populations with increased risk of coronary heart disease such as cigarette smokers. There is also a need to clarify the bioavailability of natural and synthetic vitamin E, which is currently a subject of some controversy. Previous studies using a co...
Article
Full-text available
The biokinetics of newly absorbed vitamin E in blood components was investigated in normolipidaemic males. Subjects (n 12) ingested encapsulated 150 mg (2)H-labelled RRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate with a standard meal. Blood was collected at 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 48 h post-ingestion. (2)H-Labelled and pre-existing unlabelled alpha-tocopherol (alpha-T)...
Chapter
Ascorbic acid is six carbon lactone structurally related to glucose. Indeed, glucose provides the starting point of ascorbic acid synthesis in those animals capable of synthesis. Primates are one of the few mammalian species that lack the ability to synthesize ascorbic acid, and must therefore obtain ascorbic acid from the diet. Hence, it is also k...
Chapter
Vitamin E (VE) is a potent lipid soluble antioxidant that prevents the propagation of free-radical damage in biological membranes. Tocopherols and tocotrienols are part of an interlinking set of antioxidant cycles, which has been termed the antioxidant network. Besides its antioxidant properties, cell regulatory activities of VE have been found. Ad...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies comparing the biokinetics of deuterated natural (RRR) and synthetic (all-rac) alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) used a simultaneous ingestion or competitive uptake approach and reported relative bioavailability ratios close to 2:1, higher than the accepted biopotency ratio of 1.36:1. The aim of the current study was to compare the bioki...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin E homeostasis in hyperlipidemia is poorly understood. The biokinetics of deuterated alpha-tocopherol (alpha-T) in blood components was investigated in normolipidemic (N; total cholesterol < 5.5 mmol/L and triglycerides < 1.5 mmol/L, n = 9), hypercholesterolemic (HC; total cholesterol > 6.5 mmol/L and triglycerides < 1.5 mmol/L, n = 10), and...
Article
Limited information is available on factors that can influence vitamin E bioavailability. In several studies we have investigated the influence of dietary, biochemical, and genetic factors on vitamin E biokinetics. In these studies, subjects ingested a capsule containing 150 mg deuterated RRR-alpha-tocopheryl acetate, blood was taken up to 48 hr, a...
Article
Large inter-individual variation exists in the response to vitamin E supplementation, and this may influence the outcome of human studies. It is our hypothesis that genetic heterogeneity is an important determinant of vitamin E homeostasis. Therefore we have performed an in silico search for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with ge...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin E absorption requires the presence of fat; however, limited information exists on the influence of fat quantity on optimal absorption. In the present study we compared the absorption of stable-isotope-labelled vitamin E following meals of varying fat content and source. In a randomised four-way cross-over study, eight healthy individuals co...
Article
Cigarette smoking is associated with increased oxidative stress and increased risk of degenerative disease. As the major lipophilic antioxidant, requirements for vitamin E may be higher in smokers due to increased utilisation. In this observational study we have compared vitamin E status in smokers and non-smokers using a holistic approach by measu...
Article
Cigarette smoking is associated with increased oxidative stress and increased risk of degenerative disease. As the major lipophilic antioxidant, requirements for vitamin E may be higher in smokers due to increased utilisation. In this observational study we have compared vitamin E status in smokers and non-smokers using a holistic approach by measu...
Article
A method is described for the analysis of deuterated and undeuterated alpha-tocopherol in blood components using liquid chromatography coupled to an orthogonal acceleration time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. Optimal ionisation conditions for undeuterated (d0) and tri- and hexadeuterated (d3 or d6) alpha-tocopherol standards were found with neg...
Article
Limited information is available regarding metabolism of vitamin E forms, especially the tocotrienols. Carboxyethyl-hydroxychromans (α-and γ-CEHC) are human urinary metabolites of α- and γ-tocopherols, respectively. To evaluate whether tocotrienols are also metabolized and excreted as urinary CEHC, urine was monitored following tocotrienol suppleme...
Article
Full-text available
A method for the direct extraction and routine analysis of the vitamin E metabolites gamma- and alpha-carboxyethyl hydroxychroman (gamma- and alpha-CEHC) from human urine has been developed. A relatively small sample volume (5 ml) can be used and, after enzymatic hydrolysis of the conjugated forms and acidification, the metabolites are extracted wi...
Chapter
There is increasing evidence that thiols play a role in various biological processes. This arises from their ability to undergo redox reactions; thus, they can act as efficient electron donators or acceptors. α-Lipoic acid is a dithiol-containing compound that plays an essential role in mitochondrial dehydrogenase reactions, but it has recently gai...
Chapter
Publisher Summary Naturally occurring lipoic acid is known to play a fundamental role in metabolism, serving as a cofactor in enzyme complexes, which function at strategic points in carbohydrate metabolism, citric-acid cycle, and amino-acid catabolism. In the last decade, experimental evidence has increased suggesting free lipoic acid to be a power...
Article
Exposure of the human skin to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) leads to depletion of cutaneous antioxidants, regulation of gene expression and ultimately to the development of skin diseases. Although exogenous supplementation of antioxidants prevents UVR-induced photooxidative damage, their effects on components of cell signalling pathways leading to ge...
Chapter
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generally believed to be involved in the etiology of inflammatory disorders, carcinogenesis, and aging of skin (Darr and Fridovich, 1994). Located at the interface between body and environment, the skin is frequently and directly exposed to chemical oxidants, air-pollutants, ultraviolet (UV) solar radiation UV (ult...
Article
Full-text available
In human cells, alpha-lipoic acid (LA) is present in a bound lipoyllysine form in mitochondrial proteins that play a central role in oxidative metabolism. The possible effects of oral LA supplementation, a single bout of strenuous exercise and endurance exercise training on the lipoyllysine content in skeletal muscle and liver tissues of rat were e...
Article
Mono-thiols can act either as pro- or anti-oxidants during metal-catalyzed low density lipoprotein (LDL) peroxidation, however investigation of the role of vicinal thiols has been neglected. Therefore dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA), a vicinal dithiol, and lipoic acid, its oxidized form, were used to investigate Cu2+-mediated LDL peroxidation. We demonst...
Article
R-alpha-Lipoic acid is found naturally occurring as a prosthetic group in alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes of the mitochondria, and as such plays a fundamental role in metabolism. Although this has been known for decades, only recently has free supplemented alpha-lipoic acid been found to affect cellular metabolic processes in vitro, as it h...
Article
1,2-Diselenolane-3-pentanoic acid, in which the sulfur atoms of α-lipoic acid are replaced with selenium, displayed markedly different antioxidant properties when compared to α-lipoic acid. 1,2-Diselenolane-3-pentanoic acid was unable to inhibit protein oxidative modification of human low density lipoprotein (LDL) and bovine serum albumin induced b...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of apolipoprotein B (apoB) modification during oxidation of human low density lipoproteins (LDL) mediated either by copper or by hypochlorite (HOCl). The kinetics of protein carbonyl formation, the relationship of apoB carbonyl formation to lipid peroxidation, and the loss of apoB lysine resi...
Article
To determine whether lipid peroxidation is required for apolipoprotein B (apoB) carbonyl formation of human low-density lipoproteins (LDL) during copper-mediated oxidation, we investigated oxidation of native and probucol-preloaded LDL by measuring thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) and apoB carbonyls. Probucol was used because it is k...
Article
The levels of lipoic acid in plant and animal tissues were determined in the form of lipoyllysine. After the hydrolysis of samples with proteases, the liberated lipoyllysine was extracted with ethanol and measured with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with an electrochemical detection system. The released lipoyllysine was conf...
Article
Oxidatively modified LDL (oLDL) is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have studied Cu(2+)-induced peroxidation reactions of LDL and have elucidated the sequence of events which subsequently occur within LDL particles by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Studies of chloroform/methanol extracts show that LDL arachidonate is oxid...
Article
Full-text available
The modification of lipoproteins by reactive aldehydes formed via lipid peroxidation is thought to be a key process in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We show that 1H-n.m.r. spectroscopy can readily be used to detect a variety of different aldehydes resulting from peroxidation of liposomes induced by Fenton's reagent or lipoxygenase, and aldeh...

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