John M. Lawson

John M. Lawson
University of Southampton · Aerodyamics and Flight Mechanics Group

Doctor of Philosophy, Master of Engineering

About

19
Publications
3,147
Reads
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153
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
University of Southampton
Position
  • Fellow
August 2018 - present
University of Southampton
Position
  • Fellow
September 2015 - present
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • PostDoc working in the area of turbulence and Lagrangian measurement techniques
Education
October 2011 - August 2015
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Enginering
October 2007 - June 2011
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Engineering

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the unsteady forcing of turbulent flow in a well-stirred reactor using opposing arrays of pitched-blade impellers which randomly and independently reverse rotation. We systematically explore the dependence of the large-scale motions and the homogeneity and isotropy of the turbulence upon the forcing. We identify three dimensionless c...
Article
Full-text available
By coupling direct numerical simulation of homogeneous isotropic turbulence with a localised solution of the convection–diffusion equation, we model the rate of transfer of a solute (mass transfer) from the surface of small, neutrally buoyant, axisymmetric, ellipsoidal particles (spheroids) in dilute suspension within a turbulent fluid at large Péc...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a high demand for filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs), which has brought global challenges in sustaining the supply chain for FFRs. Because respirators are basic personal protective equipment to protect frontline healthcare workers against COVID-19, the chronic, global shortage of N95/N99 masks is one of the most...
Article
Full-text available
In a theoretical analysis, we generalise well known asymptotic results to obtain expressions for the rate of transfer of material from the surface of an arbitrary, rigid particle suspended in an open pathline flow at large Péclet number, Pe. The flow may be steady or periodic in time. We apply this result to numerically evaluate expressions for the...
Preprint
Full-text available
In a theoretical analysis, we generalise well known asymptotic results to obtain expressions for the rate of transfer of material from the surface of an arbitrary, rigid particle suspended in an open pathline flow at large P\'eclet number, $\textrm{Pe}$. The flow may be steady or periodic in time. We apply this result to numerically evaluate expres...
Article
p>A detailed assessment of the inter-scale energy budget of the turbulent flow in a von Kármán mixing tank has been performed based on two extensive experimental data sets. Measurements were performed at a Taylor microscale Reynolds number of in the central region of the tank, using scanning particle image velocimetry (PIV) to fully resolve the vel...
Article
Full-text available
Using volumetric velocity data from a turbulent laboratory water flow and numerical simulations of homogeneous, isotropic turbulence, we present a direct experimental and numerical assessment of Kolmogorov's first refined similarity hypothesis based on three-dimensional measurements of the local energy dissipation rate εr measured at dissipative sc...
Article
Full-text available
p>Forming macroscopic solid bodies in circumstellar discs requires local dust concentration levels significantly higher than the mean. Interactions of the dust particles with the gas must serve to augment local particle densities, and facilitate growth past barriers in the metre size range. Amongst a number of mechanisms that can amplify the local...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forming macroscopic solid bodies in circumstellar discs requires local dust concentration levels significantly higher than the mean. Interactions of the dust particles with the gas must serve to augment local particle densities, and facilitate growth past barriers in the metre size range. Amongst a number of mechanisms that can amplify the local de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forming macroscopic solid bodies in circumstellar discs requires local dust concentration levels significantly higher than the mean. Interactions of the dust particles with the gas must serve to augment local particle densities, and facilitate growth past barriers in the metre size range. Amongst a number of mechanisms that can amplify the local de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forming macroscopic solid bodies in circumstellar discs requires local dust concentration levels significantly higher than the mean. Interactions of the dust particles with the gas must serve to augment local particle densities, and facilitate growth past barriers in the metre size range. Amongst a number of mechanisms that can amplify the local de...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate sources of systematic error (bias) in acceleration statistics derived from Lagrangian particle tracking data and demonstrate techniques to eliminate or minimise these bias errors introduced during processing. Numerical simulations of particle tracking experiments in isotropic turbulence show that the main sources of bias error arise...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate sources of error in acceleration statistics from Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) data and demonstrate techniques to eliminate or minimise bias errors introduced during processing. Numerical simulations of particle tracking experiments in isotropic turbulence show that the main sources of bias error arise from noise due to position...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of laser sheet position, orientation, and thickness is a fundamental requirement of scanning PIV and other laser-scanning methods. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a new laser sheet self-calibration method for stereoscopic scanning PIV, which allows the measurement of these properties from particle images themselves....
Conference Paper
We present measurements of dense fields of fluid particle trajectories in homogeneous turbulence at Re lambda -270 and -350 in a von Karman flow between two counter-rotating propellers. Applying the Shake-The-Box particle tracking algorithm, we are able to instantaneously track up to 100.000 particles in a volume of 50x50x15mm3. The mean inter-part...
Article
Full-text available
The statistics of the velocity gradient tensor A = u, which embody the fine scales of turbulence, are influenced by turbulent 'structure'. Whilst velocity gradient statistics and dynamics have been well characterised, the connection between structure and dynamics has largely focused on rotation-dominated flow and relied upon data from numerical sim...
Article
Full-text available
A hybrid technique is presented that combines scanning PIV with tomographic reconstruction to make spatially and temporally resolved measurements of the fine-scale motions in turbulent flows. The technique uses one or two high-speed cameras to record particle images as a laser sheet is rapidly traversed across a measurement volume. This is combined...
Article
Full-text available
An investigation is made into the mechanism of pinch-off for turbulent vortex rings formed by a synthetic jet using time resolved particle image velocimetry measurements in air. During formation, measurements of the material acceleration field show a trailing pressure maximum (TPM) forms behind the vortex core. The adverse pressure gradient behind...

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