John Kratus

John Kratus
Michigan State University | MSU · College of Music

Ph.D.

About

60
Publications
38,488
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
924
Citations
Introduction
John Kratus is semi-retired and living in Tarpon Springs, Florida. He is Professor Emeritus of Music Education, Michigan State University.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
retired
Position
  • Independent Scholar
August 1994 - December 2014
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor
August 1984 - May 1994
Case Western Reserve University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (60)
Chapter
Full-text available
Kratus, J. (2021). Teaching lyric writing in a songwriting class. In S. Holley, K. Reinhert, & Z. Moir (Eds.). Action-based approaches in popular music education, pp. 81-87. McLemore Ave Music.
Article
Full-text available
The future of American music education may be found in its past—a time when music teachers instilled lifelong amateur music-making in their students. There are differences between amateur and professional musicianship, and the focus of American music education shifted from amateurism to semiprofessionalism in the mid-twentieth century. An orientati...
Article
Full-text available
This is the editors’ introduction to the Special Focus Issue on Popular Music Education. Also included is a forward from Robert A. Cutietta, editor of the 1991 Music Educators Journal Special Focus Issue on Popular Music Education.
Chapter
Full-text available
and Keywords In 1983 sociologist George Ritzer coined the word McDonaldization, "the process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as of the rest of the world." Since that time, Ritzer's concept of McDonaldization has been applied to such disparate fields as educ...
Chapter
Full-text available
Kratus, J. (2019). On the road to popular music education: The road goes on forever. In Z. Moir, B. Powell, & G. D. Smith (Eds.), The Bloomsbury handbook of popular music education, pp. 455-463. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Presentation
Full-text available
In 1983 sociologist George Ritzer coined the word McDonaldization, “the process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as of the rest of the world.” Since that time, Ritzer’s concept of McDonaldization has been applied to such disparate fields as education, religi...
Presentation
Full-text available
I am proposing that the foundation of musical expression is the Ur Song (first song) that all humans are born knowing: the beat of their mother’s heart. Various versions of this presentation have evolved since 2009, when it was presented at the Suncoast Research Symposium at the University of South Florida.
Article
Full-text available
Active music listening is a creative activity in that the listener constructs a uniquely personal musical experience. Most approaches to teaching music listening emphasize a conceptual approach in which students learn to identify various characteristics of musical sound. Unfortunately, this type of listening is rarely done outside of schools. This...
Presentation
Full-text available
The purposes of this session are to present an objective, easily verifiable approach for identifying influential music education scholarship and to report on the most influential articles, journals, scholars, and institutions in music education.
Article
Full-text available
Songwriting is a form of composition that relates directly to adolescents’ personal experience of music. This article provides a rationale for establishing courses in songwriting at the middle school and high school levels. Other topics in the article include curriculum development, instructional procedures, and assessment. The article ends with po...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
Commentary of Clint Randles's theory of change in music education.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Book
Full-text available
In order to prepare pre-service teachers and meet the needs of practitioners in the field, music teacher educators need resources to guide the development of curriculum, specific courses, professional development workshops, and other environments where composition education can begin, grow, and flourish. With chapters ranging from practical informa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
This article begins with a story of the songcatchers from the Kwakiutl, a First Nations people who lived along the Pacific coast from present-day Alaska to northern California. The inspiration for their songs came from the sounds of running water, wind, birds, and animals. The sounds were imitated, revised, and embellished by a song-maker. Then, th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that different melodic configurations on an Orff xylophone have on the ways children compose and on the musical characteristics of their compositions. Subjects were 48 fourth graders with no formal instruction in composition. They were individually asked to compose a song on a xylophone that w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among music audiation, I the processes of composition, and the musical characteristics of songs composed by 9-year-olds. Subjects (N = 40) were given the Intermediate Measures of Music Audiation and were asked to compose a song on a synthesizer during a 10-minute period. A pair of independe...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to determine whether develop- mental, gender-based, or emotion-based differences exist in children's ability to interpret emotion in music, and (2) to determine which musical elements contribute to children's interpretations of emotion. Subjects aged 6 to 12 (N = 658) were asked on two occasions to interp...
Article
Full-text available
How do young musicians become improvisers, and what can teachers do to foster the process? John Kratus looks at the phenomenon of improvisation and offers some suggestions for a learning sequence.
Article
Full-text available
The view of musical creativity as spanning a continuum from the noises of the unschooled young child to the artistry of the trained professional fails to account for fundamental, developmental differences in the creators' perspectives. This paper seeks to distinguish two ways in which the creative functioning of the child or novice differ from that...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Introducing creative learning opportunities into the curriculum requires the development of clearly articulated goals and objectives. John Kratus, assistant professor of music and director of music education at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, offers a systematic approach for organizing students' creative learning in music.
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the amount of time that children of different ages, sexes, and proficiency levels spent on various compositional processes while creating a melody. The author gave 60 children (ages 7, 9, and 11) 10 minutes to compose a song on an electronic keyboard and asked each child to play his or her song and repeat it...
Article
Includes abstract and vita. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Northwestern University, 1985. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 242-250). Microfilm of typescript. s
Article
Thèse (de doctorat)--Northwestern University, 1985. Bibliogr. : f. [242]-250. Microfiche du ms dactylographié.

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I would like to edit the title of one of my sessions.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
In 1983 sociologist George Ritzer coined the word McDonaldization, “the process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as of the rest of the world." Since that time, Ritzer’s concept of McDonaldization has been applied to such disparate fields as education, religion, social work, and journalism. In this article I show how the dehumanizing principles of McDonaldization have influenced music education practices. The article concludes with a means for opposing the McDonaldization of music education.