John H Grych

John H Grych
Marquette University · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

143
Publications
164,613
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8,592
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1994 - present
Marquette University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Objective This study aims to investigate the association between family relationship constellations and adolescent friendship quality in a more holistic way and disentangle gender differences on their associations. Background Family relationships are important for adolescent friendship, but little is known about how mother–adolescent and father–ad...
Article
Objective: This study examined whether the use of party-safety strategies weakens the association between frequency of party attendance and sexual victimization among first-year female college students. Participants: First-year female college students (n = 450) from three universities in the United States participated in this study. Methods: Parti...
Article
Despite substantial evidence demonstrating a relation between gender-based beliefs and violence against women, there has been little research examining whether sexist attitudes are related to prosocial bystander behavior. Understanding psychosocial influences on bystanders’ behavior could inform bystander training programs on college campuses, and...
Article
Full-text available
Guided by the dual factor model of mental health and the resilience portfolio model, this study sought to identify protective factors that distinguish adolescents who exhibit different patterns of psychological symptoms and well-being. Participants were 466 twelve- to 17-year-old adolescents recruited from the Appalachian region of 3 Southern state...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Prior research on caregiving behaviors associated with resilience in children exposed to adversity has focused primarily on broad constructs, such as parental warmth and supportiveness, as protective factors. In an effort to provide more precise analysis of caregiver behaviors related to adaptive functioning in high-risk preschoolers, th...
Article
Objective: Individuals who take action to reduce sexual assault can experience a range of positive and negative consequences as a result of helping. This study examined how different types of consequences explain variation in confidence and intent to help. Participants: Nine hundred sixty-six individuals who reported intervening in a situation inv...
Article
Full-text available
Children who experience violence in their families and communities are at increased risk for a wide range of psychological and behavioral difficulties, but some exhibit resilience, or adaptive functioning following adversity. Understanding what promotes resilience is critical for developing more effective prevention and intervention strategies. Ove...
Article
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Psychological studies often include indicators of physical and mental health as outcomes. However, researchers are now beginning to include a wide range of measures of well-being. The current study uses a cross-sectional community sample from rural Appalachia to examine age and gender trends in traditional outcome measures and in subjective measure...
Article
Objective: Research on bystander behavior has focused on factors that influence bystanders' decision to take action. Less is known about what happens after bystanders intervene and, specifically, positive and negative outcomes they may experience as a result of their actions. There is a need for new measures of what happens after bystanders respond...
Article
Full-text available
Community psychologists have noted the limitations of professional models of mental health treatment, demonstrating that people are more likely to use informal familial or community support during adversity. However, relatively little is known about the forms and functions of informal help seeking and provision. Semistructured interviews (N = 170),...
Article
The Bystander Behavior (for Friends) Scale (BBS) offers a promising method of studying prosocial bystander behavior in the context of sexual assault and intimate partner violence. The underlying structure of the BBS has only been studied in the development sample, which was predominantly White and from one university in the Northeast region of the...
Article
Full-text available
Children who witness violence are at risk for developing a range of developmental problems, including deficits in understanding and regulating. The ability to adaptively manage emotions is associated with children’s mental health and their social and academic competence; however, little is known about how parents of at-risk youth can foster the hea...
Article
Full-text available
Despite growing interest in the use of bystander education programs to address the problems of sexual and relationship violence on college campuses, little knowledge exists on adverse consequences experienced by students intervening as a bystander. The current study examined the prevalence and correlates of adverse consequences of bystander interve...
Article
Full-text available
People derive meaning in life from a wide variety of sources, but little is known about how patterns of meaning making vary across individuals. The current study examined age and gender patterns in seven measures of meaning: sense of purpose, optimism, religious or spiritual involvement, family care, morals and ethical standards, self-oriented, and...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated that college students who view TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to encourage students to take action to prevent sexual and relationship violence (i.e., bystander behavior), display more bystander behavior relative to students who view a control video. The current study aimed to replicate and extend the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Interest in protective factors for adversity has burgeoned, but the set of examined protective factors remains limited and most studies have focused on a single or narrow set of adversities. Using the resilience portfolio model as a conceptual framework, this study seeks to identify promising protective factors for individuals exposed to...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual violence is a major problem on college campuses and is associated with a range of negative health consequences for victims. Teaching students to intervene as prosocial bystanders has become a common element of sexual assault prevention efforts; although these programs have demonstrated positive effects on participants? beliefs and knowledge,...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature on inter-parental conflict, little attention has been paid to the relationships among children’s attachment, coping strategies, and coping efficacy. The present study aims to explore whether and how children’s Internal Working Models of attachment moderate the associations among children’s perceived distress during the conflict, c...
Presentation
Full-text available
Attachment to parental figures, romantic partners, and friends is important when considering interpersonal strengths and what makes an individual resilient. During adolescence and young adulthood, individuals display attachment behaviors to their parents or caregivers, such as seeking their parental figure when upset or threatened. As a child ages,...
Article
Research documents how exposure to adversity in childhood leads to negative health outcomes across the lifespan. Less is known about protective factors – aspects of the individual, family, and community that promote good health despite exposure to adversity. Guided by the Resilience Portfolio Model, this study examined protective factors associated...
Article
Full-text available
This study sought to prospectively predict aggression in the romantic relationships of 1180 college students from the United States (807 females; 373 males) over the course of two months with a set of intrapersonal risk and protective factors, including personality characteristics that rarely have been examined in this population. After accounting...
Article
Full-text available
Models that incorporate environmental and contextual influences on parenting offer a promising perspective for understanding fathering. The goal of the present study was to examine the influences of religion on fathers’ roles in the family system, and it addressed two questions: Do specific measures of religion better predict father involvement tha...
Article
Full-text available
Self-regulation is the ability to maintain physiological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral control, particularly during times of adversity and distress. Although it has been a popular research topic, relatively few studies have included adolescents and adults in the same sample without large age gaps between the 2 groups. This study uses cross-...
Article
Full-text available
It is often said that intimate partner violence (IPV) happens “behind closed doors”; however, research on IPV and other crimes suggests that witnesses are sometimes present. This suggests that bystanders may be in a position to help victims or potential victims of violence. Bystander behavior has been studied primarily in school settings, and conse...
Presentation
Full-text available
Purpose: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence are pervasive issues. Some depict IPV as a “behind closed doors” phenomenon, inferring it occurs outside of public awareness. Yet, previous studies indicate one-third of reported IPV cases were witnessed by a third party. Research often focuses on bystander action in school settings; few...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Many narrative interventions require participants to write about trauma and adverse experiences, but some research suggests that open-ended topic prompts can also be effective. In this study, we investigated the topics participants chose to write about in a values-narrative program that offered wide discretion in topic and theme, and ex...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores an emergent area of bystander research by describing associations between bystander involvement and community or microsystemic support factors across different types of victimizations. A total of 1703 adults and adolescents were surveyed about bystander presence, bystander actions, and bystander safety across 9 forms of victimiz...
Chapter
Full-text available
Most people want to support victims, not blame them, but victim blaming, unfortunately, is all too common. This article discusses several well known social psychological processes that can lead to victim blaming. These include “just world” beliefs, actor-observer bias, and the fundamental attribution error. Gender stereotypes can also contribute to...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To envision a path toward a more strengths-based approach to violence research, prevention, and intervention—a path that focuses on thriving and resilience. Key Points: Both the content and the process of research need to change if we are to transform our efforts to understand and overcome adversity. Greater focus on strengths and the ac...
Research
Full-text available
People have been seeking ways to strengthen character and promote thriving for millennia. In recent years, two avenues have shown promise for these goals: narrative writing and positive psychology. One of the first narrative programs, the Laws of Life Essay, was developed by Sir John Templeton in 1987. For over 25 years, it has been helping middle-...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In 1987, Sir John Templeton held the first Laws of Life Essay Program in Winchester, Tennessee. The Laws of Life Essay Program is a “values narrative” program that helps youth identify their core virtues and improve their character. To our knowledge, this is the first time that narrative (also known as expressive writing) was used in a school-based...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence that even very brief writing exercises can change the way people see themselves and promote more positive mental and physical health has led to increased interest in their use in school settings and elsewhere. To date, however, research designs rely heavily on samples of college students and experimental studies of writing tasks carried ou...
Poster
Full-text available
Objective: Interpersonal strengths are characteristics that nurture the development and sustainment of close relationships, which provide sources of happiness and meaning for many people in addition to being an important source of support during times of stress and adversity. The purpose of this study is to examine developmental patterns in several...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Exposure to diverse forms of interpersonal violence is associated with a wide range of psychological problems in children and adults. However, many people who experience violence do not develop symptoms of psychopathology. Studies of resilience in victims of violence have identified protective factors associated with healthier outcomes b...
Poster
Full-text available
Objective: Self-regulation is the ability to maintain emotional, cognitive, and behavioral control, even during times of stress and adversity. The purpose of this study is to examine the pattern of five regulatory strengths (emotional regulation, emotional awareness, anger management, psychological endurance, and coping) over the lifespan and to ex...
Research
Full-text available
The Templeton Laws of Life Essay contest was started in 1987 and is designed to be a character building exercise in which participants are asked to reflect upon and write about a value, experience, or inspiration. Initially, it was only offered to adolescents (typically starting around high school) in Franklin County, TN, though it has since been o...
Research
Full-text available
The Templeton Laws of Life Essay contest was started in 1987 and is designed to be a character building exercise in which participants are asked to reflect upon and write about a value, experience, or inspiration. Initially, it was only offered to adolescents (typically starting around high school) in Franklin County, TN, though it has since been o...
Research
Full-text available
Endurance is an important regulatory strength during times of adversity. This scale measures psychological (not physical) endurance with items that are designed to assess an individual’s tendencies to be a source of strength to others in times of need and to persist diligently when presented with difficulty. As with other Life Paths scales, it is d...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Measures of spiritual well-being are surprisingly lacking, given the central importance of this form of well-being in many people’s lives. There are more measures of religious involvement. Further, some spiritual well-being scales include items that tap into other dimensions such as optimism instead of solely focusing on well-being. The Awe Index a...
Research
Full-text available
Anger management is a regulatory strength. Items were adapted from the 36-item Anger Management Scale (Stith & Hamby, 2002), originally developed to evaluate anger management within intimate partner relationships. For the current version, five items were selected from the Self-Awareness and Calming Strategies subscales and generalized to assess ang...
Research
Full-text available
This coping questionnaire assesses cognitive, emotional, and behavioral methods of dealing with problems. Some items, focusing on cognitive and emotional approaches, were adapted from Holahan and Moos’s (1987) widely-used Coping Strategies Scale (items 2, 3, and 4 below), while other cognitive and emotional items were original (1, 5, 6, and 8). The...
Research
Full-text available
It is important to measure strengths at various ecological levels. This scale is a global measure assessing support at the community level – beyond an individual’s close family and friendships. It assesses the degree to which neighbors get along, help one another, and support neighborhood youth. Items 1 and 2 were adapted from Sampson et al.’s Neig...
Research
Full-text available
Generativity is characterized by the desire to care for younger and future generations, especially by passing on knowledge (McAdams & de St. Aubin, 1992), but it is not limited to middle age. Most measures of generativity, including the Loyola Generativity Scale (also used in the Life Paths study), assess general patterns. To develop a more behavio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Financial Strain Index is designed to assess a lack of ability to meet current financial needs. Income alone is not a sufficient indication of financial stability, and in recent years, it has become more apparent that people who would typically fall into a middle-class economic bracket (or even higher) may also feel the effects of financial str...
Research
Full-text available
The role of one’s relationship with their workplace on mental and physical health is neither well understood nor well researched. The Workplace Integration Scale assesses how well work is integrated into the respondent’s personal life and how cohesive their workplace is. The original scale used in the Air Force Community Assessment contains 12 item...
Research
Full-text available
Generous behaviors are an important form of healthy social engagement. This was designed to assess the charitable activities in which individuals have engaged in the past year through wording accessible to individuals with limited reading levels. Items 4-6 were adapted from Amato’s instrument assessing formal planned helping, informal planned helpi...
Research
Full-text available
Generativity is a form of generosity characterized by the desire to care for younger and future generations, especially by passing on knowledge (McAdams & de St. Aubin, 1992). Generativity is not limited to middle age. Most measures of generativity, including the Loyola Generativity Scale, which is also used in the Life Paths study, assess general...
Research
Full-text available
It is important to measure interpersonal resources at its various ecological levels. This scale is a global measure assessing support at the community level – beyond an individual’s close family and friendships. It assesses the degree to which neighbor’s get along, help one another, and support neighborhood youth. Items 1 and 2 were adapted from Sa...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Surprisingly few measures exist regarding the sources of psychological meaning in people’s lives. Schnell (2009, 2011) has conducted some of the only research in this area, developing an attitudinal/perceptual measure of the importance of more than two dozen possible domains of meaning making. For example, “Success is what matters to me” or “I am a...
Research
Full-text available
Endurance is an important regulatory strength during times of adversity and is emerging as an important construct in the field of positive psychology. This scale measures psychological (not physical) endurance with items that are designed to assess an individual’s tendencies to be a source of strength to others in times of need and to persist dilig...
Research
Full-text available
This coping questionnaire assesses cognitive, emotional, and behavioral methods in dealing with problems. Some items, focusing on cognitive and emotional approaches, were adapted from Holahan and Moos’s widely used Coping Strategies Scale (1987; items 2, 3, and 4 below), while other cognitive and emotional items were original (1, 5, 6, and 8). The...
Research
Full-text available
Anger management is a regulatory strength. Items were adapted from the 36-item Anger Management Scale (Stith & Hamby, 2002), originally developed to evaluate anger management within intimate partner relationships. For the current version, five items were selected from the Self-Awareness and Calming Strategies subscales and generalized to assess ang...
Research
Full-text available
Measures of spiritual well-being are surprisingly lacking, given the central importance of this form of well-being in many people’s lives. There are more measures of religious involvement. Further, some spiritual well-being scales include items that tap into other dimensions such as optimism instead of solely focusing on well-being. The Awe Index a...
Article
This study focuses on family predictors of conflict behavior in adolescent dating relationships, drawing on family systems and socialization perspectives. Mother–adolescent, father–adolescent, and triadic relationships each was examined as predictors of adolescent dating outcomes that hold importance for developmental and prevention science (positi...
Article
The present study examined the relative and cumulative predictive power of parent-child, interparental, and community aggression on youths' perceptions of the acceptability of aggression between peers and siblings. The potential for mother-child attachment to buffer the effects of violence on aggressive attitudes was tested, as well as the link bet...
Article
Full-text available
Generative roles refer to observable, behavioral community positions that embody aspects of teaching and nurturing that are central to the concept of generativity. Two studies are presented that describe generative roles in a community sample and provide psychometric data for a short index of generative roles. The first study also provides reliabil...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Community support can be a valuable interpersonal resource anywhere, yet past research has largely been focused on adults in urban neighborhoods. Because communities are no longer solely defined by a shared physicality, we offer psychometric data on three new measures to assess other communal resources: informal community support, sup...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To fill gaps in the bystander literature by describing patterns of bystander involvement and associations between bystander involvement and victim outcomes across different types of emotional, physical, and sexual victimizations and to expand these considerations to a rural rather than urban sample. Method: Adults and adolescents (n 1,70...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This commentary reviews current conceptualizations of well-being, examines explanations for the lack of attention to well-being research, and provides justification for investing research time and funding into well-being studies. Opportunities for integrating factors related to well-being into prevention and intervention programs are als...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The present research reports on two randomized controlled trials evaluating TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to help prevent sexual violence on college campuses. Method: In Study 1, students were recruited from psychology courses at two universities. In Study 2, first-year students were recruited from a required course at...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research mostly defines the benefits of work as the absence ofunemployment’s negative outcomes or as benefits to employers, such as increased pro-ductivity. This study uses mixed methods to investigate the ways that work can enhancethe well-being of the worker. Two hundred and two participants from a rural area par-ticipated in semi-struct...
Poster
Full-text available
Objective: To examine the impact topic choice has on participants’ perceived experiences and to determine who is more likely to write a values narrative on an adverse topic rather than a neutral or impersonal topic. Method: 717 participants (66% female) were recruited from rural communities to complete a computer survey. Participants responded to a...