John G Edwards

John G Edwards
Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust | STH · Cardiothoracic Centre (Northern General Hospital)

MB ChB PhD FRCS(C/Th)

About

209
Publications
22,485
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
9,512
Citations
Introduction
Research interests: Malignant Mesothelioma ( basic science, surgery, oncology). I receive referrals from all parts of the UK for the MARS-2 trial. Rib Fracture Fixation: supported by the Sheffield Clinical Research Academy, hosted by ScHARR. The Sheffield Multiple Rib Fractures Study (SMuRFS) is ongoing. Multicentre randomised Surgical Multiple rib Fractures Intervention Study (SMuRFIT) under development Funded research includes: quality of life in early stage lung cancer, chest wall pain

Publications

Publications (209)
Article
8522 Background: Lung ART is an international phase 3 trial whose main objective was to evaluate the impact of post-operative conformal radiotherapy (PORT) on disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with completely resected pathologically proven N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with or without neo- or adjuvant chemotherapy. Previously communi...
Article
Objectives: Exercise has been reported to alleviate disease as well as treatment impact in patients with lung cancer. Nevertheless, there is limited information available regarding the perception of lung cancer dedicated healthcare professionals’ and their advice on exercise. Materials and Methods: An online survey exploring healthcare professiona...
Article
Background In patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the use of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) has been controversial since 1998, because of one meta-analysis showing a deleterious effect on survival in patients with pN0 and pN1, but with an unclear effect in patients with pN2 NSCLC. Because many changes have occurred in the managemen...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Surgery is the main modality of cure for solid cancers and was prioritised to continue during COVID-19 outbreaks. This study aimed to identify immediate areas for system strengthening by comparing the delivery of elective cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic in periods of lockdown versus light restriction. Methods: This internati...
Article
Full-text available
Delivering lung cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant and ongoing challenges. There is a lack of published COVID-19 and lung cancer evidence-based reviews, including for the whole patient pathway. We searched for COVID-19 and lung cancer publications and brought together a multidisciplinary group of stakeholders to review a...
Article
Full-text available
Postoperative COVID-19 infection is associated with increased mortality and respiratory complications highlighting the importance of shielding of patients, caregivers, and relatives.
Article
Full-text available
Background: During the initial COVID-19 outbreak up to 28.4 million elective operations were cancelled worldwide, in part owing to concerns that it would be unsustainable to maintain elective surgery capacity because of COVID-19-related surgeon absence. Although many hospitals are now recovering, surgical teams need strategies to prepare for future...
Article
Aim This study aimed to describe the change in surgical practice and the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on mortality after surgical resection of colorectal cancer during the initial phases of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Method This was an international cohort study of patients undergoing elective resection of colon or rectal cancer without preoperative suspicio...
Conference Paper
Background Failure to gain complete microscopic resection (R0) for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) affects prognosis and guides further treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of pattern of disease recurrence and the proposed uncertain resection margin status (R(Un)). Methods A single institute retrospective analysis of patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background During the initial COVID-19 outbreak up to 28.4 million elective operations were cancelled worldwide, in part owing to concerns that it would be unsustainable to maintain elective surgery capacity because of COVID-19-related surgeon absence. Although many hospitals are now recovering, surgical teams need strategies to prepare for future...
Article
Objectives Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) remains a major oncological challenge with limited therapeutic options. HSV1716 is a replication restricted oncolytic herpes simplex virus with anti-tumor effects in multiple cell lines including MPM. Intrapleural treatment appeals because MPM is typically multifocal but confined to the pleura, and di...
Article
Full-text available
Background Surgical services are preparing to scale up in areas affected by COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative SARS-CoV-2 testing and postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cancer surgery. Methods This international cohort study included adult patients undergoing elective surge...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Mesothelioma remains a lethal cancer. To date, systemic therapy with pemetrexed and a platinum drug remains the only licensed standard of care. As the median survival for patients with mesothelioma is 12.1 months, surgery is an important consideration to improve survival and/or quality of life. Currently, only two surgical trials have...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Lung metastases from colorectal cancer are resected in selected patients in the belief that this confers a significant survival advantage. It is generally assumed that the five‐year survival of these patients would be near zero without metastasectomy. We have tested the clinical effectiveness of this practice in PulMiCC, a randomised controlle...
Chapter
Surgery for pleural disease encompasses a wide range of procedures including diagnostic and therapeutic options for benign and malignant conditions. Advances in medical thoracoscopy have seen a reduction in surgical diagnostic and palliative procedures. Advances in surgery have led to an increase in the use of VATS as an approach in surgically mana...
Article
Aims The optimal management of stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is widely debated and is a rapidly evolving area. However, less than one in five stage III patients in England receive optimal multimodality treatment. The aim of this study was to map commonalities and differences in clinician judgement as well as infrastructure and resour...
Article
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a primary malignancy of the pleura and is associated with a poor outcome. The symptoms and signs of malignant mesothelioma present late in the natural history of the disease and are non-specific, making the diagnosis challenging and imaging key. In 2018, the British Thoracic Society (BTS) updated the guidelin...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF) results in better outcomes, selection algorithms are lacking. We aimed to validate the Rib Fracture Management Guideline proposed by Bemelman. From a cohort of 792 patients with multiple rib fractures, 2 sequential cohorts were selected: 48 patients who underwent SSRF and 48 patients who managed...
Article
Background The accepted classification for multiple rib fractures is binary: flail chest or not. There is a wide spectrum of morphology with subsequent variation in the impact on chest wall mechanics and clinical outcomes. As the practice of surgical stabilisation of rib fractures evolves, there is a need for a better taxonomy. The aim of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lung metastasectomy in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer has been widely adopted without good evidence of survival or palliative benefit. We aimed to test its effectiveness in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Multidisciplinary teams in 13 hospitals recruited participants with potentially resectable lung metasta...
Conference Paper
Background Surgery remains the mainstay treatment modality in patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), however the benefits of surgery when resectability becomes borderline is contentious. Resection status (R-Status) reflects how effective the surgery is, which consequently impacts prognosis and potentially, further treatment. Methods Pat...
Article
Background: Synchronous oligometastatic disease (sOM) has been described as a distinct disease entity; however, there is no consensus on OM definition (OM-d) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A consensus group was formed aiming to agree on a common OM-d that could be used in future clinical trials. A European survey was circulated to generate...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: To validate the prognostic relevance in NSCLC of potential residual tumor (R) descriptors, including the proposed International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer definition for uncertain resection -R(un). Methods: 14,712 patients undergoing resection with full R status and survival were analyzed. The following were also eval...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Patients with resectable stage IIIA N2 NSCLC, are at high risk of both systemic and loco-regional relapse following surgical resection, necessitating neo-adjuvant or adjuvant treatments. Prog- nostic biological markers are needed. Parameters from the immune microenvironment, including PD-L1 expression and lymphocytic infil- tration, hav...
Article
Background: The Chest Wall Injury Society (CWIS) proposals for standardized nomenclature for Multiple Rib Fracture (MRF) classifications were derived by international expert Delphi consensus. This study aimed to validate the CWIS taxonomy using a single instituion clinical database. Methods: Computed Tomography (CT) scans, of 539 consecutive pat...
Article
Introduction: Improved outcome has been shown in patients with synchronous oligometastatic (sOM) NSCLC when treated with radical intent. As a uniform definition of sOM NSCLC is lacking, we developed a definition and diagnostic criteria by a consensus process. Methods: A pan-European multidisciplinary consensus group was established. Consensus qu...
Article
Background: There is a need to standardize rib fracture definitions to aid clinical communication and facilitate research. The Chest Wall Injury Society (CWIS) initiated efforts to reach consensus in several areas pertaining to rib fixation in 2016. We have performed an international Delphi consensus exercise to seek consensus for rib fracture def...
Article
Purpose: Prophylactic irradiation to the chest wall after diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has been a widespread practice across Europe, although the efficacy of this treatment is uncertain. In this study, we aimed to determine the efficacy of prophylactic radiotherapy in reducing the incid...
Article
Objectives: Taxonomy of injuries involving the costal margin is poorly described and surgical management varies. These injuries, though commonly caused by trauma, may also occur spontaneously, in association with coughing or sneezing, and can be severe. Our goal was to describe our experience using sequential segmental analysis of computed tomogra...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction One of the most debilitating symptoms of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is dyspnoea caused by pleural effusion. MPM can be complicated by the presence of tumour on the visceral pleura preventing the lung from re-expanding, known as trapped lung (TL). There is currently no consensus on the best way to manage TL. One approach is in...
Chapter
Non-united rib fractures (NURFs) can be a cause of prolonged morbidity. Typically defined as symptomatic rib fractures remaining non-united over three after the original injury, little is known about their incidence or risk factors. Although surgical stabilization of non-united rib fractures (SSNURFs) was first reported in 1941, the literature cons...
Article
Sterile sternotomy nonunion is a recognized complication after median sternotomy. It is defined as sternotomy that persists after 3 months without evidence of bony healing but with healing of the overlying soft tissues. It is a morbid condition associated with pain and sternal instability. We present two challenging cases of sterile sternotomy nonu...
Article
Full-text available
The key aim of this guideline is to provide detailed, evidencebased guidance for the investigation of suspected MPM and the subsequent care and management of individuals with proven MPM. MPM is a rare cancer where the malignancy affects the pleura, a thin membrane of lubricating cells that lines the lungs and chest wall. The focus of this guideline...
Article
Full-text available
The full guideline for the investigation and management of malignant pleural mesothelioma is published in Thorax. The following is a summary of the recommendations and good practice points. The sections referred to in the summary refer to the full guideline.
Article
Full-text available
Prophylactic irradiation of tracts (PIT) in patients with pleural mesothelioma: results of a multicentre phase III trial. Bayman N, Wiebke A; Ardron D, Baldwin D, Bates A, Darlison E, Edwards J, Veni E, Gilligan D, Hatton M, Jegannathen A, Mansy T, Moule R, Peake M, Pemberton L, Rintoul R, Ryder D, Taylor P, Faivre-Finn C. Background It has been w...
Article
Full-text available
Immune evasion is a hallmark of cancer. Losing the ability to present neoantigens through human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loss may facilitate immune evasion. However, the polymorphic nature of the locus has precluded accurate HLA copy-number analysis. Here, we present loss of heterozygosity in human leukocyte antigen (LOHHLA), a computational tool to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We aim to evaluate the transition process from open to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) anatomical segmentectomies in a regional thoracic surgical unit. Methods: In a retrospective study from January 2013 to December 2015, we identified all anatomical segmentectomies performed in our unit. Pre, peri and postoperative data...
Article
Full-text available
The early detection of relapse following primary surgery for non-small cell lung cancer and the characterization of emerging subclones seeding metastatic sites might offer new therapeutic approaches to limit tumor recurrence. The potential to non-invasively track tumor evolutionary dynamics in ctDNA of early-stage lung cancer is not established. He...
Article
Full-text available
CD25 is expressed at high levels on regulatory T (Treg) cells and was initially proposed as a target for cancer immunotherapy. However, anti-CD25 antibodies have displayed limited activity against established tumors. We demonstrated that CD25 expression is largely restricted to tumor-infiltrating Treg cells in mice and humans. While existing anti-C...