John Lawrence Dennis

John Lawrence Dennis
Università degli Studi di Perugia | UNIPG · Department of Philosophy Social Education & Social Sciences

PhD Psychology

About

57
Publications
28,379
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
146
Citations
Introduction
John Lawrence Dennis is a Behavioral Scientist, who, broadly construed, does research on how people intentionally influence their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Within international education, he is interested, primarily, in student experiences and takes an evidence-based approach to understand how theories, models, research, and data relate to those experiences.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - August 2018
John Cabot University
Position
  • Professor
September 2015 - present
University of Alberta - School of Cortona
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Psychology of Art: An Experiential Approach Words that Change Minds: Engaging Language of Thought
April 2014 - present
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • http://www.lehoproject.eu/
Education
April 2009 - April 2011
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Field of study
  • Developmental and Communication Psychology
August 2003 - May 2010
University of Texas at Austin
Field of study
  • Psychology
August 1997 - May 2001
University of Colorado
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (57)
Preprint
Full-text available
The isolation related to the COVID-19 pandemic is causing both physical and mental health concerns for children worldwide. When the pandemic is over, schools and kindergartens represent a crucial context that can play an important role in promoting young people’s mental well-being. This paper presents a school re-entry program aimed at creating an...
Article
Full-text available
This research uses the i-graduate's International Student Barometer to investigate whether overall satisfaction and institutional recommendation are influenced by student nationality and destination country while controlling for the covariates of learning experiences. The result of our analysis is the identification of a conceptual framework for th...
Article
Full-text available
This study measures employability following domestic and international internships using a game based analytics tool to predict behaviors associated with employability skills. Exploratory Factor Analysis examined the underlying relationship between 33 behavioral descriptors, which measure skills such as diligence, leadership, learning agility, soci...
Article
Full-text available
People intentionally engage in goal-directed actions—i.e., set goals, create plans, and execute volitional control, which are fundamental for our understanding of ourselves, others, and events. In three experiments we created a novel sentence unscrambling task that was used to prime the self-as-agent (i.e., sentences that contain the pronoun “I”),...
Article
Full-text available
Much information is known about the long-term consequences of separation and divorce, whereas there is a paucity of studies about the short-term consequences of such experiences. This study investigates the adoption of dysfunctional behaviors (e.g., insistent telephone calls and text messages, verbal threats, and sending unwanted objects) shortly a...
Article
Full-text available
Insights into how student learning experiences impact university recommendation can be critical for higher education institutions as they seek to optimize enrollment and retention efforts in an increasingly competitive and highly unpredictable global market. This comparative study examines the extent to which satisfaction with various aspects of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
From a recruitment and retention standpoint, it is important that institutions of higher education understand how learning experiences impact students’ recommendations as recent studies have found these experiences to be the most significant predictor of university recommendation for international students. This comparative study examines how stude...
Research
Full-text available
We suggest a new approach to understanding international student satisfaction through the International Monetary Fund's defined categories of advanced and non-advanced economies. Our analyses demonstrate that international students from advanced economies were more satisfied with their institution than students from non-advanced economies, while in...
Article
Full-text available
The isolation related to the COVID-19 pandemic is causing both physical and mental health concerns for children worldwide. When the pandemic is over, schools and kindergartens represent a crucial context that can play an important role in promoting young people’s well-being. This paper presents a school re-entry program aimed at creating an arena w...
Data
Activity pack for primary and middle school students.
Chapter
Full-text available
Graduate employability is a key issue for higher education institutions. Industry recruiting strategies have evolved in recent years and the focus has shifted from graduates who have sound academic knowledge to graduates who can also demonstrate how they apply knowledge and other transferable skills in the workplace. International experiences matte...
Article
Full-text available
To cite this article: Predovic, D., Dennis, J. & Jones, E. (2018) Developing unexpected skills with international internships. EAIE blog 14 December 2018 https://www.eaie.org/blog/developing-unexpected-skills-international-internships.html .....Ask educators what skills students gain from an international experience and most will cite social and in...
Article
Full-text available
Can the retelling of an unpleasant experience help adolescents cope with that experience? This study answers that question by looking at the role of psychological self-distancing when adolescents write about recently untold stressful events with peers using either a traditional expressive writing (EW) intervention or a cognitively oriented expressi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper identifies problems with ego depletion theory including failures to replicate, non-support for glucose as a mediator, the stress on single replication studies rather than replication with variation, the failure to document generalizability, the stress on physical as opposed to psychological moderators and mediators, and the overemphasis...
Article
Full-text available
The education of children with a medical condition represents a unique educational context. The key educational factors that can help these children continue their education despite the burdens associated with their illness were discussed and analysed by a pool of experts for an EU funded project. In this context, relationships, making sense and co...
Article
Full-text available
Peer problems are a stressor for many early adolescents, and simple cost-effective tools for managing peer stress are needed. Expressive writing (EW) may be one such tool. With a sample of middle school children aged 12–14 years (n = 119; 53% males), this research evaluates whether cognitively oriented expressive writing (CEW), which focuses more o...
Article
Full-text available
Metacognitive skills and a positive attributional style are extremely important for young cancer patients. The present research shows how attributional styles and metacognitive training via information and communication technologies (ICTs) can enhance a positive self-attributional style in young cancer patients. A quasi-experimental prospective stu...
Article
Full-text available
Metacognitive skills and a positive attributional style are extremely important for young cancer patients. The present research shows how attributional styles and metacognitive training via information and communication technologies (ICTs) can enhance a positive self-attributional style in young cancer patients. A quasi-experimental prospective stu...
Article
Full-text available
The present research tested whether an Anti-Mafia experiential education program would influence self-reported prosocial motivations in a group of 79 Italian participants. The Caprara Prosocial Questionnaire was used to evaluate prosocial motivations and was completed before the camp began, when it ended and three months after in ended. Participant...
Article
Full-text available
The present research tested whether children's disability representations are influenced by cultural variables (e.g., social activities, parent education, custom complex variables) or by cognitive constraints. Four questionnaires were administered to a sample of 76 primary school aged children and one of their parents (n = 152). Questionnaires incl...
Article
Full-text available
A prototypical finding of social cognition is that social experiences influence later performance even though those experiences are not introspectively available. Building on social cognition research on implicit attitudes, we evaluate whether ethnic category/attribute pairs influence eye movements during the Implicit Association Test (IAT, Greenwa...
Article
Full-text available
Lo studio scientifico del pensiero si è incentrato soprattutto sull’aspetto procedurale, piuttosto che sull’aspetto attuale. L’atto di pensiero è stato interpretato come intuizione, la quale, in ambito psicologico, viene descritta come insight. Il presente lavoro si propone di mostrare che l’atto di pensiero può venire inteso come atto noetico, com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Property ownership is enormously important in people's lives. Ownership influences how much we value objects (i.e., endowment effect) (Kahneman, Knetsch, & Thaler, 1990), responsibility judgments when those objects harm others or damage objects (Elkind & Dabek, 1977) how memorable those objects are (Cunningham, Turk, Macdonald, & Macrae, 2008) and...
Article
Full-text available
Culture influences what we attend to, encode, remember and think about. Easterners are said to attend more to the relationship between focal objects and their context while Westerners disentangle focal objects from their context. Simply put, Easterners process information holistically and Westerners analytically. Psychosocial factors, like Fear of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Education represents the most important factor in prevention and mediation of psycho-social consequences for children with medical conditions. Despite this these children are less engaged in learning, and face social difficulties resulting in lower academic achievement. Students with medical conditions who are hospitalized or must stay home (Home a...
Article
Full-text available
The naturalization of the mind program, understood in its radical form, that produces the conception of materialistic monism, has an obstacle: the naturalization of reflective thought. This form of thought is irreducible, because it is arranged on two levels: thought itself and meta-thinking (thoughts of thoughts).The difference between reflective...
Article
Full-text available
RIASSUNTO. Introduzione. Le persone con patologia neoplastica sono afflitte da una molteplicità di sintomi che spesso limitano notevolmente la loro vita. Nel caso dei tumori carcinoidi, sintomi ansiosi e depressivi costituiscono due manifestazioni spesso associate ai disturbi prodotti dal tumore stesso e dalle sostanze chimiche che esso secerne. L’...
Article
Full-text available
Background: People who have malignant cancer are plagued with a variety of symptoms that often severely limit their lives. In the case of carcinoid tumors, symptoms of anxiety and depression are two manifestations often associated with disturbances produced by the tumor itself and the chemicals that the tumor secretes. The aim of this study was to...
Article
Full-text available
Il progetto della presente ricerca è quello di riflettere sul processo della trasduzione, che può venire descritto in questi termini: «Un’informazione deve innanzitutto essere recepita dagli organi sensoriali e tradotta in segnali comprensibili per il sistema di elaborazione (“trasduzione sensoriale”) in modo da essere disponibile per i processi pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article, we discuss how the creative processes can be modeled by genetic algorithms (GA). GAs, despite following procedures that are not “intelligent,” are able to find solutions that can be recognized as intelligent. Examining GAs, it is possible to prescribe principles that can be useful for human creativity. These principles include the...
Article
Full-text available
Premessa Il tema della spiegazione in ambito psicologico è di grande interesse, perché implica aspetti epistemologici di notevole rilievo nonché la defini-zione del modello di mente che si intende assumere e a muovere dal quale si configura un corrispondente modello esplicativo. La presente ricerca, che focalizza la sua attenzione sul tema della sp...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we discuss how the creative processes can be modelled by genetic algorithms (GAs). Three fundamental aspects of human creativity need to be considered: 1) the emergence of a novel element; 2) the use of that element to achieve a goal; 3) the presence of obstacles imposed by the problem space. GAs have been proposed as a model of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Easterners tend to process information more holistically than Westerners. Kim and Markman (2006) suggest that these differences are rooted in higher chronic levels of Fear of Isolation for those cultures that process information more holistically. The goal of this study was to determine if Italians, though typically considered Western, have a reaso...
Poster
Full-text available
Easterners tend to process information more holistically than Westerners. Kim and Markman (2006) suggest that these differences are rooted in higher chronic levels of Fear of Isolation for those cultures that process information more holistically. The goal of this study was to determine if Italians, though typically considered Western, have a reaso...
Poster
Full-text available
TITLE: Do temperament and defense styles characterize migraine patients? BACKGROUND: Migraine patients have difficulty regulating anger and often it is turned against the self. Self-regulation difficulties may due to alexithymia. AIM: Evaluate migraine patients and healthy volunteers using the TCI, DMI and TAS-20. METHODS: Outpatients and healthy c...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigated how high and low agency subconsciously primed representations2influence the interpretation of dynamic objects/events in space (Study 1)and time (Study 2). In Study 3, participants primed with the high agency concept were more inclined to think of objects in space as moving upwards, as if the event was provided with an int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that observers are able to track at least four moving targets among identical distractors. According to Pylyshyn's account, tracking uses a preattentive mechanism called a Visual Index (or FINST). Several people have challenged the assumption that MOT is preattentive. Treisman (1993) showed that a simultaneous task of mo...
Article
Full-text available
In the Multiple Object Tracking (MOT) paradigm observers track a designated set of (typically 4) objects that move independently and unpredictably among an equal number of identical distractors. It has been shown (Scholl, Pylyshyn & Franconeri, 1999) that, consistent with Pylyshyn's Visual Indexing Theory, a change in the color or shape of a tracke...
Article
Full-text available
Easterners tend to process information more holistically than Westerners. Kim and Markman (J Exp Soc Psychol 42(3):350-364, 2006) suggest that these differences are rooted in higher chronic levels of Fear of Isolation (FOI) for those cultures that process information more holistically. The goal of this study was to determine if these differences an...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that "subitizing", i.e., the process of enumeration when there are fewer than 4 items, is accurate and relatively rapid (70 ms/item) whereas "counting", i.e., the process of enumeration when there are more than 4 items, is slow (300 ms/item), and error- prone. Trick & Pylyshyn (1994) have hypothesized that subitizing req...
Article
Full-text available
This research deals with causal attribution, in particular, the explanation of actions and behaviors in reference to intentional and mechanical models. In two studies, which were carried out using the priming of the activity and passivity concepts, we found that priming the concept of activity encourages more abstract interpretation of events and i...
Article
Full-text available
Questa ricerca ha preso in esame come il priming che induce una rappresenta-zione subconscia di maggiore/minore agentività può influire sull’interpretazionedi oggetti/eventi dinamici che si collocano nello spazio (Studio 1) e nel tempo(Studio 2). Nello Studio 1, i partecipanti sottoposti al priming della maggioreagentività sono stati indotti a pens...
Article
Full-text available
This research focuses on the explanation of actions and behavior with the objective to compare mechanistic explanations, considered by many to be the only scientific explanation, to hermeneutic explanations, which include intentional explanations, which are based on reasons rather than causes. If practical syllogisms make explicit reasons that are...
Article
Full-text available
1. Introduzione La presente ricerca intende riflettere sul tema del cosiddetto "pensiero oggettivo" e cioè ruota intorno alla domanda se effettivamente si dia un pensiero universale e necessario, come la logica formale intende affermare e codificare mediante precise regole. Il tema è centrale anche nell'ambito che è proprio della Psicologia del pen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cognitive Scientists have long debated the connection between abstract concepts like happiness, integrity, and time, and experiential concepts, like moving, eating, and physical space (Barsalou, 1999; Clark, 2001; Prinz, 2002). In this poster we focus on space/time metaphors, which have been the subject of much previous research on the role of meta...
Article
Full-text available
Different aspects of people's interactions with money are best conceptualized using the drug and tool theories. The key question is when these models of money are most likely to guide behavior. We suggest that the Drug Theory characterizes motivationally active uses of money and that the Tool Theory characterizes behavior in motivationally cool sit...
Article
Full-text available
Tests of economic theory often focus on choice outcomes and find significant individual differences in these outcomes. This variability may mask universal psychological processes that lead to different choices because of differences across cultures in the information people have available when making decisions. On this view, decision making researc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The half-moon illusion is a striking violation of the rule that the shadow line on a sphere that is illuminated by a spherical light source is perpendicular to the line joining the spheres’ centers. Namely, if you draw a normal to the shadow line from the center of the lit sphere, call it the “middle-shadow normal,” this line will pass through the...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I've been thinking for some time about the neural correlates for social priming. One social priming task, for example, is the sentence unscrambling task of Srull & Wyer (1979) sentence unscrambling task that has been used in numerous studies. There are various versions for this sentence unscrambling task and one in particular is with the use of the subject vs. object pronouns "I" vs. "me".
I'm interested to know the following:
1) Is there any research on the neural correlates of social priming in general that you would recommend reading?
2) Is there any research on the neural representation of subject vs. object pronouns "I" vs. "me" that you would recommend reading?
Thank you in advance for your help!
John L. Dennis
Reference:
Srull, T. K., & Wyer, R. S. J. (1979). The role of category accessibility in the interpretation of information about persons: Some determinants and implications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(10), 1660-1672. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.37.10.1660

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Evaluate, model, and theorize about international student experiences, with a focus on post-graduation plans.
Project
Understand better how people can intentionally influence their behavior, thoughts, and feelings
Archived project
Vision Sciences