John Bruer

John Bruer

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52
Publications
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2,544
Citations

Publications

Publications (52)
Chapter
Since the mid‐1950s, the various research programs within cognitive science have advanced our basic understanding of human mental function. Over the past 20 years, this basic science of mind has also contributed to the genesis of an applied science of learning and teaching that can powerfully inform educational practice and dramatically improve edu...
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Educational neuroscience is a relatively new field. Where is it in relation to other research domains, such as education research, the psychology of learning, and the neuroscience of learning? Document co-citation analysis reveals that these research fields are tenuously connected. Currently, educational neuroscience sits between subfields of neuro...
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This study uses author co-citation analysis to trace prospectively the development of the cognitive neuroscience of attention between 1980 and 2005 from its precursor disciplines: cognitive psychology, single cell neurophysiology, neuropsychology, and evoked potential research. The author set consists of 28 authors highly active in attentional rese...
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A. I. Leshner makes such a compellingly simple recommendation in his 16 May Editorial (“Just give them grants,” p. [849][1]) that one cannot but wonder why it need be made at all. If junior academic scientists need a government-funded grant to launch their independent research career, why not
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Overview Mind, brain, and education initiatives should build bridges between educators and behavioral, cognitive, and neurobiological scientists. Some bridges are robust, and others are problematic. Links of cognitive development to education can be straightforward and useful. For example, children with low socioeconomic status typically show delay...
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In an era of translational science, researchers often find themselves in the mixed company of policy-makers, legislators, and educators looking for "evidence-based" practice. That's how it was earlier this year in March, when a distinguished international group of neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists convened at the University of Chile in Sa...
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to support a considerably more moderate recommendation. The best response a concerned scientist might make is to point out the pediatrician’s faulty logic. The pediatrician erred in drawing conclusions about functional change from data on structural change without considering whether or how the two phenomena are related. Before enacting the pediatr...
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The reviewer notes that infant determinism is the doctrine that early childhood experiences have irreversible, lifelong effects. A child's first steps on the path of life determine the child's final destination. Judging from policy discussions, media coverage, and conversations with parents, infant determinism is extremely popular. "The effects of...
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It is suggested that if we are to appreciate what neuroscience might be able to contribute to our thinking on brain development, early childhood, critical periods, we must be more specific about the role experience plays in brain development. The authors discuss how experience affects the brain and reviews research on experience-expectant developme...
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The "In Search of . . ." television series is no way to present history, Mr. Bruer points out, and the brain-based education literature is not the way to present the science of learning.
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When it comes to applying neuroscientific research to classroom practice, educators must look before they leap.
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There is widespread interest in the claim that new breakthroughs in neuroscience have radical implications for early child care policy. Yet despite parents', educators', and policy makers' enthusiasm, there are good reasons to be skeptical. The neuroscience cited in the policy arguments is not new, depending primarily on three well-established neur...
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Truly new results in neuroscience, rarely mentioned in the brain and education literature, point to the brain's lifelong capacity to reshape itself in response to experience. The challenge for educators is to develop Learning environments and practices that can exploit the brain's lifelong plasticity; define the behaviors we want to teach; design l...
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At the turn of the last century, wealthy citizens like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller created a new vision of American philanthropy. Foundations with large established endowments were to supply venture capital for the common good. And giving should be strategic—philanthropy should not
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New teaching methods can act like the educational equivalent of penicillin, but only if we start to think about education differently.
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The chapters in Part I tell of the position of women in American science now and in the recent past. The second part examines the vexing question of the comparative research productivity of men and women scientists, while the third moves beyond science to treat professional women more generally. Part IV sets out a theory to account for disparities...
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Bibliometric analysis of research reports in continuing medical education that were evaluated for their methodological quality is used to assess the relation between methodological rigour and citation frequency. There is a positive, significant but low correlation between rigour and citation, and evidence that rigorous work will be cited independen...
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Review articles play a special role in the scientific literature by analysing and synthesizing recent work on a given topic. It is assumed that authors of review articles selectively cite relevant literature of the highest quality. These traits have suggested that articles frequently cited in reviews might be important, high quality articles for a...
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An exhaustive bibliography which assesses the methodological rigor of the patient compliance literature, and citation data from the Science Citation Index (SCI) are combined to determine if methodologically rigorous papers are used with greater frequency than substandard articles by compliance investigators. There are low, but statistically signifi...
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In Reply.— Our article did try to assure premedical students that their chances for medical school admission are not necessarily damaged by pursuing a variety of undergraduate majors, as long as premedical science courses are successfully completed. Markel et al claim that the MCAT exerts such an influence on undergraduate course selection that pr...
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Both physicists and philosophers claim that quantum mechanics reduces to classical mechanics as h{combining short stroke overlay}→0, that classical mechanics is a limiting case of quantum mechanics. If so, several formal and non-formal conditions must be satisfied. These conditions are satisfied in a reduction using the Wigner transformation to map...
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The growth and rising cost of bibliographic materials require that attempts to make all medical libraries comprehensive and self-contained be replaced by the provision of selective collections devoted to the most used and useful materials, particularly in developing countries with limited resources. Journals constitute the most important and expens...
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Twenty-five leading physicians, medical educators, and humanists convened and affirmed the contributions of a liberal arts education to the study and practice of medicine. Participants agreed that overemphasizing technical expertise does have deleterious effects on premedical and medical education, which might be alleviated by encouraging a more br...
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Twenty-five leading physicians, medical educators, and humanists convened and affirmed the contributions of a liberal arts education to the study and practice of medicine. Participants agreed that overemphasizing technical expertise does have deleterious effects on premedical and medical education, which might be alleviated by encouraging a more br...
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This chapter begins with a brief history of the critical period concept. The terms critical period, sensitive period , or windows of opportunity are used in a number of different scientific fields, with slightly different meanings. Despite these varied, and sometimes conflicting, usages, a core scientific idea unites them. The core idea is that h...
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Traducción de: Schools for thoyght. A science of learning in the classroom Obra que plantea la necesidad de aplicar la investigación cognitiva al proceso en el aula y aprovechar sus aportes para modificar las interacciones estudiante-profesor, como medida esencial para atender la problemática educativa.
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Traducción de: The Myth of the First Three Years Planteamiento que objeta la creencia común de los efectos radicales de los primeros tres años de vida en el cerebro y en el desarrollo intelectual de los niños.
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Traducción de: Schools for thought: a sience of learning in th e classroom Incluye bibliografía e índice
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Traducción de: The myth of the first three years: a new understanding of early brain development and lifelong learning Incluye bibliografía e índice

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