# John BrandenburgMorningstar Applied Physics LLC · sceince and technology

John Brandenburg

Ph D Plasma Physics

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100

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## Publications

Publications (100)

Evidence for two massive, air-burst, thermonuclear explosions on Mars in the past is presented, as well as the apparent correlation of the explosion locations with sites of apparent archeology. The explosions were apparently large enough to permanently change Mars climate from being Earth-like in the past, to its present barren state. This suggests...

The Morningstar Energy Box is an unusual revolutionary derivative based upon both the Searl and a modified Searl device by the Russians Godin and Roschin. Energy Box device is similar to a mechanical cage by the Russians, laminated rollers per Searl and a unique main ring with ferromagnetic fluid to enhance electrical and magnetic properties to rep...

The Morningstar Energy Box is an unusual revolutionary derivative based upon both the Searl and a modified Searl device by the Russians Godin and Roschin. Energy Box device is similar to a mechanical cage by the Russians, laminated rollers per Searl and a unique main ring with ferromagnetic fluid to enhance electrical and magnetic properties to rep...

Advances in fusion energy research now allow the construction of Q = 1 Tokamaks and make possible a new type of nuclear energy reactor: the Fusion-Fission Hybrid. The Hybrid makes advantageous the fact that the easiest fusion reaction : DT fusion, produces a 14MeV neutron
which can drive much more energetic fission reactions in a fissile blanket. T...

This manuscript presents some recent results of the GEMS (Gravity-Electro-Magnetism Super) Unification theory which unifies the four forces of nature. The two long range forces Gravity and Electro-Magnetism are first unified, and out of this unification also proceeds the unification of the short range Weak and Strong Nuclear Forces. They are unifie...

) This manuscript presents the initial results of the GEM (Gravity-Electro-Magnetism) theory which unifies the four forces of nature. The two long range forces Gravity and Electro-Magnetism are first unified, and out of this unification also proceeds the unification of the short range Weak and Strong Forces. They are unified under the two postulate...

In this article, we argue that gravity can be fundamentally tied to entropy as a spectrum of states, and that this co-dependence of gravity and an entropic state-space in the Standard Model universe (post Planck scale) makes it necessary that it be founded on a sub-Planckian set of states, or frequency spectrum, thus instantiating a sub-quantum pre...

The present article argues that gravity can be fundamentally tied to entropy as a spectrum of states, and that this co-dependence of gravity and an entropic state-space in the Standard Model universe (post Planck scale) makes it necessary that it be founded on a sub-Planckian set of states, or frequency spectrum, thus instantiating a sub-quantum ph...

NWA7533 with its age of 4.4 Gyr and DO17 at 0.57 means the O isotopes and ages of Mars meteorites and CI are now indistinguishable. The CI are from Mars!

Possible States Theory posits a universe of unique objects and unique collections of interactions between them. The interactions are designated the possible states. The states include past, future and possible interactions. The theory concerns the propagation of change in the collections of possible states. Using a few simple assumptions, it become...

The GEMS SU(5) [1] theory includes short range Nuclear Forces in the GEM
unification theory [2], where the importance of the square root of the
proton-electron mass ratio: σ = 42.8503 was found. The creation of
mass by a Higgs field coupling must, by the Equivalence Principle, be
viewed in the context of General Relativity. This is done here using...

The GEM theory (1) links the EM stress tensor directly to the metric
tensor by the principle of ``self censorship'' of the ZPF (2) where the
definition of guv = FuwF^wv/ 4 for
Planck scale fields makes the stress tensor vanish even when fields are
present. The first order form of the metric is recovered as Lorentzian
due to alternating regions of s...

The Morningstar Energy Box is a derivative of both the Searl device and a variant of the Russian Scientists Godin and Roschin. Laminated rollers and a main ring with ferromagnetic fluid are used to enhance electrical and magnetic properties. The device is constrained by a mechanical cage to hold the rollers. An operational theory for the Energy Box...

The GEM (Gravity Electro-Magnetism), theory is presented as an alloy of
Sakharov and Kaluza-Klein approaches to field unification. GEM uses the
concept of gravity fields as Poynting fields to postulate that the
non-metric portion of the EM stress tensor becomes the metric tensor in
strong fields leading to "self-censorship". Covariant
formulation o...

For over a decade, the Pioneer Anomaly (PA) was an object of study and remains unresolved. Basically it is a sunward constant acceleration of the spacecraft that appeared unambiguously after the satellites passage beyond Saturn. It now appears possible the PA acceleration is the appearance of second, string-like, solution to the Einstein Equations...

This paper reports experimental and theoretical progress on the GEM unification theory. In theoretical progress, the derivation of the GEM theory using it in a fully covariant form is achieved based on the principle of self-cancellation of the ZPF EM stress-momentum tensor. This derivation reveals that the final Gravity-EM system obeys a Helmholtz-...

John Brandenburg discusses how using the fabric of space-time for propulsion is a bold vision for industry. Einstein's work is particularly inspiring, for it empowered humanity not only to go where it had never gone before in the cosmos, but also to understand its dynamics. His discovery of mass-energy equivalence from Special Relativity led to the...

On Mars, the ingredients for natural nuclear reactors were present. A large natural paleo-nuclear reactor may have operated on Mars in the N. Mare Acidalium and explosively disassembled, releasing Xe129 and Ar40 and a surface layer of Th and K .

An analytical approach to the calculation of a special class of field-reversed plasma equilibria is presented. The equilibria analysed are those of an infinite cylindrical plasma layer consisting of monoenergetic ions of fixed canonical angular momentum and 'cold' space-charge-neutralizing electrons immersed in a uniform field. An equation for the...

Sakharov ootnotetextSakharov A.D. JETP 5,24, (1967) proposed that in the early split-seconds of the Big Bang lepton and baryon number and CPT invariance were not conserved, resulting in the cosmos we know: dominated by hydrogen: protons and electrons, as opposed to their antiparticles. Accordingly, it is the premise of the GEM theory that out of Pl...

In the GEM theory of unification, ootnotetextBrandenburg, J. E., (1995), Astrophysics and Space Science, 227, p133. a combination of the Kaluza-Klein and Sakharov unification theories, the appearance of the Kaluza-Klein 5^th dimension allows the separate appearance of electrons and protons from the vacuum. This occurs by having the masses of the el...

In The GEM (Brandenburg, 2006) theory, direct manipulation of space-time
geometry is possible leading to the possibility of transformation of a
starship into a tachyon moving Faster Than Light (FTL). The GEM theory
is reviewed and Causality in terms of the time ordering of experienced
events is considered as well as examining the space-time curvatu...

The GEM is based on the postulate of gravity fields as arrays of ExB drifts or Poynting fields, and the postulate that both EM and gravity fields separated from each other with the formation of a 5th dimension coincidentally with the separation of protons and electrons. The Maxwell—Einstein equations coupled via a hydrogen plasma are recovered. A q...

The general problem of the unification of gravity and electro-magnetism is discussed in the context of finding a path to practical, pure EM propulsion. Present methods of pure EM propulsion, where the spacecraft is propelled by EM radiation pressure suffer from very weak thrust per unit power. To improve on this gravity-EM unification must be accom...

This project characterizes crater formation in a granular material by a jet of gas impinging on a granular material, such as a retro-rocket landing on the moon. We have constructed a 2D model of a planetary surface, which consists of a thin, clear box partially filled with granular materials (sand, lunar and Mars simulants...). A metal pipe connect...

An investigation of rocket plume impingement on the regolith of the Moon and Mars is being conducted both theoretically and experimentally. Experimental results (1)and data from the Apollo landings inspired a theoretical model at ORBITEC : the ABL (Ablating Boundary Layer) model that assumes that regolith erosion and entrainment occurs in the thin...

This paper describes work done in investigating cratering processes by impinging jets. It accompanies a video made for the fluid dynamics video presentations at the Division of Fluid Dynamics meeting, November 22-24, 2009. Comment: Short abstract describing our fluid dynamics video for DFD conference

Lagrangian methods cannot include non-conservative forces and therefore cannot produce a simple derivation of the ubiquitous and very useful damped harmonic oscillator equation. Recently, it has been found that the damping term can be included in a Lagrangian approach by employing a Kaluza-Klein hidden dimension (Klein 1926). In this application of...

The hypothesis that the `anti-bubble' (1) in water owes its existence to Casimir forces is proposed, based on a model of Quantum ZPF (Zero Point Fluctuation) interaction with matter. The Casimir effect can be explained by imbalanced radiation pressure from the ZPF and is linked to Gravity. This concept is extended to the phenomena of anti-bubble an...

The GEM(Gravity E&M) theory (Brandenburg 2007) allows the derivation
of the Newton Gravitation Constant from first principles, with the two
postulates of the GEM theory: 1. that gravity and EM forces, and
electrons and protons are unified at the Planck length and split apart
with the appearance of a hidden 5^th dimension. 2. That Gravity fields
are...

A preliminary theoretical explanation for the large amplitude frame dragging effect seen by Tajmar et al. (2007) is proposed. A simple theory of quantum photon fields mediating electrodynamics is derived based on concepts from QED. These are then expressed as quantum wave functions for rotating EM systems. Based on the GEM theory, it is proposed th...

The GEM theory (Brandenburg, 2007) can be described in both its relativistically covariant and Newtonian forms. The GEM theory is an alloy of the Sakharov (1968), model of gravity as due to the quantum ZPF (Zero Point Fluctuation) and the Kaluza-Klein theory (Klein, 1926) 5th dimensional approach. The GEM is based on the postulate of gravity fields...

The GEM (Gravity Electro-Magnetism)(1), theory is presented as an alloy of Sakharov (2)and Kaluza-Klien approaches to field unification. The metric tensor becomes: gab = 4(F^caFcb )/(F^abFab), where Fcb is the EM field due to theZPF(Zero Point Fluctuation).It is found that this results in a massless ground state vacuum. It is found that a flat-spac...

This paper presents progress on the gravity-electromagnetism-strong (GEMS) theory in the context of a plasma universe. The GEMS theory is now understood in terms of the standard model of physics and allows the practical unification of the EM, gravitational, and Strong forces. Two central problems in cosmology are addressed in the context of the GEM...

In The GEMS theory ((Brandenburg, 2006) and its predecessor the GEM Theory(Brandenburg 1991), the Quantum EM theory of gravity as EM tubulence (Sahkarov 1967, Puthoff 1989) the ZPF (Zero Point Fluctuation) is proposed to create a set of "ExB drift" cells that produces a gravity acceleration. In progress on the theory, a EM circulation theorem integ...

The objective of this paper is to examine the degree of similarity of the persistent CO2 greenhouse found on Venus to that of ancient Mars. The discovery of Jarosite, a mineral formed in the presence of strong sulfuric acid, evokes conditions more associated with Venus, where strong oxidizing conditions and strong sulfuric and hydrochloric acids ar...

Progress on the GEMS (Gravity Electro‐Magnetism‐Strong), theory is presented as well as its application to space problems. The GEMS theory is now understood in terms of the Standard Model of physics. Two central problems in Cosmology: the value of the ratio of coupling constants of EM and gravity and the calculation of the dark energy density in th...

The CI are ancient (4.6Gyr) hydrated clays with olivine and pyroxene grains imbedded in them and no evidence of hypervelocity impacts or chondrules. Based on isotopic and other geochemical data the CI appear to share many features with MMs (Martian Metorites) and have been considered as candidate Martian sediments. Isotopic data on CI and MM newly...

The MET thruster uses a vortex stabilized, electrodeless microwave discharge to heat propellant gas for propulsion. Because it is electrodeless, it can run on a variety of propellants , including water vapor. Progress on the MET Thruster using water vapor as a propellant is described. Operation of the MET with water vapor propellant in a short puls...

Experimental progress on the GEM (Gravity‐Electro‐Magnetism) unification theory is summarized as applied to human flight and dynamically modified gravity fields and waves. A VBE (“Vacuum Bernoulli Equation”) is derived. This shows Gravitational energy density to be equated to an EM dynamic pressure that is quadratic in the local Poynting Flux: g2/(...

A human mission to Mars, if it is to be cost effective, should take
maximum advantage of previous efforts at the Moon, in terms of habitats,
heavy lift boosters, and vehicles. It must also make use of nuclear site
power for bases. However, to make such an effort sustainable over many
administrations, it should not make use of nuclear propulsion. It...

The research to develop the microwave electro-thermal (MET) thruster at Research Support Instruments, Inc. (RSI) using a variety of gases as fuel is described. The MET has undergone dramatic evolution since its first inception, and it is now moving toward flight development. The MET uses an electrodeless, vortex-stabilized microwave discharge to su...

A model of a persistent greenhouse regime on Mars is presented. A conventional CO2 greenhouse is stabilized against short term pressure instabilities by paleo-ocean to provide pressure and temperature buffering and by oxygen formd acids against long term chemical instability.

Theoretical progress on the GEM (Gravity-Electro-Magnetism) unification theory is summarized as applied to human flight and dynamically modified gravity fields and waves, as well as progress towards a GEMS (GEMStrong) theory. The GEM theory in the static Newtonian limit is the portion of the Kaluza-Klein action that is quadratic in first derivative...

Summary form only given. While the search for a practical fusion energy source has been pursued for decades, ultimate success remains elusive, and the need is apparent for continued research into alternative experimental fusion techniques. A method that has received fair attention over the past few years is inertial electrostatic confinement (IEC)...

Theoretical progress on an approach to the Einstein-Schrodinger-Kursunoglu problem of EM - Gravity unification: the GEM (Gravity-Electro-Magnetism) theory, a combination of the Einstein-Sahkarov and Kaluza-Klein approaches, is summarized as well a collaborative hypothesis with the late Behram Kursunoglu concerning the Gamma Ray Bursters as "field u...

Summary form only given. While the search for a practical fusion energy source has been pursued for decades, ultimate success remains elusive, and the need is apparent for continued research into alternative experimental fusion techniques. A method that has received fair attention over the past few years is inertial electrostatic confinement (IEC)...

Mounting evidence suggests that CI Carbonaceaous Chondrites belong in the Mars meteorite family. They thus represent samples, like ALH84001, of the Noachian surface environment, and are rich in organic matter, suggesting a living environment.

A new concept of Mars climatic and geo-chemical evolution is proposed, called the NMS (New Mars Synthesis) drawing on the full spectrum of available Mars data. The proposed synthesis is that Mars and Earth, having begun with similar surface conditions, did not strongly diverge from their similar paths 4.0 Billion years ago, in the Early Noachian, i...

Theoretical and experimental progress on the GEM theory is summarized. A portion of the Kaluza-Klein action is shown to form a “Vacuum Bernoulli Equation” showing Gravitational
energy density to be equated to an EM dynamic pressure that is quadratic in the local Poynting Flux: g2/(2π G) − S2/(c2u0) = Constant where G and S are the local Gravity and...

The oxygen isotopes of the CI and Mars meteorite materials, both for anhydrous and hydrous materials, are indistinguishable. In particular the Mars and CI hydrous materials both show elevated ^17O relative to the anhydrous materials. The simplest hypothesis is that both are Martian.

The Lyot impact basin is a double ringed basin of outer diameter 200km
that formed late in Mars history. It was noted by the author[1,2] that
the creation of the Lyot impact basin in the Northern Hemisphere of Mars
in the early Amazonian Epoch [3] appears to coincide with the 30x
reduction of fluvial and peri-glacial resurfacing rates between the L...

A compact microwave electrothermal thruster consisting of a commercial 2.45 GHz, 1 kW microwave oven magnetron bolted directly to a fixed-geometry resonant cavity operating in the TM0n mode was operated with helium, nitrogen, hydrogen, and water as propellants. The thruster was mounted on a conventional thrust stand, but excessive facility backgrou...

Air plasmas can be created and sustained at atmospheric pressure at power levels of approximately 1kW/ cc, (1MW/cu m) and these plasmas persist for hundreds of milliseconds after power is turned off. These plasmas can be made in an inexpensive and easy to build apparatus based around a microwave oven operating at approximately 1kW and 2.45GHz. Thes...

Summary form only given, as follows. Further research on PIA (Brandenburg and Kline 1998) plasmas, glow discharge-type plasmas created in room air, is reported. These plasmas can be made in a modified 1 kW microwave oven (2.45 GHz) and can be sustained for an indefinite period by the microwaves. They have now been made in a much larger size using 9...

The GEM theory is applied to the problem of controlled gravity by deriving a "Vacuum Bernoulli Equation" showing Gravitational energy density to be equated to an EM dynamic pressure that is quadratic in the local Poynting Flux: G2/(2n Gc) - S 2/(c2u0 )= Constant where G and S are the local Gravity and Poynting vector magnitudes, respectively, Gc is...

Summary form only given. It is now possible to create glow
discharge-type plasmas in room air. These plasmas are made in a modified
1 kW microwave oven (2.45 GHz) and can be sustained for an indefinite
period by the microwaves. When the microwaves are turned off the plasma
continues to emit light with an exponential decay of time constant of 60
mil...

Large-volume atmospheric-pressure plasmas have been the subject of
previous research as a laboratory simulation of ball lightning, but
measurements of the plasma properties have been unavailable. The present
investigation employed a non-resonant microwave chamber with a 1000-W
microwave-source operating at 2.45-GHz frequency to produce large volume...

Progress on the CMTX effort will be reported. The CMTX project has the goal of reproducing and moving beyond the results of the TRISOPS(Dan Wells et. al Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 41,3, (1978) pp. 167.) experiment, which was a compact torus experiment utilizing spinning tori created by CTP (Conical Theta Pinches). Opposing CTP create colliding tori whic...

The hypothesis that CI meteorites have an origin on Mars is presented along with supporting data and implications. A Martian origin for the CI will support Martian biogenesis and effect assessments of Martian histories, suggesting Mars and Earth evolved in parallel in both biologic and geologic realms for a long period. The CI containing a Martian...

The simplest interpretation of present data remains that Mars is the
parent body of the CIs.

The hypothesis that the CI meteorites have an origin on southern Mars is presented. This hypothesis is based on the CI containing a Martian pattern of oxygen isotopes and mineralogy indicative of deposition by liquid water, as found in several Martian meteorites. Other correlation's are discussed. A model of the formation of CI meteorites as being...

This paper discusses the current research status of the MET (Microwave Electro-Thermal) thruster. In the MET thruster, an electrodeless, vortex stabilized, plasma is produced in a microwave resonator cavity for the purpose of heating gaseous fuel to produce a high temperature rocket exhaust for space propulsion. The higher specific impulse (momentu...

In this article the GEM (Brandenburg, 1992; Brandenburg, 1988) theory is applied to the problem of the cosmos in which most of the matter is hydrogen, spacetime is flat, and a Cosmic Background Radiation CBR field exists. Using the two postulates of the GEM theory: 1. That gravity fields are equivalent to an array ofE B drifts or a spacially varyin...

Two constraints placed upon the cratering flux at Mars by the SNC meteorites are examined: crystallization ages as a constraint on surface ages and cosmic ray exposure ages and number of impacts as a constraint on absolute rates. The crystallization ages of the SNC meteorites appear to constrain the Martian cratering rate to be 4xLunar or more if t...

The Nihka flight was the first demonstration of the ability of the Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPI), carried abroad the LACE (Low-power Atmospheric Compensation Experiment) satellite, to observe missiles in flight above the atmosphere. The UVPI is a small, plume-tracking instrument flown on the Naval Research Laboratory's LACE satellite, which w...

Following two independent lines of evidence -- estimates of the age and
formation time of a portion of the Martian geologic column exposed in
the layered deposits and the crystallization and ejection ages of the
SNC meteorites -- it appears that the Martian cratering rate must be
double the lunar rate or even higher. This means models such as NHII...

The basic arguments and results of the gravity-electromagnetism
(GEM) theory are presented. This theory unifies gravity and
electromagnetism using simple models and concepts and is based on two
postulates: (1) gravity is a spatially varying Poynting field that
defines the geometry of space such that ultrastrong fields are
self-canceling and (2) the...

A computational fluid dynamics algorithm is used to simulate the
flowfield and solid rocket motor plume about the Bow Shock Ultraviolet 2
Flight vehicle. The computer plume radiance is compared with the
experimental data and good agreement is found in the intrinsic core of
the rocket exhaust. The computation underpredicts the signal from the
far-fi...

DIMEX (DIpole plasma Microwave EXposure) experiment has demonstrated both stable confinement of plasma at electron densities of the order of 10 to the 11th power and electron temperatures of 1 eV and also has demonstrated strong absorption of 1 GHz microwaves with much reduced reflection (-10dB). In addition, high-intensity microwaves (greater than...

Tokamak equilibria are considered as extremum magnetic-energy states. Two quadratic invariants ∫Ψd3x, and ∫A.Bd3x are found to yield finite-beta equilibria in toroidal geometry. The theory predicts ‘bell’-shaped current profiles for relaxed discharges at finite beta. A ‘main-sequence’ curve of ql/q0 versus βp is presented for circular discharges wi...

Design issues related to the resonance cavity and spent beam
collector performance for the klystrode, which is an emission-gated
(prebunched), single-cavity microwave device, are addressed. Numerical
simulations were performed with the fully electromagnetic,
two-and-one-half-dimensional, self-consistent particle-in-cell (PIC)
code, MAGIC. A set of...

Summary form only given, as follows. The DIMEX (dipole plasma microwave exposure) experiment tests the feasibility of using a magnetic dipole confined plasma as a plasma cloak. A plasma is magnetically confined about a small permanent magnet that is sheathed in stainless steel to produce stabilization of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities. The...

A summary of progress on the theory and simulation of plasmoid formation and propagation is presented. Progress occurred in two areas. First, an analytical model or core-halo dynamics was derived for an arrow-type plasmoid. This model predicts halo expansion that is approximately linear in time with a velocity proportional to the core ion sound spe...

A model for the hose instabilities of rotating electron beams is developed using the dynamics of single particles as a guide. Three unstable modes are found, all of which are helical in character. This model, which uses the spread mass formalism to incorporate phase mixing, is shown to give the correct high and low frequency limits obtained from a...

An analytic model of a strongly diamagnetic migma plasma with fully three-dimensional confinement has been formulated. This is made possible by the identification of a new adiabatic constant of the motion, allowing mirror confinement of particles with highly noncircular orbits. The adiabatic constant consists of the action around the particle orbit...

A particle subcycling algorithm has been developed for and tested in the MAGIC code. The objective is to achieve greater efficiency in pulsed-power simulations. The algorithm performs particle kinematics calculations using a time step which is smaller than the electromagnetic time step, thereby allowing orbit resolution in regions of high magnetic...

Plasmoids can be described as a group of electrons and ions that propagate as a unit through vacuum. In their present conception they consist of an expanding halo region, carrying return current and bearing a slight charge imbalance, and an equilibrium core region that propagates like a pinched charged particle beam. This model was first suggested...

A further study of the field-reversed ion layer equilibria is presented (Part I was published in Nucl. Fusion 21 (1981) 1633). The formalism for introducing steady-state perturbations into the equilibria presented in Part I is applied to the problem of a perturbing rigid rotor ion current and analytic solutions are obtained. The problem of an equil...

A Paleo-ocean on the northern plains of Mars is proposed. The
hypothetical ocean would have formed very early in Mars' history, during
the early period of rapid outgassing and cratering. As the ocean froze
and receded, bursting of aquifers along the shoreline would create
catastrophic flooding. Analysis of soil at the two Viking landing sites,
both...

An analysis of the results of two experiments, the Los Alamos Foil Switch Experiment and the Magnetic Gate Experiment, reveals evidence of mass loss and unexpectedly high temperatures in strongly accelerated aluminum foils. Nonlinear magnetic diffusion theory is analyzed both analytically and numerically and found to give strong concentrations of c...

Analytical model of field revesal is presented. Rotational symmetry and z independence are assumed; the current being carried solely by monoenergetic ions of specified canonical angular momentum. Extending and further characterizing the results of Marx and Post, it is shown that within the reversal region, j varies directly as v/r. This result was...

It has long been known that The isotopic ratios 129 Xe/132Xe and 40Ar/36Ar are very high in Mars atmosphere relative to Earth or meteoritic backgrounds. This fact has allowed the SNC meteorites to be identified as Martian based on their trapped gases (1). However, while the isotopic anomalies explained one mystery, the origin of the SNC meteorites,...

Plasmoids can be described as a group of electrons and ions that propagate as a unit through vacuum. In their present conception, they consist of an expanding halo region, carrying return current and bearing a slight charge imbalance, and an equilibrium core region that propagates like a pinched charged-particle beam. This model was first suggested...

As part of the effort to employ a plasma focus as a driver for fusion micro-explosions, many target concepts were explored and extensive imposion calculations have been carried out. Some of the basic principles of micro-explosion design are presented.

Evidence suggesting a past humanoid civilization has been found at several sites on Mars. In particular, what appear to be large carved faces, with similar details, have been found at two separate sites. Together with geochemical and geological evidence that suggests Mars was once more Earth-like in climate, the images of the objects support the Cy...

## Projects

Project (1)

I have, unexpectedly, found that my GEMS ( GEM Super) Unification theory predicts the pi-meson masses ( Strong Force quanta ) as well as the W and Z (Weak Force quanta ) boson masses , this means the theory ( in a rudimentary Bohr hydrogen atom sort of way ) now unifies all four forces of nature. All this because of pursuing the modest goal of making electromagnetic antigravity so i could go to Mars!
So my project right now is to illuminate the mathematical correspondence between GEMS and Electro-Weak Unification in the Standard Model. I have found lots of it. I will be publishing in variety of journals.
John brandenburg