Johannes Rüdisser

Johannes Rüdisser
University of Innsbruck | UIBK · Institute of Ecology

Mag. Dr.

About

64
Publications
13,299
Reads
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671
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - November 2020
University of Innsbruck
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2005 - March 2008
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • Researcher
January 2005 - present
biologisches.at
Position
  • Consultant

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Share Link (valid before June 24, 2022): https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1f14Z_WjFP6-jw Background: Behavior problems in children are shaped by a complex intertwining of environmental, social, and biological factors. This study investigated whether more nature exposure was associated with less behavior problems and whether these associations were m...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1dhT53Ao5y1Ng Background Early life environments may influence children's blood pressure (BP), but evidence on the combined effects of natural and built environment exposures is scarce. The present study investigates the associations of natural and built environment indicators, traffic noise, and air pollution with B...
Book
Full-text available
Im Jahr 2001 wurde die Schmetterlingsfauna Vorarlbergs erstmals in einer Roten Liste bewertet. Nach zwei Jahrzehnten wird nun eine umfassende Neubearbeitung und Gefährdungsanalyse vorgestellt. Der nachgewiesene und nach neuester Taxonomie und Systematik dargestellte Artenbestand ist inzwischen von 2307 auf 2501 Arten gewachsen, der zugrundeliegende...
Article
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In a rapid biodiversity survey, focusing on butterflies and moths in Kleinwalsertal (Vorarlberg, Austria) we recorded 58 butterfly and 281 moth species. The short time span of the survey (two days) resulted undoubtedly in incomplete coverage of the existing fauna. Nevertheless, the recorded species suggest a very diverse fauna, for which further su...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Failures are an immanent part of academic processes driving research progress. Therefore, they are also present in citizen science projects. Still the research community tends to highlight the successes while willingly omitting the mistakes and thus, withholding important information from their peers. This article presents results from an interacti...
Article
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Earthworm activities affect the provision of many ecosystem services. Land use can strongly influence earthworm communities and, hence related soil functions. We assessed earthworm biomass, abundance, and species composition on grasslands, apple orchards, and vineyards in the context of an existing sustainability assessment tool in South Tyrol, Ita...
Article
Background Greenness may protect from or contribute to allergy risk by influencing air pollution and human-microbe interactions. However, existing research on the issue is heterogeneous and produced conflicting results. Less in known about the effects of greyness. This study investigated the association between different characteristics of resident...
Technical Report
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In this report, we update the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, present new butterfly indicators for widespread species, woodland butterflies, as well as butterflies in urban environments, in Natura 2000 areas and as climate change indicators. The indicators use field data up to and including the 2018 field season. The method for calculating...
Article
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The European Alps are known as the ‘water towers of Europe’. However, climatic and socioeconomic changes influence both water supply and demand, increasing the need to manage this limited and valuable resource properly to avoid user conflicts and water scarcity. Two major challenges emerge when assessing water scarcity in the Alps: Firstly, mountai...
Article
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ContextBiophony is the acoustic manifestation of biodiversity, and humans interact with biophony in many ways. However, quantifying biophony across urban landscapes has proven difficult in the presence of anthrophony, or sounds generated by humans. Improved assessment methods are required to progress our understanding of the processes influencing b...
Article
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The application of ecosystem services (ES) models that rely on primary biophysical data is considered as most promising to generate accurate maps for decision making. However, to effectively apply these modelling approaches for ES mapping, representative functional spatial units with distinct socio-ecological characteristics are needed, which allow...
Article
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Ecological footprint analyses demonstrate that the world's more than 7.5 billion people consume multiple planets' worth of resources. To incite and evaluate societal changes for the sustainable use of the environment and its natural resources, the ecosystem service (ES) concept was developed more than 20 years ago. To ensure the sustainable provisi...
Article
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The Alps are a biodiversity hotspot in Europe and are home to many endemic species. Some of these species have a symbolic meaning for people and are an integral part of the Alpine culture. The characteristics and relevance of these symbolic uses are rarely explored from an ecosystem service perspective. As the perception of symbols is prone to indi...
Poster
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Mountain environments are highly appreciated for recreational activities. The growing demand for outdoor recreation, however, leads more frequently to conflicts. These conflicts may arise between different types of activities, but also between different users, such as between recreationists and farmers, landowners, hunters, forestry, nature conser...
Article
Farmers are important actors for regional development and biodiversity protection. Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM) are therefore a central tool of the European Union to support its biodiversity conservation policy. AECM generally reward farmers for fulfilling predefined management actions or avoiding specific practices. In contrast, result...
Article
Farmers are important actors for regional development and biodiversity protection. Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM) are therefore a central tool of the European Union to support its biodiversity conservation policy. AECM generally reward farmers for fulfilling predefined management actions or avoiding specific practices. In contrast, result...
Article
Agricultural land abandonment and transformation of the rural mountain landscapes have been of widespread occurrence in the European mountains. Such changes have strongly affected agricultural land, particularly traditionally used grasslands, which are hotspots of biological and cultural diversity in Alpine countries. We investigated the land use/c...
Article
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A key challenge in the sustainable management of freshwater is related to non-stationary processes and transboundary requirements. The assessment of freshwater is often hampered due to small-scale analyses, lacking data and with the focus on only its provision. Based on the ecosystem service (ES) concept, this study aims at quantitatively comparing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ecosystem services provide the foundation upon which human societies are built. To better understand these services in the European Alps, the project “AlpES - Alpine Ecosystem Services - mapping, maintenance, management” was started in December 2015. The project aims to collect, analyse and distribute information about the ecosystem services (ES) p...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science (CS) terms the active participation of the general public in scientific research activities. With increasing amounts of information generated by citizen scientists, best practices to go beyond science communication and publish these findings to the scientific community are needed. This letter is a synopsis of authors' personal exper...
Article
The slow downhill motion of snow on the ground, referred to as snow gliding, impairs afforestation, increases the predisposition for landslides, fosters winter soil erosion, and coincides with the occurrence of glide-snow avalanches. This study identifies areas with a high chance for severe snow gliding for an area covering >20,000 km2 in the Centr...
Chapter
Full-text available
In order to understand the dynamics of the urbanization and suburbanization processes and hence to quantify the anthropogenic effects of the rapid growth of tropical cities, it is crucial to find and apply valuable methods. In this contribution, the transferability of the Rüdisser et al. (2012) “Distance to Nature” hemeroby assessment method to the...
Article
Full-text available
The role of ecosystems as carbon (C) sinks or sources is intrinsically related to land-use intensity, which determines the land required for biomass production. Here, we systematically investigate the role of different land-use types including their land-use intensities on vegetation C-stocks (SCact) in the Stubai valley, located in the Austrian ce...
Article
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Public participation in scientific research, now commonly referred to as citizen science, is increasingly promoted as a possibility to overcome the large-scale data limitations related to biodiversity and conservation research. Furthermore, public data-collection projects can stimulate public engagement and provide transformative learning situation...
Article
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Context Land use changes and intensification have been amongst the major causes of the on-going biodiversity decline in Europe. A better understanding and description of how different levels of land use intensity affect biodiversity can support the planning and evaluation of policy measures. Objectives Our study investigates how land use-related la...
Conference Paper
https://conference.pixel-online.net/NPSE/files/npse/ed0004/FP/0202-ESM884-FP-NPSE4.pdf
Article
Facing the challenges of global and regional changes, society urgently needs applicable and broadly accepted tools to effectively manage and protect ecosystem services (ES). This requires knowing which ES are perceived as important. We asked decision-makers from different thematic backgrounds to rank 25 ES on the basis of their importance for socie...
Article
We have developed an integrated modeling framework (IMF) to quantify indicators for ecosystem services (ES) and economic development (ED) in agricultural landscapes. Austria serves as a case study in which impacts, trade-offs, and synergies of ES and ED are assessed for different agricultural policy pathways and regional climate change scenarios. A...
Chapter
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Die biologische Vielfalt (Biodiversität) auf unserem Planeten ist nicht nur beeindruckend, sondern auch von existentieller Bedeutung für das Leben und Wohlergehen der Menschheit. Die Erhaltung der Biodiversität stellt eine der größten globalen Herausforderungen für das 21. Jh. dar. Sowohl internationale Vertragswerke, wie die von über 190 Staaten r...
Article
Full-text available
In einem gemeinsamen Projekt des Instituts für Ökologie der Universität Innsbruck und des Instituts für Alpine Umwelt der EURAC wurde in den letzten drei Jahren die Biodiversität der Bodenfauna in Südtirol an insgesamt 70 Standorten untersucht (Projekt SOILDIV). Darunter waren auch 20 Obst- und 15 Rebanlagen, die mit Grün- und Ackerflächen sowie Wa...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing worldwide biodiversity crisis comes along with a growing demand for feasible environmental indicators to measure, evaluate and communicate anthropogenic influence on biodiversity. Those indicators can be useful tools for national and regional management and support decision making processes. We propose degree of naturalness (Nd), distan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Der österreichische Kulturlandschaftsraum ist charakterisiert durch eine vielfältige Mi-schung natürlicher, naturnaher und anthropogen geprägter Ökosysteme. Die Beschaffenheit und die räumliche Verteilung dieser Ökosysteme prägen nicht nur das Landschaftsbild, sondern beeinflussen auch maßgebliche Eigenschaften der Landschaft in Bezug auf die Biodi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Im Rahmen des proVISION Projektes "Werkzeuge für Modelle einer nachhaltigen Wirt-schaft" werden österreichweit flächendeckende Biodiversitätsindikatoren berechnet. Grund-lage für die Berechnung ist ein neu entwickelter Landbedeckungsdatensatz. Hierfür wurden bereits existierende Landnutzungs-und Landbedeckungsinformationen homogenisiert, sowie syst...
Article
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In the 1980s/90s, a number of socio-acoustic surveys and laboratory studies on railway noise effects have observed less reported disturbance/interference with sleep at the same exposure level compared with other modes of transportation. This lower grade of disturbance has received the label "railway bonus", was implemented in noise legislation in a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Environmental health studies often deal with health problems that are influenced by factors with a strong spatial component. However, most analyses of routinely collected health data (cancer register, medication data etc.) are performed at a spatially higher aggregated level. Analyses based on administrative units are frequently subject...
Article
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INTRODUCTION Traffic noise exposure in the community is generally considered as a weak risk factor for more severe health effects. Reported relative risks associated with noise exposure vary typically in the range of 1.0 to 1.5 (Babisch 2006, 2008) for cardio- vascular effects. As it is known from annoyance research that up to three quarters of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hat die Wohngegend einen Einfluss auf die Gesundheit? Eine Unzahl von epidemiologi-schen Studien der letzten Jahre belegen Unterschiede in Bezug auf die Gesundheit der Be-völkerung verschiedener Regionen. Die Ursachen für diese Unterschiede lassen sich aber nicht einfach kausal mit erhöhter Umweltbelastung oder soziökonomischen Ungleichheiten erklä...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of environmental epidemiology studies and the significance or its results are strongly dependent on the degree of spatial resolution of the used data. Propagation of pollutants is determined by physical rules and has a strong spatial component. Analysis based on administrative units frequently causes confounding by different exposures a...
Data
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The combination of rail and road (highway, main roads) noise exposure is highly prevalent in European countries. In Germany, the number of people exposed to both were estimated to be around 11 millions. Although increasing consideration has been given to the effects of noise from combined traffic sources at conferences during the last decade (In...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The combination of rail and road (highway, main roads) noise exposure is highly prevalent in European countries. In Germany, the number of people exposed to both were estimated to be around 11 millions. Although increasing consideration has been given to the effects of noise from combined traffic sources at conferences during the last decade (Inter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kann Verkehrsbelastung zu einem erhöhten Medikamentenkonsum führen? Diese Frage wurde im Rahmen einer GIS-gestützten Studie im Tiroler Wipptal untersucht. Auf Basis von adressgenau verorteten Verschreibungsdaten bestimmter Medikamentengruppen wurde untersucht, ob ein Zusammenhang zwischen der Verkehrsexposition und der Verschrei-bungshäufigkeit bes...
Article
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Die Qualität und Aussagekraft umweltepidemiologischer Studien wird stark von der räumlichen Auflösung der verwendeten Daten beeinflusst. Die Ausbreitung von Schadstoffen und Lärm unterliegt physikalischen Gesetzmäßigkeiten und besitzt somit eine starke Raumkomponente. Analysen auf Basis von administrativen Einheiten führen in vielen Fällen zu einer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dieser Beitrag wurde nach Begutachtung durch das Programmkomitee als "reviewed paper" angenommen. Abstract A habitat evaluation procedure was developed using GIS technology to evaluate potential distribution patterns of the Lynx (Lynx lynx) in western Austria. Ecological and anthropological conflicts connected with a possible re-colonisation were c...
Chapter
Full-text available
A habitat model was developed to evaluate potential distribution patterns of the lynx (Lynx lynx) in western Austria. Ecological and anthropological conflicts connected with a possible re-colonisation were considered by combining this model with data about live stock, housing areas, streets, and other parameters. 58% (11,356 km2) of the study area...
Thesis
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to examine which areas in Tirol, Vorarlberg and west to Salzburg (Austria) would be adequate for a lynx reintroduction. For this, GIS was used to analyze the habitat and also eventual ecological and anthropogenic conflicts. It resulted from the study that about 11400 km2 (58%) of the whole analyzed area would be adequate.

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
In Viel-Falter: Butterfly Monitoring volunteers, together with researchers from the Department of Ecology of the University of Innsbruck, observe, identify and count butterflies. Given the diverse habitats in Austria, around 210 different species of butterfly live here, considerably more than in the whole of Germany. At the same time, many species of butterfly are threatened and even species that used to be common are seen more rarely. The main causes for this downturn are changes in land use, intensification in agriculture and increased use of insecticides and herbicides. Yet it is difficult to know exactly what is going on because few European countries operate long-term monitoring programs. Viel-Falter: Butterfly Monitoring should change this situation. The targeted combination of professional butterfly surveys and observations of committed volunteers makes for a scientifically solid, low-cost and long-term investigation into butterfly populations, currently in Vorarlberg, Tyrol and South Tyrol. In this way, Viel-Falter makes an essential contribution to biodiversity monitoring in the Alps. Education and public relations work complements the scientific survey of Viel-Falter as an important aspect. Regular and continued training will help volunteers and other interested people to improve their general and specialist knowledge on species. Concrete aims: • Systematic and long-term monitoring of butterfly stands and of the quality of butterfly habitats (in Tyrol and Vorarlberg) • Building a reference data set on the occurrence and development of butterfly populations in the Alps. • Making an essential contribution to monitoring biodiversity against changes in land use and Global Change. • Acting as a beacon project – with a view to expanding it into other federal provinces. • Raising awareness of the importance of biodiversity and encouraging the maintenance of precious habitats, especially grassland ecosystems within the cultural landscape.
Archived project
Different key actors from the Alpine Space will be involved in the project development. In close collaboration with stakeholders AlpES will:   1.    develop an Alpine ecosystem services concept 2.    carry out a mapping and assessment of ecosystem services for the Alpine Space area including the testing in selected study regions across the Alpine Space 3.    provide stakeholders with the results through an interactive web GIS and 4.    ensure a multi-level and cross-sectoral transfer of AlpES results to a maximum number of stakeholders via a suite of innovative, tailored and transferable learning tools and targeted activities
Project
This Special Issue, addresses studies advancing terminology, frameworks, concepts, and applications related to ecosystem services assessment with particular focus on social–ecological systems. We also welcome best-practice guidelines and papers addressing the most relevant open research questions and future perspectives in the context of goods and services provided by nature. https://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability/special_issues/social-ecological_systems This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources" of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2019