Johannes Van Der Plicht

Johannes Van Der Plicht
University of Groningen | RUG · Centre for Isotope Research (CIO)

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497
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Publications (497)
Article
The North Sea is considered a unique heritage site that yielded a huge amount of zoological and archaeological data. More than 200 palaeozoological and archaeological fossil bone samples from the North Sea bed are dated by ¹⁴ C. About 2/3 of these dated bones are Pleistocene in age; the majority of the bones are from extinct species (in particular...
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The present study reports a series of interdisciplinary archaeometrical analyses of objects found in the Christmas Cave, which was discovered by John Allegro and his team in 1960 on the West Bank of the Dead Sea and assumed to be inhabited only in the Chalcolithic era and by Jewish refugees of the second century CE, at the end of the Bar Kokhba Rev...
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Archaeological excavations in the central Negev desert in terraced wadi fields at Horvat Haluqim revealed remains of two ancient fertilizers: charred plant ash and animal dung. Average annual rainfall in the area is 94 mm. Runoff rainwater from natural hillside catchments, captured by terrace walls, augmented soil moisture in valleys to enable agri...
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Due to the marine reservoir effect, radiocarbon dates of marine samples require a correction. Marine reservoir effects, however, may vary among different marine species within a given body of water. Factors such as diet, feeding depth and migratory behaviour all affect the ¹⁴ C date of a marine organism. Moreover, there is often significant variati...
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Leads, lags, or synchronies in climatic events among different regions are key to understanding mechanisms of climate change, as they provide insights into the causal linkages among components of the climate system. The well-studied transition from the Lateglacial to early Holocene (ca. 16–10 ka) contains several abrupt climatic shifts, making this...
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Two cores from a Weichselian periglacial alluvial fan were dated using ¹⁴C and OSL, to verify the reliability of both methods and check the upper dating limit of the ¹⁴C method. Both dating methods yielded a similar chronology for core Eerbeek-I, with infinite ¹⁴C dates for the lower part where OSL dates indicated ages of over 45 ka. Finite ¹⁴C dat...
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Two types of materials were sampled as part of an investigation of the relics of the Holy Catholic Church of the Apostles St Philip and St James in the Basilica dei Santi Apostoli in Rome: bone-and mummy-materials and architectural samples. The analyses encompassed radiocarbon dating, thermoluminescence dating, gas and liquid chroma-tographic separ...
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In: Tijdschrift voor Mediterrane Archaeologie 64: 1-7. Tell Sabi Abyad is a key archeological site in Northern Syria, extensively excavated from 1986 to 2010. The excavations give evidence for a continuous settlement in the Neolithic period, from about 7200 to 5500 BC. Significantly, substantial change in the nature of settlement and the associate...
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The cathedral in Odense, Denmark, has for nine centuries held the relics of the Danish King St Canute the Holy and his brother Benedikt. They were both murdered in the predecessor church at the site in AD 1086, and Canute was sanctified in already in AD 1100. The history of the relics has been that of turmoil at times, varying from initial worship...
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Ancient DNA has significantly improved our understanding of the evolution and population history of extinct megafauna. However, few studies have used complete ancient genomes to examine species responses to climate change prior to extinction. The woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) was a cold-adapted megaherbivore widely distributed across...
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Connecting calendar ages to radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) ages, i.e. constructing a calibration curve, requires ¹⁴ C samples that represent, or are closely connected to, atmospheric ¹⁴ C values and that can also be independently dated. In addition to these data, there is information that can serve as independent tests of the calibration curve. For example, i...
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This study investigates the ostracod assemblages obtained from a sediment core from a paleolake in the Sağlık plain in south-central Anatolia (Turkey). In addition to ostracods, oxygen and carbon stable isotopes of ostracod shells were analysed and pollen analysis of the core undertaken. The sediments comprise the Late Glacial and early Holocene in...
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Eighteen new high-precision radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) dates obtained for dendrochronologically dated wood from Bodegraven, the Netherlands are reported. They are relevant for establishing the revised calibration curve around the time of the Bronze Age Santorini eruption. Most of our new data overlap within one sigma with IntCal13, but a few data points a...
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The curves recommended for calibrating radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) dates into absolute dates have been updated. For calibrating atmospheric samples from the Northern Hemisphere, the new curve is called IntCal20. This is accompanied by associated curves SHCal20 for the Southern Hemisphere, and Marine20 for marine samples. In this “companion article” we disc...
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A pioneer comprehensive study of several diminutive last‐generation woolly mammoth teeth (M3) found on the coast of the East Siberian Sea between the mouths of the Alazeya and Malaya Kuropatoch'ya rivers was conducted. Two teeth belonged to one individual. These teeth have a similar lamellar frequency and enamel thickness as teeth of Mammuthus prim...
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Datation 14C d’ossements à la grotte Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc
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The Vasi peatland complex is situated in the northeast of South Africa. It is an unprotected area surrounded by pine (Pinus sp.) and blue gum (Eucalyptus sp.) plantations. Little is known about the conditioning factors for the area's development and causes of degradation. In order to understand the ecohydrological system of this complex, water tabl...
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Ancient terraced fields in ephemeral stream valleys in the Negev desert enabled farming based on runoff water from local rainfall. The runoff was captured by stone terrace walls, which were built across suitable wadis in various archaeological periods. Runoff floods added not only water to the fields but also fine sediment. However, alluvial strati...
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We report the discovery of a 50,000-y-old birch tar-hafted flint tool found off the present day coastline of The Netherlands. The production of adhesives and multicomponent tools is considered complex technology and has a prominent place in discussions about the evolution of human behavior. This find provides evidence on the technological capabilit...
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This paper presents the results of a unique fur garment from the megalithic tomb of a rich man in the Northwest Caucasus, dated to the Early Bronze Age, which was excavated in 1898 (Tsarskaya, Russia). The garment was made from the fur of a souslik group animal, most likely the ground squirrel. Direct radiocarbon dating puts the fur at around 4445...
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This paper presents the results of a unique fur garment from the megalithic tomb of a rich man in the Northwest Caucasus, dated to the Early Bronze Age, which was excavated in 1898 (Tsarskaya, Russia). The garment was made from the fur of a souslik group animal, most likely the ground squirrel. Direct radiocarbon dating puts the fur at around 4445...
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New finds of the fossil brown bear (Ursus arctos L., 1758) remains from the territory of Yakutia have been investigated: skulls and mandibular bones. The new finds are of exceptionally large sizes, most of their measurements far exceed those of not only the modern brown bear from Yakutia, but also the maximum values of the largest representatives o...
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New finds of brown bear (Ursus arctos L., 1758) fossil remains from the territory of Yakutia, namely, skulls and mandibular bones, have been investigated. The new finds are exceptionally large: most dimensions of these specimens exceed those of the present-day brown bears of Yakutia and even the maximal parameters of the largest individuals of the...
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South Africa has a limited number of peatlands and most of them are relatively small compared to those in cooler temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. We gathered 40 basal peat samples representative of South Africa's peatlands to explore their development during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Depth profiles of nine of them were also in...
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Over 60% of the modern distribution range of brown bears falls within Russia, yet palaeoecological data from the region remain scarce. Complete modern Russian brown bear mitogenomes are abundant in the published literature, yet examples of their ancient counterparts are absent. Similarly, there is only limited stable isotopic data of prehistoric br...
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The range of the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) covered the northern circumpolar region, over time varying in size and space due to changes in regional climatic conditions. The species survived multiple glacial cycles, but got extinct around the end of the last glacial, between ∼21,000 and 4000 years ago. Stable carbon (δ ¹³ C) and nitrogen...
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A geometric design dated by radiocarbon to the Aeneolithic period.
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Tephra deposits in caves are not only significant as stratigraphic markers. The comparatively sheltered position of cave environments, protected from rainfall, may preserve original distal tephra deposition features, unlikely to have survived in the open landscape. Most reported findings of tephra in caves are from the Campanian supereruption, whic...
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Understanding extinction events requires an unbiased record of the chronology and ecology of victims and survivors. The rhinoceros Elasmotherium sibiricum, known as the ‘Siberian unicorn’, was believed to have gone extinct around 200,000 years ago—well before the late Quaternary megafaunal extinction event. However, no absolute dating, genetic anal...
Chapter
Abstract Radiocarbon dates of Ashkelon, the most important Middle Bronze Age site in Canaan along the southern Mediterranean coast, are compared with those of Tell el-Dabʿa, the Hyksos capital Avaris, focusing on archaeological phases associated with the Hyksos 15th Dynasty. The current calibration curve IntCal13 does not seem accurate for the peri...
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At Celano (Abruzzo region, Italy), rare tumulus tombs of the Final Bronze Age were excavated, yielding waterlogged coffins of oak wood. Two tombs were dated by Wiggle-Match Dating (WMD), using the conventional 14C method. This shows that the tumuli were erected around 1030 BC, while the associated artefacts in the sarcophagi are attributable to the...
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New radiocarbon dating and chronological modelling have refined understanding of the character and circumstances of flint mining at Grime's Graves through time. The deepest, most complex galleried shafts were worked probably from the third quarter of the 27th century cal bc and are amongst the earliest on the site. Their use ended in the decades ar...
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The paper presents the result of analysis of charred food on the interior part of the vessels from the graves of the East Manych and West Manych Catacomb archaeological cultures (2500–2350 cal bc). The phytolith and pollen analyses identified pollen of wild steppe plants and phytoliths of domesticated gramineous plants determined as barley phytolit...
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Although the Netherlands has a long tradition of sea‐level research, no Holocene relative sea‐level curve is available for the north of the country. Previous studies hypothesized that the relative sea‐level reconstruction for the western Netherlands is also valid for the northern part of the country. However, glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) mode...
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The arrival of modern humans into Europe, their dispersal and their potential interactions with Neanderthals are still in debate. Whereas the first appearance of anatomically modern humans in Western Europe seems to be well understood, the situation is quite different for Eastern Europe, where data are more scarce. The Buran-Kaya III site in Crimea...
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We conducted inter-laboratory AMS ¹⁴C dating of bones of the Miesenheim IV elk (Rhineland, Germany), buried under Laacher See tephra dated to ca. 11,060 BP (13,000 cal BP). The weighted mean of the new dates, which range from 10,920 to 11,270 BP, is 11,092 ± 19 BP. The consistent results from five AMS laboratories are important in two respects. Fir...
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The paper presents a description of a rare finding of the partial frozen corpse of the Yukagir horse. Discovered from thawing deposits in northern East Siberia (Yakutia, Russia), its age is confirmed to be Mid-Holocene (about 4600 BP). The mummy had a preserved head with the neck and the back of the torso with the legs and tail. The Yukagir horse w...
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The study of the economic system of the earliest nomads which inhabited the Eurasian desert-steppe belt in 5000—2000 is a relevant task of contemporary studies. The data on the organization of living space and the role of social groups of early prehistoric pastoralists in the exploitation of open steppe resources are scarce. The paper presents a ne...
Data
Fig. S3 Alignment of the ATP6 amino acid sequences of the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) ‐ one Holocene Wrangel Island mammoth, Pleistocene clade I, II, and III mammoths, compared to various other mammals (with accession numbers in the sequence name), showing that the non‐synonymous mutation fixed in the Holocene Wrangel population cannot b...
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Fig. S1 A median‐joining haplotype network of the analyzed samples mapped against a clade II mammoth (GilbertM25; EU153453).
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Fig. S2 Alignment of amino acid sequences of the ATP6 gene showing the nonsynonymous mutation fixed (purple) in all Holocene Wrangel mammoths (first 14 samples).
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Table S1 Support for three different tree model priors tested in the BEAST analysis – constant, Skyline, and Skyride – was estimated according to the path sampling and stepping‐stone sampling log marginal likelihoods. Bayes factors and the selected model are indicated.
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Table S2 Mutation rate estimates for clade I mammoths calculated in BEAST.
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We report new accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS ¹⁴ C) dates of bones from humans, animals, and fish from grave 12 of the Lebyazhinka V Eneolithic burial ground in the middle Volga River region, Russia. Earlier conventional dates established a chronology. This has to be adjusted by new insights: the date has to be corrected for reservoi...
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The Yana River basin is one of the most promising regions in the world in terms of fossil remains of the mammoth fauna animals. Most of the frozen remains of mammoths, ancient bison, horses and others unique paleontological objects have been found in the Yana River basin and on its border territory. The study of the remains, carried out by an inter...
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The onset of the Holocene was associated with a global temperature increase, which led to a rise in sea levels and isolation of the last surviving population of woolly mammoths on Wrangel Island. Understanding what happened with the population's genetic diversity at the time of the isolation and during the ensuing 6000 years can help clarify the ef...
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Discovery of the skull of Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis (Jäger, 1839) above the Arctic Circle – CORRIGENDUM - Irina V. Kirillova, Olga F. Chernova, Jan van der Made, Vladimir V. Kukarskih, Beth Shapiro, Johannes van der Plicht, Fedor K. Shidlovskiy, Peter D. Heintzman, Thijs van Kolfschoten, Oksana G. Zanina
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The volcanic mega event of the Minoan Santorini eruption constitutes a time anchor in the 2nd millennium BCE that is inherently independent of archaeology and political history. It was a geological event. Yet the dimension of time in geology is not different than in archaeology or human history. Why then does archaeological dating usually place the...
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The relic “the sack of Saint Francesco” has for the first time been investigated by scientific means. The sack is kept at the Franciscan Friary of Folloni near Montella in southern Italy. According to legend, the sack appeared on the doorstep of the Friary in the winter of 1224 containing bread sent from St Francesco (St Francis of Assisi), who at...
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This paper reports the results of an in-depth analysis of the frozen remains of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) named Zhenya, which has been dated to 48,000 cal BP. The carcass, found near the mouth of the Yenisey River in eastern Siberia, was a juvenile male whose ontogenetic age at death was 8-10 AEY. Its reconstructed live height at the...
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The skull of the extinct rhinoceros Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis (Jäger, 1839) was discovered in the Chondon River valley (Arctic Yakutia, Russia) during the summer of 2014. This is the first find of Stephanorhinus above the Arctic Circle, expanding significantly the known geographic range of the genus. ¹⁴ C dating and geologic evidence indicate t...
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In this response to the reply by Shahack-Gross and Finkelstein (2017), we present additional data of our research at Horvat Haluqim. This includes phytolith percentages and multicellular phytolith stomata in a thin section of a layer in Terraced Field 12, dated by radiocarbon ( ¹⁴ C) to the Late Bronze–Early Iron Age. We also show thin-section evid...
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Since its invention in the late 1940s, radiocarbon (14C) dating has become an important tool for absolute dating. A prerequisite for the acceptance of this method is consistency between, and compatibility of, 14C dates from different laboratories. To meet these requirements, international laboratory intercomparison studies with different sample mat...
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