Johannes Knierzinger

Johannes Knierzinger
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Internationale Entwicklung

Doctor of Philosophy

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19
Publications
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Publications

Publications (19)
Article
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Going beyond a static conceptualization of the mining enclave, recent research increasingly scrutinizes the role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) schemes as a means of territorial entanglement. Several authors refer to the notion of the "corporate gift" to describe these control and coping strategies as well as the resulting power relations...
Preprint
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This paper is about the reactions of European governments and the European industry to the resource crises of the 1960s/70s and the 2000s with a focus on EU-Africa relations. Bringing together hitherto separated discussions on social complexity and globalization theory, the author argues that the same group of actors that increased the complexity o...
Article
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There is broad consensus about the fact that many negative consequences of mine closure can only be avoided by differently planning and constructing mining towns from the start. This involves the establishment of closure funds, the stimulation of diversification as well as infrastructural considerations. However, these challenges are presented as t...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on four company towns in Guinea, namely Fria, Sangaredi, Kamsar, and Débélé near Kindia. During five-month field research, the author lived with workers’ families in these towns and conducted over 150 semi-structured interviews. The chapter provides detailed accounts of working and living conditions in these towns and analyses...
Chapter
This chapter aims to reconcile global production network theory with reflections on mining and governance. For this purpose, the author introduces two new terms. The term global chains of command serves as a means to highlight the influence of transnationals on the everyday life of Africans that does not stem from corruption or geopolitics but rath...
Article
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Since 2003, after a long period of liberalization, more than a dozen African countries have adopted new mining codes which distinguish themselves markedly from their liberal predecessors. Drawing on fieldwork in Guinea, the article retraces the different stages of the implementation process of such a “progressive” mining code, including its modific...
Article
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Introduction to a specical Issue of Stichproben. Guinea: One Revolution at a Time
Article
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The population of Guinea, a Muslim dominated West African country of about ten million inhabitants, is currently facing challenging times: After a permanent fall in standards of living and a rise in poverty in the last ten years, the country’s economy has additionally been ravaged by the recent Ebola crisis. Guinea’s current real food prices are am...
Article
For more than 60 years, the everyday lives of Guineans have been shaped by the decisions of a few multinational companies engaged in aluminum production. This sector – the country's most important – is highly concentrated, vertically integrated, capital-intensive and strongly interconnected. Focusing on two historical “crises of chain governance” (...
Article
This article suggests to incorporate the idea of unequal exchange into the analysis of global raw material chains. For this purpose, unequal exchange is defined as the exchange of claims on the working time of others, and thereby as an unequal relation of control. Empirically, this unequal control relation can be analysed (1) by describing company...
Article
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Inhalt 1.Einleitung:1.1.Was ist Konsensdemokratie?1.2.Das Problem mit den Mythen 2.Das Beispiel:Die Akan-Gesellschaften des heutigen Ghana 3.Ujamaa:Afrikanischer Sozialismus in Tanzania:4.Vergleich der philosophischen Grundlagen von Konsensdemokratie-und Sozialismuskonzepten 4.1.Afrikas Menschenbild,erzeugt durch "Geschichte � und Ideologie::4.2....

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The 2000s witnessed an unprecedented boom in raw material production (cf. Hönke 2009, 278), which went along with considerable policy leeway in the “Global South”. Around the world, the political leaders of resource-rich countries reviewed their mining contracts, formed alliances, threatened to nationalize assets and – in some cases – invested revenues sustainably in education and social services (see e.g. Katz-Lavigne 2017). Fifty years ago, a wave of independence of former colonies and reconstruction in Europe sparked a similar resource boom that was highly amplified by the oil embargo of 1973. While high resource prices initially led to higher salaries and more governmental income for most African countries, Europeans struggled with higher prices and slower growth because of a lack of critical resources. This initial zero-sum game of living standards opposes raw-material producers and consumers, and leads to the challenging of the international division of labor by the former. My book project at Harvard University is about this tug of war regarding value added, living standards, and industrialization between Europe and Africa in the 1970s and the 2000s. I will mainly focus on lobbying and other strategies of the highly import-dependent European industry during these two crises.