Johannes Carolus (John) Jansen

Johannes Carolus (John) Jansen
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute on Membrane Technology ITM

PhD
Polymer and hybrid membranes for gas and vapour separation: preparation, characterization and transport properties.

About

175
Publications
33,688
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Introduction
John Jansen has a Master degree (cum Laude) and a PhD in Polymer Technology at the Faculty of Chemical Technology and Materials Science of the TU Delft (NL). He has international experience in both public and private academic and industrial research labs (DSM Resins (NL); Agrotechnological Research Institute, ATO-DLO (NL); CNR Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, ICM-CNR, (Milan, IT)). He is presently a researcher in the Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM) as an expert in polymer membranes.
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - March 2021
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Research Director
Description
  • Group leader Materials science of polymeric and hybrid membranes for gas and vapour separation
November 2019 - December 2020
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Synthesis, characterization, and gas and vapour transport properties of polymeric and polymer-based membranes.
October 2005 - November 2005
University of Texas at Austin
Position
  • Visiting Researcher
Description
  • Mixed gas permeation studies in polymeric membranes
Education
September 1990 - June 1996
Delft University of Technology
Field of study
  • Polymer Technology
September 1985 - August 1990
Delft University of Technology
Field of study
  • Chemical Technology and Materials Science

Publications

Publications (175)
Article
Ionic liquid polymeric gel membranes containing from 20 wt % to 80 wt % of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([EMIM][TFSI]) in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (p(VDF-HFP)) were prepared by solvent casting from a solution in acetone. The effect of the ionic liquid on the performance and p...
Article
Full-text available
Microporous polymers of extreme rigidity are required for gas-separation membranes that combine high permeability with selectivity. We report a shape-persistent ladder polymer consisting of benzene rings fused together by inflexible bridged bicyclic units. The polymer's contorted shape ensures both microporosity-with an internal surface area greate...
Article
The promise of ultrapermeable polymers, such as poly(trimethylsilylpropyne) (PTMSP), for reducing the size and increasing the efficiency of membranes for gas separations remains unfulfilled due to their poor selectivity. We report an ultrapermeable polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-TMN-Trip) that is substantially more selective than PTMSP. Fr...
Article
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This paper presents a novel method for transient and steady state mixed gas permeation measurements, using a quadrupole residual gas analyser for the on-line determination of the permeate composition. The on-line analysis provides sufficiently quick response times to follow even fast transient phenomena, enabling the unique determination of the dif...
Article
Full-text available
A novel method to determine the individual diffusion coefficients of gases in a mixture during their permeation through polymeric membranes is described. The method was developed in two independent laboratories, using rubbery Pebax® and glassy Hyflon® AD60X membrane samples as standards, and validated using the Tröger's base containing Polymer of I...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the application of hollow fiber (HF) membranes in the field of gas separation. HF allow to minimize energy cost, equipment size, waste production, and, in some cases, to convert by-products into new products with innovative value in the light of an increasingly necessary circular economy. Their main applications in gas separa...
Article
Two novel imide/imine‐based organic cages were prepared and studied as materials for the selective separation of CO 2 from N 2 and CH 4 in Vacuum Swing Adsorption conditions. Gas adsorption on the new compounds showed selectivity for CO 2 over N 2 and CH 4 . The cages were also tested as fillers in mixed‐matrix membranes for gas separation. Dense a...
Article
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Wastewater produced from chemical industries contains high levels of inorganic and organic pollutants. The beneficial reuse of this wastewater requires the application of membrane technology to remove these organic compounds. This work aims to optimize the synthesis of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) composite membranes for the removal of chemical o...
Article
The gas and organic vapour permeation of integrally skinned asymmetric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) hollow fibre membranes with an effective skin thickness of ca. 0.2 μm was studied. Methanol, dichloromethane and acetone showed fundamentally different behaviour related to their interaction with the polymer phase. Strong plasticization by aceton...
Article
The rapid advancement of membrane gas separation processes has spurred the development of new and more efficient membrane materials, including polymers of intrinsic microporosity. The full exploitation of such materials requires thorough understanding of their transport properties, which in turn necessitates the use of powerful and reliable charact...
Article
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Low-temperature electrolysis by using polymer electrolyte membranes (PEM) can play an important role in hydrogen energy transition. This work presents a study on the performance of a proton exchange membrane in the water electrolysis process at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. In the perspective of applications that need a device with sma...
Article
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Membrane-based processes are taking a more and more prominent position in the search for sustainable and energy-efficient gas separation applications. It is known that the separation performance of pure polymers may significantly be improved by the dispersion of suitable filler materials in the polymer matrix, to produce so-called mixed matrix memb...
Article
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Polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), such as the archetypal spirobisindane‐based PIM‐1, are among the most promising new materials for making gas separation membranes with high permeance for potential use in high‐throughput applications. Here it is shown that ultrapermeable PIMs can be prepared by fusing rigid and bulky triptycene (Trip) to...
Article
Membrane separation technology is rapidly emerging as an alternative to traditional gas separation processes, and increasingly challenging separations require a constant search for new and better-performing materials. This paper reports the gas separation performance of a poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) membrane blended with 53 wt% of the ionic liquid 1...
Article
In the last decades, many novel polymeric materials have been considered to prepare highly energy-efficient gas separation membranes. There is a continuous search to overcome the trade-off relationship between the gas permeability and selectivity to improve the membrane separation performance during long-term operation. One of the most important re...
Article
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The applicability of Hansen and Hoftyzer and van Krevelen solubility parameters for the prediction of potential VOC/N2 separation efficiency was analysed with both new experiments and literature data. It was found that Hansen solubility parameters can be successfully applied for the prediction of permeability order of some types of organic compound...
Article
Cellulose acetate (CA) is an attractive membrane polymer for CO2 capture market. However, its low CO2 permeability hampers its application as part of a membrane for most relevant types of CO2 containing feeds. This work investigates the enhancement of CA separation performance by incorporating ionic liquid-like pendants (1-methylimidazol, 1-methylp...
Article
Full-text available
Polymer-based membranes have the potential for use in energy efficient gas separations. The successful exploitation of new materials requires accurate knowledge of the transport properties of all gases of interest. Open-source databases of gas permeabilities are of significant potential benefit to the research community. The Membrane Society of Aus...
Article
This study reports on the gas transport properties of four different grades of PolyActive™ polyether-co-polyester multi-block copolymer membranes containing different concentrations (4.8, 9.1, 16.7, 23.1 and 28.6 wt%) of the low-viscous CO2-philic ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([BMIM][Tf2N]). Single gas...
Article
Full-text available
Ionic liquids have attracted the attention of the industry and research community as versatile solvents with unique properties, such as ionic conductivity, low volatility, high solubility of gases and vapors, thermal stability, and the possibility to combine anions and cations to yield an almost endless list of different structures. These features...
Article
A series of nine polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) derived from different bis-catechol monomers and 2,3,7,8-tetrafluoro-5,5’,10,10’-tetraoxidethianthrene (TOT) were synthesised and tested for their potential use as gas separation membranes. As powders, they demonstrate significant nitrogen adsorption at 77 K allowing apparent BET surface a...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming by greenhouse gas emissions is one of the main threats of our modern society, and efficient CO 2 capture processes are needed to solve this problem. Membrane separation processes have been identified among the most promising technologies for CO 2 capture, and these require the development of highly efficient membrane materials which,...
Preprint
p> Polymer-based membranes can be used for energy efficient gas separations. Successful exploitation of new materials requires accurate knowledge of the transport properties of all gases of interest. An open source database of such data is of significant benefit to the research community. The Membrane Society of Australasia (https://membrane-austra...
Article
This study proposes the steam reforming of a synthetic biogas stream containing 200 ppm of H2S, carried out in a non-commercial supported Pd–Au/Al2O3 membrane reactor (7–8 μm selective layer thickness) at 823 K and 150 kPa over a non-commercial Rh(1%)/MgAl2O4/Al2O3 catalyst. This system is able to recover almost 80% of the total hydrogen produced d...
Article
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Poly(ionic liquid)s are an innovative class of materials with promising properties in gas separation processes that can be used to boost the neat polymer performances. Nevertheless, some of their properties such as stability and mechanical strength have to be improved to render them suitable as materials for industrial applications. This work explo...
Article
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The potential of an ultrapermeable benzotriptycene-based polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-TMN-Trip) for the upgrading of biogas is investigated. Permeation experiments were performed using an in-house bespoke permeation unit for pure gases and gas mixtures, and included tests with model mixtures as well as real biogas from a sewage treatment...
Article
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A poly(ionic-liquid) (PIL) matrix can be altered by incorporating additives that will disrupt the polymer chain packing, such as an ionic liquid (IL) and inorganic salts to boost their exploitation as materials for membrane production to be used in CO2 capture. Herein, potential of PIL/IL/salt blends is investigated on the example of poly(diallyldi...
Article
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Computational modelling and simulation form a consolidated branch in the multidisciplinary field of membrane science and technology [...]
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The last decade has seen an exponential increase in the number of studies focused on novel applications for ionic liquids (ILs). Blends of polymers with ILs have been proposed for use in fuel cells, batteries, gas separation membranes, packaging, etc., each requiring a set of specific physico-chemical properties. In this work, blends of four grades...
Article
Full-text available
The most widely used method to measure the transport properties of dense polymeric membranes is the time lag method in a constant volume/pressure increase instrument. Although simple and quick, this method provides only relatively superficial, averaged data of the permeability, diffusivity, and solubility of gas or vapor species in the membrane. Th...
Article
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A detailed comparison of the gas permeability of four Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity containing Tröger’s base (TB-PIMs) is reported. In particular, we present the results of a systematic study of the differences between four related polymers, highlighting the importance of the role of methyl groups positioned at the bridgehead of ethanoanthrac...
Article
The optimal design of a membrane gas separation process requires minimizing several objective functions subject to nonlinear relationships among the optimizing variables. This article describes a novel software product, named Optimal Membrane-Process Design (OMPD), for the optimal design of membrane gas separation processes. The product generates s...
Article
Flue gas purification experiments were performed with a membrane made from the ultrapermeable polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM) based on tetramethyltetrahydronaphthalene unit coupled with bicyclic triptycene (PIM-TMN-Trip). Permeation experiments with a CO2-N2-O2-SO2 mixture, simulating flue gas from power plants, were performed by means of...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) are seen as promising candidates to overcome the fundamental limit of polymeric membranes, known as the so-called Robeson upper bound, which defines the best compromise between permeability and selectivity of neat polymeric membranes. To overcome this limit, the permeability of the filler particles in the MMM must be c...
Article
The relationship, during physical aging, between the transport properties and Young’s modulus for films of polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM) was investigated using pure gas permeability and atomic force microscopy (AFM) in force spectroscopy mode. Excellent agreement of Young’s modulus measured for the archetypal PIM-1 with values obtained...
Article
This paper reports on the preparation and testing of blend membranes based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ([EMIM][DCA]) ionic liquid (IL) for effective CO2/H2 gas separation. Stable membranes with 9, 14, 24, 42 and 53wt% of IL were prepared via the solution casting procedure. Structural analysis (XRD, Raman,...
Article
This manuscript describes the gas separation performance of PIM-2, a partially fluorinated linear copolymer synthesized from 5,5′,6,6′-tetrahydroxy-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethylspirobisindane (TTSBI) and decafluorobiphenyl (DFBP). As one of the early members of the family of polymers of intrinsic microporosity, it had never been tested as a gas separation...
Article
The potential of Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIMs) for gas separation membranes is usually expressed in terms of their high permeability, which is ascribed to their large interconnected, fractional free volume elements. Here an individual analysis of the diffusivity and solubility for a set of light gases (H2, He, CH4, N2, O2 and CO2) demo...
Article
Full-text available
Understand/visualize the established interactions between gases and adsorbents is mandatory to implement better per-formant materials in adsorption/separation processes. Here we report the unique behavior of a rare example of a hemila-bile chiral three-dimensional metal-organic framework (MOF) with an unprecedented qtz-e-type topology, with formula...
Article
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The presence of a certain degree of porosity in polymers is a feature that provides them with unique properties and with opportunities to be exploited in a number of technologically important applications [...]
Article
The growing interest towards the hydrogen utilization as energy carrier placed a high demand on hydrogen permeable membranes as compact devices for hydrogen separation and purification. Many studies in this scientific field demonstrated that the composite Pd-based membranes are particularly effective for the aforementioned purposes, particularly if...
Article
In this paper we have focused on the surface treatment and activation of membranes (73 AC and 82 V) with plasma discharge, and on the determination of their physicochemical properties. The surface morphology, wettability, zeta potential of pristine and plasma-treated membranes were tested and compared. Our study is focused on how plasma treatment m...
Article
This work presents a case study on the first large-scale industrial biogas upgrading process with simultaneous purification of methane and CO2 in one of Europe’s largest biogas production and purification plants in Northern Italy. A preliminary study was performed on a pilot plant, constructed as a model of the industrial plant where the final expe...
Article
Full-text available
The effect on the gas transport properties of Matrimid®5218 of blending with the polymer of intrinsic microporosity PIM-EA(H2)-TB was studied by pure and mixed gas permeation measurements. Membranes of the two neat polymers and their 50/50 wt % blend were prepared by solution casting from a dilute solution in dichloromethane. The pure gas permeabil...
Article
Full-text available
Ultrapermeable benzotriptycene-based PIMs show exceptional gas selectivities that define new positions for the CO 2 /CH 4 and CO 2 /N 2 Robeson upper bounds.
Article
This work presents a study on mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) of the polymer of intrinsic microporosity PIM-1, embedding the crystalline Cr-terephthalate metal-organic framework (MOF), known as MIL-101. Different kinds of MIL-101 were used: MIL-101 with an average particle size of ca. 0.2 μm, NanoMIL-101 (ca. 50 nm), ED-MIL-101 (MIL-101 functionalize...
Chapter
This chapter reports on the simulation techniques applied on the family of polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs). The theoretical methods used to characterize morphology and gas transport in PIMs membranes will be described as well as the factors that control thermodynamic and kinetic properties in membranes. 2.1 IntroductionModeling of struct...
Article
Composite membranes were developed for gas separation applications, both as flat-sheets and hollow fibres, using a Polymer of Intrinsic Microporosity, composed of Tröger's base, TB, and of ethanoanthracene (PIM-EA(H2)-TB) as the selective layer. The crucial role of the solvent, dichloromethane and chloroform, used in membrane preparation on the tra...
Article
An understanding of gas transport in polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) is limited by a lack of directly determined (experimental) sorption data and by quantitative inaccuracies in solubilities calculated indirectly from permeation time-lag analysis. To address this, we provide a detailed gas sorption analysis for seven different PIMs and a...
Article
A detailed analysis of the basic transport parameters of two triptycene-based polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), the ultrapermeable PIM-TMN-Trip and the more selective PIM-BTrip, as a function of temperature from 25°C to 55°C, is reported. For both PIMs, high permeability is based on very high diffusion and solubility coefficients. The con...
Article
This paper presents Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) as a powerful alternative to the more commonly used tensile tests for the analysis of the mechanical properties of polymeric membranes. The Young’s modulus measurements by the traditional tensile tests were compared with AFM operated in Force Spectroscopy mode. AFM measurements were carried out with...
Article
Full-text available
Membranes composed of Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (SBF-PIMs) have potential for commercial gas separation. Here we report a combined simulation and experimental study to investigate the effect on polymer microporosity and gas permeability by placing simple substituents such as methyl, t-butyl and fused benzo groups onto PIMs derived from sp...
Article
Full-text available
Polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) have been identified as potential next generation membrane materials for the separation of gas mixtures of industrial and environmental relevance. Based on the exceptionally rigid methanopentacene (MP) structural unit, a Polymer of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIM-MP-TB) was designed to demonstrate high select...
Article
Polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) are among the most promising candidates for the development of novel polymeric gas separation membranes for processes such as carbon capture and storage, natural gas treatment and biogas upgrading. As one of the approaches to optimize their performance, PIMs are functionalized by CO2-philic groups to impro...
Article
Over the last decade, membrane-based CO2 capture using ionic liquids (ILs) has been demonstrated as a promising technology. However, elaborative synthesis of monomers and long-term instability of IL-based composite membranes have so far limited their industrial relevance. In this paper, novel membranes are introduced for CO2 separation using poly(i...
Article
Full-text available
Offsetting the impact of human activities on the biogeochemical cycle of mercury has become a compelling demand towards a sustainable planet. Here, we report our investigations to develop a water-stable and eco-friendly metal-organic framework, of formula {CuII4[(S,S)-methox]2} . 5H2O (1), where methox is bis[(S)-methionine]oxalyl diamide, featurin...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript presents a novel method for the analysis of vapour permeation through polymeric membranes based on in-line analysis of the permeate with an FID detector. The hexane vapour permeation was studied for two commercially available membranes, namely low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and thin-film-composite polyamide (PA) membrane. The hexan...
Article
Full-text available
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) were supported on polymer membrane substrates for the fabrication of composite polymer membranes based on unmodified and modified polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-1). Layers of two different MOFs, zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) and Copper benzene tricarboxylate ((HKUST-1), were grown onto neat PIM-1,...
Article
Understanding of the properties over long time scales is a key requirement for the successful application of novel polymers as membrane materials. In this light, the physical aging of dense PIM-1 films with different previous histories was monitored for more than 4 years via parallel gas sorption and permeability measurements. The effect of aging o...
Article
This work presents a study of the gas transport properties for a novel class of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) based on the polymer of intrinsic microporosity PIM-1 loaded with UiO-66 [Zr6O4(OH)4(O2CC6H4CO2)6] based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Three isoreticular MOFs were dispersed in the polymer matrix, standard UiO-66, UiO-66-NH2 (functionali...
Article
A series of four novel Tröger's base (TB) derived polyimides of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-TB-PI) is reported. The TB diamine monomer (4MTBDA) possesses four methyl groups in order to restrict rotation about the C-N imide bonds in the resulting polymers. The polymers possess apparent BET (Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller) surface areas between 584 an...