Johanna Kramm

Johanna Kramm
Institute for Social-Ecological Research | ISOE · Water Resources and Land Use

Dr.

About

37
Publications
14,930
Reads
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788
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - present
Institute for Social-Ecological Research
Position
  • Group Leader
February 2014 - present
Institute for Social-Ecological Research
Position
  • Research Associate
October 2010 - December 2013
University of Bonn
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
October 2010 - December 2013
University of Bonn
Field of study
  • Geography

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Vietnam is at the heart of the marine plastic pollution challenge, as a worldwide hotspot for post-consumption plastics leaking into the oceans. Plenty of global recommendations on how to combat land-based sources of plastic pollution exist, but how local actors experience, understand and respond to local actors has been studied surprisingly little...
Article
Plastic pollution through small particles, so-called microplastics, is acknowledged as an environmental problem of global dimension by both politicians, and the public. An increasing number of environmental studies investigate the exposure and effects of microplastics. Although there are many open questions, current scientific evidence does not con...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Stellt Plastik ein Risiko für unsere Umwelt dar? Wie finden wir einen besseren Umgang mit einem Material, das so viele Bereiche unseres Alltags durchdrungen hat? Mit diesen und weiteren Fragen beschäftigt sich die inter- und transdisziplinär arbeitenden Nachwuchsgruppe „PlastX – Plastik in der Umwelt als systemisches Risiko“. Der Be...
Article
Microplastic pollution has sparked interest from researchers, public, industries and regulators, due to reports of extensive microplastics presence in the environment, household dust, drinking water, and food that indicate chronic exposure to organisms within ecosystems and in human living spaces. While exposure to microplastics is evident, negativ...
Article
Full-text available
Vietnam's most popular island, Phu Quoc, is undergoing rapid socio‐ecological change. Two crucial drivers of this are tourism development and plastic‐intensive everyday practices. The growing amount of wasted single‐use plastics is increasingly shaping the appearance of places on the island and challenging the creation of tourist imaginaries of a p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Seit 2016 untersucht die Forschungsgruppe PlastX unter der Leitung des ISOE – Institut für sozial-ökologische Forschung die gesellschaftliche Rolle von Plastik und die damit verbundenen Umweltauswirkungen. Das vorliegende Dokument gibt einen Überblick über die Ergebnisse dieser Forschungsarbeiten und fasst sie in Form von Kernbotschaften zusam-men,...
Article
https://www.spektrum.de/inhaltsverzeichnis/deutschland-im-klimawandel-spektrum-der-wissenschaft-9-2020/1673312
Technical Report
Full-text available
Der vorliegende Bericht dokumentiert die Ergebnisse einer sozial-ökologischen Exkursion nach Norddeutschland, die im Juni 2019 im Rahmen einer Lehrveranstaltung des ISOE - Institut für sozial-ökologische Forschung mit Studierenden aus unterschiedlichen natur- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen der Goethe Universität Frankfurt stattfand. Im Fo...
Article
PET‐Getränkeflaschen sind ein allgegenwärtiger Teil der modernen Alltagskultur. Sie haben die globale Trinkwasserversorgung verändert und das moderne Trinkverhalten geprägt. Gleichzeitig kommen Einwegflaschen aus Plastik durch die zunehmend sichtbaren Umweltfolgen auch immer stärker in Kritik. Der Artikel diskutiert den die komplexe Thematik der Wa...
Article
Von einem natürlichen Mittelgebirgsfluss über erste Nutzungen durch Mühlen über den kompletten technischen Umbau im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert bis zur langsamen Renaturierung in der Gegenwart – die Nidda ist ein Paradebeispiel für die Behandlung von Flüssen in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten und Jahrzehnten. Die Geschichte des Flusses reicht von der „Be...
Article
Full-text available
The public is concerned about plastic pollution, while clear‐cut scientific evidence for an environmental risk of microplastics is absent. This contrast between incomplete scientific knowledge and public risk perception is an interesting case for investigating how “environmental risk” is transformed in science communication. This study examines how...
Article
Full-text available
Transdisciplinary collaboration with societal actors is a major trend in sustainability research. However, looking at the concrete practice regarding scientific conferences and publications, the inclusion of non-scientific actors remains marginal. Going one step further, this paper provides reflections and results from a conference session which wa...
Article
Full-text available
While transdisciplinarity offers a way to tackle complex social-ecological challenges, transdisciplinary research is a challenging task in itself. The integration of research methods across academic disciplines, the collaboration between researchers and practitioners, and the need to balance societal and disciplinary academic impacts pose many diff...
Article
Full-text available
Water scarcity is an essential threat to the sustainable development pathways of countries in the Global South. In southern Africa for instance, hydro-climatic conditions are already critical but are likely to become worse as climate change projections indicating more severe droughts, un-certain rainfall conditions and a likely temperature increase...
Article
Full-text available
We are living in a plastic age. For most of us, life without polymers and plastics is unthinkable. However, in recent years the littering of plastics and the problems related to their persistence in the environment have become a major focus in both research and the news. Biodegradable polymers like poly(lactic acid) are seen as a suitable alternati...
Article
We are living in a plastic age. For most of us, life without polymers and plastics is unthinkable. However, in recent years the littering of plastics and the problems related to their persistence in the environment have become a major focus in both research and the news. Biodegradable polymers like poly(lactic acid) are seen as a suitable alternati...
Book
The book consolidates the transdisciplinary research of the project “CuveWaters: Integrated Water Resources Management in Central Northern Namibia (Cuvelai Basin) in the SADC-Region”, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) and undertaken from 2004 to 2015 in Namibia. In these eleven years it was possible to accompli...
Chapter
Full-text available
The diagnosis that we are living in a world risk society formulated by Ulrich Beck 20 years ago (Beck, Kölner Z Soziol Sozialpsychol 36:119–147, 1996) has lost nothing of its power, especially against the background of the Anthropocene debate. “Global risks” have been identified which are caused by human activities, technology, and modernization pr...
Article
Full-text available
Der nordpazifische „Müllstrudel“ aus Plastikpartikeln gilt als eines der drängendsten Umweltprobleme. Auch wenn noch nicht gesichert ist, wie schädlich Mikroplastik für den Menschen ist, gibt es ausreichend Argumente, etwas gegen die Vermüllung der Ozeane zu tun.
Book
Full-text available
Over the last decades, social ecology has made important contributions to interdisciplinary sustainability studies. Established in the late 1980s, social ecology was developed as a deliberate provocation to the more ‘disciplined’ natural and social science environmental research. With its focus on the specific interrelations between societies and t...
Article
Full-text available
Risks have been classically understood as a probability of damage or a potential hazard resulting in appropriate management strategies. However, current research on environmental issues such as pollutants in the aquatic environment or the impacts of climate change have shown that classical management approaches do not sufficiently cover these inter...
Article
Full-text available
During the second half of the 20th century, the crisis of societal relations to nature emerged as the subject of an international scientific, political, and popular debate. Anthropogenic climate change, loss of biodiversity, resource peaks, or local air and water pollution are symptoms of this crisis. Social ecology provides an inter- and transdisc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Plastic is an ambivalent material. It has become the ubiquitous material with multiple functional properties and a broad variety of applications like in packaging – the largest application – , building and construction, automotive, electronics or in the agriculture sector. Plastic is considered the workhorse of modern economy (WEF 2016). Its produc...
Article
This paper explores how the concept of indigeneity is applied by groups to secure access to natural resources like land and gain political influence. The concept of indigeneity is discussed as an ambivalent one. The global discourse of indigeneity and the introduction of the concept to the African context are outlined. The case of the Il Chamus, a...
Book
Full-text available
»Bewässerung« - hinter diesem Begriff versteckt sich nicht nur der Transport von Wasser, sondern ein komplexes Gefüge von Steuerungsprozessen: Wie hat sich das Bewässerungsdispositiv in Kenia seit der Kolonialzeit verändert? Wie wirken sich Reformen im Zeichen von Partizipation und Dezentralisierung auf Steuerungs- und gesellschaftliche Aushandlung...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This assessment concept paper provides a methodological approach for the formative assessment and summative assessment of GIZ’s International Water Stewardship Programme (IWaSP) and its component partnerships. IWaSP promotes partnerships between the private sector (corporations and SMEs), the public sector and the society to tackle shared water ris...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die Verfügbarkeit von Wasser in ausreichender Quantität und guter Qualität für Gesellschaften und Ökosysteme räumlich und zeitlich zu gewährleisten, ist eine der großen globalen Herausforderungen („great challenges“) der Gegenwart und Zukunft. Um die Wasserverfügbarkeit sicherzustellen, grei-fen Gesellschaften als gestaltende Akteure massiv in natü...
Article
This paper explores conflictive negotiation processes over access to water. It focuses on the ability of farmers to access water in an irrigation scheme in Tanzania. In the case of irrigation, management and governance of water resources is a result of self-organization embedded in a matrix of institutional arrangements which derive from local form...

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
The research project CuveWaters developed and implemented measures to support the national process towards an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The aim was to give people in the Cuvelai-Etosha Basin reliable long-term access to clean water, thus enhancing their livelihood and health and creating job opportunities. IWRM relies on solutions that use various sources, types and qualities of water for different purposes. CuveWaters implemented pilot plants for rain- and floodwater harvesting, groundwater desalination, as well as facilities for sanitation and water reuse. Technical components of the project were framed by societal and scientific support measures. The central goal of CuveWaters had been the takeover of all the plants by Namibian partners until the project officially ended in December 2015.
Project
The aim of this project is to improve the efficiency of wastewater ponds. Here, the focus will be on technical measures targeted towards water reuse for irrigation purposes. The sustainable operation of water treatment and irrigation will be facilitated by training sessions and management structures. Furthermore transfer potentials will be pointed out.
Project
The junior research group PlastX, led by ISOE, is examining the societal role of plastic and the associated environmental impacts. Within this framework, the team of social and natural scientists is attempting to find out how plastic might be used more sustainably. The group of junior researchers is taking an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research approach and is viewing the issue from a socio-ecological risk perspective. This complex environmental problem is characterised by the interconnected risks associated with the material plastic through its manufacturing, use and disposal. Many actors in various constellations are involved in this, who can both cause risks as well as be impacted by them. In addition, there is uncertainty about the direct and indirect impact of plastics on health and the environment. Because of these characteristics, the subject is conceptually conceived of as a systemic risk. The overall objective of the project is to conceptually enlarge the theoretical understanding of systemic risks in socio-ecological supply systems, using plastics as an example, to highlight integrative and practical solutions for dealing with the systemic risks of plastics based on the activity fields prevention, alternatives and management. The problem will be analysed in the following areas: - Packaging and sustainable consumption (prevention of and alternatives to packaging materials) - Microplastics in bodies of running water - Plastic waste in international Waters Project-Websitde: www.plastx.org Background: Plastic is an ambivalent material: On the one hand, because of its versatile properties and wide range of applications, plastic has revolutionized countless areas of everyday life within the last decades. On the other hand, the manufacturing, use and disposal of plastic is linked to global environmental problems and risks which impact various systems. In particular, the accumulation of plastic waste in the natural environment is a serious encroachment upon various ecosystems which, due to the extended decomposition time of most plastics, will bear witness to human dominance during this era for hundreds of years. The term “plastic” covers a wide range of various different synthetic polymers, which are manufactured on a global scale of about 311 million tonnes per annum. The majority of plastics produced is needed for packaging applications. On the disposal side, plastics are either recycled, incinerated, or dumped in landfills in many countries. Every year, about 4.8 to 12.7 million tonnes of plastic waste reach the seas and oceans via rivers because they have not been disposed of properly. When plastic waste decomposes, smaller fragments of plastic (microplastics) are created which accumulate in the environment; in addition, microplastic particles can enter the environment directly due to their use, e.g. in cosmetic products. It has been shown that plastic particles are ingested by various aquatic organisms. There is major uncertainty about potential damage to the ecosystem which could also impact human health and the food chain. Plastic-associated chemicals (additives such as plasticisers, but also adsorbed pollutants), which can have damaging effects on the health of humans and animals, are also under scrutiny. Research partners: Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Department of Aquatic Ecotoxicology Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research (MPI), Department of Physical Chemistry of Polymers Practice partners: Partners of the junior research group come from the fields of environmental consultancy, development cooperation, food retailing, nature conservation, consumer protection, as well as water and waste management.