Johann Wojta

Johann Wojta
Medical University of Vienna | MedUni Vienna · Department of Medicine II

PhD

About

621
Publications
32,021
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14,290
Citations
Citations since 2016
223 Research Items
5976 Citations
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Introduction
Johann Wojta currently works at the Department of Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna. Johann does research in Cardiology. The current project of his group investigates the role of monocyte and macrophage subsets in cardiovascular pathologies.

Publications

Publications (621)
Article
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Hygiene management protocols in laboratory mouse husbandries worldwide most commonly employ soiled bedding-exposed sentinel mice to monitor the occurrence of infections in mouse colonies. Using this approach, sentinel mice repeatedly receive a mixture of used bedding, supplied by a variety of cages of a defined hygienic unit for a period of several...
Article
Aims The study investigated the prognostic value of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) patients undergoing cardiac surgery and calculated a simplified biomarker score comprising suPAR, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and age. Methods and results Biomarkers were assessed in a cohort of 478 patients underg...
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Interleukin‐4 (IL‐4) and its receptors (IL‐4R) promote the proliferation and polarization of macrophages. However, it is unknown if IL‐4R also influences monocyte homeostasis and if steady state IL‐4 levels are sufficient to affect monocytes. Employing full IL‐4 receptor alpha knockout mice (IL‐4Rα−/−) and mice with a myeloid‐specific deletion of I...
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C/D box small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) of the DLK1-DIO3 locus are associated with vascular remodelling and cardiovascular disease. None of these snoRNAs has any known targets yet, except for one, AF357425/SNORD113-6. We previously showed that this snoRNA targets mRNAs of the integrin signalling pathway and affects arterial fibroblast function. Here...
Article
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The maximal aortic diameter is the only clinically applied predictor of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) progression and indicator for surgical repair. Circulating biomarkers resulting from AAA pathogenesis are attractive candidates for the diagnosis and prognosis of aneurysmal disease. Due to the reported role of interleukin 33 in AAA development,...
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Here we review the highlights of cardiovascular basic science in published in 2021 and early 2022 on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology Council for Basic Cardiovascular Science. We begin with non-coding RNAs which have emerged as central regulators cardiovascular biology, and then discuss how technological developments in single-cell ‘omi...
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Changes in Ca2 + influx during proinflammatory stimulation modulates cellular responses, including the subsequent activation of inflammation. Whereas the involvement of Ca 2+ has been widely acknowledged, little is known about the role of Na +. Ranolazine, a piperazine derivative and established antianginal drug, is known to reduce intracellular Na...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Foundation. Main funding source(s): This study was mainly supported from the British Heart Foundation (BHF) supporting Prof. Manuel Mayr as a Chair Holder (CH/16/3/32406) with BHF programme grant support (RG/16/14/32397) and Dr. Theofilatos with BHF programm grant support (G/20/10387). Background U...
Article
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a frequent complication after heart surgery and is associated with thromboembolic events, prolonged hospital stay and adverse outcomes. Inflammation and fibrosis are involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE To assess whether galectin-3, which reflects pre-existing atrial...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. Background Critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) exhibit a high mortality rate irrespective of the initial cause of hospitalization. Neprilysin, a neutral endopeptidase degrading an array of vasoactive peptides became a drug target within the treatment of heart fail...
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Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) emerged late December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, China and has since spread rapidly all over the world causing a global pandemic. While the respiratory system is the primary target of disease manifestation, COVID-19 has been shown to also affect several other organs, making it a rather complex, multi-system disease...
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BackgroundCOVID-19 has been associated with a high prevalence of myocardial injury and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Copeptin, a marker of vasopressin release, has been previously established as a risk marker in both infectious and cardiovascular disease.Methods This prospective, observational study of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID...
Article
Cardiogenic shock mortality rates remain high despite significant advances in cardiovascular medicine and the widespread uptake of mechanical circulatory support systems. Except for early invasive angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention of the infarct-related artery, the most widely used therapeutic measures are based on low-quality evid...
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Cardiogenic shock mortality rates remain high despite significant advances in cardiovascular medicine and the widespread uptake of mechanical circulatory support systems. Except for early invasive angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention of the infarct-related artery, all other widely used therapeutic measures are based on low-quality evi...
Article
Background: Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is a stress-mediated transmembrane growth factor. Reduced myocardial damage and higher NRG-1 levels upon treatment with remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been described in rats. However, the role of NRG-1 in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. Thus, we conducted a post hoc analysis of...
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Quantitative and functional analysis of mononuclear leukocyte populations is an invaluable tool to understand the role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of a disease. Cryopreservation of mononuclear cells (MNCs) is routinely used to guarantee similar experimental conditions. Immune cells react differently to cryopreservation, and populations...
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Background Critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) exhibit a high mortality rate irrespective of the initial cause of hospitalization. Neprilysin, a neutral endopeptidase degrading an array of vasoactive peptides became a drug target within the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. The aim of this study...
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory condition with constantly increasing mortality rates. Interleukin (IL)-33 and its decoy receptor, soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2), play a central role in the inflammatory response during infection. sST2 was suggested as a factor in the pathogenesis of COPD and emerged as...
Article
Recent data suggest that the disease-associated microenvironment, known as the leukemic stem cell (LSC) niche, is substantially involved in drug resistance of LSC in BCR-ABL1+ chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Attacking the LSC niche in CML may thus be an effective approach to overcome drug resistance. We have recently shown that osteoblasts are a ma...
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Background Plg-RKT, a unique transmembrane plasminogen receptor, enhances the activation of plasminogen to plasmin, and localizes the proteolytic activity of plasmin on the cell surface. Objectives We investigated the role of Plg-RKT in adipose function, metabolic homeostasis and obesity. Methods We used adipose tissue (AT) sections from bariatri...
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In this review, we focus on the actual understanding of the role of IL-33 in vascular biology in the context of the historical development since the description of IL-33 as a member of IL-1 superfamily and the ligand for ST2 receptor in 2005. We summarize recent data on the biology, structure and signaling of this dual-function factor with both nuc...
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Training of the innate immune system with orally ingested bacterial extracts was demonstrated to have beneficial effects on infection clearance and disease outcome. The aim of our study was to identify cellular and molecular processes responsible for these immunological benefits. We used a murine coronavirus (MCoV) A59 mouse model treated with the...
Article
Background: GDF-15 (growth/differentiation factor 15) is induced by myocardial stretch, volume overload, inflammation and oxidative stress. Its expression is tightly linked with cardiovascular events as well as the risk for major bleeding and all-cause mortality. The present study aimed to elucidate the prognostic potential of GDF-15 in patients a...
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We have previously shown that treatment with third-generation antisense oligonucleotides against miR-494-3p (3GA-494) reduces atherosclerotic plaque progression and stabilizes lesions, both in early and established plaques, with reduced macrophage content in established plaques. Within the plaque, different subtypes of macrophages are present. We h...
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We have previously shown that C/D box small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) transcribed from the DLK1-DIO3 locus on human chromosome 14 (14q32) are associated with cardiovascular disease. DLK1-DIO3 snoRNAs are ‘orphan snoRNAs’ that have no known targets. We aimed to identify RNA targets and elucidate the mechanism-of-action of human SNORD113-6 (AF357425 i...
Article
Background COVID-19 has been associated with a high prevalence of myocardial injury and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Copeptin, a marker of vasopressin release, has been previously established as a risk marker in both infectious and cardiovascular disease. Purpose Investigate the prognostic impact of copeptin and high-sensitive cardiac tropo...
Article
Background Stratification for subsequent cardiovascular events among patients with atrial fibrillation is of great interest and could aid in guiding preventative strategies. However, current clinical and routine laboratory markers lack in accuracy to predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Thus, new prognostic approaches are needed. Small non-...
Article
Background GDF-15 (growth/differentiation factor 15) is induced by myocardial stretch, volume overload, inflammation and oxidative stress. Its expression is tightly linked with cardiovascular events as well as the risk for major bleeding and all-cause mortality. Objective The objective of the present study was to elucidate the prognostic potential...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), puts a heavy strain on healthcare systems around the globe with high numbers of infected patients. Pre-existing cardiovascular disease is a major risk factor for a severe clinical course of COVID-19 and is associated with ad...
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PurposeOptimal antithrombotic therapy in patients who underwent surgical biological aortic valve replacement (AVR) represents an issue of ongoing discussion. Additionally, the prognostic impact of anti-thrombotic treatment strategies after biological AVR and real-life data on anticoagulation strategies (AC) of patients presenting with short-term po...
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Background: Fabry disease is a hereditary genetic defect resulting in reduced activity of the enzyme α-galactosidase-A and the accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in body fluids and cells. Gb3 accumulation was especially reported for the vascular endothelium in several organs. Methods: Three Fabry disease patients were screened using a m...
Article
Currently available synthetic small diameter vascular grafts reveal low patency rates due to thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia. Biofunctionalized grafts releasing nitric oxide (NO) in situ may overcome these limitations. In this study, a drug-eluting vascular graft was designed by blending polycaprolactone (PCL) with S-nitroso-human-serum-albumin...
Article
We review some of the important discoveries and advances made in basic and translational cardiac research in 2020. For example, in the field of myocardial infarction (MI), new aspects of autophagy and the importance of eosinophils were described. Novel approaches such as a glycocalyx mimetic were used to improve cardiac recovery following MI. The s...
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Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Public grant(s) – National budget only. Main funding source(s): FWF Background and aims Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme promoting the degradation of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) in hepatocytes. Inhibition of PCSK9 has emerged as a novel target for lipi...
Article
Background Inflammation is a key process during atherosclerotic lesion development and propagation. Recent evidence showed clearly that especially the inhibition of interleukin (IL)-1β reduced atherosclerotic adverse events in human patients. Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) was previously demonstrated to interact with the NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-con...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Public grant(s) – National budget only. Main funding source(s): -) Association for the Promotion of Research on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (ATVB) -) Ludwig Boltzmann Cluster for Cardiovascular Research BACKGROUND Critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU...
Article
2020 has been an extraordinary year. The emergence of COVID-19 has driven urgent research in pulmonary and cardiovascular science and other fields. It has also shaped the way that we work with many experimental laboratories shutting down for several months, while bioinformatics approaches and other large data projects have gained prominence. Despit...
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Background: Mid-regional pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) is a strong prognostic marker in several inflammatory, respiratory and cardiovascular conditions, but has not been studied in COVID-19 yet. Methods: This prospective, observational study of patients with COVID-19 infection was conducted from June 6th to November 26th , 2020 in d...
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The physiological response to high‐level endurance exercise, such as running a marathon, poses several beneficial but also potentially harmful metabolic changes. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of marathon (M) and ultra‐marathon (UM) on inflammation and iron homeostasis in paired samples. Fifteen well‐trained, non‐profession...
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Background Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme promoting the degradation of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) in hepatocytes. Inhibition of PCSK9 has emerged as a novel target for lipid-lowering therapy. Monocytes are crucially involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and can be divided into three subse...
Article
Background: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) represents a common complication after cardiac surgery associated with major adverse events and poor patient-outcome. Tools for risk stratification of this arrhythmia remain scarce. Atrial-natriuretic peptide (ANP) represents an easily assessable biomarker picturing atrial function and strain -...
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Nicorandil, a balanced vasodilator, is used in the second-line therapy of angina pectoris. In this study, we aimed to illuminate the effects of nicorandil on inflammation, apoptosis, and atherosclerotic plaque progression. Twenty-five LDL-R -/- mice were fed a high-fat diet for 14 weeks. After 6 weeks mice were randomly allocated to treatment with...
Article
Objectives Patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) are prone for ventricular tachyarrhythmias. We tested if assessment of the biomarkers C-terminal Endothelin 1 (CT-ET1), midregional pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and midregional pro adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) might improve risk stratification...
Article
Background Monocyte–platelet aggregates (MPAs) are a sensitive marker of in vivo platelet activation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and associated with clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRs) play an important role in the regulation of platelet activation, and may influence MPA formation. Both, miRs and MPA, could be influenced by the type of P2Y12 i...
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Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients undergoing infrainguinal angioplasty with stenting suffer high rates of target lesion restenosis and ischemic events. Blood-based prognostic markers in these patients are currently limited. The IL-33/ST2-system is involved in atherothrombosis. Soluble ST2 has been proposed as a biomarker in patie...
Article
Introduction: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme promoting the degradation of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) in hepatocytes. Inhibition of PCSK9 has emerged as a novel target for lipid-lowering therapy. Monocytes are crucially involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Circulating monocytes can be di...
Article
Background: After successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), many patients show signs of an overactive immune activation. Monocytes are a heterogeneous cell population that can be distinguished into three subsets. The aim of this prospective, observational study was to analyse whether monocyte subs...
Article
The formation of a thrombus in an epicardial artery may result in an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Despite major advances in acute treatment using network approaches to allocate patients to timely reperfusion and optimal antithrombotic treatment, patients remain at high risk for thrombotic complications. Ongoing activation of the coagulation s...
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Background An elevation of cardiac biomarkers is observed after intense or long-lasting physical activity. However, a recent meta-analysis has suggested that there might be an inverse relationship between duration of exercise and degree of biomarker elevation. The objective of this observational study was to investigate the impact of ultra-marathon...
Article
Background After successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), many patients show signs of an overactive immune activation. Monocytes are a heterogenous cell population that can be distinguished into three subsets. Purpose The aim of this prospective, observational study was to analyze whether monocyte sub...
Poster
Background Recent guidelines state that in patients with surgical biological aortic valve replacement (AVR), the use of anti-platelet therapy is as a valid alternative to postoperative anticoagulation (AC) in the absence of a further indication for AC. However, the prognostic impact of different anti-thrombotic strategies after biological AVR has n...
Article
Full-text available
After successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), many patients show signs of an overactive immune activation. Monocytes are a heterogeneous cell population that can be distinguished into 3 subsets by flow cytometry (classical monocytes [CM: CD14++CD16‐], intermediate monocytes [IM: CD14++CD16+CCR2+] and non‐classical monocytes [NCM: CD14+CD16+...
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An assessment tool to evaluate the degradation of biodegradable materials in a more physiological environment is still needed. Macrophages are critical players in host response, remodeling and degradation. In this study, a cell culture model using monocyte-derived primary macrophages was established to study the degradation, macro-/micro-mechanical...
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(Anesth Analg. 2020;130:321–331) Epidural-related maternal fever (ERMF), which is associated with perinatal mortality and neonatal morbidity, occurs in up to 20% of laboring women receiving epidural analgesia. Epidural analgesia has been suspected to cause maternal fever by signaling the release of proinflammatory endogenous pyrogens. In previous s...
Article
Changes in circulating cell populations may promote ischemic events that occur soon after discontinuation of P2Y12-inhibition. The aim of the study was to track the course of thrombopoietic and erythropoietic cells in patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD) after planned and physician-driven cessation of chronic P2Y12-inhibition (clopidogrel 7...
Article
Background Von Willebrand factor (VWF) and its cleaving protease a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I repeats 13 (ADAMTS13) are pivotal mediators of thrombosis and are associated with the progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated the impact of VWF, ADAMTS13 and VWF/ADAMTS13 on long-term major adverse cardiovascula...
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Aims Tenascin-C (TN-C) is suggested to be detrimental in cardiac remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study is to reveal the effects of TN-C on extracellular matrix organization and its haemodynamic influence in an experimental mouse model of MI and in myocardial cell culture during hypoxic conditions. Methods and results M...
Article
Objective Macrophages are immune cells, capable to remodel the extracellular matrix, which can harbor extracellular DNA incorporated into neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). To study the breakdown of NETs we studied the capability of macrophage subsets to degrade these structures in vitro and in vivo in a murine thrombosis model. Furthermore, we...
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(1) Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been recognized as a cellular communication tool with cardioprotective properties; however, it is unknown whether cardioprotection by remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) involves EVs. (2) Methods: We randomized patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous c...