Johann Lavaud

Johann Lavaud
Université de Bretagne Occidentale | UBO · Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Environnement Marin- LEMAR (UMR 6539)

PhD, HDR

About

114
Publications
25,406
Reads
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4,016
Citations
Citations since 2016
57 Research Items
2303 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
November 2015 - June 2020
Laval University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2012 - October 2013
University of Aveiro
Position
  • Research scientist / Project coordinator
January 2008 - October 2015
La Rochelle Université
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (114)
Article
Polar ecosystems play an important role in global primary production. Microalgae have adaptations that enable them to live under low temperature environments where irradiance and day length change drastically. Their adaptations, leading to different ecophysiological characteristics relative to temperate species, could also alter their sensitivity t...
Article
To assess the mechanisms of photoprotection in T. lutea, two clonal strains with different basal pigments composition were studied. One synthesized echinenone, while the other did not but showed a high amount of diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin. We investigated the photosynthetic response of these two clonal strains in turbidostat, at different grow...
Article
Full-text available
The Hudson Bay complex (HBC) is home to numerous indigenous communities that traditionally have relied heavily on its marine resources. The nutritional quality and stocks of the entire HBC food web depend in large part on the phytoplankton production of bioactive molecules (long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and carotenoids) and their transfer...
Article
Full-text available
Carotenoid xanthophyll pigments are receiving growing interest in various industrial fields due to their broad and diverse bioactive and health beneficial properties. Fucoxanthin (Fx) and the inter-convertible couple diadinoxanthin–diatoxanthin (Ddx+Dtx) are acknowledged as some of the most promising xanthophylls; they are mainly synthesized by dia...
Article
Full-text available
1. Diatoms of the Arctic Ocean annually experience extreme changes of light environment linked to photoperiodic cycles and seasonal variations of the snow and sea‐ice cover extent and thickness which attenuate light penetration in the water column. Arctic diatom communities exploit this complex seasonal dynamic through a well‐documented species suc...
Article
Full-text available
We observed differences in lhc classification in Chromista. We proposed a classification of the lhcf family with two groups specific to haptophytes, one specific to diatoms, and one specific to seaweeds. Identification and characterization of the Fucoxanthin and Chlorophyll a/c-binding Protein (FCP) of the haptophyte microalgae Tisochrysis lutea we...
Chapter
Light harvesting and photochemistry is performed by photosystems coupled to specific antennae embedded in the thylakoid membrane, a common principle across diatoms, plants, and green algae. Still, unique features of diatoms within this common principle have been unraveled in recent decades, likely resulting from the complex evolutionary history of...
Chapter
Photosynthesis in diatoms is performed using the same basic modules as cyanobacteria and plants. It can be regulated on multiple levels depending on the environmental cues, allowing diatoms to adjust their photosynthetic light reaction toward optimum while at the same time minimizing photodamage induced by light. In recent years, tremendous progres...
Article
The effects of herbicide diuron on photosynthesis and vertical migration of intertidal microphytobenthos (MPB) assemblages were investigated using chlorophyll fluorometry. The results shown diuron ≤ 60 μg L − 1 had no obvious effect on MPB vertical migration during 24 h indicated by consistent rhythm. Low concentration of 10 μg L − 1 diuron had no...
Article
Full-text available
Microphytobenthos (MPB) at the sediment surface of intertidal mudflats are known to show a high spatial and temporal variability in response to the biotic and abiotic conditions prevailing at the mud surface. It makes long-term and large-scale monitoring of MPB Gross Primary Production (GPP) difficult to set up. In this study, we developed the firs...
Article
Full-text available
Over the seasons, Arctic diatom species occupy shifting habitats defined by contrasting light climates, constrained by snow and ice cover dynamics interacting with extreme photoperiod and solar angle variations. How Arctic diatom photoadaptation strategies differ across their heterogeneous light niches remains a poorly documented but crucial missin...
Article
Full-text available
The gross primary production (GPP) of intertidal mudflat microphytobenthos supports important ecosystem services such as shoreline stabilization and food production, and it contributes to blue carbon. However, monitoring microphytobenthos GPP over a long-term and large spatial scale is rendered difficult by its high temporal and spatial variability...
Article
Full-text available
Estuarine intertidal flats strong biological productivity is mainly based on the activity of benthic microalgae communities or microphytobenthos (MPB), mostly dominated by diatoms. Epipelon is a major MPB growth form comprising motile species, which perform repeated "vertical migration" patterns in the upper sediment layers according to tidal and d...
Article
Full-text available
Intertidal benthic diatoms experience a highly variable light regime, which especially challenges these organisms to cope with excess light energy during low tide. Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence (NPQ) is one of the most rapid mechanisms diatoms possess to dissipate excess energy. Its capacity is mainly defined by the xantho...
Article
Full-text available
Diatoms are major primary producers in polar environments where they can actively grow under extremely variable conditions. Integrative modeling using a genome-scale model (GSM) is a powerful approach to decipher the complex interactions between components of diatom metabolism and can provide insights into metabolic mechanisms underlying their evol...
Article
Full-text available
The Green Edge initiative was developed to investigate the processes controlling the primary productivity and fate of organic matter produced during the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) and to determine its role in the ecosystem. Two field campaigns were conducted in 2015 and 2016 at an ice camp located on landfast sea ice southeast of Qikiq...
Article
Xanthophyll cycle‐related non‐photochemical quenching, which is present in most photoautotrophs, allows dissipating excess light energy. Xanthophyll cycle‐related NPQ depends principally on xanthophyll cycle pigments composition and their effective involvement in non‐photochemical quenching. Xanthophyll cycle‐related NPQ is tightly controlled by en...
Article
Full-text available
Diatoms possess an impressive capacity for rapidly inducible thermal dissipation of excess absorbed energy (qE), provided by the xanthophyll diatoxanthin and Lhcx proteins. By knocking out the Lhcx1 and Lhcx2 genes individually in Phaeodactylum tricornutum strain 4 and complementing the knockout lines with different Lhcx proteins, multiple mutants...
Article
Full-text available
The Green Edge initiative was developed to investigate the processes controlling the primary productivity and the fate of organic matter produced during the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) and to determine its role in the ecosystem. Two field campaigns were conducted in 2015 and 2016 at an ice camp located on landfast sea ice southeast of Q...
Poster
Full-text available
Estuarine intertidal flats strong productivity is mainly based on the biological activity of benthic microalgae communities, or microphytobenthos (MPB), mostly dominated by diatoms. Epipelon is a major MPB growth form comprising motile species which undergo vertical so-called ‘migration’ patterns in the upper sediment layers. Typically, at the begi...
Article
Assessments based on monetary valuation of ecosystem services have been increasingly used as a tool to highlight the connection between ecosystems and society. The dissemination of this approach is leading to difficulties and ambiguities related to the use of such assessments in the socio-political realm. Such limits can be stressed using the case...
Article
Full-text available
Thalassiosira gravida is a major Arctic diatom responsible for the under-ice spring bloom. We investigated T. gravida physiological plasticity growing it at two temperatures (0 and 5 • C) and under different light intensities typically found in its natural environment. T. gravida showed remarkable thermal-and photo-acclimatory plasticity including:...
Article
Full-text available
Photoacclimation by strains of Haslea “blue” diatom species H. ostrearia and H. silbo sp. nov. ined. was investigated with rapid light curves and induction–recovery curves using fast repetition rate fluorescence. Cultures were grown to exponential phase under 50 µmol m⁻² s⁻¹ photosynthetic available radiation (PAR) and then exposed to non-sequentia...
Article
Full-text available
The effective absorption cross section for photochemistry of Photosystem II in the light (σPSII′) comprises the probability of light capture by Photosystem II and the quantum yield for subsequent photochemistry. σPSII′ is used to model photosynthesis and aquatic productivity, and phytoplankters regulate σPSII′ to mitigate over- or under-excitation...
Article
Full-text available
The use of remote sensing techniques allows monitoring of photosynthesis at the ecosystem level and improves our knowledge of plant primary productivity. The main objective of the current study was to develop a remote sensing based method to measure microphytobenthos (MPB) primary production from intertidal mudflats. This was achieved by coupling h...
Article
Benthic diatoms are dominant primary producers in intertidal marine sediments, which are characterized by widely fluctuating and often extreme light conditions. To cope with sudden increases in light intensity, benthic diatoms display both behavioural and physiological photoprotection mechanisms. Behavioural photoprotection is restricted to raphid...
Article
Full-text available
From the beginning of spring to the melt period, ice algae in the bottom of Arctic sea ice experience a large irradiance range, varying from <0.1% up to 25–30% of the incoming visible radiation. The increase in spring is usually rapid, with a varying photoacclimative response by bottom ice algae to protect themselves against excess light, such as c...
Article
Full-text available
From the beginning of spring to the melt period, ice algae in the bottom of Arctic sea ice experience a large irradiance range, varying from <0.1% up to 25–30% of the incoming visible radiation. The increase in spring is usually rapid, with a varying photoacclimative response by bottom ice algae to protect themselves against excess light, such as c...
Article
Diatoms living in intertidal sediments have to be able to rapidly adjust photosynthesis in response to often pronounced changes in light intensity during tidal cycles and changes in weather conditions. Strategies to deal with oversaturating light conditions, however, differ between growth forms. Motile epipelic diatoms can migrate to more optimal l...
Article
Full-text available
At low tide, intertidal mudflat biofilms cover large surfaces and are mainly responsible for the high productivity of these marine areas. In the European Atlantic coast, such biofilms are mainly composed of diatoms, especially Navicula phyllepta, bacteria, and microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). To better understand interactions occ...
Article
Diatoms contain a highly flexible capacity to dissipate excessively absorbed light by nonphotochemical fluorescence quenching (NPQ) based on the light-induced conversion of diadinoxanthin (Dd) into diatoxanthin (Dt) and the presence of Lhcx proteins. Their NPQ fine regulation on the molecular level upon a shift to dynamic light conditions is unknow...
Preprint
Monitoring photosynthesis is a great challenge to improve our knowledge of plant productivity at the ecosystem level, which may be achieved using remote-sensing techniques with synoptic abilities. The main objective of the current study is to take up this challenge for microphytobenthos (MPB) primary production in intertidal mudflats. This was achi...
Article
Full-text available
Diatoms are phytoplanktonic organisms that grow successfully in the ocean where light conditions are highly variable. Studies of the molecular mechanisms of light acclimation in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum show that carotenoid de-epoxidation enzymes and LHCX1, a member of the light-harvesting protein family, both contribute to dissi...
Article
Full-text available
Alternative electron sinks are an important regulatory mechanism to dissipate excessively absorbed light energy particularly under fast changing dynamic light conditions. In diatoms, the cyclic electron transport (CET) around Photosystem II (PS II) is an alternative electron transport pathway (AET) that contributes to avoidance of overexcitation un...
Article
Full-text available
Calcifying coralline macroalgae provide biogenic habitats colonised by epiphytic microalgae that contribute significantly to community productivity. Georeferenced hyperspectral and high-resolution fluorescence imaging were coupled to microspatially mapped community composition and relative biomass of macroalgal host and epiphyte microalgal groups,...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first report on viriobenthos activity within the microbial biofilm located at the top-surface of the intertidal mudflat during emersion in Marennes-Oléron Bay (France). By combining in situ and ex situ approaches, the viral production (VP) was linked to the dynamics of prokaryotes and microphytobenthos (MPB). VP averaged 2–4 × 10 8 viru...