Johann Kranz

Johann Kranz
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Professorship of Internet Business and Internet Services

Professor

About

66
Publications
107,319
Reads
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988
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2007 - December 2011
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
The increasing popularity of Software as a Service has strongly affected the established business model of on-premise enterprise software. Software as a Service has distinctive characteristics of disruptive innovations that typically create several difficulties for incumbent firms, in particular with regard to adapting business models. To date, how...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The immanent opportunities and threats from digital business transformation significantly affect the role of the IT function. Line functions increasingly expect that the internal IT function provides support for digital value creation in addition to traditional IT services. This dual focus bears the potential for tensions as competing in digital bu...
Article
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One of today's grand societal challenges is to replace the current "take-make-waste" economic model with a circular economic model that allows a gradual decoupling of economic activities from the consumption of finite virgin resources. While circular economy (CE) scholars have long lauded digital technologies such as sensors, distributed ledgers, o...
Article
Innovation in IT outsourcing, in which client and vendor aim at co-creating strategic innovation, is becoming a key ingredient of contemporary sourcing arrangements. However, innovation in ITO is regarded as being a paradox as innovation’s dynamic nature conflicts with established guidelines for successful ITO governance. To date, knowledge about h...
Article
Full-text available
Companies are increasingly using environmental management information systems (EMISs) to systematically gather, process and make available information on their environmental impact. However, the strategic and environmental impact of an EMIS mostly remains limited. Based on a case study of a shadow EMIS implemented by a major German chemical product...
Article
Research on IS solutions for environmental sustainability have evolved and produced a modest, but firm body of knowledge. Despite this progressive understanding about the potential of digital technologies in enabling environmental sustainability, our academic practices seem widely unaffected by these insights. The way we do research or conduct teac...
Article
This publication presents a psychological perspective on users‘ requirements concerning the right to data portability set out in the General Data Protection Regulation, that is, the possibility of retrieving data stored with one online service and having it transferred to another service, for example, when switching providers. The publication illus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cookie consent notices (CCNs) became ubiquitous on websites ever since authorities, including the EU, adopted comprehensive privacy regulations. Empirical studies have demonstrated that, with decreasing permission to use consumer data, website operators increasingly choose CCN design architectures that nudge users unwittingly into giving extensive...
Article
Full-text available
For almost three years, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has been granting citizens of the European Union the right to obtain personal data from companies and to transfer these data to another company. The so-called Right to Data Portability (RtDP) promises to significantly reduce switching costs for consumers in digital service market...
Article
Compared to Covid-19, the climate and environmental crises are vastly different—as is the needed response. The impact of climate change and environmental degradation appears slowly and affects a public good, the environment. The cause-and-effect relationships related to climate change are complex and nonlinear. The effectiveness of interventions in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Privacy regulations like the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) require e-commerce shops to request opt-in consent for usage data collection from EU website visitors. Despite the regulation’s intentional strengthening of consumer rights, consent notices are often regarded as burdensome by consumers and shops alike. Thus, ever more consu...
Article
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Data portability regulation has promised that individuals will be easily able to transfer their personal data between online service providers. Yet, after more than two years of an active privacy regulation regime in the European Union, this promise is far from being fulfilled. Given the lack of a functioning infrastructure for direct data portabil...
Article
Innovation in IT outsourcing, in which client and vendor aim at co-creating strategic innovation, is becoming a key ingredient of contemporary sourcing arrangements. However, innovation in ITO is regarded as being a paradox as innovation's dynamic nature conflicts with established guidelines for successful ITO governance. To date, knowledge about h...
Article
Ali Sunyaev & Niclas Kannengießer (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) discuss the key concept of decentralization, which the token economy is built on, from two fundamental perspectives (i.e., technical and political decentralization) and provides propositions to discuss decentralization. Moreover, this chapter explicates the need for interdiscipli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates how gamified information systems enable the alignment of nor-mative, hedonic, and gain goals to motivate eco-sustainable behavior (ESB). Our study is motivated by the importance of finding effective ways of increasing ESB and the relative inattention prior research has given to often competing goals which frame individuals'...
Conference Paper
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It is scientific consensus that entrepreneurship training of school kids and university students is effectively resulting in entrepreneurial activity. However, we have a limited theoretical understanding of entrepreneurship training of employees. As most employees are not inherently entrepreneurial, we lack entrepreneurship training as a potential...
Conference Paper
Over the past decade, research on IS solutions for environmental sustainability evolved and produced a modest but firm body of knowledge. Despite this progressive understanding about ICT’s solution potential for environmental sustainability, our research practices seem widely unaffected by these insights. Most of us travel by air for work several t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While digital innovation becomes increasingly important for business success, the role of firms’ internal IT functions in digital innovation is unclear. Most IT functions come from institutionalized service provider roles, unfit to contribute significantly to digital innovation which requires organizing logics that emphasize speed, flexibility, and...
Chapter
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Blockchain Technology (BT) has become widely recognized beyond the financial sector. Various other fields of application for the ground-breaking innovation are discussed by researchers and practitioners alike. One such field is the smart city. Driven by startups, projects aimed at alleviating negative effects of urbanization build on the properties...
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Rising amounts of electronic waste are an increasingly pressing global issue. Thus, eco-design principles , which aim to extend information technologies' (IT) lifecycle and facilitate reuse in a closed-loop fashion, are gaining attention by policy-makers and practitioners. Hitherto, eco-design principles have not been entirely recognized by Green I...
Conference Paper
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Fast changing products, processes, and services caused by digital technologies require organizations to adopt agile methods after having used plan-driven approaches for decades. Adopting agile methods only to software development, can lead to a challenging coexistence of methods. To date, little empirical understanding exists with regard to the dif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A decade after Satoshi Nakamoto published his famous whitepaper, blockchain technology (BT) has started to become widely recognized and used beyond the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. While the financial sector is the most prominent adopter of the technology, numerous other fields of application for the groundbreaking innovation are discussed by researcher...
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Last year, human mankind exhausted the planet's resources for the year as early as never before by consuming food, water, or clean air beyond the nature's sustainable means. To prevent further environmental damages, understanding and promoting individual pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) is crucial. However, motivating individual PEB is considered...
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Understanding and promoting pro-environmental behaviors (PEB) is crucial to mitigate global warming, to reduce the use of natural resources, and to protect the biosphere. A major aim of green information systems (Green IS) is to support PEB, sustainable practices and decision-making on the individual, organizational, and societal level. In the past...
Conference Paper
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While many studies have addressed encouraging employees’ pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) in the workplace, the roles of structures and institutions have received little attention and thus remain unclear. We draw on the concept of affordances as being enacted and embedded in institutional logics, which provide a frame of reference for individual a...
Conference Paper
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In response to growing concerns about environmental degradation, firms increasingly aim to reduce their environmental footprint. On an operational level, green information systems (IS) are recognized as an important driver of more eco-sustainable practices. The impact of Green IS on a strategic level, however, is less understood. Our study seeks to...
Conference Paper
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Extracting actionable information from complex data is a key challenge for business analytics researchers (Hedgebeth, 2007). This is particularly difficult for high-dimensional datasets, to which an increasing number of businesses have access (Martens et al., 2016). In this study, we develop a customized neural network for extracting interpretable...
Conference Paper
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This paper explores how and why pro-environmental behaviours emerge within corporate organizations by linking pro-environmentalism with the concept of institutional logics. Investigating a qualitative in-depth case study based on interviews and document analyses, we show that corporate pro-environmentalism can be provoked by an external trigger, su...
Conference Paper
Exisiting research has tried to explore how organizations can encourage their employees to act pro-environmentally in the workplace, but neglected the role of structures and insitutions. Given our emphasis on organizational sustainability transformations, we seek to explain factor that motivate employees to behave pro-environmental by addressing te...
Conference Paper
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Product returns are a major challenge in e-commerce that severely affect the economic and ecological sustainability of the industry. While many static one-size-fits-all approaches to limit product returns have been proposed, there is a gap in the literature regarding strategies based on individual consumption patterns. We introduce a decision suppo...
Conference Paper
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Identifying research gaps is a fundamental goal of literature reviewing. While it is widely acknowledged that literature reviews should identify research gaps, there are no methodological guidelines for how to identify research gaps in qualitative literature reviews ensuring rigor and replicability. Our study addresses this gap and proposes a frame...
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Predictive analytics is an important part of the business intelligence and decision support systems literature and likely to grow in importance with the emergence of big data as a discipline. Despite their importance, the accuracy of predictive methods is often not assessed using statistical hypothesis tests. Furthermore, there is no commonly agree...
Conference Paper
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Information systems security (ISS) is an increasingly critical issue for companies worldwide. In 2013 cybercrime has caused losses worth US $113 billion affecting 378m victims (Norton Symantec Cybercrime Report 2013). Besides criminal attacks and system malfunctions, human error is the major reason for information security incidents. Hence, refinin...
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The traditional task of IT departments is currently undergoing a fundamental change from being a functional part of business, to playing a more strategic role in the development of new products (Bharadwaj 2013). The success of this shift is based on the individual employee’s willingness to go along with this new approach. But how can we influence e...
Conference Paper
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Due to increasingly noticeable environmental impacts of business activities and consequently rising demands for environmental information by organizational stakeholders, reliable sustainability reporting (SR) is ever more important for firms. As the task of detailed sustainability reporting is complex and involves gathering and processing of a cons...
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Research on the adoption of information systems (IS) has been dominated by mechanistic motivational theories (extrinsic vs. intrinsic motivation). In contrast, the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) goes beyond the traditional dichotomy of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation by distinguishing between different types of motivation based on one's perceiv...
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In this paper we merge research approaches from information systems, social and environmental psychology, as well as innovation diffusion to investigate the effect of cultural factors on the adoption of eco-innovations. Specifically, we conduct an empirical study based on the Decomposed Theory of Planned Behavior and the Value Belief Norm Theory to...
Conference Paper
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Information security awareness (ISA) is referred to as a state of consciousness and knowledge about security issues and is frequently found to impact security compliant behavior. However, to date we know little about the factors influencing ISA and its mediating effect on behavior. Our study addresses these gaps. We propose a research model that st...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing dependence of businesses over information and the changing ways of information usage with modern IT/ICT tools and mediums, have created an unavoidable need of information security in organizations. Earlier, the technical measures were used to fulfill this need; however, it has been realized that technology alone is unable to address...
Article
Logistik und insbesondere Straßengütertransporte sind für einen großen Teil der weltweiten Treibhausgasemissionen verantwortlich. Aus diesem Grund ist in dieser Branche die ökologische Nachhaltigkeit besonders wichtig. „Grüne Informationssysteme“ (Green IS) können dabei einen wichtigen Beitrag leisten, indem sie nachhaltigere Geschäftsprozesse in d...
Article
Logistics and especially road transportation account for a major proportion of global greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, increasing eco-sustainability is particularly important in this sector. Green information systems can support the transition towards more eco-sustainable business processes in logistics. To date research in Green IS has been dominat...
Chapter
Alfred Kahn famously (1970, pp xxxvii) said that the central, continuing responsibility of commissions and legislatures is to fi nd the best possible mix of inevitably imperfect competition and inevitably imperfect regulation. Accordingly, regulation's central goal is to establish a solid and appropriate framework for balancing public interest and...
Article
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Transformative services represent a crucial topic in future service research. Particularly in the energy sector, consumer adoption of transformative—often IT-enabled—services is essential to increased environmental sustainability. As adopting these services increases both individual and collective well-being, research has to delve more deeply into...
Article
Full-text available
Employees' information security awareness (ISA) is a key antecedent of information security behavior. However, to date we know very little about the factors that are responsible for some employees having a higher level of ISA than others. Our study addresses this gap. We propose a model that comprises institutional, individual, and environmental fa...
Chapter
Smart Grids—communication networks connecting electricity system components—are a promising solution to balance the fluctuating production of renewable energy sources with consumption in low voltage grids. In this respect, electricity storage and smart metering are important technologies. However, due to a lack of working business models, diffusion...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The diffusion of mobile data services (MDS) has been growing tremendously since 2007. Owing to the ubiquity and usability of multipurpose information appliances (MIA) such as smartphones, MDS have permeated every walk of life of many people. Using MIA allow users to access MDS anytime and anywhere to satisfy utilitarian, hedonic, and social needs....
Conference Paper
The Smart Metering Technology (SMT) forms an essential building block of smart grids. However, to date the diffusion of the SMT is low. We therefore analyze measures to foster their implementation as well as propose new regulatory requirements regarding advanced metering infrastructures (AMI). For this purpose we conducted expert interviews. The ma...
Article
Smart meters and decentralized storages are important components of smart grids. c Both components are widely seen as beneficial to society. c Identification of the most important stakeholders and their investment incentives. c Omission of societal desirable actions due to positive externalities. c Measures to foster diffusion of smart grid key com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Globally, efforts are undertaken to promote the diffusion of Green-IS. The aim is to mitigate negative environmental impacts of IS itself and to leverage IS' potential in the creation of environmentally sustainable societies. A particular Green-IS, essential for the intended modernization of energy systems, is the Smart Metering Technology (SMT). I...
Article
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Since the beginning of the new century our electricity system is changing rapidly. Distributed energy resources, such as wind or solar energies are becoming more and more important. These energies are producing fluctuating electricity, which is fed into low voltage distribution grids. The resulting volatility complicates the exact balancing of dema...
Article
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By integrating a communications system with the existing power grid, smart grids provide end-to-end connectivity. This enables all entities and components integrated in the electricity supply system to exchange information without knowing the network's structure. New services and applications such as demand response or virtual power plants that wil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increasing diffusion of renewable energies which underlie significant daily and seasonal fluctuations increases grid operations' complexity. For the effective use of renewable energies, innovative information and communication technologies (ICT) and concepts are necessary to efficiently balance power generation and consumption. An ICT-based inn...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Understand DLT systems' potential for new ways of value creation and capture in a more decentralized digital economy based on cryptographic tokens.