Johan Wiklund

Johan Wiklund
Syracuse University | SU · Martin J. Whitman School of Management

PhD

About

179
Publications
267,112
Reads
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27,878
Citations
Introduction
Johan Wiklund is considered a leading authority in entrepreneurship research with over 60 articles appearing in leading entrepreneurship and management journals and over 25,000 citations. His research interests include growth, performance, exit, and failure of entrepreneurial firms as well as entrepreneurship and mental disorders. A prolific advisor of Ph.D. students, he received the Academy of Management Entrepreneurship Division Mentor Award in 2011.
Additional affiliations
November 2015 - June 2017
Syracuse University
Position
  • Chair
January 2008 - present
Syracuse University
February 2002 - November 2004
Stockholm School of Economics
Education
July 2005 - June 2008
Jönköping University
Field of study
  • Entrepreneurship
August 1982 - June 1987
Linköping University
Field of study
  • Engineering

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
Impulsive individuals are attracted to uncertain contexts, such as entrepreneurship, and are more likely to act despite this uncertainty. Thus, impulsivity may represent an asset in entrepreneurship. This paper outlines a conceptual framework and develops detailed propositions for the multifaceted influence of impulsivity on entrepreneurial action....
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
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Together, Penrosean and Barnean resource-based logic make up the dominant theoretical approach to understanding firm growth. While extant literature focuses on a common lineage between Penrosean theory and the Resource-based View (RBV), we explicate divergence at these origins of resource-based theorizing and subject the growth implications of each...
Article
4 Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden; Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden, and University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
Article
Childhood adversities, such as neglect, abuse, and poverty, lead to negative career outcomes. Anecdotal stories of entrepreneurs, however, present a contrasting picture, showing that many successful entrepreneurs had a difficult childhood. Building on the underdog framework of entrepreneurship and the stress inoculation model, we resolve the puzzle...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines how entrepreneurial team conflict is influenced by Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and gender factor as well as how team conflict impacts entrepreneurial well-being and firm performance. Surveying 1,053 entrepreneurs in the U.S and Australia, we found that ADHD symptoms are negatively associated with bot...
Data
online supplement file for Stephan, U., Zbierowski, P., Pérez-Luño, A., Wach, D., Wiklund, J., Alba Cabañas, M., Barki, E., Benzari, A., Bernhard-Oettel, C., Boekhorst, J.A., Dash, A., Efendic, A., Eib, C., Hanard, P.-J., Iakovleva, T., Kawakatsu, S., Khalid, S., Leatherbee, M., Li, J., Parker, S.K., Qu, J., Rosati, F., Sahasranamam, S., Sekiguchi...
Article
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How can entrepreneurs protect their wellbeing during a crisis? Does engaging agility (namely, opportunity agility and planning agility) in response to adversity help entrepreneurs safeguard their wellbeing? Activated by adversity, agility may function as a specific resilience mechanism enabling positive adaption to crisis. We studied 3,162 entrepre...
Article
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Because entrepreneurship entails uncertainty, business failure is a common outcome for entrepreneurs. When entrepreneurs encounter business failure, they carry a financial, social, and emotional burden associated with the failure. However, the magnitude of this burden differs by institutions, influencing entrepreneurial decisions and behaviors. Alt...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have substantially enhanced our understanding of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in entrepreneurship—articulating the theoretical relevance of ADHD-type traits in entrepreneurship and confirming the positive linkages between ADHD symptoms/diagnosis and entrepreneurial intentions and behavior. However, how and why...
Article
Borrowing nomenclature and concepts from ecology and evolutionary biology, we apply descriptive exploratory methods to extend our understanding about the complex dynamics of an entrepreneurial ecosystem. We take a holistic approach to ecosystem analysis, and we analyze the evolution of multiple activities (i.e., entry, exit, growth, and survival) w...
Article
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Prior research on the effect that formal and informal institutions have on high-growth entrepreneurship has tended to propose policies aimed at either lowering the social cost of failure in society, or creating business-friendly entry environments aimed at increasing the rate of entrepreneurship. These policies have triggered a debate about whether...
Article
Initial coin offerings (ICOs) represent an innovative and new funding mechanism for new technology ventures. In our comprehensive review of the industry’s evolution, we show that despite its short history, there have been dramatic changes and shifts in the number of ICOs, the amount of money raised, the geographic distribution of ICOs, and their re...
Article
Full-text available
The future of the field of entrepreneurship is bright primarily because of the many research opportunities to make a difference. However, as scholars how can we find these opportunities and choose the ones most likely to contribute to the literature? This essay introduces me-search and a special issue of research-agenda papers from leading scholars...
Article
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What will entrepreneurship look like in 2030? We conducted a Delphi panel study asking this question of editors and Editorial Review Board members of the two leading entrepreneurship journals, Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice in an attempt to lift the eyes of the field to the horizon, outside academe, if only b...
Technical Report
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs including the selfemployed) account for 90% of businesses globally and provide 70% of employment worldwide. These businesses, typically entrepreneur led, are threatened by the Covid-19 pandemic, meaning that millions of jobs are at risk. This report presents insights from a global study conducted during the...
Article
Full-text available
We highlight the important role that time plays in conceptualizations of opportunity in entrepreneurship research. Through two longitudinal case studies, we introduce a more dynamic understanding of opportunities than portrayed by current theorizing, which tends to emphasize “opportunity discovery.” By adopting a dynamic temporal perspective, we in...
Article
Full-text available
Initial coin offerings (ICOs) represent an innovative and new funding mechanism for new technology ventures. In our comprehensive review of the industry's evolution, we show that despite its short history, there have been dramatic changes and shifts in the number of ICOs, the amount of money raised, the geographic distribution of ICOs, and their re...
Article
We investigate whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) of subjective well-being (SWB), a weighted combination of multiple genetic variants which captures an individual’s time-invariant genetic predisposition to SWB, influences the choice of self-employment and whether it explains differences in earnings between older self-employed and employed worke...
Article
The article presents a response to the commentary “Entrepreneurship and Contextual Definitions of Mental Disorders: Why Psychiatry Abandoned the Latter and Entrepreneurship Scholars May Want to Follow Suit” on the AMP symposium “Entrepreneurship and Mental Health.” We discuss and largely challenge the commentary’s criticism against the emerging res...
Article
Technology influences work in important ways deserving scholarly attention. These include: that humans have the moral obligation to design humane work conditions for artificial intelligence; that connectedness and social media lead to burnout and unhappiness; that artificial intelligence may generate competitive advantages for the neurodiverse; and...
Book
Full-text available
This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature review...
Article
Full-text available
“Future of work” is one of the hottest topics across a number of scientific disciplines. For example, such research is strongly supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF). This proposed Special Issue links future of work to well-being and entrepreneurship. It asks the broad question: “what are the implications of the expansive and rapid cha...
Conference Paper
Year of enrolment: 2016 Expected final date: 2021 Existing State-of-the-art: Entrepreneurship is the leading indicator of economic growth of a nation and it has a positive impact on employment generation. Entrepreneurs establish technology start-ups and bring innovative products and services to the customers. But technology start-ups encounter mult...
Article
Recently, scholars have started to investigate the relationship between ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) symptoms and entrepreneurship, finding that ADHD symptoms positively impact entrepreneurial intention and action. However, the performance implications of ADHD symptoms are still unknown. Using two samples of entrepreneurs from th...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we examine how team diversity contributes to team productivity in nascent ventures depending on family relations. Specifically, we explore how bio-demographic diversity influences team productivity using data from a panel of 285 nascent venture teams over five years. Results suggest that age and gender diversity have negative impacts...
Article
Full-text available
The entrepreneurial learning literature remains underdeveloped and lacks a clear understanding of the learning process. Building on an in-depth case study of four Scandinavian gourmet restaurateurs, we argue that learning to act on entrepreneurial tasks involves opening-up and focusing processes. We propose a process model that specifies how changi...
Article
Recently, scholars have started to investigate the relationship between ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) symptoms and entrepreneurship, finding that ADHD symptoms positively impact entrepreneurial intention and action. However, the performance implications of ADHD symptoms are still unknown. Using two samples of entrepreneurs from th...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we build on social cognitive career theory to examine the relation between entrepreneurial intention and new venture creation (i.e., the entrepreneurial career choice). We model how contextual influences at different levels may favor or inhibit the translation of entrepreneurial intentions into new venture creation. Using unique long...
Article
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Despite the significant role played by serial entrepreneurs in the entrepreneurial process, we know little about group differences in reentry decisions after business failure. Using an ecosystem framework and stigma theory, we investigate the variance in gender gaps related to the reentry decisions of 8171 entrepreneurs from 35 countries who experi...
Article
Full-text available
Although there are a number of excellent suggestions from editors on how to conduct, structure, and publish research in general, we thought it would be useful to offer some guidance from an entrepreneurship perspective. Writing this paper allowed us to reflect on our work as authors, reviewers, and editors to offer some advice in the form of simple...
Article
A recent JBVi article suggests that impulsive behaviors ought to be understood as rational human action. My comment suggests that such a view is at odds with how impulsivity is commonly understood within other fields of research, within current psychology theorizing and among laymen. It is also at odds with theorizing and empirical findings regardi...
Article
Mental health issues are affecting not only families worldwide but also numerous family businesses. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the uniqueness of the family business may be a double-edged sword generating both benefits and drawbacks for business families dealing with mental disorders. Building on the socioemotional wealth (SEW) perspective of...
Article
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Entrepreneurship research typically emphasizes firm-level outcomes such as growth and performance. However, people pursue entrepreneurship for deeply personal, idiosyncratic reasons. Therefore, as in other self-organized human pursuits, how entrepreneurship relates to fulfillment and well-being is of utmost importance. In this paper, we provide an...
Article
Full-text available
Affect is increasingly studied within entrepreneurship. We develop a partial mediation model in which positive and negative dispositional affect influences entry into entrepreneurship, suggesting that those experiencing greater negative affect experience less job satisfaction and are more likely to enter entrepreneurship. Using a novel methodologic...
Article
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Entrepreneurship research has grown rapidly in its scope, rigor, and impact. By every measure, our field now enjoys considerable academic acceptance and legitimacy as a scholarly discipline. However, several forces around the globe are demanding greater attention to (and perhaps redefinition of) relevance. We discuss what relevance means, how the f...
Article
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Universities and research centres have long been used to study management issues. A growing body of research has focused on how science can be effectively commercialized, emphasizing technology‐commercialization activities, university‐industry collaborations, and academic entrepreneurship. While much of this work has documented empirical relationsh...
Article
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Entrepreneurship is multifaceted. The purpose of this review is to acknowledge and critically assess the many and varied dependent variables (DVs) of entrepreneurship over the last 17 years. By focusing exclusively on systematically reviewing entrepreneurship’s DVs, this paper maps out, classifies, and provides order to the phenomena that scholars...
Article
Full-text available
Mental disorders are prevalent, place considerable burden on the economy and lead to suffering for those with the disorders and their loved ones. However, there is a flipside. Evidence suggests that people with mental disorders can flourish and productively contribute to society through entrepreneurship. This paper explores the relationship between...
Article
While established firms can efficiently manage their resource portfolio, new ventures must construct resource boundaries by assembling resources. In doing so, new ventures are often pushed to utilize resources that are owned by other actors. These inter-organizational relationship strategies do not expand organizational boundaries, but rather creat...
Article
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Studies have demonstrated the importance of scientific research for innovation and economic performance at the firm and regional levels, and policymakers have extensively supported the commercialization of public science. However, we still lack theoretical and empirical evidence on the link between the commercialization of public science and broade...
Article
We investigate the relative importance of external market knowledge acquisition and internal knowledge generation in new venture innovation. We argue that the effectiveness of externally acquired knowledge is less important in environments that are perceived as highly dynamic. To test our model, we examine 316 new ventures in one singular, high-gro...
Article
Recently, entrepreneurship scholars have started to show interest in how " negative " traits associated with mental disorders such as ADHD may have positive implications in entrepreneur-ship. While this research has the potential of producing important and counter-intuitive results, it is still in its infancy and the causal mechanisms that drive th...
Article
Full-text available
We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for...
Presentation
Full-text available
What’s better: a higher volume of more impulsive and error prone decisions and actions, or a lower volume that is more accurate? This tradeoff has received extensive scholarly attention, but not in entrepreneurship, although the tradeoff is salient in this context. We build an agent-based simulation model, validated with PSED data, to examine the c...
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops and tests a model of an individual's intention to reenter entrepreneur-ship following business exit. Two long-standing theories, prospect theory and self-efficacy, seem to develop opposite predictions in this context. To reconcile these conflicting predictions , we theorize a moderating model and test the boundary conditions of...
Article
Full-text available
Endeavors by entrepreneurs to manage the connections between business and family can manifest in many behaviors and decisions. Entrepreneurs may curtail their family life for their business or modify their business involvement for their family. The processes at this interface between business and family may affect the entrepreneur's intention to ex...
Conference Paper
Despite the extensive research on business planning, this research stream has not sufficiently considered what the alternatives to planning might be. Particularly in nascent firms, we suggest that procrastinating and taking other startup activities should be discriminated as alternatives of planning because the two have different implications on pe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies how governance drives entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in small firms. We argue that founder status and ownership create powerful personal incentives for small firm CEOs to engage in behaviors that influence EO. Integrating stewardship theory and the principal-principal branch of agency theory, we test our hypotheses on a sample...
Article
Full-text available
This article empirically examines the business models of small, entrepreneurial firms. We use configuration analysis to classify common business models and to identify innovative business models. Data for 124 firms is used in our analysis with a 55.4% response rate. Several implications are apparent from the research.First,weidentify firm character...
Conference Paper
Integrating organizational conflict and upper echelon theory, this paper develops a conceptual model t o examine how team diversity contributes to performance in nascent entrepreneurial firms. We hypothesize that bio-demographic and task-related diversity exert opposite influences on performance. Moreover, pre-existing family relationships in the t...
Research
Full-text available
Paper presented at the 2014 Babson Conference linking mental disorders (specifically ADHD) to entrepreneurship using case studies
Chapter
Opportunity exploitation refers to activities conducted in order to gain economic returns from the discovery of a potential entrepreneurial opportunity.
Article
Integrating organizational conflict and upper echelon theory, this paper develops a conceptual model to examine how team diversity contributes to performance in nascent entrepreneurial firms. We hypothesize that bio-demographic and task-related diversity exert opposite influences on performance. Moreover, pre-existing family relationships in the te...
Article
Together, Penrosean and Barnean resource-based logic make up the dominant theoretical approach to understanding firm growth. While extant literature focuses on a common lineage between Penrosean theory and the resource-based view (RBV), we explicate divergence at these origins of resource-based theorizing and subject the growth implications of each...
Article
Full-text available
Under what circumstance will entrepreneurs reenter entrepreneurship after prior entrepreneurial experience? To date, the literature on serial entrepreneurs tells us that prior start-up experiences increase entrepreneurial intentions (Krueger, 1993). This is clearly puzzling and inconsistent with Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) (Bandura, 1986), which...