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Johan van Wilsem

Johan van Wilsem
Netherlands Court of Audit (Algemene Rekenkamer) · Justice & Security

PhD

About

60
Publications
24,434
Reads
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853
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - March 2022
Algemene Rekenkamer
Position
  • Strategist-researcher
Description
  • Advice on how to perform impact evaluation of policies Project leader Researcher E.g. - Research on the enforcement of environmental crime in the Netherlands https://english.rekenkamer.nl/publications/reports/2021/06/30/enforcing-in-the-dark
November 2016 - February 2020
Research and Documentation Centre (WODC)
Position
  • Head of Department
July 2011 - October 2016
Leiden University
Position
  • Associate Professor of Criminology
Education
September 1991 - November 1996
Utrecht University
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Full-text available
Certain countries are well known for being destination countries for sexual exploitation of children in the context of travel and tourism (SECTT). Various factors are assumed to be at play to increase the vulnerability of countries, and the children that live within them, to being destinations for SECTT. The current study uses a cross-national, qua...
Chapter
In the Internet age, identity fraud has become quite a popular way to steal money—resulting in substantial numbers of victims as evidenced by victimization surveys. This article focuses on people who have been illegally debited from their bank account, one of the most common forms of identity fraud. For this group, we examine their patterns of acti...
Article
Full-text available
Although it is generally acknowledged that the development of the Internet created new criminal opportunities, the ways this is experienced by the general population has received limited attention. The current study seeks to explore the degrees to which people report fear of online crime, its correlates, and how online fear is related to protective...
Article
Recent research demonstrates that those with low self-control have an increased risk of victimization due to involvement in routine activities that place them in close proximity to motivated offenders and decrease their willingness to utilize appropriate guardianship factors. This relationship is significant in predicting physical forms of victimiz...
Article
Ex-prisoners’ recidivism risks are high. Several theories state that employment can reduce these risks but emphasize that the protective role of employment is conditional on job qualities (work intensity, job duration, etc.). Longitudinal research on the role of employment in ex-prisoners’ recidivism patterns is scarce, and most existing work used...
Book
Full-text available
Plegers van identiteitsfraude misbruiken andermans persoonsgegevens, veelal om op die manier financiële winst te maken. Door het bemachtigen van iemands username en password kan men bijvoorbeeld geld overboeken in naam van het slachtoffer. Door de digitalisering van de maatschappij hebben daders ineens talloze extra mogelijkheden gekregen om anderm...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines to what extent ex-prisoners return to their pre-prison job and identifies factors that facilitate or hinder this outcome. Data from a longitudinal study of Dutch pretrial detainees were analyzed to examine whether those who were employed at the time of arrest returned to their preprison employer, found new employment, or remaine...
Article
Full-text available
This study is concerned with describing the employment history of prisoners. Past labour market performance is a major predictor of later performances. Yet, the substantial field of reentry research paid little attention to pre-prison employment patterns and the magnitudes of labour market disadvantage that prisoners already face prior to their imp...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research suggests that offender sex, age, and race are often influential determinants of sentencing outcomes. According to focal concerns theory, they affect sentencing because—due to limited time and information—judges rely on stereotypical behavioral expectations when assessing offender blameworthiness and dangerousness. As such, extralegal...
Article
Full-text available
The current study investigates the effects of structured risk-based pre-sentence reports on sentencing outcomes in the Netherlands by means of a quasi-natural experiment. Defendants with such a report are compared with similar defendants without such a report, based on propensity score matching and synchronization on nine additional criteria releva...
Article
This study considers the relationship between imprisonment length and employment outcomes. The data are a unique prospective, longitudinal study of Dutch pretrial detainees (N = 702). All subjects thus experience prison confinement of varying lengths, although the durations are relatively short (mean = 3.8 months; median = 3.1 months). This contras...
Article
Een transitie naar werk wordt belangrijk geacht voor een succesvolle re-integratie na detentie. Theorieën stellen dat werk een beschermende invloed heeft op recidive en wij-zen dit effect toe aan verschillende werkkenmerken, zoals baanstabiliteit en baankwali-teit. Deze studie onderzoekt het effect van werk en werkkenmerken op recidive onder Nederl...
Article
Full-text available
Straftoemetingsonderzoek richt zich vaak alleen op de onvoorwaardelijke gevangenisstraf en doet daarmee onvoldoende recht aan de straftoemetingspraktijk, waarin vele sanctietypen juist ook gecombineerd worden opgelegd. Om te onderzoeken in hoeverre de bevindingen ter toetsing van de focal concerns theory door deze gevangenisstraf-bias vertekend kun...
Article
Full-text available
This study is concerned with describing the employment history of prisoners. Past labor market performance is a major predictor of later performances. Yet, the substantial field of reentry research paid little attention to pre-prison employment patterns and the magnitudes of labor market disadvantage that prisoners already face prior to their impri...
Article
Full-text available
When deciding on the issue of guilt, a judge or jury can make two types of error: convicting an innocent person (false positive) or acquitting a guilty person (false negative). The Blackstone ratio addresses the relation between false positive and false negative verdicts. The ratio depends on how much certainty the judicial decision-maker requires...
Article
Full-text available
Contrary to committing hacking offences, becoming a victim of hacking has received scant research attention. This article addresses risk factors for this type of crime and explores its theoretical and empirical connectedness to the more commonly studied type of cybercrime victimization: online harassment. The results show that low self-control acts...
Article
Full-text available
The number of Internet users who reported they have come into contact with cybercrime is substantial. This article examines three forms of cybercrime, namely: hacking, cyber stalking and cyber threats. Because cybercrime is relatively extensive in the life of Dutch citizens, it is important to gain insight into factors that influence victimization....
Article
Full-text available
Consumer fraud seems to be widespread, yet little research is devoted to understanding why certain social groups are more vulnerable to this type of victimization than others. This article deals with Internet consumer fraud victimization, and uses an explanatory model that combines insights from self-control theory and routine activity theory. The...
Article
Full-text available
Violent crime victimization can have serious mental health consequences, but what it is that makes victims at risk of mental health problems or delayed recovery from such problems is largely unknown. Previous research has focused on, amongst other things, the disabling impact of personality factors involved in the regulation of emotions. Using data...
Article
Knowledge about the employment history of prisoners prior to incarceration is lacking. Such knowledge is essential in order to establish if and to what extent incarceration worsens employment. In addition, such insights can direct policy on the (re)integration of ex-prisoners into the labour market. In this study we describe the employment history...
Article
Full-text available
A period of labour market absence reduces one’s chances of getting a job. The labour market position of both imprisoned and unemployed individuals tends to worsen after their time out of the labour market. This study considers whether imprisonment has ‘scarring’ effects on job acquisition over and above unemployment. Using a unique quasi-experiment...
Article
Een periode van arbeidsmarktafwezigheid verkleint de kans op een baan. In dit artikel wordt onderzocht of een periode van detentie deze kans anders beïnvloedt dan een periode van ‘reguliere’ werkloosheid. Aan de hand van een uniek quasi-experimenteel design is door middel van gebeurtenissenanalyse onderzocht in hoeverre de tijdsduur tot een baan ve...
Article
Full-text available
The article compares risk factors between threat victimization by digital and traditional modes (e.g. email or chat room versus letter or face-to-face). Until now, empirical tests of routine activity theory have applied a segregated approach in such cases, linking computer activities to cybercrime victimization and outdoor activities to traditional...
Article
Full-text available
Een vergelijking van attitudes en willingness to pay * Johan van Wilsem & Maartje van der Woude Sinds 2001 is in Nederland een uitgebreid instrumentarium aan antiterrorisme-wet-en-regelgeving tot stand gekomen. Tot nu toe ontbreekt het echter aan inzicht in het draagvlak onder de bevolking hiervoor. In dit artikel gaan we voor vier recent ingevoerd...
Article
Full-text available
Relating 'how' and 'where' The impact of location on modus operandi for street robbery Do different types of street robberies occur at different types of places? Environmental criminology has not yet incorporated how spatial characteristics affect a crime's modus operandi. The current study improves upon that situation by (a) empirically deriving a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Opportunities for crime are assumed to be highly localized. Therefore, using streets as units of analysis offers insight into crime patterns that are lost when they are aggregated to the neighborhood level. Previous street-level studies on crime have concentrated on variations in the amount of incidents. According to Crime Pattern Theory, more crim...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in neighborhood status result primarily from the selective migration of income groups into and out of areas. These changes, in turn, are related to the chance of becoming the victim of a crime in a locality. Drawing on social disorganization theory, this study argues that victimization is more likely in disadvantaged neighborhoods as well a...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines the effect of resource deprivation, criminal opportunities and social disorganization on national rates of homicide, non-lethal violence, theft and car vandalism. Previous cross-national research has concentrated on homicide variation, owing to the comparative problems associated with rates for other crimes. In the present ar...
Article
Full-text available
Varying rates of criminal victimization across countries are assumed to be the outcome of country‐level structural constraints that determine the supply of motivated offenders, as well as the differential composition within countries of suitable targets and capable guardianship. However, previous empirical tests of these ‘compositional’ and...
Article
Full-text available
This book deals with the distribution of criminal victimization across social groups and spatial areas. Why do certain kinds of people run higher risk of victimization than others? Why do spatial units, such as neighborhoods, cities and countries, differ in their rates of victimization? The present study shows that an individual’s risk of becoming...
Article
Full-text available
Neighbourhood dynamics and crime victimization: A study on the effects of socio-economic improvement, decline, and stability in Dutch neighbourhoods Changes in neighbourhood status primarily result from the selective in- and out-migration of income groups. In turn, these changes are related to the chance of becoming the victim of a crime in the loc...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
- Description of the volume of detected environmental offences - Description of the state of supervision and enforcement of environmental crimes and violations - Description of the information infrastructure with respect to environmenal inspections, violations found and government responses to violations - Effectiveness analyses: do companies comply more often after government interventions against violations