# Johan AndersonChalmers University of Technology · Department of Earth and Space Sciences

Johan Anderson

PhD, Associate Professor

## About

125

Publications

33,390

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937

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

September 2010 - April 2012

September 2009 - August 2010

**Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Greifswald**

Position

- Senior Researcher

March 2007 - September 2009

Education

September 1997 - May 2002

September 1993 - August 1997

## Publications

Publications (125)

A theoretical interpretation of numerically generated probability density functions (PDFs) of intermittent plasma transport events in unforced zonal flows is provided within the Charney-Hasegawa-Mima (CHM) model. The governing equation is solved numerically with various prescribed density gradients that are designed to produce different configurati...

The turbulence observed in the scrape-off-layer of a tokamak is often characterized by intermittent events of bursty nature, a feature which raises concerns about the prediction of heat loads on the physical boundaries of the device. It appears thus necessary to delve into the statistical properties of turbulent physical fields such as density, ele...

Gyrokinetic simulations of ion temperature gradient mode and trapped electron mode driven impurity transport in a realistic tokamak geometry are presented and compared with results using simplified geometries. The gyrokinetic results, obtained with the GENE code in both linear and non-linear modes are compared with data and analysis for a dedicated...

In a recent paper [1] the fire dynamics was investigated in a test rig for façade constructions
according to the test method SP Brand 105 both experimentally and numerically[2,3]. The
experimental setup simulates a three-story apartment building (height 6.7 m, width 4 m and depth 1.6
m), with external wall-cladding and a “room fire” at the base. Th...

A theory of non-local linear ion-temperature-gradient (ITG) drift modes while
retaining non-adiabatic electrons is presented, extending the previous work [S.
Moradi, et al {\em Phys. Plasmas} {\bf 18}, 062106 (2011)]. A dispersion
relation is derived to quantify the effects of the fractional velocity operator
in the Fokker-Planck equation modified...

The temperature heterogeneity due to fire in large open-plan office compartments is closely associated with fire spread behaviour and has been historically limited to experimental investigations using timber cribs. This study explores the ability of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models, specifically the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), to reprod...

The Hasegawa–Wakatani system, commonly used as a toy model of dissipative drift waves in fusion devices, is revisited with considerations of phase and amplitude dynamics of its triadic interactions. It is observed that a single resonant triad can saturate via three way phase locking, where the phase differences between dominant modes converge to co...

Hasegawa-Wakatani system, commonly used as a toy model of dissipative drift waves in fusion devices is revisited with considerations of phase and amplitude dynamics of its triadic interactions. It is observed that a single resonant triad can saturate via three way phase locking where the phase differences between dominant modes converge to constant...

Microtearing mode (MTM) real frequency, growth rate, magnetic fluctuation amplitude, and resulting electron thermal transport are studied in systematic NSTX scans of relevant plasma parameters. The dependency of the MTM real frequency and growth rate on plasma parameters, suitable for low and high collision NSTX discharges, is obtained by using the...

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a simplified representation of the fire load in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to represent the effect of large-scale travelling fire and to highlight the relevance of such an approach whilst coupling the CFD results with finite element method (FEM) to evaluate related steel temperatures, compari...

Fires in open large-floor plan spaces do not always reach a post-flashover fire state and recently, the “travelling fire” terminology has been used to define fires burning locally and moving across entire floor plates over a period of time [1]. Several studies have been presented about the behavior of a structure when it is subjected to this fire s...

The present paper investigates a travelling fire scenario in an elongated structure (Length 18 m × width 6 m × height 3 m) with a controlled fire source of six trays filled with diesel (width 4 m × length 0.5 m). The fire spread is controlled manually by initiating fires consecutively in the pools. Fire dynamics simulator (FDS) is used to a-priori...

Nine participants, representing eight different Swedish fire consultancy firms participated in a Round Robin study where two different cases were simulated with the Fire Dynamics Simulator. The first case included a large open warehouse where the activation of a sprinkler system was to be studied. In the second case time to critical conditions in a...

Several attempts have been made in the past to develop a European harmonized testing and assessment method for façades before the European commission decided to publish a call for tender on the topic. A project consortium from five countries (Sweden, UK, France, Germany and Hungary) applied to the call for tender and was contracted to develop a Eur...

A novel method for measuring distances between statistical states as represented by probability distribution functions (PDF) has been proposed, namely the information length. The information length enables the computation of the total number of statistically different states that a system evolves through in time. Anomalous transport can presumably...

The impact of adiabatic electrons on drift-wave turbulence, modeled by the Hasegawa–Wakatani equations, is studied using information length. Information length is a novel theoretical method for measuring distances between statistical states represented by different probability distribution functions (PDFs) along the path of a system and represents...

A global heat flux model based on a fractional derivative of plasma pressure is proposed for the heat transport in fusion plasmas. The degree of the fractional derivative of the heat flux, α, is defined through the power balance analysis of the steady state. The model was used to obtain the experimental values of α for a large database of the Joint...

This paper presents a careful assessment of fire conditions in a long enclosure, open only at one end, which contained a regularly spaced timber crib fire load and was dominated by under-ventilated combustion. Though the geometrical arrangement, with fully enclosed side walls, differs from many more recent "travelling fire" tests, the essential fir...

A global heat flux model based on a fractional derivative of plasma pressure is proposed for the heat transport in fusion plasmas. The degree of the fractional derivative of the heat flux, $\alpha$, is defined through the power balance analysis of the steady state. The model was used to obtain the experimental values of $\alpha$ for a large databas...

The impact of adiabatic electrons on drift-wave turbulence, modelled by the Hasegawa-Wakatani equations, is studied using information length. Information length is a novel theoretical method for measuring distances between statistical states represented by different probability distribution functions (PDFs) along the path of a system. Specifically,...

This paper presents a careful assessment of fire conditions in a long enclosure, open only at one end, which contained a regularly spaced timber crib fire load and was dominated by under-ventilated combustion. Though the geometrical arrangement, with fully enclosed side walls, differs from many more recent “travelling fire” tests, the essential fir...

The present paper investigates a travelling fire scenario in an elongated structure (Length 18 m x width 6 m x height 3 m) with a controlled fire source of six pans filled with diesel (width 4 m x length 0.5 m). The fire spread is controlled manually by initiating fires subsequently in the pools. Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is used to a-priori in...

New more insulated and faster responding Plate Thermometer (PT) have been developed for measurements particularly in air at ambient temperature. They are cheaper and more practical alternative to water-cooled heat flux meters (HFM). The theory and use of PTs for measuring incident radiation heat flux and adiabatic surface temperature are outlined i...

The numerical solutions to a non-linear Fractional Fokker–Planck (FFP) equation are studied estimating the generalized diffusion coefficients. The aim is to model anomalous diffusion using an FFP description with fractional velocity derivatives and Langevin dynamics where Lévy fluctuations are introduced to model the effect of non-local transport d...

A new more insulated and faster responding plate thermometer (PT) is introduced, which has been developed for measurements particularly in air at ambient temperature. It is a cheaper and more practical alternative to water‐cooled heat flux meters (HFMs). The theory and use of PTs measuring incident radiation heat flux and adiabatic surface temperat...

A comparison between full‐scale façade fire tests where SP Fire 105 and BS 8414‐1
were used regarding repeatability and the use of modeling to discern changes in the
setups is presented. Two test series according to BS 8414‐1 were repeated outside
using the same façade systems on 2 different days, whereas for the SP Fire 105 a
set of common façade...

The impact of different passive protective measures against external vertical fire spread was investigated using the numerical tool Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS). The numerical study was divided into a validation study and a comparative analysis. The validation study was performed to evaluate FDS as a calculation tool for modelling external vertica...

Cooling of beverages is of large interest. Here a theoretical idea of how microwave ovens can be used for cooling beverages is presented. The proposed theoretical idea based on heat transfer features a microwave safe (isoprene rubber) torus shaped rubber ring (MWSR) holding a liquid (L) at room temperature. Fullerenol dissolved in acetone (L) insid...

The work presented here is a review of current developments in modelling anomalous diffusion using a Fokker-Planck description with fractional velocity derivatives and Langevin dynamics where Lévy fluctuations are introduced to model the effect of non-local transport due to fractional diffusion in velocity space. Distribution functions are found us...

In this paper, a comparative simulation study on 3 large-scale facade testing methods, namely, the SP Fire 105, BS 8414-1, and the ISO 13785-2 methods, is presented. Generally good correspondence between simulations and experimental data has been found, provided that thermal properties of the facade material and heat release rates are known; howeve...

As a natural material, the response of timber structures under normal conditions and to fire is subject to wide variability. Deterministic models therefore struggle to reflect the reality of the response of timber since small variations in input influence the output significantly. However it is relatively straightforward to quantify uncertainties i...

The role of the phase dynamics in turbulence is investigated. As a demonstration of the importance of the phase dynamics, a simplified system is used, namely the one-dimensional Burgers equation, which is evolved numerically. The system is forced via a known external force, with two components that are added into the evolution equations of the ampl...

A novel possibility of self-organized behaviour of stochastically driven oscillators is presented. It is shown that synchronization by L\'evy stable processes is significantly more efficient than that by oscillators with Gaussian statistics. The impact of outlier events from the tail of the distribution function was examined by artificially introdu...

A novel methodology to analyze non-Gaussian probability distribution functions (PDFs) of intermittent turbulent transport in global full-f gyrokinetic simulations is presented. In this work, the auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model is applied to time series data of intermittent turbulent heat transport to separate noise and oscil...

Resistive drift waveturbulence is a multipurpose paradigm that can be used to understand transport at the edge of fusion devices. The Hasegawa-Wakatani model captures the essential physics of drift turbulence while retaining the simplicity needed to gain a qualitative understanding of this process. We provide a theoretical interpretation of numeric...

In this paper, fractional factorial design (FFD) and deterministic sampling (DS) are applied to a finite element (FE) model of a fire resistance test of a loaded steel beam, to investigate how uncertainties are propagated through the FE model. The sought quantity was the time when the deflection of the beam exceeded 225 mm. The FFD method was used...

An analytical derivation of the probability density function (PDF) tail describing the strongly correlated interface growth governed by the nonlinear Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation is provided. The PDF tail exactly coincides with a Tracy-Widom distribution i.e. a PDF tail proportional to exp (cw23/2), Where w 2 is the the width of the interface. The...

Full orbit dynamics of charged particles in a $3$-dimensional helical magnetic field in the presence of $\alpha$-stable L\'evy electrostatic fluctuations and linear friction modeling collisional Coulomb drag is studied via Monte Carlo numerical simulations. The L\'evy fluctuations are introduced to model the effect of non-local transport due to fra...

In plasma turbulence theory, due to the complexity of the system with many non-linearly interacting waves, the dynamics of the phases is often disregarded and the so-called random-phase approximation (RPA) is used assuming the existence of a Chirikov-like criterion for the onset of wave stochasticity. The dynamical amplitudes are represented as com...

The impact of horizontal projections on external fire spread was investigated using the numerical tool Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS). The numerical study was divided into a validation study and a comparative analysis. The validation study was performed to evaluate FDS as a calculation tool for modelling external fire spread and was conducted using...

This report describes and validates a new simple calculation method for computing compartment fire temperature where flashover is reached. Comparisons are done with a series of experiments.
The project is a collaboration between SP Fire Research and Luleå Technical University. It is fully financed by Brandforsk, the Swedish Fire Research Board.

Modelling of structures exposed to fires is prone to be heavily influenced by uncertainties in geometrical parameters, thermal material data as well as uncertainties in the boundary conditions. Assessing the effects and influences in variations of all the uncertain parameters is often cumbersome and traditional methods are impractical thus modellin...

In this paper a comparison between test and modelling results are performed for two large-scale façade ﬁre testing methods, namely SP Fire 105 and BS 8414-1. In order to be able to compare tests and modelling the uncertainties have to be quantiﬁed both in the test and the modelling. Here we present a methodology based on deterministic sampling to q...

Collective synchronous motion of the phases is introduced in a model for the stochastic passive advection-diffusion of a scalar with external forcing. The model for the phase coupling dynamics follows the well known Kuramoto model paradigm of limit-cycle oscillators. The natural frequencies in the Kuramoto model are assumed to obey a given scale de...

A model is presented for predicting the cell-to-cell propagation of a thermal runaway/fire in a lithium-ion battery cell to neighboring cells by simulating the temperature development in neighboring cells. The modelling work comprises of two major steps; setting up a model of the cells including the thermal properties of the cells, and then validat...

A predator-prey model of dual populations with stochastic oscillators is
presented. A linear cross-coupling between the two populations is introduced
following the coupling between the motions of a Wilberforce pendulum in two
dimensions: one in the longitudinal and the other in torsional plain. Within
each population a Kuramoto type competition bet...

The Tisova Fire test was a large fire test conducted inside of a 4-storey building in the Czech Republic in January 2015. This paper presents initial FDS modelling which was intended to help during the planning of the test. The approach taken was to conduct FDS modelling of discrete individual wood cribs of various sizes and configurations. The ove...

Effects of ion dynamics along the background magnetic field have been added to an advanced fluid
model which has been developed, tested, and successfully used in transport code applications
during the last decades. Introducing electrostatic and electromagnetic potentials, a system
of two coupled second order differential equations in these potentia...

Presented is a comparison between full-scale façade tests where SP Fire 105 and BS 8414-1 were used regarding repeatability and the use of modelling to discern changes in the setups. Results show that the air movements around the test setup (the wind) may have a significant impact on the tests and that the heat exposure to the façade surface will a...

Lithium-ion batteries are seen as part of the solution to meet the environmental concerns for many areas including the automotive sector. The Li-ion technology has many good properties such as a high energy-density but also drawbacks such as its narrow window of stable operation. If the cell is e.g. heated up it might go into a thermal runaway in w...

The objective of the present work is to assess the risk of spreading of fire between Lithium-ion battery cells initiated by a thermal runaway. In particular it aims at developing means to predict the temperature of cells in the vicinity of an overheated cell during the first 5-7 minutes after the thermal event in a Li-ion cell that has an organic b...

In this paper we present a study of anomalous diffusion using a Fokker-Planck
description with fractional velocity derivatives. The distribution functions
are found using numerical means for varying degree of fractionality observing
the transition from a Gaussian distribution to a L\'evy distribution. The
statistical properties of the distribution...

This paper demonstrates the possibility to predict a battery system's performance in a fire resistance test according to the new amendment of United Nations Regulation No. 100 "Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Vehicles with Regard to Specific Requirements for the Electric Power Train" (R100) based on careful measure-ments of the physic...

The effects of second harmonics of the density and temperature perturbations
on the linear Geodesic Acoustic Mode (GAM) frequency and non-linear generation
of the GAM are investigated, using a fluid model. We show that the second
harmonics contribute to the frequency through the density gradient scale length
and the wave number of the GAM. In addit...

The effects higher order harmonics have been self-consistently included in
the derivation of the electron branch of the electron Geodesic Acoustic Mode
(el-GAM) in an Electron-Temperature-Gradient (ETG) turbulence background. The
work is based on a two-fluid model including finite $\beta$-effects while
retaining non-adiabatic ions. In solving the l...

In this work the finite β-effects of an electron branch of the geodesic acoustic mode (el-GAM) driven by electron temperature gradient (ETG) modes is presented. The work is based on a fluid description of the ETG mode retaining non-adiabatic ions and the dispersion relation for el-GAMs driven non-linearly by ETG modes is derived. The ETG growth rat...

In two recent papers [1, 2] the fire dynamics in a test rig for facade constructions according to the test method SP Brand 105 [3, 4] was investigated both experimentally and numerically. The experimental setup simulates a three-story apartment building (height 6.7 m, width 4m and depth 1.6 m), with external wall-cladding and a "room fire" at the b...

A test rig for fire testing of façade constructions according to the test method SP Brand 105 was investigated both experimentally and numerically. The experimental setup simulates a three-story apartment building (height 6.7 m, width 4 m and depth 1.6 m), with external wall cladding and a ―room fire‖ at the base. The numerical model was constructe...

A Feynman-alpha formula has been derived in a two region domain pertaining
the stochastic differential self-interrogation (DDSI) method and the
differential die-away method (DDAA). Monte Carlo simulations have been used to
assess the applicability of the variance to mean through determination of the
physical reaction intensities of the physical pro...

In this work the first demonstration of a high frequency branch of the
geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) driven by electron temperature gradient (ETG)
modes is presented. The work is based on a fluid description of the ETG mode
retaining non-adiabatic ions and the dispersion relation for high frequency
GAMs driven nonlinearly by ETG modes is derived. A...