Jörn Kalinowski

Jörn Kalinowski
Bielefeld University · CeBiTec - Center for Biotechnology

Prof. Dr.

About

710
Publications
106,943
Reads
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17,564
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
Bielefeld University
Position
  • Head of Technology Platform Genomics

Publications

Publications (710)
Article
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Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). At present, knowledge of genetic changes in early-stage MF is insufficient. Additionally, low tumor cell fraction renders calling of copy-number variations as the predominant mutations in MF challenging, thereby impeding further investigations. We show that enrichment of T...
Article
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In this study, we provide a universal approach to Gene Expression Engineering (GeneEE) for creating artificial expression systems. GeneEE leads to the generation of artificial 5ʹ regulatory sequences (ARES) consisting of promoters and 5ʹ untranslated regions. The ARES lead to successful recruitment of RNA polymerase, related sigma factors, and ribo...
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It is currently assumed that around 100 million years ago, the common ancestor to the Fabales, Fagales, Rosales and Cucurbitales in Gondwana, developed a root nodule symbiosis with a nitrogen-fixing bacterium. The symbiotic trait evolved first in Frankia cluster-2; thus, strains belonging to this cluster are the best extant representatives of this...
Article
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The gilled mushroom Clitopilus passeckerianus (Entolomataceae, Agaricales, Basidiomycota) is well known to produce the terpenoid pleuromutilin, which is the biotechnological basis for medically important antibiotics such as lefamulin and retapamulin. Their unique mode of action and good tolerance entails an increasing demand of pleuromutilin-derive...
Article
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a highly malignant disease with a mortality rate of about 50%. It represents the sixth most common type of malignant tumor in the world. Risk factors include tobacco and alcohol usage and infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV-negative HNSCCs frequently display areas of cornification evi...
Preprint
Background: The establishment of the gut microbiota in early life is a critical process that influences the development and fitness of vertebrates. However, the relative influence of transmission from the early social environment and host selection throughout host ontogeny remains understudied, particularly in avian species. We conducted conspecifi...
Preprint
Frankia cluster-2 are diazotrophs that engage in root nodule symbiosis with host plants of the Cucurbitales and the Rosales. They are rarely found in the soil in the absence of their hosts. Previous studies have shown that an assimilated nitrogen source, presumable arginine, is exported to the host in nodules of Datisca glomerata (Cucurbitales), bu...
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The family of Ustilaginaceae belongs to the order of Basidiomycetes. Despite their plant pathogenicity causing, e.g., corn smut disease, they are also known as natural producers of value-added chemicals such as extracellular glycolipids, organic acids, and polyols. Here, we present 17 high-quality draft genome sequences (N50 > 1 Mb) combining third...
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The continuing reports of plastic pollution in various ecosystems highlight the threat posed by the ever-increasing consumption of synthetic polymers. Therefore, Pseudomonas capeferrum TDA1, a strain recently isolated from a plastic dump site, was examined further regarding its ability to degrade polyurethane (PU) compounds. The previously reported...
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Activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) has so far scarcely been applied in Archaea in general and, especially, in extremophilic organisms. We herein isolated a novel Thermococcus strain designated sp. strain 2319x1E derived from the same enrichment culture as the recently reported Thermococcus sp. strain 2319x1. Both strains are able to grow with...
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Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) contribute to instability of the host genome and plasmids. Previously, removal of the prophages in the industrial amino acid producer Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13 032 resulted in strain MB001 which showed better survival under stress conditions and increased transformability. Still, eight families of Insertion S...
Article
Background Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) seem to be highly transmissible, often infect otherwise healthy humans and frequently occur in hospital outbreaks. Methods Refugees, living in accommodations in Germany were screened for nasal carriage of S. aureus. The isolates were investigated regarding resistan...
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Streptococcus pyogenes strain 591 is a clinical isolate belonging to the genotype emm 49. It has been intensively studied for its pathogenicity traits. In this study, the complete genome of strain 591 was sequenced. It consists of a chromosome of 1,762,765 bp with a G+C content of 38.5%.
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Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous yeast that is particularly suitable for the sustainable production of secondary metabolites. The genome of this yeast is characterized by its relatively large size and its high number of different rDNA clusters located in its telomeric regions. However, due to the presence of long repetitive elements in the sub-...
Article
Sézary syndrome (SS) is an aggressive form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with a diverse set of mutated genes. Using previously published datasets, we reanalyzed the copy number landscape of SS and detected whole genome amplifications in 20% of all SS samples. Furthermore, we determined the molecular time of copy number occurrence and could show that...
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Staphylococcus aureus has to cope with oxidative and electrophile stress during host-pathogen interactions. The TetR-family repressor GbaA was shown to sense electrophiles, such as N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) via monothiol mechanisms of the two conserved Cys55 or Cys104 residues in vitro. In this study, we further investigated the regulation and functio...
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Salmonella pathogenicity island (SPI) 2 type three secretion system (T3SS)-mediated effector molecules facilitate bacterial survival in phagocytes but their role in the intestinal epithelium in vivo remains ill-defined. Using our neonatal murine infection model in combination with SPI2 reporter technology and RNA-Seq of sorted primary enterocytes,...
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Genomic surveillance of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is crucial and mainly achieved by amplicon sequencing protocols. Overlapping tiled-amplicons are generated to establish contiguous SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences, which enable the precise resolution of infection chains and outbreaks. We investigated a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in a local hospital and used nano...
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Magnetosomes have emerged as a model system to study prokaryotic organelles and a source of biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles for various biomedical applications. However, the lack of knowledge about the transcriptional organization of magnetosome gene clusters has severely impeded the engineering, manipulation, and transfer of this highly compl...
Article
We previously reported the complete genome of Streptomyces lavendulae subsp. lavendulae CCM 3239, containing the linear chromosome and the large linear plasmid pSA3239. Although the chromosome exhibited replication features characteristic for the archetypal end-patching replication, it lacked the tap/tpg gene pair for two proteins essential for thi...
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Background Beneficial associations between plants and microbes are widespread in nature and have been studied extensively in the microbial-dominant environment of the rhizosphere. Such associations are highly advantageous for the organisms involved, benefiting soil microbes by providing them access to plant metabolites, while plant growth and devel...
Article
While real-life exposure occurs to complex chemical mixtures, toxicological risk assessment mostly focuses on individual compounds. There is an increasing demand for in vitro tools and strategies for mixture toxicity analysis. Based on a previously established set of hepatotoxicity marker genes, we analyzed mixture effects of non-cytotoxic concentr...
Preprint
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In cyanobacteria DNA supercoiling varies over the diurnal light/dark cycle and is integrated with temporal programs of transcription and replication. We manipulated DNA supercoiling in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 by CRISPRi-based knock-down of gyrase subunits and overexpression of topoisomerase I, and characterized the phenotypes. Cell division was...
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By culturing microorganisms under standard laboratory conditions, most biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) are not expressed, and thus, the products are not produced. To explore this biosynthetic potential, we developed a novel “semi-targeted” approach focusing on activating “silent” BGCs by concurrently introducing a group of regulator genes into st...
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Many bacteria encode so-called cold shock proteins. These proteins are characterized by a conserved protein domain. Often, the bacteria have multiple cold shock proteins that are expressed either constitutively or at low temperatures. In the Gram-positive model bacterium Bacillus subtilis, two of three cold shock proteins, CspB and CspD, belong to...
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DNA replication fidelity in Streptomyces bacteria, prolific producers of many medically important secondary metabolites, is understudied, while in Escherichia coli it is controlled by DnaQ, the ϵ subunit of DNA polymerase III (DNA PolIII). Manipulation of dnaQ paralogues in Streptomyces lividans TK24, did not lead to increased spontaneous mutagenes...
Article
In real life, organisms are exposed to complex mixtures of chemicals at low concentration levels, whereas research on toxicological effects is mostly focused on single compounds at comparably high doses. Mixture effects deviating from the assumption of additivity, especially synergistic effects, are of concern. In an adverse outcome pathway (AOP)-g...
Article
Saccharolobus (formerly Sulfolobus) shibatae B12, isolated from a hot spring in Beppu, Japan in 1982, is one of the first hyperthermophilic and acidophilic archaeal species to be discovered. It serves as a natural host to the extensively studied spindle-shaped virus SSV1, a prototype of the Fuselloviridae family. Two additional Sa. shibatae strains...
Article
The Virus-X—Viral Metagenomics for Innovation Value—project was a scientific expedition to explore and exploit uncharted territory of genetic diversity in extreme natural environments such as geothermal hot springs and deep-sea ocean ecosystems. Specifically, the project was set to analyse and exploit viral metagenomes with the ultimate goal of dev...
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While it is now appreciated that the millions of tons of plastic pollution travelling through marine systems carry complex communities of microorganisms, it is still unknown to what extent these biofilm communities are specific to the plastic or selected by the surrounding ecosystem. To address this, we characterized and compared the microbial comm...
Article
A polyphasic approach was applied to investigate the diversity of microbiota that evolved during cold storage beef ripening. Isolate V4/DAB/S4/2a T with a unique BOX-rep-PCR fingerprint profile revealed more than 99 % nucleotide identities upon pairwise comparisons of 16S rDNA sequences from the type strains Pseudomonas versuta DSM 101070 T , Pseud...
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Background Pamamycins are macrodiolides of polyketide origin which form a family of differently large homologues with molecular weights between 579 and 663. They offer promising biological activity against pathogenic fungi and gram-positive bacteria. Admittedly, production titers are very low, and pamamycins are typically formed as crude mixture of...
Article
Streptomyces cyanogenus S136 is the only known producer of landomycin A (LaA), one of the founding members of angucycline family of aromatic polyketides. LaA displays potent anticancer activities which has made this natural product a target of numerous chemical and cell biological studies. Little is known about the potential of S136 strain to produ...
Article
Toxicological effects of chemicals are mostly tested individually. However, consumers encounter exposure to complex mixtures, for example multiple pesticide residues, by consuming food such as crops, fruits or vegetables. Currently, more than 450 active substances are approved in the European Union, and there is little data on effects after combine...
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Actinobacteria provide a rich spectrum of bioactive natural products and therefore display an invaluable source towards commercially valuable pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. Here, we studied the use of inorganic talc microparticles (hydrous magnesium silicate, 3MgO·4SiO2·H2O, 10 µm) as a general supplement to enhance natural product formation in...
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In biopharmaceutical production, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells derived from Cricetulus griseus remain the most commonly used host cell for recombinant protein production, especially antibodies. Over the last decade, in-depth multi-omics characterization of these CHO cells provided data for extensive cell line engineering and corresponding incre...
Article
Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are the major contributor in the metabolism of xenobiotics, including therapeutic agents. Thus, P450s find broad application in the pharmaceutical industry to synthesize metabolites of new active pharmaceutical ingredients in order to evaluate toxicity and pharmacokinetics. As an alternative to human hepatic P...
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Glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs) are last defense line drugs against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens. Natural GPAs teicoplanin and vancomycin, as well as semisynthetic oritavancin, telavancin, and dalbavancin, are currently approved for clinical use. Although these antibiotics remain efficient, emergence of novel GPA-resistant pathogens...
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Streptomyces lividans TK24 is a relevant Gram-positive soil inhabiting bacterium and one of the model organisms of the genus Streptomyces. It is known for its potential to produce secondary metabolites, antibiotics, and other industrially relevant products. S. lividans TK24 is the plasmid-free derivative of S. lividans 66 and a close genetic relati...
Article
Microplastics in marine ecosystems are colonized by diverse prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities. How these communities and their functional profiles are shaped by the artificial surfaces remains broadly unknown. In order to close this knowledge gap, we set up an in situ experiment with pellets of the polyolefin polymer polyethylene (PE), the aro...
Article
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Sulfolobus acidocaldarius is a thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon with optimal growth at 80 °C and pH 2 - 3. Due to its unique physiological properties allowing life at environmental extremes and recent availability of genetic tools, this extremophile receives increasing interest for biotechnological application. In order to elucidate the potential of...
Article
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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are crucial mediators of tumor growth, metastasis, therapy resistance, and recurrence in a broad variety of human cancers. Although their biology is increasingly investigated within the distinct types of cancer, direct comparisons of CSCs from different tumor types allowing comprehensive mechanistic insights are rarely asse...
Article
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Background Magnetosome formation in the alphaproteobacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense is controlled by more than 30 known mam and mms genes clustered within a large genomic region, the ‘magnetosome island’ (MAI), which also harbors numerous mobile genetic elements, repeats, and genetic junk. Because of the inherent genetic instability of th...
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Microbial communities residing in the gastrointestinal tracts of animals have profound impacts on the physiological processes of their hosts. In humans, host-specific and environmental factors likely interact together to shape gut microbial communities, resulting in remarkable inter-individual differences. However, we still lack a full understandin...
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Actinobacteria are among the most prolific sources of medically and agriculturally important compounds, derived from their biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) for specialized (secondary) pathways of metabolism. Genomics witnesses that the majority of actinobacterial BGCs are silent, most likely due to their low or zero transcription. Much effort is p...
Article
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Background Because of its tractability and straightforward cultivation, the magnetic bacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense has emerged as a model for the analysis of magnetosome biosynthesis and bioproduction. However, its future use as platform for synthetic biology and biotechnology will require methods for large-scale genome editing and str...
Article
Viruses have long been viewed as entities possessing extremely limited metabolic capacities. Over the last decade, however, this view has been challenged, as metabolic genes have been identified in viruses possessing large genomes and virions-the synthesis of which is energetically demanding. Here, we unveil peculiar phenotypic and genomic features...
Article
A Gram-stain-positive bacterium, strain RV15 T , forming an extensively branched substrate mycelium and aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of spores, was isolated from a marine sponge Dysidea tupha collected from Rovinj (Croatia). Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain RV15 T is a member of the genus Streptomyces...
Article
During a project focusing on the diversity of meat microbiota associated with beef ripening, a Pseudomonas strain was isolated exhibiting high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities (>99 %) to Pseudomonas carnis DSM 107652 T , P. lactis DSM 29167 T , P. paralactis DSM 29164 T and P. azotoformans DSM 18862 T . Phylogenetic analysis of the complete rpoB...
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Bacteria occupy all major ecosystems and maintain an intensive relationship to the eukaryotes, developing together into complex biomes (i.e., phycosphere and rhizosphere). Interactions between eukaryotes and bacteria range from cooperative to competitive, with the associated microorganisms affecting their host`s development, growth and health. Sinc...
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The isolation and sequencing of new strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa created an extensive dataset of closed genomes. Many of the publicly available genomes are only used in their original publication while additional in silico information, based on comparison to previously published genomes, is not being explored. In this study, we defined and inv...
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The hemibiotrophic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae (Mo) is the causative agent of rice blast and can infect aerial and root tissues of a variety of Poaceae, including the model Brachypodium distachyon (Bd). To gain insight in gene regulation processes occurring at early disease stages, we comparatively analyzed fungal and plant mRNA and sRNA expression i...
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Present in many industrial effluents and as common degradation product of organic matter, phenol is a widespread compound which may cause serious environmental problems, due to its toxicity to animals and humans. Degradation of phenol from the environment by mesophilic bacteria has been studied extensively over the past decades, but only little is...
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Heterologous expression of a biosynthesis gene cluster from Amycolatopsis sp. resulted in the discovery of two unique class IV lasso peptides, felipeptins A1 and A2. A mixture of felipeptins stimulated proliferation of cancer cells, while having no such effect on the normal cells. Detailed investigation revealed, that pre-treatment of cancer cells...