Joeri Van Mierlo

Joeri Van Mierlo
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Electrical Engineering and Power Electronics (ETEC)

Prof. Dr. ir.

About

612
Publications
481,847
Reads
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15,401
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - December 2012
Chalmers University of Technology
Position
  • Guest Professor
January 2007 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Head of Department
January 2007 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Professor
Education
February 1994 - April 2000
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Field of study
  • Electromechanical engeneering

Publications

Publications (612)
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the model development of the state-of-power (SoP) estimation for a 43 Ah large-capacity prismatic nickel-manganese-cobalt oxide (NMC) based lithium-ion cell with a thorough aging investigation of the cells’ internal resistance increase. For a safe operation of the vehicle system, a battery management system (BMS) integrated...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery cells are influenced by high energy, reliability, and robustness. However, they produce a noticeable amount of heat during the charging and discharging process. This paper presents an optimal thermal management system (TMS) using a phase change material (PCM) and PCM-graphite for a cylindrical Li-ion battery module. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
_______________________________________________________________________________________ Summary In this paper, the state of power (SoP) estimation of 43Ah nickel-manganese-cobalt oxide-based lithium-ion cell used in vehicle applications is presented. One of the main reasons for the need of a battery management system having integrated with SoP esti...
Article
Full-text available
The acceleration demand from the driver in electric vehicles (EVs) should be supported by high-power energy storage systems (ESSs). In order to satisfy the driver’s request, the employed ESS should have high power densities. On the other hand, high energy densities are required at the same time for EVs’ traction to minimize the range anxiety. In th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the development of a combined lifetime model used to estimate the capacity fade evolution and internal resistance increase of 43 Ah big capacity nickel-manganese-cobalt oxide (NMC) cell playing the leading role in the automotive industry. However, these NMC based lithium-ion cells passed through capacity fade uncertainty problem...
Article
In this paper, the thermal behavior of a battery module based on a novel liquid cooling plate (LCP) is experimentally and numerically studied. The cooling plate is embedded with phase change material (PCM), and it is named a hybrid LCP as it provides a combination of active (liquid) and passive (PCM) cooling methods for battery with a modular desig...
Article
Full-text available
Activated carbons play an important role in enabling Li-ion batteries for high-power applications. They are well established in the application side of energy storage but remain untouched for integration toward conceptualization. As conceptualization attracts growing interest in the field of energy storage, more work needs to be done to bridge the...
Article
Lithium-ion capacitors (LiCs) are commonly used as power sources for electric vehicles (EVs) due to the combined advantages of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) and lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) comprising high energy density, high power density, and long lifetime. However, the performance of the LiCs is susceptible to temperature. Therefore,...
Article
Full-text available
This review paper aims to provide the background and literature review of a hybrid energy storage system (ESS) called a lithium-ion capacitor (LiC). Since the LiC structure is formed based on the anode of lithium-ion batteries (LiB) and cathode of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs), a short overview of LiBs and EDLCs is presented following th...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion capacitors (LiC) are hybrid energy storage systems (ESS) combining the advantages of lithium-ion batteries and electric double-layer capacitors, including longer lifetime, high power, and energy densities. LiCs are popular for high-power applications where fast charge and discharge driving profiles are demanded from electric vehicles (E...
Article
Full-text available
The automotive energy storage market is currently dominated by the existing Li-ion technologies that are likely to continue in the future. Thus, the on-road electric (and hybrid) vehicles running on the Li-ion battery systems require critical diagnosis considering crucial battery aging. This work aims to provide a guideline for pack-level lifetime...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, the energy grid is changing to fit the increasing energy demands but also to support the rapid penetration of renewable energy sources. As a result, energy storage devices emerge to add buffer capacity and to reinforce residential and commercial usage, as an attempt to improve the overall utilization of the available green energy. Althou...
Article
In this study, a fractional-order electro-thermal model of an NMC/C 43Ah battery is initially built, that can accurately derive the cell’s terminal voltage and surface temperature at various loadings (1C, 1.5C, 2C) and ambient conditions (10 °C, 25 °C, 45 °C), and with an average heat dissipation of 15 W being measured at a 2C discharge rate and 25...
Article
Full-text available
High-power lithium-ion capacitors (LiC) are hybrid energy storage systems (EES) with the combined benefits of lithium-ion batteries (LiB) and supercapacitors, such as high specific energy, high specific power, and a long lifetime. Such advanced technology can be used in high-power applications when high charging and discharging are demanded. Nevert...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, the use of electric vehicles (EVs) equipped with lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, has been growing every day. Li-ion batteries' performance, effectiveness, and safety importantly depend on thermal management systems (TMSs). In this paper, a novel and advanced hybrid TMS for cooling the battery module, using phase change material (PCM) and...
Thesis
Lithium-ion capacitors (LiCs) are hybrid energy storage systems that combine the advantages of lithium-ion batteries (LiB) and electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC). Therefore, LiCs have higher power capability and longer lifetime compared to LiBs. LiCs have also higher energy density and higher voltage range than EDLCs. Based on the mentioned ad...
Article
Full-text available
Battery Electric Buses (BEBs) are considerably integrated into cities worldwide. These buses have a strict schedule; thus, they could be charged in a very short time with a power level up to 600 kW. The high-power systems and short charging times imply special grid operation conditions that should be taken into account. Therefore, it is necessary t...
Article
Full-text available
Fast charging is an essential stakeholder concern for achieving a deeper penetration of Electric Vehicles (EVs), as optimizing the charging times of conventional vehicles is as yet a bottle‐ neck to be solved. An important drawback of EV’s fast charging lies in the degradation suffered by the Li‐ion Batteries (LIBs) at high charging currents. A dee...
Article
The specific heat capacity of a battery is an essential parameter for the thermal modeling of lithium-ion batteries, but it is not generally provided by the manufacturers. To determine the specific heat capacity, equipment such as calorimeters can be utilized which is costly, whereas this paper proposed a novel method to determine the specific heat...
Article
Lithium-ion batteries have achieved dominance in energy storage systems. Meanwhile, there is a demand for the reliability of lithium-ion batteries. Battery prognostics and health management (PHM) is a discipline that not only provides accurate, early, and online health diagnosis, but also guarantees a robust and precise prediction of the remaining...
Article
Full-text available
Formation of a decent Solid-Electrolyte Interface (SEI) is recognized as an approach to improve the performance of Lithium-ion Batteries. SEI is a passivation layer generated on the anode during the initial cycles. Characteristics of the Graphite SEI depends on the operational parameters, state of the anode, and the content of the electrolyte. Intr...
Article
Recently, the phase change material (PCM) battery thermal management system (BTMS) attracted attention. However, enhancement and optimization for the BTMS are required due to volumetric system design and low thermal conductivity. This study provides a novel design optimization to improve the environmental aspect of the cooling system and reduce its...
Article
Full-text available
Jute is a cheap, eco-friendly, widely available material well-known for its cooling properties. In electric vehicles (EVs), dissipating a huge amount of the heat generated from lithium-ion batteries with an efficient, light, and low-power consumption battery thermal management system (BTMS) is required. In our previous study, jute fibers were propo...
Article
Full-text available
Solid-state batteries (SSBs) are gaining attention as they promise to provide better safety and a higher energy density than conventional liquid electrolyte batteries. Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are promising candidates due to their flexibility providing better interfacial contact between electrodes and the electrolyte. However, SPEs exhibit...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents three demos, which include Electric Buses (EBs) from four various brands with lengths of 12 m and 18 m and an Electric Truck (E-truck) for refuse collection. The technical operation of these EVs were analyzed to implement further operational cost optimization on the demo vehicles. The Electric Vehicles (EVs) were tested against s...
Article
Full-text available
The Brushless Doubly Fed Reluctance Machine (BDFRM) is an emerging alternative for variable speed drive systems, providing a significant downsizing of the power electronics converter. This paper proposes a new view on the machine equations, allowing the reuse of the standard control system design for conventional synchronous and asynchronous machin...
Article
Conventional implementation of slider-crank mechanisms result in high loads transmitted through the mechanical structure, inhibiting the design of compact and oil-free machines. Therefore, this research proposes to step away from the conventional, i.e. rotative, actuation and to investigate local linear actuation on the slider-component directly, w...
Article
In this study, a datasheet-based lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery cell model is built, trained and validated by utilizing Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO). Firstly, in order to determine the most suitable solver among various multi-objective solutions, a first-order (1RC) Thevenin model is adopted. At this stage, a thorough compariso...
Article
Full-text available
The solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI), the passivation layer formed on anode particles during the initial cycles, affects the performance of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in terms of capacity, power output, and cycle life. SEI features are dependent on the electrolyte content, as this complex layer originates from electrolyte decomposition products...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion capacitor technology (LiC) is well known for its higher power density compared to electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) and higher energy density compared to lithium-ion batteries (LiBs). However, the LiC technology is affected by a high heat generation problem in high-power applications when it is continuously being charged/discharg...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents an active thermal management system (TMS) for building a safer module of lithium-ion capacitor (LiC) technology, in which 10 LiCs are connected in series. The proposed TMS is a forced air-cooled TMS (ACTMS) that uses four axial DC 12 V fans: two fans are responsible for blowing the air from the environment into the container whil...
Article
Full-text available
The risk of oscillation of grid-connected wind turbine generators (WTGs) is well known, making it all the more important to understand the characteristics of different WTGs and analyze their performance so that the problems' causes are identified and resolved. While many studies have evaluated the performance of grid-connected WTGs, most lack clari...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the concept of a hybrid thermal management system (TMS) including natural convection, heat pipe, and air cooling assisted heat pipe (ACAH) for electric vehicles. Experimental and numerical tests are described to predict the thermal behavior of a lithium titanate oxide (LTO) battery cell in a fast discharging process (8C rate). S...
Article
This article presents a flexible controller algorithm for bidirectional modular cascaded H-bridge (CHB)-based battery storage systems. The primary objectives are to maintain high-quality power on the AC-side while balancing DC-side battery voltages under charging or discharging operations. The proposed algorithm is based on finite-set model predict...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion technologies have become the most attractive and selected choice for battery electric vehicles. However, the understanding of battery aging is still a complex and nonlinear experience that is critical to the modeling methodologies. In this work, a comprehensive lifetime modeling twin framework following semi-empirical methodology has be...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents a real-life demonstration of 23 heavy-duty (HD) public electric buses (e-buses) in Jaworzno, Poland, with three lengths: 8.9 m, 12 m, and 18 m. The e-bus demo is based on the development of baseline e-buses to optimize the operational cost based on technical optimization. The demo aims to switch public transportation from interna...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal management is the most vital element of electric vehicles (EV) to control the maximum temperature of module/pack for safety reasons. This paper presents a novel passive thermal management system (TMS) composed of a heat sink (HS) and phase change materials (PCM) for lithium-ion capacitor (LiC) technology under the premise that the cell is c...
Article
Full-text available
The global electric vehicle (EV) is expanding enormously, foreseeing a 17.4% increase in compound annual growth rate (CAGR) by the end of 2027. The lithium-ion battery is considered as the most widely used battery technology in EV. The accurate and reliable diagnostic and prognostic of battery state guarantees the safe operation of EV and is crucia...
Article
This article attempts to study the thermal characteristic and behavior of a large commercial prismatic lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery cell (50Ah) for the application of rechargeable energy storage in electric vehicles (EVs). The anode of the cell is based on Graphite, where nickel, manganese, and cobalt (NCM) make up the cathode of the cell. With the...
Article
Full-text available
Grid-connected renewable energy systems are considered a viable solution for satisfying the swiftly growing demand. Nevertheless, the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources (RESs) hinders their performance and can not be efficiently utilized, rather imposes power quality and instability problem on the grid system. To alleviate this challen...
Article
Lithium-ion capacitor (LiC) technology is an energy storage system (ESS) that combines the working mechanism of electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) and lithium-ion batteries (LiB). When LiC is supposed to work under high power applications, the inevitable heat loss threatens the cell's performance and lifetime. Therefore, a proper thermal manag...
Article
The parasitic power consumption of the battery thermal management systems is a crucial factor that affects the specific energy of the battery pack. In this paper, a comparative analysis is conducted between air type and liquid type thermal management systems for a high-energy lithium-ion battery module. The parasitic power consumption and cooling p...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have emerged as a promising energy source for electric vehicle (EV) applications owing to the solution offered by their high power, high specific energy, no memory effect, and their excellent durability. However, they generate a large amount of heat, particularly during the fast discharge process. Therefore, a suitabl...
Article
Battery lifetime modeling and prediction of precise capacity degradation for real-life applications are critical to understanding the complex and non-linear battery behavior. However, the application of accurate and robust aging models on dynamic on-road scenarios is still a challenge. In this work, a comprehensive aging dataset of 40 Nickel Mangan...
Article
Full-text available
A lithium-ion capacitor (LiC) is one of the most promising technologies for grid applications, which combines the energy storage mechanism of an electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC) and a lithium-ion battery (LiB). This article presents an optimal thermal management system (TMS) to extend the end of life (EoL) of LiC technology considering differ...
Article
Full-text available
In electrified vehicle applications, understanding the battery characteristics is of great importance as it is the state-of-art principal energy source. The key battery parameters can be identified by one of the robust and nondestructive characterization techniques, such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). However, relaxing the battery...
Article
Lithium-ion battery Jute Thermal management system A B S T R A C T Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries play an essential role in our daily lives and are considered the main power source in electric vehicles. The process of charging and discharging the battery continuously drives to a significant amount of heat generation which results in temperature dif...
Article
Full-text available
The brushless doubly fed reluctance machine (BDFRM) is receiving an increased amount of attention from the research community thanks to its potential as an alternative drive for variable speed applications, both as motor and generator. Currently, the sizing of the BDFRM in the literature is based on the model of an ideal axially laminated rotor (AL...
Article
In this paper, an innovative liquid cooling plate (LCP) embedded with phase change material (PCM) is designed for electric vehicle (EV) battery thermal management. The proposed cooling plate is named "hybrid cooling plate" as it takes advantage of both active (liquid) and passive (PCM) cooling methods. The hybrid LCP is 36% lighter than a volumetri...
Article
This paper presents the concept of a passive thermal management system (TMS), including natural convection, heat pipe, and phase change material (PCM) for electric vehicles. Experimental and numerical tests are described to predict the thermal behavior of a lithium-titanate (LTO) battery cell in a high current discharging process. Details of variou...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-ion battery technologies have conquered the current energy storage market as the most preferred choice thanks to their development in a longer lifetime. However, choosing the most suitable battery aging modeling methodology based on investigated lifetime characterization is still a challenge. In this work, a comprehensive aging dataset of N...
Article
Traditional use of slider-crank mechanisms result in high loads transmitted through the mechanical structure, inhibiting the design of a compact machine. Therefore, this paper proposes to step away from the conventional, i.e. rotative, actuation and to investigate local linear actuation of the slider-component directly, while maintaining the kinema...