Joerg Fuchs

Joerg Fuchs
University of Tuebingen | EKU Tübingen · Department of Paediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology

MD

About

552
Publications
46,371
Reads
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8,873
Citations
Citations since 2017
161 Research Items
4150 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
Introduction
Newborn Malformation Pediadric Oncology Pediatric Urology Minimal invasive Surgery
Additional affiliations
April 2002 - present
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Chief
April 2002 - present
Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (552)
Article
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Simple Summary: Although survival after rhabdosarcoma treatment has improved over the years, one third of patients still develop locoregional relapse. This review aims to highlight developments pertaining to staging and local treatment of specific RMS tumor sites, including head and neck, chest/trunk, bladder-prostate, female genito-urinary, perian...
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Double haploid production is the most effective way of creating true-breeding lines in a single generation. In Arabidopsis, haploid induction via mutation of the centromere-specific histone H3 (cenH3) has been shown when outcrossed to wild-type, whereas the wild-type genome remains in the haploid progeny. However, factors that affect haploid induct...
Preprint
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The centromere is the chromosome region where the microtubules attach during cell division. In contrast to monocentric chromosomes with one centromere location, holocentric species usually distribute hundreds of centromere units along the entire chromatid. We assembled the chromosome-scale reference genome and analyzed the holocentromere and (epi)g...
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Background Cross-sectional imaging-based morphological characteristics of pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma have failed to predict outcomes. Objective To evaluate the feasibility and possible value of generating tumor sub-volumes using voxel-wise analysis of metabolic and functional data from positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/M...
Article
Background: The survival of patients with localized embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) completely resected at diagnosis is greater than 90%. Most patients have paratesticular, uterine, or vaginal RMS, limiting specific analyses of RMS localized in other anatomic regions. This international study was conducted to define the outcome for completely res...
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Usually, chromosome sets (karyotypes) and genome sizes are rather stable for distinct species and therefore of diagnostic value for taxonomy. In combination with (cyto)genomics, both features provide essential cues for genome evolution and phylogenetic relationship studies within and between taxa above the species level. We present for the first ti...
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The great efforts spent in the maintenance of past diversity in genebanks are rationalized by the potential role of plant genetic resources (PGR) in future crop improvement—a concept whose practical implementation has fallen short of expectations. Here, we implement a genomics-informed prebreeding strategy for wheat improvement that does not discri...
Article
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Purpose Success of pediatric solid tumor surgery is regularly hampered by infiltration of essential neurovascular structures. A surgical dilemma arises when imaging data suggest a conflict between complete resection and preservation of neurological function. The aim of the study was to analyze data of children harboring tumors with involvement of n...
Article
The generation of haploid plants accelerates the crop breeding process. One of the haploidization strategies is based on the genetic manipulation of endogenous CENH3. To extend the haploidization toolbox, we tested whether targeted in vivo degradation of CENH3 protein can be harnessed to generate haploids in Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that a rec...
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Purpose Natural products are generally regarded as safe and have been shown to mediate anticancer activities against a variety of cell types. Zerumbone is a natural cyclic sesquiterpene derived from the rhizome of Zingiber zerumbet, which has attracted extensive attention in the recent decade for anticancer activities. The present study investigate...
Article
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Introduction Pediatric radial neck and head fractures are rare, accounting for only 1% of all fractures in children. The aim of this study is to describe the management and results of the respective fracture types and different injury characteristics. Materials and methods This study performs a retrospective data analysis of 100 consecutive patien...
Article
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The centromere represents a single region in most eukaryotic chromosomes. However, several plant and animal lineages assemble holocentromeres along the entire chromosome length. Here, we compare genome organization and evolution as a function of centromere type by assembling chromosome-scale holocentric genomes with repeat-based holocentromeres fro...
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Biomarkers allowing characterization of pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are lacking. Epitope detection in monocytes (EDIM) is a novel method focused on detection of the biomarkers TKTL1 (transketolase-like protein 1) and Apo10 (epitope of DNaseX) in activated monocytes (CD14+/CD16+) from patient’s blood. We investigated the expression of these bio...
Article
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Purpose In pediatric bladder/prostate-rhabdomyosarcoma, the rate of bladder preservation after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is high, with an excellent oncological outcome. Information about functional urological long-term outcomes is rare. Methods Data of all patients who had undergone bladder-preserving surgery with or without brachytherapy at our in...
Article
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Background Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common paediatric extracranial solid malignancy. We analysed the role of the epitope detection in monocytes (EDIM) technique for liquid biopsy in NB patients. Methods Tumour epitopes transketolase-like 1 (TKTL1), Apo10 (DNaseX) and GD2 were assessed: expression levels in seven NB tumour samples and five NB...
Article
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Background Overexpression of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) has been detected in many types of malignant tumors. Sildenafil, a potent and selective inhibitor of a cGMP-specific PDE5, has been found to enhance the cytotoxic activity of different chemotherapeutic agents including doxorubicin. The combined therapy of doxorubicin with Sildenafil might...
Article
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Background: The ideal timing of genital surgery in differences/disorders of sex development (DSD) is controversial and differs according to the underlying type of DSD. Increasing numbers of persisting sinus as a result of delayed feminizing genitoplasty in DSD patients require interdisciplinary collaboration of pediatric surgeons/urologists and gyn...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: In pediatric bladder/prostate-rhabdomyosarcoma, the rate of bladder preservation after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is high, with an excellent oncological outcome. Information about functional urological long-term outcomes is rare. Methods: Data of all patients who had undergone bladder-preserving surgery with or without brachytherapy at our i...
Article
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The genomic landscape of recombination plays an essential role in evolution. Patterns of recombination are highly variable along chromosomes, between sexes, individuals, populations, and species. In many eukaryotes, recombination rates are elevated in sub-telomeric regions and drastically reduced near centromeres, resulting in large low-recombining...
Article
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Purpose Optimization of local therapies in synovial sarcoma (SS) considered unresectable at diagnosis is needed. We evaluated the effects of neoadjuvant versus adjuvant radiation versus surgery only on long-term outcomes. Methods Patients with macroscopic SS tumors before chemotherapy (IRS-group-III) in the trials CWS-81, CWS-86, CWS-91, CWS-96, C...
Article
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KINETOCHORE NULL2 (KNL2) plays key role in the recognition of centromeres and new CENH3 deposition. To gain insight into the origin and diversification of the KNL2 gene, we reconstructed its evolutionary history in the plant kingdom. Our results indicate that the KNL2 gene in plants underwent three independent ancient duplications in ferns, grasses...
Article
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Purpose In advanced tumor stages, pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) shows an intrinsic resistance to standard chemotherapy, which is associated with a dismal prognosis. Alternative therapeutic approaches and optimization of already existent treatment protocols are urgently needed in these conditions. The µ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) agonist, D,L-methad...
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Purpose Nonsurgical management has been identified as the treatment of choice for femoral shaft fractures in children below four years of age. For various reasons, the surgical approach has become increasingly popular in recent years. The aim of this study is to report results after vertical skin traction and analyze the benefits of this technique...
Article
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Purpose Surgery of complex neuroblastic tumors often requires additional procedures, especially in the situation of tumor extension within thorax and impossibility of securing the aorta above the tumor. These situations prompt the opening of the thoracic cavity. The concern regarding increased operative trauma and morbidity associated with this app...
Article
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The freshwater plant water lettuce ( Pistia stratiotes L.) grows in warm climatic zones and is used for phytoremediation and biomass production. P. stratiotes belongs to the Araceae, an ecologically and structurally diverse early monocot family, but the phylogenetic relationships among Araceae members are poorly understood. Ribosomal DNAs (rDNAs),...
Article
Background: Gastric transposition (GT) is a possible option for esophageal replacement in long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA). The present study aims to report and compare indications and outcome of laparoscopic-assisted GT (LAGT) versus open (OGT) GT for LGEA repair. Methods: Retrospective single-center analysis of all LGEA patients undergoing G...
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Background Loss of available central vein access sites for parenteral nutrition delivery represents one of the main indications for intestinal transplantation in children with intestinal failure. Placement of central venous catheters can be challenging in advanced loss of patent venous pathways. We recently described the hybrid technique (intervent...
Article
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Some eukaryotes exhibit dramatic genome size differences between cells of different organs, resulting from the programmed elimination of chromosomes. Aegilops speltoides is an annual diploid species from the Poaceae family, with a maximum number of eight B chromosomes (Bs) in addition to its inherent seven pairs of standard A chromosomes (As). The...
Article
Purpose: Treating refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma remains challenging. Monitoring body fluids for tumor-derived molecular information indicating minimal residual disease supports more frequent diagnostic surveillance and may have the power to detect resistant subclones before they give rise to relapses. If actionable targets are identified fr...
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Most children with tumors will require one or more surgical interventions as part of the care and treatment, including making a diagnosis, obtaining adequate venous access, performing a surgical resection for solid tumors (with staging and reconstruction), performing procedures for cancer prevention and its late effects, and managing complications...
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We report here the results of the prospective, non-randomized, historically controlled CWS-2002P study in patients ≤ 21 years with localized RMS developed with the aim to improve the long-term outcome by adapting the burden of therapy to risk profile and to investigate the feasibility and relation to the outcome of maintenance therapy (MT) in the h...
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Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is the most common congenital malformation of the upper digestive tract. This study represents the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify risk loci for EA/TEF. We used an European case-control sample comprising 764 EA/TEF patients and 5,778 controls and observed g...
Article
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Enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is involved in epigenetic regulation of gene transcription by catalyzing trimethylation of histone 3 at lysine 27. In rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), increased EZH2 protein levels are associated with poor prognosis and increased metastatic potential, suggesting EZH2 as a therapeutic target. The inhibition of EZH2 can be a...
Article
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Background The benefit of adjuvant therapy in synovial sarcoma (SS) treatment is under debate. Long-term follow-up data are missing. Methods SS patients treated in the consecutive trials CWS-81, CWS-86, CWS-91, CWS-96, CWS-2002-P, and the SoTiSaR-registry till 2013 were analyzed. Results Median age of 185 patients was 13.9 years (0.1–56)—with med...
Article
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Purpose Glutamine plays an important role in cell viability and growth of various tumors. For the fetal subtype of hepatoblastoma, growth inhibition through glutamine depletion was shown. We studied glutamine depletion in embryonal cell lines of hepatoblastoma carrying different mutations. Since asparagine synthetase was identified as a prognostic...
Article
Background: Solitary dysontogenetic liver cysts are rare in young children. However, large cysts can cause symptoms and require therapy. Cyst excision is the therapeutic method least associated with cyst recurrence. Only limited data are available on cyst excision performed laparoscopically in this age group. We present our experience using this su...
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Polyploidization is an evolutionary event leading to structural changes of the genome(s), particularly allopolyploidization, which combines different genomes of distinct species. The tetraploid species, Sorghum halepense , is assumed an allopolyploid species formed by hybridization between diploid S. bicolor and S. propinquum . The repeat profiles...
Article
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Purpose ESIN (elastic stable intramedullary nailing) is considered the gold standard for various pediatric fractures. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and type of complications during or after TEN (titanium elastic nail) removal. Methods A retrospective data analysis was performed. Metal removal associated complications and preop...
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Introduction Surgery plays a key role in the management of Neuroblastic tumours (NB), where the standard approach is open surgery, while minimally invasive surgery (MIS) may be considered an option in selected cases. The indication(s) and morbidity of MIS remain undetermined due to small number of reported studies. The aim of this study was to crit...
Article
Background Secondary vaginal stenosis may occur after reconstruction of genital malformations in childhood or after failed vaginal aplasia repair in adults. Aim This study focusses on the results of the surgical treatment of these patients in our multidisciplinary transitional disorders/differences of sex development team of pediatric surgeons and...
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Background Injury to the artery of Adamkiewicz (AKA) during surgery may lead to spinal cord ischemia and severe neurologic complications. Posterior mediastinal tumors may be adjacent to AKA, but data on preoperative visualization of AKA in children are rare. This study analyzed the importance of identifying the AKA preoperatively by spinal digital...
Article
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For many years, the risk-based therapy stratification of children with neuroblastoma has relied on clinical and molecular covariates. In recent years, genome analysis has revealed further alterations defining risk, tumor biology, and therapeutic targets. The implementation of a robust and scalable method for analyzing traditional and new molecular...
Article
Local treatment plays a key role for patients’ outcome in tumors of the urogenital tract in children. Despite a great variety of different etiologies, the specific localization of pediatric urogenital tumors renders several characteristic demands to the treating personnel. Surgery and radiotherapy are the main elements of local treatment in this gr...
Article
CLINICAL/METHODOLOGICAL ISSUE Renal tumors in children are treated according to the guidelines of the Renal Tumor Study Group of the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP-RTSG). Nephroblastoma is the most frequent renal tumor in children. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS After sonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred i...
Article
Clinical/methodological issueRenal tumors in children are treated according to the guidelines of the Renal Tumor Study Group of the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP-RTSG). Nephroblastoma is the most frequent renal tumor in children.Standard radiological methodsAfter sonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred imag...
Article
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Background We have analyzed the outcome of patients with localized extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma (EES) treated in three consecutive Cooperative Weichteilsarkomstudiengruppe (CWS) soft tissue sarcoma (STS) studies: CWS-91, CWS-96, and CWS-2002P. Methods Patients were treated in CWS-91 with four- (vincristine, dactinomycin, doxorubicin, and ifosfamide...
Chapter
Peritoneal carcinomatosis and peritoneal sarcomatosis in children are rare and might occur in colorectal cancer, desmoplastic small round cell tumors (DSRCT), rhabdomyosarcoma, and other entities. The treatment of these children is still a major challenge as despite very intensive therapies consisting of systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and sur...
Article
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Breeding exploits novel allelic combinations assured by meiotic recombination. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) single pollen nucleus genotyping enables measuring meiotic recombination rates in gametes before fertilization without the need for segregating populations. However, so far established methods rely on whole-genome amplification (WGA) of every sin...
Article
Purpose The optimal management of medial humeral epicondyle fractures continues to be debated since decades. This single center study analyzes changes and optimizations of treatment over an observation period of 16 years and reports the results. Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of all patients treated with a medial humeral epicondyle fr...
Article
Background Cancer in children is rare with an estimated incidence of 13.7 new cases per 100,000 children a year in Germany. Among these, leukemia and lymphoma are predominant at about 46%. Cancer of the central nervous system accounts for about 20%, followed in decreasing order by tumors of the sympathetic nervous system, soft tissue sarcoma, tumor...
Article
The treatment of paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma (PT‐RMS) has varied over time and by cooperative group. The International Soft Tissue Sarcoma Database Consortium (INSTRuCT) is a collaboration of the Children's Oncology Group (COG) Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committee, European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG), and the Cooperative Weichte...
Article
Today Pediatric surgery has become well established as fix point in the operative care of infants and children in Germany. The academic platform has traditionally been a strong driver for this development. However, as in other places around the world, academic pediatric surgery in Germany is currently facing relevant challenges. These challenges in...
Article
Pediatric nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas (NRSTSs) encompass a heterogeneous group of mesenchymal tumors with more than 50 histologic variants. The incidence of NRSTS is greater than rhabdomyosarcoma; however, each histologic type is rare. The treatment schema for all NRSTSs is largely surgical. The treatment is a risk-adapted approach bas...
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Objective Radiotherapy (RT) is an integral part of the interdisciplinary treatment of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB). With the continuous improvements of outcome, the interest in local treatment strategies that reduce treatment-related side effects while achieving optimal oncological results is growing. Proton beam therapy (PBT) represe...
Article
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Background To assess the feasibility and possible value of semi-automated diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) volumetry of whole neuroblastic tumors with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map evaluation after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods Pediatric patients who underwent surgical resection of neuroblastic tumors at our institution from 2013 to...
Article
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In most diploids the centromere-specific histone H3 (CENH3), the assembly site of active centromeres, is encoded by a single copy gene. Persistance of two CENH3 paralogs in diploids species raises the possibility of subfunctionalization. Here we analysed both CENH3 genes of the diploid dryland crop cowpea. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that gene d...
Article
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma, has an unfavorable outcome in advanced tumor stages with less than 30% failure‑free survival. Curcumin (CUR) is a promising drug in complementary oncology with few side effects but proven efficacy in various adult oncological entities. The present study analyzed the effects of C...
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For a long time, the Cyperid clade (Thurniceae-Juncaceae-Cyperaceae) was considered a group of species possessing holocentromeres exclusively. The basal phylogenetic position of Prionium serratum (Thunb.) Drège (Thurniceae) within Cyperids makes this species an important specimen to understand the centromere evolution within this clade. In contrast...
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