Joep Crompvoets

Joep Crompvoets
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Public Government Institute

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232
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (232)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive summary The project “ELISE Lot 1 - Leveraging the power of location information and technologies to improve Public Services at Local Level: An EU-wide Analysis” is part of a broader effort of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Digital Economy Unit (JRC.B.6) in particular. It falls under the ISA2 Action ELISE: Eu...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose an enhanced conceptual model for the integrated public service (IPS) functionality of the European interoperability framework (EIF). The enhanced model incorporates co-creation within the three stages of the IPS cycle. While co-creation can provide innovative routes to overcome interoperability challe...
Book
Data-driven new digital technologies can partially or fully replace the human agency in policymaking and governance. So far, the impact of these technologies on the human agency in public governance and the role of public servants has not been explored fully. The 'New Digital Era Governance' aims to fill this gap by bringing together expertise from...
Chapter
This concluding chapter discusses how to create viable technology adoption strategies and policies in the new digital-era governance. Specifically, the chapter elucidates the policy processes and decisions that need to be taken to implement AI, blockchain, and big data solutions in public governance processes. Building on the research insight about...
Chapter
The orientation of how to implement digital public servicesPublic services is a relevant subject. Anecdotal evidence indicates that a wrong orientation for the implementation is a root cause for failing digital public services. Therefore, it is important to understand the impact of implementation choices in the digitalisationDigitalisation of publi...
Article
Full-text available
The development of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) officially started with the entry into force of the INSPIRE Directive in 2007. INSPIRE’s implementation phase should be completed by the European Union (EU) and its member states at the end of 2021: a pivotal point to evaluate INSPIRE’s current governance and explore future scenarios....
Article
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Current open data systems lag behind in their promised value creation and sustainability. The objective of the current study is twofold: 1) to investigate whether existing open data systems meet the requirements of open data ecosystems, and 2) to develop a research agenda that discusses the gaps between current open data systems on the one hand and...
Article
Full-text available
The public sector is facing significant challenges regarding public services provision, including declination of users’ trust and limited resources. An alternative approach to traditional public service provision with the potential to address these challenges is the co-creation of public services. Co-creation promises to foster innovative solutions...
Article
Full-text available
Background Governments around the world own multiple datasets related to the policy domain of health. Datasets range from vaccination rates to the availability of health care practitioners in a region to the outcomes of certain surgeries. Health is believed to be a promising subject in the case of open government data policies. However, the specifi...
Conference Paper
The implementation of eGovernment in the Public Sector has numerous advantages for government and business sectors. Interoperability is crucial to streamline the digital solutions of public administrations. To enhance the digital transformation and implementation of eGovernment and to contribute to both interoperable cross-border and cross-sector p...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change, population growth and land-use change have increased the risk of urban floods. Urban floods cause severe damages to cities and their inhabitants, and they are expected to increase over time. Consequently, urban adaptation is required to shift from traditional infrastructure to Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI). Until recently, studies...
Article
Full-text available
Interoperability has proven to be key for the digitalization of public administrations. It can help to improve public services while saving time, reducing costs and increasing transparency. It has also been recognized as crucial to overcome societal challenges, such as climate change, housing, health, energy efficiency and urban mobility. Yet inter...
Conference Paper
Interoperability is key to overcome complex issues such as climate change, health, and urban mobility. However, interoperability implementation faces various challenges, including integration of services and data at the local level, historical legacies, changing technology, interest of stakeholders to work towards common approaches, and privacy and...
Article
Full-text available
A key challenge behind the adoption of blockchain in the public sector is understanding the dynamics of blockchain governance. Based on a systematic literature review, this article analyzes different approaches to blockchain governance across disciplines and develops a comprehensive conceptual framework for the study of blockchain governance decisi...
Chapter
Different actor roles in inter-organizational digital public services are often neither understood nor acknowledged. This can result in challenges regarding the proper design and result in a lack of adoption of these services. In the literature, there exist various taxonomies outlining roles such as users, consumers or co-creators, although their v...
Chapter
The implementation of open data policies requires the efforts of many public employees across different levels of government, who may be unaware of the benefits and risks of open data. Serious games have demonstrated potential for training in a professional environment. For this research, a collaborative digital serious game about open data was dev...
Article
The ‘fit-for-purpose’ (FFP) approach was developed to respond to the challenges that the creation of a sustainable land administration system (LAS) faces. FFP has proved its value in integrating technological innovations such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in LAS. Technological innovations need to consider the governance context when being impl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Proposal for an Interoperability Framework for Smart and Sustainable Cities provides European Union (EU) local administration leaders with guidelines and principles to enable interoperability across domains, cities, regions and borders to support improved service delivery to citizens and businesses. The objective of the Study Report is to compl...
Article
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Governance Assessment Frameworks allow the identification of implementation bottlenecks and they can propose answers to the identified challenges. However, no assessment framework has been developed to 1) understand how governance factors can affect the development and use of geospatial data (GD) and 2) to allow comparison across different governan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Interoperability is a prerequisite for electronic communication and the exchange of information between different actors, but it is much broader than technical in nature. Taken in the broader sense as presented in the EIF4CC, interoperability is a necessary condition for achieving and further developing Smart Cities and Communities in Europe. Inter...
Article
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Small Island Developing States (SIDS) increasingly face natural hazards that overwhelm their capacity to generate and share spatial-information to reduce human–economic losses. Under such circumstances, the emergency mapping team (EMT) enables a common operational picture of the impacted communities. This paper aims to identify user requirements fo...
Article
Full-text available
Digital transformation has the potential to profoundly change the way public administrations deliver public services to its users. One of the challenges involved in the inter-organizational networks that often govern integrated digital services is to identify what coordination instruments are effective. In this paper we examine this issue through a...
Article
Full-text available
In order to facilitate and coordinate spatial data sharing and exchange, many organisations have developed spatial data infrastructures (SDIs). SDI governance plays a pivotal role in the development and evolution of an SDI, but as SDIs are complex adaptive systems, governing is a challenge. This research therefore proposes a complexity perspective...
Article
This article presents a novel capacity assessment framework, coined as Fit-For-Purpose capacity assessment framework (FCAF), to measure the capacity of the land administration system compliant with the Fit-For-Purpose approach. The framework incorporates legal, political, operational, social, technical, and technological capacity conditions and pro...
Article
Conventional land tenure recording approaches to create a sustainable land administration system (LAS) have been found to be of limited value in developing countries. To respond to this challenge, the ‘fit-for-purpose’ (FFP) approach was developed. This approach has gained relevance in the last years and promotes the use of new technologies like un...
Article
Contemporary global policy development is increasingly shaped through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In parallel, the United Nations initiative on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM) plays a leading role in the development and diffusion of policy frameworks with regard to geospatial information. Specifically, two framework...
Chapter
Governments aim to digitalize public services. Whereas initially they worked in isolation, nowadays they increasingly link different building blocks together to realize integrated public services. This evolution poses challenges concerning the governance of public services. The purpose of this paper is to identify governance challenges in inter-org...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has increased pluvial flood risks in cities around the world. To mitigate floods, pluvial risk maps with climate change scenarios have been developed to help major urban areas adapt to a changing climate. In some cases, subnational governments have played a key role to develop these maps. However, governance research about the role o...
Article
Full-text available
There are millions of unrecorded land rights in sub-Saharan Africa, which are still not mapped. Therefore, there is a clear demand for innovative solutions for land tenure recording, as also written in the target 1.4 of UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In response to this need, the consortia of “its4land” European Commission Horizon 2020 pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Various types of stakeholders are often involved in the process of deciding to open data. However, the influence of multiple–actors on the decision-making process is ill-understood. Stakeholders play different roles and have different interests in opening and analyzing datasets. The objective of this paper is to understand the influence of the stak...
Article
Full-text available
The importance and influence of spatial data has risen in all kinds of governmental and non-governmental processes, giving spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) a key role in spatial data sharing and dissemination. SDIs are nowadays challenged by new technologies and user demands. Proper SDI governance seems essential, but it is unclear to what exten...
Article
This article investigates which public values are prioritized in e-government policies, what the connection is to governance approaches and how the public value prioritization can be explained. Strategic horizontal e-government policy documents are analysed from 2000 to 2018 in Belgium, the United Kingdom and the European Union. A public value typo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last decades, governments have strongly increased their use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve the service delivery towards their users. However, this development of ICT solutions must be performed in collaboration with the users so that the e-government services are aligned with their requirement and needs. Gathe...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change together with population growth and land-use change have increased the risk of urban floods. Urban floods cause severe damages to cities and their inhabitants, and they are expected to increase over time. Consequently, urban adaptation is required to shift from traditional infrastructure (grey) to multifunctional infrastructure (blue...
Chapter
The formulation and implementation of the INSPIRE Directive within the European Union has dominated the debates that have taken place in Europe regarding SDI development over the last twenty years. For these reasons there is a great deal that those concerned with the future development and implementation of the SDIs elsewhere can learn from the INS...
Chapter
The public expects government institutions to open their data to enable society to reap the benefits of these data. However, governments are often reluctant to disclose their data due to possible disadvantages. These disadvantages, at the same time, can be circumstances by processing the data before disclosing. Investments are needed to be able to...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is a consolidated report on the applied governance and capacity assessment models in Kenya and Rwanda as part of WP7 'Govern and Grow: Sustainable governance and capacity buildings models' in Its4Land H2020 project.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A combination of push and pull factors are stimulating geospatial innovation to respond to land administration challenges. Yet, as these alternative tools begin to move from development to implementation, we still know little about how the institutional environment helps or hinders innovation and importantly, scaling of these technologies to delive...
Chapter
Like many cities around the globe, Leuven, a Belgian medium sized city characterized by its knowledge institutions and large presence of students, aims to be a smart city. The vision of Smart City Leuven has recently been outlined by a Triple Helix model. Taking into account the unique selling points and particular needs of Leuven, representatives...
Book
Smart city (SC) has emerged during the last 2 decades to a broad scientific domain and a dominant industrial market, which attract an interdisciplinary attention. All the scientific fields -from the information and communications technologies (ICT) to the economics and environmental studies or even the humanities- and all the industries -from the I...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Developing innovative and flexible public e-services, capable of adapting to the citizens' changing needs, has become crucial for public administrations. To help them with these challenges, the FLEXPUB research project aims at developing a federal Strategy for the implementation of flexible and innovative geographical public e-services. In order to...
Technical Report
its4land is a European Commission Horizon 2020 project funded under its Industrial Leadership program, under an ICT call (H2020-ICT-2015) with the topic of ‘International partnership building in low and middle income countries’. its4land combines an innovation process with emerging geospatial technologies, including smart sketchmaps (Smart SkeMa),...
Technical Report
Full-text available
its4land is a European Commission Horizon 2020 project funded under its Industrial Leadership program, under an ICT call (H2020-ICT-2015) with the topic of ‘International partnership building in low and middle income countries’. its4land combines an innovation process with emerging geospatial technologies, including smart sketchmaps, UAVs, automate...
Article
Full-text available
The effective development and implementation of spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) requires governance in order to avoid gaps, duplications, contradictions and missed opportunities in the implementation of different SDI components. Therefore, appropriate governance instruments should be established to coordinate the activities and contributions of...
Article
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE This paper introduces the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) for conducting needs assessments in land administration projects. Understanding the local context of what citizens, communities and organisations need remains a complex challenge yet fundamental to the success of land administration projects. To date, key methods of underst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mapping millions of unrecorded land rights in large parts of Sub-Saharan Africa remains a challenge. The results of many existing ICT-based approaches for recording these rights have often proven to be inappropriate; therefore, a new generation of tools needs to be developed to map land rights faster, cheaper, easier, and more responsible. This is...
Article
Full-text available
Intensifying and increasingly complex physical developments under, on, and above ground, as well as the speed and accessibility of digital innovation, is resulting in growing interest in public sector investment in 3D geo-information. In Europe, a consortium of 11 public mapping agencies (PMAs) recently undertook a cost-benefit analysis for pursuin...
Article
Full-text available
The fulfilment of government objectives is dependent on information. Traditionally, this information originates from a classic process of input, (processing) activities, and output. However, in light of increased intergovernmental data sharing, the movement towards open data and opportunities concerning big data, traditional government information...
Chapter
The effective development and implementation of open data initiatives requires governance in order to avoid gaps, duplications, contradictions and missed opportunities. Appropriate governance instruments should be established to coordinate the activities and contributions of different stakeholders. This chapter reviews the governance of open data i...
Chapter
This book is about open data, i.e. data that does not have any barriers in the (re)use. Open data aims to optimize access, sharing and using data from a technical, legal, financial, and intellectual perspective. Data increasingly determines the way people live their lives today. Nowadays, we cannot imagine a life without real-time traffic informati...
Article
Full-text available
In large parts of sub Saharan Africa it remains an ongoing challenging to map millions of unrecognized land rights. Existing approaches for recognizing these rights have proven inappropriate in many cases. A new generation of tools needs to be developed to support faster, cheaper, easier, and more responsible land rights mapping. This is the main g...
Article
Full-text available
Geospatial data and geospatial e-services require governance and coordination between different governmental organisations. This article aims to understand what governance, and specifically what coordination, is used in Belgium for geospatial e-services and data. The Belgian case, with a focus on the regions and federal administration, is researche...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) are becoming more mature worldwide. However, despite this growing maturity, longitudinal research on the governance of SDIs is rare. The current research examines the governance history of two SDIs in the Netherlands and Flanders (Belgium). Both represent decades-long undertakings to create a large-scale base map...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
E-government is becoming a mature research field thanks to the proliferation of papers about this changing paradigm. Among this research, the participation of citizens in e-government is a topic that has particularly stimulated numerous discussions. This participation (referred to as " e-participation ") is often reduced to the democratic participa...
Article
Digital inter-organisational collaboration in the public sector remains elusive: little is known about when and how efforts for reaching its potential are likely to be successful. Understanding success and failure is one thing that needs to be done to evaluate the effectiveness of public sector information system projects. A highly popular model to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A third generation of land tools is emerging: 'its4land' is part of the movement. The initiative aims to create seven new tools that further support faster, cheaper, easier, and more responsible land rights mapping. The tools are inspired by the continuum of land rights, fit-for-purpose land administration, and cadastral intelligence. The project i...
Article
The use of 3D geo-information has rapidly developed in recent years. Technological advances have driven this evolution and reduced the costs involved in the procurement and processing of 3D geo-information. Consequently, National Mapping Agencies (NMA’s) are actively seeking to transform their data operations and processes to produce such enhanced...