Joel R Anderson

Joel R Anderson
Australian Catholic University | ACU · School of Psychology

PhD; PostGrad Dip Psych; B.Psych Science; B.Comms

About

107
Publications
65,914
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Introduction
I am a social psychologist whose primary interests revolve around group processes, with a focus on prejudice, stigma, and stereotypes. My primary research focus has been on attitudes towards homosexuality, the relationship between homophobia and religion, and the effects of religious priming on implicit attitudes. I also have interests in asylum seekers, collective action, feminist psychology, acculturation, the psychology of religion, and religious-priming effects.
Additional affiliations
July 2011 - January 2015
Australian Catholic University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Sessional Lecturer

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans or gender diverse, or queer-identifying (LGBTQ) people provide informal support to peers experiencing mental ill health. This reflects both the high prevalence of mental ill health in their communities – often a product of discrimination – and barriers to accessing formal services. In this article, we explore how...
Article
This paper presents a systematic review of factors that correlate with attitudes toward bisexuals, and a meta-analysis to estimate the effect size of these relationships. A search strategy was designed to identify studies that had a measure of attitudes toward bisexuals and assessed the relationship between these attitudes and at least one attitude...
Article
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Recent research has shown that conversion practices are poorly understood in Australia and that health workers would benefit from training to improve their care of survivors. As part of a comprehensive civil response, training for medical and mental health practitioners will be important given that increased public attention on these issues will li...
Article
Background: Digital technologies play a significant role in people's sexual and intimate lives via smart phones, cameras, dating apps and social media. Although there is a large body of research on the potential risks posed by these technologies, research on benefits and pleasures is limited. Methods: This study explored digital sexual practices...
Article
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Despite rising cases of COVID-19 in the United States of America, several states are easing restrictions (e.g., relaxing physical distancing requirements, reopening businesses) that were imposed to limit community transmission of the virus. Individuals hold differing opinions regarding whether restrictions should continue to be imposed or lifted, e...
Chapter
Collective nostalgia is a group-based emotion that refers to the longing for the ‘good old days’ of one’s ingroup. Research shows that collective nostalgia usually benefits relationships with other in-group members, while hampering intergroup relations. However, this depends on the past remembered. Moreover, global identification predicts positive...
Article
While the impacts of COVID-19 on higher education are still unfolding, it is clear that the disruption caused by the pandemic has provided a warrant to re-consider existing teaching and learning practices. We provide a reading on whether existing teaching and learning practices should be retained or whether new practices can and should emerge throu...
Article
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Background Research shows that LGBTQ communities experience high levels of suicidality and mental ill health. They also face significant barriers to accessing adequate mental health treatment in service settings. In response to these factors, it is likely that LGBTQ community members turn to their peers for informal mental health-related support. S...
Article
This paper presents the findings of a systematic review that synthesizes the qualitative findings for acculturation and education experiences among African-born migrants. Systematic searches were conducted across seven databases for English language studies using qualitative research methodologies. The search strategy identified 25 studies (n = 511...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes an unprecedented threat for individuals and societies, revealing stark inequalities in preparedness, exposure, and consequences. The present systematic literature review complements extant knowledge on disasters and pandemic diseases with programmatic research on the COVID-19 pandemic. Building upon an integrative...
Article
The degree to which an identity is an important aspect of one’s self-concept (i.e., identity centrality) relates to both health and prejudice experiences of minority groups. Individuals with greater levels of identity centrality view their world through the lens of that identity. This allows them to engage in more positive identity-relevant experie...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented threat for individuals worldwide. This paper reports the initial psychometric properties for the recently developed COVID-19 Multifaceted Threat Scale. Across three studies the construction and initial psychometric evidence is presented. In Study 1 (n = 194, 11 national groups), we adopted an induct...
Article
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Introduction: Multiple jurisdictions are debating responses to United Nations calls for banning attempts at conversion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual (LGBTQA +) peoples' identities to fit religious norms. This paper aimed to examine Australian LGBTQA + youths' experiences and outcomes of religious conversion practices att...
Article
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Reconciling religious beliefs with a sexual minority identity can be challenging. After coming out, many gay men report to have renounced their religious identity or experienced increased identity conflict between their religious and sexual identities. Giving up one’s own identity or identity conflict are known to predict negative wellbeing outcome...
Article
Romantic and sexual relationships are increasingly initiated using mobile dating applications rather than in face‐to‐face contexts. There is subsequently a need to understand socially competent and incompetent behaviors during this pre‐interaction relationship development stage. One‐on‐one in‐depth interviews were conducted with 22 emerging adults...
Article
Support for marriage equality (i.e., extending the privilege of marriage beyond heterosexual couples) is gaining global momentum as evidenced by the increase of countries introducing related legislation. In spite of this social shift, little research has attempted to understand factors predicting the rejection of marriage equality. In this paper, w...
Article
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Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated ge...
Article
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Folk wisdom and research on personality inferences suggest one should be able to judge a person's personality based on their behaviour related to alcohol consumption. In a sample of Australians (N = 1,232), we compared the utility of knowing where and what people prefer to consume alcohol to understand people's personality (broadly construed). Wher...
Article
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This study compares the individual-level and sample-level predictive utility of a measure of the cultural logics of dignity, honor, and face. University students in 29 samples from 24 nations used a simple measure to rate their perceptions of the interpersonal cultural logic characterizing their local culture. The nomological net of these measures...
Article
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Background Comprehensive data on gender and sexual identity is critical for the planning and delivery of health, education, and social support services. This paper examines ways in which sexual and gender diverse populations are being counted in research, with a view to informing discussions about how to represent these populations in future resear...
Article
Extra-legal biases have an undue effect on legal proceedings, warranting explorations of gender bias in the courtroom to promote and maintain just verdicts. We used an experimentally manipulated mock court transcript of an intimate partner homicide, in which the defendant has been victimized by intimate partner violence. We explore whether hostile...
Article
Straight men express more negative attitudes toward feminine, rather than masculine gay men, a phenomenon we label the gay-gender expression effect (GGEE). This effect stems partly from men’s motivation to conform to the antifemininity norm of masculinity. This study investigated whether perceived changes in men’s gender roles moderates this effect...
Article
Objectification theory provides a theoretical framework for understanding how socialization and experiences of objectification can lead women to place excessive value on their appearance—a process known as self-objectification. Despite the number of women that are mothers, the application of objectification theory to motherhood has been relatively...
Article
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Although there is a lack of data on experiences in other youth-serving organisations, past research on schools has found that transgender youth often perceive the school climate, as well as the physical aspects of the school environment, as less safe than their cisgender peers. Similarly, transgender students’ level of confidence in adults and staf...
Article
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Sex differences in aspects of independent versus interdependent self-construal and depressive symptoms were surveyed among 5,320 students from 24 nations. Men were found to perceive themselves as more self-contained whereas women perceived themselves as more connected to others. No significant sex differences were found on two further dimensions of...
Article
In 2017, the Australian Government announced that a voluntary postal survey would be used to quantify the views of the Australian public on marriage equality. This non‐binding, voluntary postal survey—and the associated public debate—can be viewed as a discriminatory event for same‐sex attracted Australians. The exacerbation of minority stress like...
Article
Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross‐culturally, to test if both individual‐ and country‐level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zer...
Article
Belonging to multiple identities that are incompatible has been linked to poor psychological wellbeing outcomes, including feelings of guilt and shame. Individuals who experience such conflict can use a range of strategies to reconcile seemingly incompatible identities. The current study aimed to explore the strategy of identity integration as a pr...
Article
There is little research on housing options for Family and Domestic Violence (FDV) survivors in Australia. Many FDV housing models promote empowerment as an objective of their services, but without the necessary evidence base it is unknown which housing models best facilitate empowerment in FDV survivors. We conducted a systematic literature review...
Article
The present research tested the hypothesis that perceived men’s feminization can decrease heterosexual men’s positive attitudes toward homosexuality because of their increased motivation to psychologically differentiate heterosexual men from gay men - i.e., in order to restore ingroup distinctiveness. Study 1 (N = 173) manipulated perceptions of me...
Article
This article meta-analyses the available data on attitudes towards refugees and asylum seekers, with the aim of estimating effect sizes for the relationships between these attitudes and prejudice-relevant correlates. Seventy studies (Ntotal = 13,720) were located using systematic database searches and calls for unpublished data. In the case of demo...
Article
The world currently has the highest documented level of displaced people in recorded history. This includes a large number of individuals who are spending their youth as asylum seekers or refugees, which often impedes their access to and engagement with educational pursuits. Given that education has been shown to be a fundamental factor to facilita...
Article
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One of the central dimensions of traditional masculinity is men’s renunciation of the feminine (i.e., the anti-femininity norm), and men’s endorsement of this norm constitutes one of the strongest predictors of negative attitudes toward homosexuality. However, egalitarian societies are undergoing a significant change: Gendered roles, stereotypes, a...
Article
Although attitudes towards gay men are becoming increasingly inclusive, negative attitudes are still experienced by this socially marginalised group. Prejudice research often uses the Dual Process Model of Prejudice (DPM: comprised of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation) to understand negative social attitudes, and recently...
Conference Paper
Responding effectively to humanitarian emergencies such as “Syrian refugee crisis” often requires the commitment of large groups of people. However, this may not always be possible when there are social or political constraints preventing people from mobilizing themselves and others in order to target the unfair systems or the authorities. In this...
Article
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People who self-objectify perceive their bodies as objects which exist for the pleasure of others. Personality traits are important factors that might moderate the pathway between self-objectification and body image concerns. In the present paper, we explore if narcissism moderates this relationship, and we do so by exploring the facets of grandios...
Article
Self-objectification occurs when women view their bodies as objects, existing for the pleasure of others. Individual differences in trait-based self-objectification are associated with negative psychological outcomes, including an increased risk of poor body image. Recent research has revealed that narcissism moderates the pathway between self-obje...
Article
The sub-clinical personality traits of narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and everyday sadism (i.e., the dark triad/tetrad) are known to predict subversive behaviours. Given increases in the prevalence of social media and internet use, and the growing knowledge about the negative consequences of their use, it is important to understand how...
Article
Prejudicial attitudes toward asylum seekers are prevalent, and an emerging body of literature has revealed that this is partly driven by religious affiliation. The population of Malaysia is multireligious, making it a fruitful location for testing religion-based prejudice hypotheses. Thus, across 2 studies we tested the roles of Christianity and Is...
Article
Background: Prejudice against transgender people is widespread, yet in spite of the prevalence of this negativity relatively little is known about the antecedents and predictors of these attitudes. One factor that is commonly related to prejudice is religion, and this is especially true for prejudice targets that are considered to be “value violati...
Article
Religion is often a driving force in negative attitudes; however, in the specific case of migrant-based attitudes, research has produced conflicting findings. That is, religion can paradoxically facilitate either tolerance or intolerance toward this group. In light of these inconsistent findings, we conducted a meta-analytic review to estimate the...
Article
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Stereotypes typically have negative impacts on stigmatized minority groups, especially when endorsed by members of that group. This paper examines the prevalence and consequences of stereotype endorsement on well-being within the gay community. Specifically, we explored how gay men’s self-stereotype (i.e., personal beliefs about the stereotypes per...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper meta-analyses the available data on attitudes towards refugees and asylum seekers, with the aim of estimating effect sizes for the relationships between these attitudes and prejudice-relevant correlates. Seventy studies (Ntotal = 13,720) were located using systematic database searches and calls for unpublished data. In the case of demogr...
Article
Full-text available
The number of asylum seekers and refugees across the world is rapidly increasing. Negative attitudes towards these groups are globally prevalent and typically hostile because most receiving country citizens perceive them to be a security threat and an economic burden. This paper aims to understand the antecedents of negative attitudes toward a larg...
Article
Over the past few decades, there has been a progressive implementation of policies designed to deter the arrival of people seeking protection. In Australia, this has included offshore processing and towing boats of asylum seekers away from Australian waters. In a community survey of 164 Australians, this study examined the predictive role of false...
Article
Full-text available
People who internalize an observer's perspective of their bodies are understood to experience 'self-objectifica-tion', a process which is associated with increased risk of poor body image, depression, and eating disorders. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the literature which has explored the relationship between trait self-objecti...
Article
The overt objectification and dehumanization of Black people has a long history throughout the Western world. However, few researchers have explored whether such perceptions still persist implicitly and whether Black women are sexually objectified at an interpersonal level. We sought to address this gap by exploring whether Black women are sexually...
Article
The global refugee crisis has resulted in the widespread resettlement of forcibly displaced peoples into foreign cultures. These refugees are forced into new and sometimes very different cultures, and thus must undertake the psychological process of acculturation as a result of this resettlement. Research has begun to focus on how host cultures can...
Article
In three studies, heterosexual participants were presented with descriptions of heterosexual and gay-male parents. Importantly, the level of gender-role conformity of the gay-male parents was experimentally manipulated, resulting in their level of gender-role conformity ranging from high to low. Compared to the son of a heterosexual couple, the son...
Article
Full-text available
In three studies, heterosexual participants were presented with descriptions of heterosexual and gay-male parents. Importantly, the level of gender-role conformity of the gay-male parents was experimentally manipulated, resulting in their level of gender-role conformity ranging from high to low. Compared to the son of a heterosexual couple, the son...
Article
Full-text available
The present study reports the psychometric properties of the English version of the short form of the Attitudes TowardHomosexuality Scale (ATHS; Falomir-Pichastor & Mugny, 2009). Workers from Amazon's MTurk™ (n = 235 for validation, n = 60 for test-retest) completed the short form of the ATHS, translated from French, and the Attitudes Toward Lesbia...
Article
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Grindr is a smartphone application for men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite its reputation as a 'hook-up app', little is known about its users' self-presentation strategies and how this relates to objectification. This article explores objectification on Grindr. The results of Study 1 showed that Grindr users objectified other men more than non...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the initial psychometric properties for the recently developed prejudice against asylum seekers scale (PAAS) - a new measure of the classical and conditional components of negative attitudes towards asylum seekers. Across three studies the initial psychometric evidence is presented: An exploratory factor analysis suggested that t...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Chinese students comprise the largest group of foreign-born tertiary students studying in Australia, and these students face unique challenges when striving toward their academic goals. The challenges including acculturation stress, culture shock, and studying in a foreign language. In this article, we explore implicit acculturation stra...
Article
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Implicit and explicit attitudes correlate under certain conditions and researchers are interested in the moderating factors of this relationship. This paper explored the role of socially desirable responding in this relationship by testing the hypothesis that impression management (IM; i.e., deliberate response modification) and self-deceptive enha...
Article
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Objective: A global increase in forced displacement has led to rapid increases in the number of people seeking asylum. Negative attitudes toward these people are pervasive and the literature attempting to understand the prevalence and impact of these attitudes is growing. This article contains a meta-analysis of the Australian quantitative research...
Article
Objective: The marriage equality debate is becoming increasingly prominent in Australian political and media discourse. Moreover, as policy that would legislate marriage equality continues to be debated in political circles, public opinion on the topic appears to be becoming increasingly divided. This article presents a cross-sectional study explor...
Article
OBJECTIVE Personality has a long history of being linked to attitudes toward various social groups, but little research has explored how darker aspects of personality might contribute to social attitudes. In this article, we explore the role of the ominous personality traits in the Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) in accou...
Article
Full-text available
Attitudes toward asylum seekers that have been reported in Australia are negative and pervasive. To date, this body of literature has explored only measured explicit responses. This article is the first to explore their implicit counterpart. Two cross-sectional studies measured explicit and implicit attitudes towards asylum seekers. The first study...
Article
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This paper presents the Learning Incentive Program (LIP), which is an innovative teaching resource designed to enhance a range of learning-relevant outcomes through increasing student engagement while maintaining intrinsic motivation. Specifically, the LIP involves interactive weekly online formative quizzes, primarily designed to encourage engagem...
Article
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It is with pride that we present to you a range of quality papers that address these exact issues. From historically informed calls to action and conceptually-based models for intervention, to findings that demonstrate the importance of real life disparities and disadvantage experienced by gay men and lesbian women, we are particularly content with...
Article
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The current research explored perceptions of disclosing the information of “I am gay”, “I am heterosexual”, and “I am a virgin” to a variety of audiences. Participants were 842 undergraduate students who evaluated the valence of each disclosure, listed the associated feelings, and rated the comfort of disclosing such information to various audience...
Article
Research into the relationship between religion and anti-gay attitudes frequently focuses on Christianity. We explored the role of religiosity dimensions, previous contact, and factors in the dual-process motivation model as predictors of explicit and implicit anti-gay attitudes in samples of Muslims and Atheists. The explicit and implicit attitude...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of non-heterosexuality has changed considerably over the past century. Once considered as medical conditions attracting legal complications and serious social stigma, expressions of non-heterosexuality are now broadly considered to be normal variations of human sexuality. The historical inclusion of homosexuality in the psychiatr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Religion plays a vital role in the formation of communities and the interaction of cultures, yet is largely ignored in psychological texts. Contemporary religious trends across the globe are rapidly changing. For example, less people are adhering to traditional forms of religious practice, Atheism and secular beliefs are becoming increasingly commo...
Article
Objective Public opinion towards asylum seekers within Australia has become increasingly hostile over the past decade. In particular, such negative attitudes are associated with questioning the legitimacy of those who seek asylum and the fairness of granting their refugee status. The major aim of this paper is to test the role of macro and micro pr...
Article
Denmark is currently experiencing the highest immigration rate in its modern history. Population surveys indicate that negative public attitudes toward immigrants actually stem from attitudes toward their (perceived) Islamic affiliation. We used a framing paradigm to investigate the explicit and implicit attitudes of Christian and Atheist Danes tow...
Conference Paper
Atheism is an emerging social category experiencing rapid growth, with estimates of up to 850 million non-religious individuals worldwide. There is some evidence that suggests atheism is not inherently present in people, and instead it extensively relies on culture. In this project, we pose three challenges to the field of psychology and culture, a...
Conference Paper
Kurds are the largest indigenous ethnic minority in Turkey, comprising nearly 15% of Turkey’s population. Kurds have long been the target of state-enacted assimilation policies, and this has created critical inequalities between Kurds and Turks manifesting as Kurds having limited access to educational resources, lower levels of literacy, and higher...