Joe Baker

Joe Baker
York University · School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences

PhD

About

350
Publications
225,441
Reads
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13,005
Citations
Citations since 2016
142 Research Items
8449 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - April 2011
University of Münster
Position
  • Visiting Research Fellow
January 2011 - April 2011
Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Position
  • Visiting Research Scholar

Publications

Publications (350)
Article
Full-text available
Athlete selection (often referred to as talent selection) reflects the end point of what is a complex decision-making process coaches, administrators, and/or scouts use when deciding who remains and who is removed from a sample of potential athletes. In this paper, we conceptualize athlete selection as an evolutionary process where selection pressu...
Article
The current study explored coach and athlete reactions and challenges leading up to the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games, with a specific focus on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Games’ postponement. Nine Australian Paralympic coaches ( n = 3) and athletes ( n = 6) shared their experiences in semistructured interviews. The thematic analysis...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the genotype frequency distribution of thirty-three single nucleotide variants (SNVs) between youth development phase (YDP) and professional development phase (PDP) academy football players. One hundred and sixty-six male football players from two Category 1 and Category 3 English academies we...
Article
Full-text available
Talent identification and selection are critical components of competitive sport success. Despite the time, effort, and resources invested, the accuracy of selection decisions remains generally poor. While much of the scholarship in this area has focused on the factors discriminating skilled and less-skilled individuals, limited research exists on...
Article
Background: Technical capabilities have significant discriminative and prognostic power in youth football. Although, many factors influence technical performance, no research has explored the genetic contribution. As such, the purpose of this study was to examine the association of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with technical asse...
Article
Full-text available
Examining non-sport-related cognitive tasks of attention and executive control in skilled athletes may provide insight into the acquisition of highly specific skills developed in experts as well as help identify successful performance in sport. Through a cross-sectional design, this study examined performance on aspects of attention and executive c...
Article
Psychological characteristics influence the performance of youth football players and are significant predictors of development and success at adulthood. Although genetic factors may explain a considerable portion of inter-individual differences in psychological traits, psychogenetic research in football is scarce. As such, the purpose of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Sport researchers have warned about the lack of a clear and consistent definition of early specialization, while others have raised concerns around the validity of methods used to classify athletes as ‘specializers’. The current investigation includes two studies examining the implications of varying classification methods for exploring both specia...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term athletic development practices have been recommended for the past two decades. However, limited research exists exploring the knowledge and skills required by practitioners to optimise long-term athletic development. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, adherence, practices, and challenges of practitioners responsible fo...
Article
Full-text available
In theory, professional sport ‘entry drafts’ are designed to promote parity by granting poorly performing teams with early selections and winning teams with later selections. While this process has intentions to ‘level the playing field’, mixed findings exist in the literature. The aim of this review is to identify and synthesize the literature exa...
Article
Full-text available
In 2017, Sports Illustrated (SI) made headlines when their remarkable prediction from 2014 that the Houston Astros (a team in one of the lowest Major League Baseball divisional rankings) would win the World Series, came true. The less-publicised story was that in 2017, SI predicted the Los Angeles Dodgers to win the Major League Baseball (MLB) titl...
Presentation
Self-regulated learning (SRL) – how an athlete self-controls thoughts, motivations, and goal-oriented behaviours – helps optimize practice quality (McCardle et al., 2017). Emerging conceptualizations of coaching for skill acquisition within the Co-regulatory Coaching Interface Model (CCIM; Bain & Young, 2019) demonstrate that an athlete’s SRL compe...
Article
Relative age effects (RAEs) are independent of specific cutoff dates that can vary from country to country. However, the consequences of changing the selection cutoff dates within a national sport organization are unknown. Further, the transition from international youth to senior representation is yet to be explored in rugby union. Thus, the aims...
Article
Full-text available
This three-part investigation conducted a comprehensive analysis of 213 Australian and Canadian athletes' developmental trajectories, training histories, and experiences in organized sports from 18 Paralympic sports (PS). While athletes with early-onset impairments (i.e., congenital, preadolescent) reached milestones and commenced various types of...
Article
Full-text available
Research has recently examined the role of impairment onset on athlete development in Paralympic sport; however, less is known on how impairment type can impact athlete sporting pathways. In this study, 187 Australian and Canadian Paralympic sport athletes completed a survey. Participants were divided into the following four groups: impaired muscle...
Article
Full-text available
Athlete selection is fundamental in elite sport, occurring regularly throughout an athlete's development. Research in this area reveals the accuracy of these decisions is questionable in even the most elite sport environments and athletes are increasingly disputing these decisions as unfair and punitive. As a countermeasure to these dispute and arb...
Presentation
Full-text available
Objective: To examine performance on aspects of attention and executive control among varsity athletes playing strategic or static sports. Design: Performance on a computerized test of attention and executive control was compared between university soccer and track and field athletes using a cross-sectional design. Method: Ninety-seven university a...
Article
Full-text available
Context The assumed risks of early specialization in sport are well known, with several international consensus statements advising against specialization in early athlete development. However, there have been recent calls for more focused research in this area. Evidence Acquisition Research evidence from several scientific disciplines (eg, sport...
Chapter
Full-text available
Where does exceptionality begin? How do we define and measure it? What is the role of the environment in promoting or inhibiting the development of expertise? Despite being critical elements of philosophy for at least two millennia, empirical examinations of the origins and development of human exceptionality are relatively recent. It was not until...
Article
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The past two decades have seen a rapid rise in attention towards talent identification, athlete development and skill acquisition. However, there are important limitations to the evidentiary foundations of this field of research. For instance, variability in describing the performance levels of individuals has made it challenging to draw inferences...
Article
Full-text available
In this review paper, we reflect on the work of K. Anders Ericsson and how his Deliberate Practice Framework (DPF: Ericsson et al., 1993) has particularly impacted the field of sport expertise and athlete development. We review the major tenets of the framework, including areas where there is indisputable evidence for the value of deliberate practi...
Article
Talent selection has become an integral part of many nations’ athlete development systems. In this context, a coach often serves as a decision-maker, selecting or deselecting athletes based on their intuition, a phenomenon that has generally come to be referred to as “coach’s eye”. However, there is no consistent operational definition of this term...
Article
Significance: We give a comprehensive picture of perceptual-cognitive (PC) skills that could contribute to performance in interceptive sports. Both visual skills that are low level and unlikely influenced by experience and higher-level cognitive-attentional skills are considered, informing practitioners for identification and training and alerting...
Article
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The sunk cost effect describes the tendency to escalate one’s commitment towards a certain endeavor, despite diminishing returns, as a consequence of irreversible resource expenditure that has already been made.1 This effect has been observed in a number of professional sports leagues, wherein teams escalate their commitment towards players selecte...
Article
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Our target article on ‘Innate talent’ had two objectives, first to acknowledge the 20th anniversary of the seminal contribution by Howe, Davidson and Sloboda (1998) and second, to update this information as it relates to talent in the domain of sport. Many thanks to all the authors that took the time to provide commentaries on our review. Broadly,...
Article
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The demands of high-performance sport are exacerbated during the lead up to the Major Games (i.e., Paralympics). The purpose of this study was to better understand the challenges experienced and strategies utilized by Australian athletes (n = 7) and coaches (n = 5) preparing for the Tokyo Paralympic Games using semi-structured interviews. The thema...
Article
Full-text available
Self-regulated learning (SRL) is associated with enhanced athletic practice and sport expertise development. Self-report measures show promising associations with criteria for expertise development, yet there remains a need to further evidence of validity. We assessed whether modifications to the Self-Regulated Learning for Sport Practice (SRL-SP)...
Article
Full-text available
Despite rapid increases in research on talent identification and development in able-bodied sports, there remains limited knowledge regarding how talent is identified and developed in Paralympic contexts. The purpose of this study was to capture the perspectives of experts (coaches, high-performance managers, and pathway specialists) working in eli...
Article
Full-text available
The National Hockey League (NHL) entry draft is a process wherein teams make sequential selections from a pool of eligible players. Given the young age of prospects, drafting requires long‐term forecasting of future performance under a high level of uncertainty. This study assessed the selection accuracy across all seven rounds of the draft, as wel...
Chapter
Sport is regularly advocated as a vehicle for positive psychosocial development, with coaching an integral part of how participation leads to the development of psychosocial assets and life skills. While a large body of research has focused on youth sport and development, the continuous rise in participation in Masters Sport has led researchers to...
Article
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Maintaining balance between training stress and recovery is essential in the pursuit of athletic performance; however, expertise-related differences in characteristics of recovery are understudied. This study compared sleep – biologically fundamental recovery with strong effects on sport performance – among athletes of different skill levels. Forty...
Article
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Several recent systematic and targeted reviews have highlighted limitations in our understanding of talent in sport. However, a comprehensive profile of where the scientific research has focused would help identify gaps in current knowledge. Our goal in this scoping review was (a) to better understand what others have done in the field of research...
Article
Negative age-stereotypes can have widespread effects on older adult functionality; however, no research has explored psychophysical aspects of stair navigation after exposure to stereotype priming. The present study examined self-efficacy and biomechanics related to stair navigation in older adults ( N = 90). Between-groups analyses revealed positi...
Poster
Full-text available
Athletes build on practice time with their coach through work on their own using self-regulated learning (SRL) processes (Bain & Young, 2019). It is unclear how much time athletes spend in self-organized practice, and whether contextual factors influence these durations. Understanding self-organized practice time helps to contextualize practical ef...
Article
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Introduction: While practitioners and organizations advise against early specialization, the lack of a consistent and clear definition of early specialization reduces the impact of recommendations and policies in youth sport. An important first step in understanding the consequences of early specialization is establishing what early specialization...
Article
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For the past half-century, the Paralympic Games has continued to grow, evident through increased participation, media recognition, and rising research focus in Para sport. While the competitive pool of athletes has increased, athlete development models have stayed relatively the same. Currently, coaches rely mainly on experiential knowledge, inform...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Talent identification and development (TID) programs aim to identify players with the greatest potential for longterm success. Previous research suggests that the assessment of sport-specific technical skills is valuable for discriminating between more and less skilled individuals and/or for predicting future performance. Objective: Thi...
Article
Douglas, AS, Rotondi, MA, Baker, J, Jamnik, VK, and Macpherson, AK. A comparison of on-ice external load measures between subelite and elite female ice hockey players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-This study quantified and examined differences in measures of on-ice external load for subelite and elite female ice hockey players. External...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations of the association of focus of attention and quiet eye duration have shown mixed results. It is possible that when focusing on visuo-motor learning a more sensitive category system of instructions might be useful. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction of focus of attention and quiet eye duration in darts. In additi...
Article
This chapter reviews the origins of the deliberate practice (DP) concept and explains how these ideas have stimulated applications to research in sport. It appraises both conceptual and methodological aspects of the deliberate practice framework (DPF) and discusses the reasons the DPF has remained a framework for examining expert performance rather...
Article
The Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) offers a rich data source that may be used by golf National Sporting Organisations (NSOs) to inform the allocation of human and financial capital. Golf has undergone many changes over the past few decades, thus before rankings data can be used for benchmarking purposes it is crucial to appraise its temporal st...
Article
Despite the importance of technique and tactics for athlete performance, there has been surprisingly little research on the value of these skills in talent identification and development. This study investigated the relationship between coaches’ early notational analyses of female youth handball players and the long-term success of these athletes....
Article
Full-text available
The modern-day landscape of Olympic and Professional sport is arguably more competitive than ever. One consequence of this is the increased focus on identifying and developing early athletic talent. In this paper, we highlight key challenges associated with talent (athlete) identification and development and propose possible solutions that could be...
Article
This study examines developmental history data to identify common pathways for elite Para sport performance and contextualizes these findings using known models of athlete development (e.g., the Developmental Model of Sport Participation, Côté, 1999). Seventy-three Canadian wheelchair basketball players completed a modified version of the Developme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since technical skills are suggested to play a crucial role in talent identification and development (TID) programs, sports biomechanical assessment methods could gain in importance within this field. This systematic mini review provides a brief overview of the biomechanical approaches used so far to assess technical skills and the respective findi...
Article
Athletes who specialize early often invest more into their sport from a young age, thus it has been suggested early specializers may feel greater pressures to perform, and may have higher levels of anxiety. This study focused on better understanding the differences between early specializers and non-specializers in terms of psychological constructs...
Article
Full-text available
The relative age effect (RAE) refers to the asymmetrical distribution of birthdates in a cohort found in many achievement domains, particularly in sports with many participants like soccer. Given the uniqueness of the one-child policy in China, this study examined the existence of the RAE in elite Chinese male and female soccer players generally an...
Article
Full-text available
Coaches are faced with the difficult task of identifying and selecting athletes to their team. Despite its widespread practice in sport, there is still much to learn about improving the identification and selection process. Evidence to date suggests selection decisions (at different competitive levels) can be inaccurate, bias driven, and sometimes ev...
Article
Talent identification and development are two of the most critical, yet underexplored, areas in sport sciences. Despite its importance to a host of sport stakeholders, there is a void in our understanding of how coaches construct talent. In an effort to learn more, semistructured interviews were conducted with nine (one female and eight male) colle...
Article
Full-text available
Initiatives have been designed to attract novice athletes and enable transfer for experienced athletes. However, we have very little knowledge of the effectiveness of these programs. To improve our understanding, this project explored the demographic and sporting careers of 225 participants attending one of 10 Paralympian Search events held between...
Article
Full-text available
Sporting events for older adults are proliferating in both popularity and participation numbers, mirroring the growth that is occurring globally with an aging population. Preliminary evidence indicates that older athletes have a tendency to compare themselves (in terms of their performance, participation, and aging) to inactive older adults deemed...
Article
Full-text available
The spatio-temporal demands of many high performance sport contexts require a strategic interplay between anticipation from early kinematic cues and the appropriate movement strategy. Despite the importance of the interaction between observer and deceiver in these contexts, this dyad is usually considered separately (i.e., from perceptual-cognitive...
Article
Full-text available
The road to professional baseball illustrates the complexity, variability and non-linearity of athlete development, as players may be drafted from various high school, 2 year, or 4 year programs and then placed into extensive minor league systems. The purpose of this study was to identify the different pathways to Major League Baseball (MLB) and ex...
Article
Though the existence of Relative Age Effects (RAEs) has been documented through a multitude of studies spanning various sports and levels of play, application of solutions related to RAEs has been limited. In this review, the strengths and weaknesses of various proposed solutions to RAEs in youth sport are considered. Our objective was to identify,...
Article
Full-text available
The development of the field of sport expertise over the past 20 years has been remarkable, and our understanding of the varying factors affecting athlete development and motor skill acquisition has expanded considerably. Recently, there has been a push toward more sophisticated research designs to continue the advancement of our understanding of s...