Jodi J L Rowley

Jodi J L Rowley
Australian Museum · Herpetology

PhD

About

149
Publications
119,135
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Introduction
I am an amphibian biologist based at the Australian Museum and the University of NSW in Sydney, Australia. My main research interests are: * integrating ecological, behavioural, bioacoustic, molecular and morphological data to uncover and document biodiversity, understand its drivers, and inform conservation decisions. * how interspecific differences in ecology and behaviour relate to vulnerability to extinction due to threats such as disease, habitat modification and over-harvesting.
Education
May 2003 - March 2007
James Cook University
Field of study
  • Tropical Biology
February 1998 - October 2002
UNSW Sydney
Field of study
  • Environmental Science

Publications

Publications (149)
Article
Full-text available
The amphibian disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, has been implicated in mass mortalities, population declines and extinctions of amphibians around the world. In almost all cases, amphibian species that have disappeared or declined due to chytridiomycosis coexist with non-declining species. One reason wh...
Article
Full-text available
With an understudied amphibian fauna, the highest deforestation rate on the planet and high harvesting pressures, Southeast Asian amphibians are facing a conservation crisis. Owing to the overriding threat of habitat loss, the most critical conservation action required is the identification and strict protection of habitat assessed as having high a...
Article
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A major obstacle in prioritizing species or habitats for conservation is the degree of unrecognized diversity hidden within complexes of morphologically similar, "cryptic" species. Given that amphibians are one of the most threatened groups of organisms on the planet, our inability to diagnose their true diversity is likely to have significant cons...
Article
There is an urgent need for comprehensive global biodiversity data, particularly for highly threatened taxa such as frogs. Some of the most dramatic frog population declines, globally, have occurred in Australia, but logistical difficulties of surveying frogs (i.e., the large size of Australia and remoteness within it) have limited our knowledge of...
Article
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Fires change ecosystem composition and influence species extinction risk, yet information on the impact of fire on biodiversity is scant. The bushfires in southeastern Australia during the summer of 2019/20 were unprecedented in their extent and intensity, and postfire management decisions have been hindered by a lack of knowledge of the impact of...
Article
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After environmental disasters, species with large population losses may need urgent protection to prevent extinction and support recovery. Following the 2019–2020 Australian megafires, we estimated population losses and recovery in fire‐affected fauna, to inform conservation status assessments and management. Temperate and subtropical Australia. 20...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nguyen's Fanged Frog Limnonectes nguyenorum has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Limnonectes nguyenorum is listed as Near Threatened under criteria B1ab(iii,v).
Technical Report
Full-text available
Leptobrachella botsfordi has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Leptobrachella botsfordi is listed as Critically Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Technical Report
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Cao Bang Spadefoot Toad Megophrys caobangensis has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Megophrys caobangensis is listed as Data Deficient.
Technical Report
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Jingdong Horned Toad Megophrys jingdongensis has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Megophrys jingdongensis is listed as Least Concern.
Technical Report
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Sterling's Toothed Toad Oreolalax sterlingae has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Oreolalax sterlingae is listed as Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Technical Report
Full-text available
Elfin Mountain Toad Megophrys elfina has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Megophrys elfina is listed as Least Concern.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Mount Fansipan Horned Frog Megophrys fansipanensis has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2019. Megophrys fansipanensis is listed as Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Technical Report
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Gert's Mountain Toad Megophrys gerti has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Megophrys gerti is listed as Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Technical Report
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Tak Horned Toad Megophrys takensis has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Megophrys takensis is listed as Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sapa Bushfrog Gracixalus sapaensis has most recently been assessed for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2020. Gracixalus sapaensis is listed as Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii).
Article
The bleating tree frog (Litoria dentata) is one of the more prominent pelodryadid frogs of eastern Australia by virtue of its extremely loud, piercing, male advertisement call. A member of the Litoria rubella species group, L. dentata has a broad latitudinal distribution and is widespread from coastal and subcoastal lowlands through to montane area...
Article
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Amolops splendissimus Orlov and Ho, 2007 and A. caelumnoctis Rao and Wilkinson, 2007 were described almost simultaneously from either side of the China-Vietnam border. The two species share a strong morphological resemblance, and their taxonomic distinctiveness has been questioned, yet no one has confirmed the taxonomic relationship and status betw...
Article
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The Hoang Lien Range in northwest Vietnam is known to harbour five species of Leptobrachella, a specious genus of terrestrial frogs. We collected specimens of Leptobrachella from Mount Pu Ta Leng on the second highest peak in the Hoang Lien Range and use morphological and molecular data to show that this population represents a previously undescrib...
Article
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Zootaxa is a mega-journal that since its inception, 20 years ago, has contributed to the documentation of the planet’s biodiversity. Its role concerning terrestrial vertebrates has been crucial especially for amphibians, which are the most threatened class of vertebrates. As current editors of the Amphibia section, we reviewed the state of knowledg...
Article
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We used a Photo Identification Method (PIM) to identify individuals of the Blue Mountains Tree Frog, Litoria citropa. By matching the body markings on photographs taken in the field of the lateral, dorsal and anterior views of the frog, we were able to re-match two individuals; one after 88 days and the other after 45 days. We present the first evi...
Preprint
Urban environments are novel ecosystems, with increased chemical, sound, and light pollution differentially impacting many animals. Understanding the impacts of urban environments on biodiversity is the first step to understanding how to best mitigate biodiversity losses in an increasingly urbanizing world. Analyses with broad geographic and taxono...
Article
Full-text available
Urban environments are novel ecosystems, with increased chemical, sound, and light pollution differentially impacting many animals. Understanding the impacts of urban environments on biodiversity is the first step to understanding how to best mitigate biodiversity losses in an increasingly urbanizing world. Analyses with broad geographic and taxono...
Article
Anthropogenic habitat modification is accelerating, threatening the world's biodiversity. Understanding species' responses to anthropogenic modification is vital for halting species' declines. However, this information is lacking for globally threatened amphibians, informed primarily by small community‐level studies. We integrated >126,000 verified...
Article
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The genus Megophrys is known to harbour morphological cryptic species diversity. During field work on Vietnam’s third highest peak, Mount Ky Quan San, north-west Vietnam, we collected specimens of a new species of Megophrys at two locations more than 2000 m above sea level (asl). Phylogenetic analyses using mitochondrial markers place the new speci...
Article
Tadpoles of the Vampire tree frog Rhacophorus vampyrus differ substantially from other rhacophorid tadpoles, by having profound modifications in external morphology. The morphological peculiarities of this species likely correlate with their arboreal microhabitat and strict oophagous diet. In this work, we examine buccal and musculoskeletal anatomy...
Article
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Amphibians, as a class, are the most threatened vertebrates on the planet, with 41% of species threatened with extinction. Southeast Asian amphibian species in particular have been impacted by a high rate of habitat loss, and overharvesting for consumption, traditional medicine, and the pet trade has placed further pressure on populations. Collecti...
Article
In the last several decades, habitat loss, overexploitation, invasive organisms, disease, pollution and, more recently, climate change have led to catastrophic declines in amphibian biodiversity. Montane amphibian species, particularly those with narrow distributions and specific habitat requirements are likely to be at particular risk under future...
Article
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This study investigates the presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) in the Hoang Lien Range and patterns of Bd infection in space, time, and host species over a five-year sampling period. This study also investigates the presence of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans in the Hoang Lien Range.
Article
The Limnonectes kuhlii complex is a group of morphologically similar species of fanged frogs distributed across much of mainland and insular Southeast Asia. Many new species in this complex have been described in recent years, primarily on the basis of mitochondrial DNA divergence corroborated by differences in linear measurements and qualitative c...
Article
Citizen science is fundamentally shifting the future of biodiversity research. But although citizen science observations are contributing an increasingly large proportion of biodiversity data, they only feature in a relatively small percentage of research papers on biodiversity. We provide our perspective on three frontiers of citizen science resea...
Article
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Acoustic signalling is evolutionarily important, influencing sexual selection and serving as a premating isolation mechanism. There is a strong evolutionary basis for acoustic signalling to occur nocturnally across many terrestrial vertebrate groups including mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Within some of these groups, there is a general assumpti...
Article
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We describe the tadpole of the Botsford’s leaf-litter frog Leptobrachella botsfordi, a species endemic to Mount Fansipan in northwest Vietnam, for the first time. Tadpoles of this species were found in steep, fast-flowing streams at elevations between 2500–2600 m asl. We also report a previously unknown locality for this species on Mount Fansipan,...
Article
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Many animals rely on vocal communication for mating advertisement, territorial displays, and warning calls. Advertisement calls are species-specific, serve as a premating isolation mechanism, and reinforce species boundaries. Nevertheless, there is a great deal of interspecific variability of advertisement calls. Quantifying the variability of call...
Article
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Frogs in the genus Megophrys are an Asian radiation of stream-breeding frogs. The tadpoles of many Megophrys species are undescribed; those that are described are often dubiously allocated to species by association with post metamorphic specimens at collection sites and without supportive molecular data. We provide detailed descriptions of the larv...
Article
The species-rich, megophryid frog genus Leptobrachella Smith, 1925 is distributed throughout the uplands of mainland Southeast Asia but is conspicuously absent from the Cardamom Mountains of southwestern Cambodia, where it has been known only by a single, undetermined metamorphic specimen collected nearly two decades ago. We report two adult female...
Article
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Sterling’s toothed toad, (Oreolalax sterlingae), is the only member of the genus known from Vietnam. The species is thought to be endemic to Mount Fansipan, Lai Cao Province in northern Vietnam at elevations exceeding 2700 m a.s.l. O. sterlingae is one of just two Critically Endangered amphibians currently known from Vietnam and has an “Extent of O...
Article
Species boundaries within the red-eyed Leptobrachium of southern Indochina have been uncertain. Leptobrachium pullum and L. mouhoti from upper and lower elevations, respectively, of the Langbian Plateau of southern Vietnam and eastern Cambodia differ in body size but have relatively low interspecific mitochondrial DNA divergence, leading to specula...
Article
We describe a new species of phytotelm-breeding rhacophorid frog from central Vietnam. Gracixalus trieng sp. nov. is distinguished from all congeners by a combination of (1) body size medium (37.2–41.4 mm in five adult males), (2) snout rounded in dorsal and lateral views, (3) dorsal surface brown or yellowish with a darker brown interorbital cross...
Article
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Understanding species richness patterns in time and space is critical for conservation management and ecological analyses. But estimates of species richness for a given place are often imprecise and incomplete, even when derived from expert-validated range maps. The current uptake of citizen science in natural resource management, conservation, and...
Article
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This dataset represents expert-validated occurrence records of calling frogs across Australia collected via the national citizen science project FrogID (http://www.frogid.net.au). FrogID relies on participants recording calling frogs using smartphone technology, after which point the frogs are identified by expert validators, resulting in a databas...
Article
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One of the major drivers of global biodiversity declines is habitat loss and modification, often associated with anthropogenic environments. To mitigate biodiversity declines, a comprehensive understanding of how species respond to novel anthropogenic environments is required. Compared to natural habitats, human-modified environments often have inc...
Article
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Biodiversity conservation is reliant on thorough species occurrence data. However, the collection of such data is often difficult for species with poor detectability. Recently, invertebrate-derived DNA (iDNA) has emerged as a potentially powerful survey method to increase the detectability of terrestrial vertebrates. Parasitic invertebrates are eff...
Article
A major driver of global biodiversity loss is disease. One of the most devastating wildlife diseases known is chytridiomycosis, which is caused by the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, and is implicated in population declines in over 500 frog species. Thought to originate in Asia, B. dendrobatidis now has a global distributio...
Article
Wildlife disease is a major cause of global biodiversity loss. Amongst the most devastating is the disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ( Bd ). This disease has contributed to declines and extinctions in hundreds of amphibian species, but not all species are affected equally. Some amphibian...
Article
Full-text available
We are currently in the midst of Earth's sixth extinction event, and measuring biodiversity trends in space and time is essential for prioritizing limited resources for conservation. At the same time, the scope of the necessary biodiversity monitoring is overwhelming funding for professional scientific monitoring. In response, scientists are increa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report Nguyen's fanged frog (Limnonectes nguyenorum) for the first time from Lao Cai Province in northwest Vietnam. Specimens were collected in June 2018 from Mount Fansipan in Hoang Lien National Park and identified based on morphological and molecular data. Our record extends the known elevation range of the species (up to 1.300m vs. 1.030m in...
Article
While deforestation is one of the greatest drivers of biodiversity loss, our understanding of the effects of habitat modification on species is limited. We investigated the diet of a forest-dwelling frog species, Morafka’s frog ( Odorrana morafkai ), in a highland forest in Vietnam in relation to habitat disturbance, sex and season. We surveyed the...
Article
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Citizen science is mainstream: millions of people contribute data to a growing array of citizen science projects annually, forming massive datasets that will drive research for years to come. Many citizen science projects implement a "leaderboard" framework, ranking the contributions based on number of records or species, encouraging further partic...
Article
We describe a new species of rhacophorid frog from the Langbian Plateau in southern Vietnam. Rhacophorus vampyrus sp. nov. is distinguished from its congeners by a combination of: a pale tan to brick red dorsum; white throat, chest and belly; black flanks and anterior and posterior surface of thighs; grey to black webbing between fingers and toes;...
Article
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In 2005, the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Conservation International (CI) convened the Amphibian Conservation Summit to design a global plan of action, the Amphibian Conservation Action Plan (ACAP), to address the decline of amphibian populations worldwide. The IUCN SSC Amphibian...
Article
Full-text available
In 2005, the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Conservation International (CI) convened the Amphibian Conservation Summit to design a global plan of action, the Amphibian Conservation Action Plan (ACAP), to address the decline of amphibian populations worldwide. The IUCN SSC Amphibian...
Article
Full-text available
Megophrys are a group of morphologically conserved, primarily forest-dependent frogs known to harbour cryptic species diversity. In this study, we examined populations of small-sized Megophrys from mid- and high elevation locations in the Hoang Lien Range, northern Vietnam. On the basis of morphological, molecular and bioacoustic data, individuals...
Article
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The types and type localities of Bombinator australis Gray, 1835, Pseudophryne bibronii Günther, 1859, and Phryniscus albifrons Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854, are defined. The nominal type locality for B. australis, Swan River, is considered to be in error. The source of the specimen, Joseph Wright, owned property in the Swan River colony in West...
Article
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Red List) details the extinction risk of the world's species and presents an important biodiversity indicator for conservation policy. Its continued utility relies on it containing up-to-date information on the extinction risk of species. This requires both regular reassessments and the timely assessment of...
Article
Full-text available
Southeast Asia is home to a highly diverse and endemic amphibian fauna under great threat. A significant obstacle to amphibian conservation prioritization in the region is a lack of basic biological information, including the diets of amphibians. We used stomach flushing to obtain data on diet composition, feeding strategies, dietary niche breadth,...
Article
Southeast Asia and southern China (SEA-SC) harbor a highly diverse and endemic flora and fauna that is under increasing threat. An understanding of the biogeographical history and drivers of this diversity is lacking, especially in some of the most diverse and threatened groups. The Asian leaf-litter frog genus Leptolalax Dubois 1980 is a forest-de...
Article
Long distance acoustic signals are widely used in animal communication systems and, in many cases, essential for reproduction. The Acoustic Adaptation Hypothesis (AAH) implies that acoustic signals should be selected for further transmission and better content integrity under the acoustic constraints of the habitat in which they are produced. In th...