Jochen Kuhn

Jochen Kuhn
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich | LMU · Faculty of Physics

Prof. Dr. habil., Professor of Physics Education
NEW JOB OFFERS at the Chair of Physics Education at the Faculty of Physics, LMU Munich, Germany

About

391
Publications
112,711
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3,958
Citations
Citations since 2017
221 Research Items
3204 Citations
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Introduction
Jochen Kuhn works at the Faculty of Physics, LMU Munich. His research focuses on learning with multiple representations in STEM education in general and in Physics education in particular using common and advanced multimedia technology (e.g. smartphones, Tablet PC, AR-smartglasses). He uses paper-and-pencil instruments as well as physiological methods (esp. Eyetracking) and Artificial Intelligence to analyze learning before, during and after intervention.
Additional affiliations
March 2022 - present
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Position
  • Chair
Description
  • Chair of Physics Education
February 2012 - February 2022
RPTU - Rheinland-Pfälzische Technische Universität Kaiserslautern Landau
Position
  • Chair
Description
  • Head of the Physics Education Research Group at the Department of Physics
August 2008 - January 2012
Universität Koblenz-Landau
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
September 2002 - January 2009
Universität Koblenz-Landau
Field of study
  • Physics Education
January 2000 - August 2002
Universität Koblenz-Landau
Field of study
  • Physics
August 1998 - January 2000
Trier
Field of study
  • Physics, Mathematics

Publications

Publications (391)
Preprint
Full-text available
In the field of quantum information science and technology, the representation and visualization of quantum states and processes are essential for both research and education. In this context, a focus especially lies on ensembles of few qubits. While powerful representations exist for single-qubit illustrations, such as the infamous Bloch sphere, s...
Article
Full-text available
So far, there have only been a few articles in this column that discussed diffraction or augmented reality (AR) enhancements. In this article, we want to bring both aspects together and describe an experiment that can be used to investigate diffraction phenomena with low-cost materials and augmented reality in the classroom. Diffraction experiments...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Context Based Science Education (CBSE) has a long-standing tradition and is discussed as a highly promising approach in science education. It is supposed that CBSE can foster pupils engagement and learning. However, classroom implementations of CBSE based on solid empirical evidence are surprisingly scarce. Purpose: The present research...
Preprint
Full-text available
The recent advancement of large language models presents numerous opportunities for teaching and learning. Despite widespread public debate regarding the use of large language models, empirical research on their opportunities and risks in education remains limited. In this work, we demonstrate the qualities and shortcomings of using ChatGPT 3.5 for...
Article
According to modern understanding, sliding friction is caused by the displacement of the irregularities and individual atoms in the interaction zone of the sliding interfaces, leading to microscopic oscillations around the equilibrium position (the stick/slip model of Tomlinson). This is in contrast to the traditional account of sliding friction (s...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding scientific concepts is a fundamental aim of science education. Conceptual understanding can be fostered through inquiry learning with experiments. However, during the Covid-19 pandemic school closures hands-on experiments could hardly be realized. Fortunately, digital technologies allow for conducting experiments virtually by using in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Digitale Medien, wie Smartphones und Tablet-PCs, sind im Alltag weitverbreitet. Die Mobilität dieser Geräte ermöglicht die Durchführung physikalischer Untersuchungen in einer für die Schülerinnen und Schüler alltäglichen, natürlichen Umgebung. Bei der Tablet-PC-gestützten Videoanalyse können natürliche Bewegungsabläufe, wie z. B. da...
Article
Full-text available
The interpretation of graphs plays a pivotal role in education because it is relevant for understanding and representing data and comprehending concepts in various domains. Accordingly, many studies examine students’ gaze behavior by comparing different levels of expertise when interpreting graphs. This literature review presents an overview of 32...
Preprint
Full-text available
Employing scientific practices to obtain and use information is one of the central facets of next generation science standards. Especially in quantum technology education, the ability to employ such practices is an essential skill to foster both academic success and technological development. In order to help educators design effective instructions...
Preprint
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Background Representational competence is commonly considered to be a prerequisite for the acquisition of conceptual knowledge, yet little exploration has been undertaken into the relation between these two constructs. Using an assessment of representational competence with vector fields that functions without confounding topical context, we examin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Beim Lernen mit Experimenten spielt insbesondere die Verbindung der experimentellen Realität mit Modellvorstellungen und theoriebasierter Hypothesenbildung eine wichtige Rolle. Im Kontext der geometrischen Optik werden zur Vorhersage und Erklärung von optischen Abbildungen in Linsensystemen die sogenannten Konstruktionsstrahlen genu...
Article
Full-text available
Large language models represent a significant advancement in the field of AI. The underlying technology is key to further innovations and, despite critical views and even bans within communities and regions, large language models are here to stay. This commentary presents the potential benefits and challenges of educational applications of large la...
Article
Full-text available
Digitization offers new perspectives for educational research to identify the effects of visualizations regarding cognitive processing. In addition, new types of data can be generated, expanding the possibilities for visualizing cognitive processes and understanding human learning. Digital twins are already used in Industry 4.0, as an additional vi...
Article
Eine Technologie, die in der Lehre immer mehr Verbreitung findet, ist Augmented Reality (AR). Nützlich für die Physik ist dabei die Möglichkeit, eine theoretische Modellvorstellung oder Darstellungen davon direkt auf das reale Experiment zu überblenden. So lässt sich eine Verbindung zwischen Modell und Realität herstellen. Die App „PUMA : Spannungs...
Article
In introductory electric circuits in middle school, students often carry strongly held alternative conceptions. Common to many of these is an idea of electric current as some kind of substance that originates from the battery and moves toward electronic components. Learners often argue that current influences those one by one as they are encountere...
Article
If different musical instruments produce a sound of the same frequency and amplitude, we can easily distinguish the instruments from each other and with little prior experience even name them correctly (Fig. 1). This is possible because each musical instrument has its own characteristic sound, which is called timbre. But what gives musical instrume...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Eyetracking bezeichnet die Erfassung und Analyse von Blickdaten und ermöglicht einen Einblick in die kognitiven Prozesse beim Lernen und damit die Identifikation von Lernhürden. Durch die Identifikation von Lernhürden eröffnet diese Methodik eine neuartige Möglichkeit zur Analyse und Verbesserung von Lernprozessen. In diesem Beitrag...
Article
Full-text available
Affective and cognitive outcomes of science teaching in schools may be enhanced by science outreach labs (SOLs). Particularly interesting is whether and how to connect SOL visits to in-school science learning. Recent studies—among others, in this journal—have confirmed SOLs’ positive affective effects. However, research remains inconclusive regardi...
Chapter
Graphen nehmen eine interdisziplinär zentrale Rolle bei der Darstellung von Messwerten und der Visualisierung mathematischer Funktionen ein. Durch ihre vielseitigen Einsatzmöglichkeiten und unterschiedlichen Komplexitätsgrade werden sie sowohl in den Sekundarstufen und der universitären Lehre als auch in wissenschaftlichen Publikationen und im öffe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Statistical and data literacy are counted among the key competencies of the 21st century and are often set out as an expected outcome of school education. Accordingly, curricular adaptions of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education have been made in many countries with the aim of developing competencies that promote compe...
Chapter
Adaptive Lernsysteme analysieren die Entwicklung des Lernenden und passen sich …individuell, z.B. durch eine KI-basierte Analyse der Problemlöseprozesse an. Bei den existierenden Systemen werden meist nur die mit Maus und Tastatur getätigten Eingaben ausgewertet. Die zusätzliche Erfassung und Analyse von Eye-Tracking-Daten können solche Systeme daz...
Chapter
Im Fokus dieses Kapitels steht die Koordination multipler Repräsentationen (algebraische und grafische Darstellung) im Kontext von Vektorfeldern. Dabei wird eine Studie vorgestellt, bei der Studierende (N = 147) eine Formel einem als Skizze gegebenen Vektorfeld zuordnen und umgekehrt ein eigenes Vektorfeld bei gegebener Formel skizzieren mussten. F...
Article
Preprint available at: https://psyarxiv.com/bf92d - Purpose: To advance the learning of professional practices in teacher education and medical education, this conceptual paper aims to introduce the idea of representational scaffolding for digital simulations in higher education. Design/methodology/approach: This study outlines the ideas of cor...
Article
Full-text available
Optics is a core field in the curricula of secondary physics education. In this study, we present the development and validation of a test instrument in the field of optics, the ray optics in converging lenses concept inventory (ROC-CI). It was developed for and validated with middle school students, but can also be adapted for the use in higher le...
Preprint
Dieser Artikel beschreibt Experimentiervorschläge zu den Keplerschen Gesetzen im Fach Physik, die anhand eines Modellexperiments mit einem Gravitationstrichter und einer computergestützten Simulation vertieft werden. Dabei steht dieArbeit mit Modellen im Vordergrund, wodurch Schüler/innen ein umfassendes Bild verschiedener Modelle für ein reales Ph...
Article
Es gibt eine Vielzahl verschiedener Oszilloskop‐Apps, doch auch der Audio‐Editor WavePad lässt sich als Speicheroszilloskop einsetzen. Er bietet zwei Vorteile: Die Aufnahmezeit ist nicht auf einen Sekundenbruchteil begrenzt, und das Audiosignal lässt sich vielfältig bearbeiten.
Chapter
This chapter describes a further experiment using the acceleration sensor of a smartphone. For a previous column on this topic, including the description of the operation and use of the acceleration sensor, see [1]. In this contribution we focus on analyzing simple pendulum phenomena. A smartphone is used as a pendulum bob, and SPARKvue [2] softwar...
Chapter
In this contribution we describe an experiment in which radiation emitted by an infrared remote control is passed through a diffraction grating. An image of the diffraction pattern is captured using a cell phone camera and then used to determine the wavelength of the radiation Corresponding ideas were previously published in [1–3].
Chapter
In this book several previous chapters focused on mechanics experiments that can be analyzed using a mobile video motion analysis (Chaps. 3, 11, 13, 27 and 36) [1–5]. However, the use of this method is also possible in completely different areas, which is the focus of this contribution.
Chapter
This paper provides a first example of experiments in this column using smartphones as experimental tools. More examples concerning this special tool will follow in the next issues. The differences between a smartphone and a “regular” cell phone are that smartphones offer more advanced computing ability and connectivity. Smartphones combine the fun...
Chapter
During the last few years, the growing boom of smartphones has given rise to a considerable number of applications exploiting the functionality of the sensors incorporated in these devices. A sector that has unexpectedly taken advantage of the power of these tools is physics teaching, as reflected in several recent papers [1–10]. In effect, the use...
Chapter
Recent contributions about smartphone experiments have described their applications as experimental tools in different physical contexts [1–4]. They have established that smartphones facilitate experimental setups, thanks to the small size and diverse functions of mobile devices, in comparison to setups with computer-based measurements. In the expe...
Chapter
In this example we describe how the speed of sound can be determined using simple stereo headphones (ear buds) and sound analysis freeware.
Chapter
Built-in acceleration sensors of smartphones can be used gainfully for quantitative experiments in school and university settings (see the overview in Ref. 1). The physical issues in that case are manifold and apply, for example, to free fall (Chap. 6) [2], radial acceleration (Chap. 16) [3], several pendula (Chap. 29 and 32) [4, 5], or the exploit...
Chapter
This contribution describes how different sound types can be explored using the microphone of a smartphone and a suitable app. Vibrating bodies, such as strings, membranes, or bars, generate air pressure fluctuations in their immediate vicinity, which propagate through the room in the form of sound waves. Depending on the triggering mechanism, it i...
Chapter
This chapter describes two further pendulum experiments using the acceleration sensor of a smartphone in this book [for earlier contributions concerning this topic, including the description of the operation and use of the acceleration sensor, see Refs. [1] (Chap. 6) and [2] (Chap. 29)]. In this chapter we focus on analyzing spring pendulum phenome...
Chapter
The importance of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) in today’s research and industry [1] leads to the question of how to include such a key technology in physics education. Manfred Euler has developed an acoustic model experiment to illustrate the fundamental measuring principles based on an analogy between quantum mechanics and acoustics [2, 3]....
Chapter
The importance of coupled oscillations for natural and engineering sciences is undisputed. But due to the complex processes behind the phenomena, its educational arrangement remains challenging.
Chapter
In the field of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), technologies have made huge progress during the last years [1–3] and also reached the field of education [4, 5]. The virtuality continuum, ranging from pure virtuality on one side to the real world on the other [6], has been successfully covered by the use of immersive technologies li...
Chapter
Interesting experiments can be performed and fundamental physical relationships can be explored with so-called Super Balls or bouncy balls. An example is the determination of gravity g in an experiment. The basic idea behind this was described by Pape [1] and Sprockhoff [2]: The initial and final heights and the complete duration of all the bounces...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To improve the performance and capabilities of athletes, augmented reality could play an important role in exercise training. During training, these technologies support athletes in analyzing their training over all phases. Regardless of all potential advantages, the vergence-accommodation-conflict (VAC) could affect the effectiveness of training a...
Article
Full-text available
Dieser Artikel beschreibt Experimentiervorschläge zu den Keplerschen Gesetzen im Fach Physik, die anhand eines Modellexperiments mit einem Gravitationstrichter und einer computergestützten Simulation vertieft werden. Dabei steht die Arbeit mit Modellen im Vordergrund, wodurch Schüler/innen ein umfassendes Bild verschiedener Modelle für ein reales P...
Article
Warum sind Fettflecken auf Papier durchsichtig? Dieses physikalische Phänomen kann man mit Licht‐ und Farbsensoren untersuchen, die über die App Graphical Analysis von Computern, Tablets oder Smartphones aus ansteuerbar sind.
Chapter
It has often been reported in this book that smartphones are very suitable tools for exploring the physical properties of everyday phenomena. A very good example of this is an elevator ride. In addition to the acceleration processes, oscillations of the cabin are interesting. The present work responds to the second aspect.
Chapter
This chapter continues the sequence of experiments using the acceleration sensor of smartphones [for description of the function and the use of the acceleration sensor, see [1] (Chap. 6)] within this column, in this case for analyzing the radial acceleration.
Chapter
During the last decade the development of modern digital media such as smartphones and tablet computers has enabled new experimental possibilities in STEM education. Besides these now nearly ubiquitous devices, the fields of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) also made huge progress [1] and reached education [2, 3]. In this chapter we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Smartphones and tablet PCs have become everyday companions, maybe even an excellent “digital Swiss Army knife”, for a large part of our society in recent years. In this introductory chapter, we will describe why these everyday tools are particularly well-suited for physics education and why we can expect that students will be able to learn better w...
Chapter
When introducing electromagnetism in schools, one specific experiment is inevitable: the force on a current-carrying conductor. Predicting the direction of the Lorentz force, the orientation of the magnetic field, and the direction of the electric current often causes difficulties for students. Here we present visual concept-relevant augmentations...
Chapter
When traveling by rail, you might have experienced the following phenomenon: The train enters a tunnel, and after some seconds a noticeable pressure change occurs, as perceived by your ears or even by a rapid wobbling of the train windows. The basic physics is that pressure waves created by the train travel down the tunnel, are reflected at its oth...
Chapter
Cracking (or popping) knuckles (or joints) is an (bio-) acoustic phenomenon of which most of you are aware (with dislike, in some cases), and some of you may have wondered where it comes from. We will first give a short explanation, followed by a smartphone experiment validating a central phenomenon of the sound generation mechanism.
Chapter
A magnetic linear accelerator (or Gauss accelerator) is a device that uses the conversion of magnetic energy into kinetic energy to launch an object with high velocity. A simple experimental implementation consists of a line of steel spheres in which the first one is a permanent magnetic sphere. If another steel ball collides with the magnetic sphe...
Chapter
In recent years several approaches have been published using video analysis in physics education in an innovative way [1–4]. The common idea is that students record the motion, transfer the video on a computer, and analyze it with suitable software. In this chapter we demonstrate how students can perform video analysis on mobile devices such as sma...
Chapter
Various examples of how physical relationships can be examined by analyzing acoustic signals using smartphones or tablet PCs are presented in this book (Chaps. 12, 43 and 48) [1–3] and have been proven to be helpful for learning such phenomena [4]. In this example, we will be exploring the acoustic phenomenon of beats, which is produced by the over...
Chapter
Contributions in this book describe how smartphones and tablets can be used to analyze experimental data in physics experiments. This is possible in nearly all areas of physics—from classical mechanics (Chaps. 10, 27 and 35) [1–3], to thermodynamics (Chap. 53) [4, 5], electrics (Chap. 56) [6], and radioactivity [7]. While many examples already show...
Chapter
The use of a smartphone’s microphone for quantitative analysis in the field of “acoustics” will be discussed in coming chapters of this book, including the analysis of different sources of sound (Chap. 48) [1], the determination of the speed of sound in various gases (Chap. 43) [2], and the examination of acoustic beat frequency phenomena (Chap. 49...
Article
Full-text available
Eye tracking enables the reconstruction of eye movements and thus the analysis of visual information selection and integration processes during problem solving. In this way, learner-specific difficulties can be identified and problem-solving process can be adapted accordingly. For such an adaptation, the prediction of response behavior plays a cruc...
Article
Die Videoanalyse von Bewegungen, etwa beim Sport, findet in Schule und Hochschule immer größere Verbreitung. Die hier vorgestellte App ermöglicht es, plattformunabhängig Bewegungen zu analysieren und mit beliebigen Ausgleichskurven auszuwerten.
Preprint
Preprint available at: https://psyarxiv.com/bf92d - To advance the learning of professional practices in teacher education and medical education, this paper introduces the idea of representational scaffolding for digital simulations in higher education. We outline the ideas of core practices in two important fields of higher education, namely teach...
Preprint
Full-text available
Optics is a core field in the curricula of secondary physics education. In this study, we present the development and validation of a test instrument in the field of optics, the Converging Lenses Concept Inventory (CLCI). It can be used as a formative or a summative assessment of middle school students' conceptual understanding of image formation b...
Article
Die Arduino‐Bibliothek phyphoxBLE ermöglicht die einfache Übertragung und Darstellung der mit selbst erstellten Sensormodulen gewonnenen Messdaten auf ein Smartphone. Ein Beispiel sind die hier vorgestellten CO2‐Monitore. Sie können zur Raumluftüberwachung während einer Pandemie eingesetzt werden, aber auch für naturwissenschaftliche Experimente.
Article
Full-text available
Conducting experiments fosters conceptual understanding in science education. In various studies, combinations of real (hands-on) and virtual (computer-simulated) experiments have been shown to be especially helpful for gaining conceptual understanding. The present systematic review, based on 42 experimental studies, focuses on the following: (1) W...
Article
Full-text available
Visual–graphical representations are used to visualise information and are therefore key components of learning materials. An important type of convention-based representation in everyday contexts as well as in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines are vector field plots. Based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning,...
Article
Ultraschalllaute von Fledermäusen lassen sich mit Fledermausdetektoren in für uns hörbare Frequenzen „übersetzen“. Solche Audioaufzeichnungen sind mit der vorgestellten App und einem Plug‐in‐Modul für Smartphones möglich, inklusive spektrografischer Auswertung.
Article
Full-text available
Multimedia learning theories suggest presenting associated pieces of information in spatial and temporal contiguity. New technologies like Augmented Reality allow for realizing these principles in science laboratory courses by presenting virtual real-time information during hands-on experimentation. Spatial integration can be achieved by pinning vi...
Article
The TPT column “iPhysicsLabs,” which describes an experiment using mobile devices in each article, has been around for exactly 10 years now. We would like to take this anniversary as an opportunity to take stock and to thank the colleagues without whom the column would not be possible in this form.
Chapter
Full-text available
Videoanalysen von Bewegungen sind heute weit verbreitet – z. B. in der Sportwissenschaft oder der Physik. Eine App für iPads ist das Analyse-Tool Viana.
Chapter
Der Mensch ist ständig Geräuschen und Klängen ausgesetzt. Die subjektiv verschiedenen Schallereignisse unterscheiden sich objektiv insbesondere in ihrer Frequenzzusammensetzung und der Dynamik der einzelnen Frequenzbestandteile. Die Untersuchung der spektralen Zusammensetzung von Schall, die dank der rasanten technologischen Entwicklung seit mehr a...
Chapter
Die App NCSU MyTech kann Beschleunigungs- und Gyroskopsensoren von Smartphones und Tablets auslesen und die Messwerte darstellen und abspeichern. Sie ist didaktisch ansprechend aufgebaut und ihre vielfältigen Funktionen ermöglichen einen produktiven Einsatz im Schulunterricht und in universitären Lehrveranstaltungen.
Chapter
Durch den externen Sensor FLIR ONE in Verbindung mit der gleichnamigen App wird ein Smartphone zur Wärmebildkamera. Dadurch werden Dinge sichtbar, die dem menschlichen Auge sonst verborgen bleiben.
Chapter
Dank der integrierten Digitalkamera eignen sich Smartphones und Tablets zur Aufnahme von Bewegungsprozessen – im Labor und im Alltag. Mithilfe der iOS-App Video Physics können diese Bewegungen physikalisch analysiert werden.
Chapter
Wir sind in unserem Alltag von zahllosen Geräuschen aller Art umgeben. Die App Oscilloscope für iOS (https://itunes.apple.com/de/app/oszilloskop/id388636804?mt=8) kann solche Geräusche darstellen, die sie über das interne Mikrofon, den externen Mikrofoneingang, d. h. den Klinkenstecker, oder einen USB-Adapter erhält. Zusätzlich erlaubt sie es, dies...
Chapter
Full-text available
Wie entstehen Gravitationswellen und was haben Schwarze Löcher damit zu tun? Wie kann man mit der Gravitationswellenastronomie Erkenntnisse über die Struktur des Universums gewinnen? Die kostenlose App Trapped in Gravity, entwickelt von Forschenden aus dem Exzellenzcluster Quantum Universe der Universität Hamburg, eröffnet einen spielerischen Zugan...
Chapter
Die App AndroSensor liest die vorhandenen Sensoren eines Android-Smartphones aus. Dazu gehören in der Regel ein Beschleunigungssensor, ein Magnetfeldsensor, ein Luftdrucksensor oder auch ein Sensor für die Lichtstärke. Dieser Betrag beschreibt die Nutzung der App beim Auslesen der Werte dieses Lichtstärkesensors.
Chapter
Eine Smartphone-App macht es möglich, die Internationale Raumstation am Nachthimmel zu orten und ihre Flugbahn zu beobachten.
Chapter
Die App Physics Toolbox Magnetometer misst mithilfe des integrierten Magnetfeldstärkesensors von Smartphones oder Tablets die Raumkomponenten sowie den Betrag der magnetischen Flussdichte. Dadurch können Smartphone oder Tablet im Alltag als Leitungsdetektor eingesetzt werden. Im Physikunterricht lässt sich mit der App zum Beispiel die Abhängigkeit...
Chapter
Die App SPARKvue kann die internen Beschleunigungssensoren sowie das Mikrofon eines Smartphones oder Tablets auslesen (Watzka, B., Scheler, S., & Wilhelm, T. (2012). Beschleunigungssensoren. Praxis der Naturwissenschaften – Physik, 61(7), 25–33). Zudem können weitere externe Sensoren angesprochen werden, welche die Firma PASCO vertreibt und die übe...
Chapter
Strahlenunfälle wie die in Tschernobyl oder Fukushima sowie Themen wie die Endlagerung von Abfällen aus „Atomkraftwerken“ machen das Thema Radioaktivität fast allgegenwärtig. Mittlerweile ermöglichen es auch Smartphones und Tablets, ionisierende Strahlung zu erfassen. In diesem Beitrag wird beschrieben, wie mobile Endgeräte mithilfe der App Radioac...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies highlight the positive effects of science outreach labs, in particular on students' motivational variables. However, out‐of‐school learning is generally associated with high novelty and specific setting characteristics that can impact learning and development. Indeed, previous studies call for further research on students' percepti...