Joaquin Bahamondes

Joaquin Bahamondes
Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile) · School of Psychology

PhD in Psychology, University of Auckland
Social Psych Researcher | Ideological beliefs, prejudice/discrimination, status and psychological wellbeing.

About

29
Publications
47,181
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154
Citations

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Believing that social systems are fair confers palliative benefits via different mechanisms. Although the minimization of group-based discrimination plays a central role in this process, the direction of this association is contested. We address this debate by using eight waves of nationally representative longitudinal panel data to model the tempo...
Article
Full-text available
Low-status groups report lower levels of well-being than do high-status groups. Although system justification theory posits that the endorsement of system-justifying beliefs should decrease this well-being gap, the underlying mechanisms responsible for this hypothesized palliative effect have evaded empirical scrutiny. We address this oversight by...
Article
Full-text available
Those who adhere to system justifying beliefs benefit from a palliative function that buffers negative effects on psychological well-being. This has been consistently observed for high-status groups, whereas for members of low-status groups, it remains rather unclear whether system justification exerts a positive or a negative effect. This study te...
Article
Full-text available
People often perceive social systems as fair and legitimate in order to satisfy existential, epistemic, and relational needs. Although much work has examined the existential and epistemic roots to system justification, the relational motives underlying the tendency to justify the system have received comparatively less attention. We addressed this...
Article
Stressors arising from the COVID-19 pandemic can spill over into the quality of couple relationships, with negative consequences on mental health. The mental health impact of COVID-19 might be particularly pronounced in disadvantaged populations such as LGBT people. This study aimed to examine direct and indirect dyadic associations between emotion...
Article
In this study we analyze distinct socio-political predictors, namely, system justification, moral foundations, political ideology, social dominance orientation and authoritarianism, of two distinct but interrelated postcolonial ideologies, namely symbolic exclusion and historical negation in regards to the Mapuche people, in a sample of the general...
Chapter
The social and legal situation of lesbian, gay men, bisexual, and transgender people (LGBT) has improved in recent years. At the same time, attitudes toward LGBT populations have changed over time, increasingly into more favorable opinions of LGBT people. However, despite this promising scenario, stigmatization, prejudice, and discrimination still...
Article
La Escala de Intimidad Emocional (EIE) es un instrumento de auto-informe que evalúa la intimidad emocional en relaciones cercanas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue examinar las propiedades psicométricas de la EIE para su uso en personas heterosexuales, gais y lesbianas involucradas en una relación de pareja. La muestra incluyó 883 personas chi...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the internal diversity of transgender communities is essential for developing optimal, inclusive policies and service provision. To date, research on this topic remains scarce in Chile. We conducted a survey study describing sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex assigned at birth, onset age, nationality, education, sex work, havi...
Article
Full-text available
Although system-justifying beliefs often mitigate perceptions of discrimination, status-based asymmetries in the ideological motivators of perceived discrimination are unknown. Because the content and societal implications of discrimination claims are status-dependant, social dominance orientation (SDO) should motivate perceptions of (reverse) disc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current chapter highlights the implications of the scars of inequality by first reviewing some common indices of economic inequality. We then discuss research on public attitudes toward inequality and examine the effects of societal-level inequities on various outcomes. Within this section, we focus on how the ever-expanding disparities between...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Transgender population is at a higher risk of suffering mental health problems than cisgender population (people whose sex and gender identity are in agreement) and other sexual minorities (gays, lesbians, and bisexuals), partly due to the greater stress that they suffer or for being victims of sexual prejudice. Aim: To describe positi...
Article
Full-text available
Following the March 15th Christchurch terrorist attack, members of our research team have been repeatedly asked to comment or provide summary statistics from the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) on prejudice toward Muslims. As the curators of the NZAVS, we think that these findings should be in the public domain and accessible to as w...
Article
Full-text available
The present set of studies investigated the role of being religious in the prediction of various forms of prejudice. Following the threat-constraint model, we predicted that contexts characterized by high threat attenuate—or constrain—the relationship between individual differences in being religious on the one hand and antigay prejudice and sexism...
Article
Full-text available
System justification theory posits that perceiving society as fair and legitimate provides palliative benefits to people who endorse such beliefs. Despite mixed evidence among socially disadvantaged groups, recent evidence shows that members of disadvantaged groups minimize perceptions of discrimination in order to reap palliative benefits. We test...
Preprint
Full-text available
El propósito de este capítulo es discutir, desde una mirada epistemológica, cómo el ejercicio de investigar se rodea de un conjunto de factores para-científicos, es decir, que le son ajenos, en tanto no son estrictamente científicos, a la vez que propios, dado que son constituyentes del quehacer científico en la práctica. Para que lo/as investigado...
Article
Full-text available
Transgender individuals have progressively acquired visibility and rights in many western societies. Psychosocial research on this population is recent and has focused on sexual prejudice and its impact on the mental health of transgender people. This paper intends to clarify some conceptual definitions used in psychosocial research, summarize the...
Article
The Minority Stress Model (Meyer, 2003) has made it possible to explain how sexual prejudice produces negative effects on the health and wellbeing of people belonging to sexual minorities, through distal and proximal stressors. A qualitative study was conducted to investigate the effects of sexual prejudice on the mental health of transgender adult...
Article
Attachment theory has proven to be a solid framework for understanding couple bonds, but research focused on same-sex relationships among gay men and lesbian women from Latin America remains limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between romantic attachment and relationship satisfaction in a sample of Chilean gay men and...
Article
Objectives: This study examines the effect of some factors at individual and aggregated level on tolerance of homosexuality (TOH) in some South American countries. Method: The study performs a multilevel analysis of individual and sociocultural factors related to TOH. Results: Belonging to a religion and the importance it acquires are negative pred...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Most of the information in Chile about health and wellbeing of sexual minorities refers to risk behaviors. Aim: To assess health and wellbeing in a sample of Chilean homosexual men and women. Material and methods: Spanish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale and Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) were answered by 191 homosexu...
Article
The recognition of same-sex relationships has increased, but same-sex intimate partner violence has been less studied. Historically, this problem had been studied in heterosexual relationships, women being victims and men main aggressors. This heteronormative approach to intimate partner violence (IPV) often neglects same-sex relationships (Finnera...
Article
RESUMEN Se presenta una revisión sobre las creencias en lo paranormal de una muestra de estudiantes de psicología (n = 360) pertenecientes a diversas universidades Estatales y Privadas (tradicionales y no tradicionales). La psicología durante décadas ha luchado por el reconocimiento de su estatuto científico, lo que en principio se opondría a la cr...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Se presenta una revisión sobre las creencias en lo paranormal de una muestra de estudiantes de psicología (n = 360) pertenecientes a diversas universidades Estatales y Privadas (tradicionales y no tradicionales). La psicología durante décadas ha luchado por el reconocimiento de su estatuto científico, lo que en principio se opondría a la cr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of the beliefs held by students regarding the paranormal. The participants were psychology students (n = 360) from public (traditional) and private (non-traditional/for profit) universities. In principle, psychology opposes belief in magic and other forms of superstition and is instead committed to empirical evidence an...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
In simple mediation analysis using Hayes' process for SPSS, the total effect isn't significant, but the IC for the indirect effects are. Can I conclude mediation?
Question
So I have that both, indirect and direct effects are significant. Thus, there's a partial mediation. The thing is that the direct effect of X on Y is negative, but the effect of X on Y through M (mediation path) is positive.
Question
Is there a scale that measures what people believe about what is being a 'good worker'?

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Aim: To assess the dyadic associations between actor and partner attachment insecurity and several indicators of relationship quality among same-sex couples from Chile
Project
The aim to examine the effects of System-Justifying Ideologies on the attitudes and well-being of sexual minorities (e.g., Gay men, Lesbians, Transgender men and women). This line of research is part of a broader project* examining the Quality of Life of the gay, lesbian and Trans population in Chile. *The research team, led by PhD Jaime Barrientos, consists of international scholars from diverse universities and disciplines of psychology (i.e., Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Mental-health Epidemiology). ** For more information about this research project, please contact Joaquín Bahamondes, j.bahamondes@auckland.ac.nz –– El objetivo general de este proyecto es analizar los efectos de idologías justificadoras del sistema sobre las actitudes y el bienestar de Minorías Sexuales (e.g., Hombres Gay, Lesbianas, Hombres y mujeres Transgénero). Este proyecto se enmarca en un proyecto más amplio*, el cual busca examinar la calidad de vida de la población gay, lesbiana y Trans en Chile. *El equipo investigador, liderado por el Dr. Jaime Barrientos, está compuesto por académicos internacionales de diversas universidades y disciplinas de la psicología (i.e., Psicología Social, Psicología Clínica, Epidemiología en Salud mental). ** Para más información sobre este proyecto, por favor contactar a Joaquín Bahamondes, j.bahamondes@auckland.ac.nz