João M Sanches

João M Sanches
Instituto Superior Técnico

Doctor of Philosophy
Cancer diagnosis from imaging and Telemedicine applications in chronic diseases (Mental and Cardiovascular)

About

216
Publications
39,297
Reads
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2,794
Citations
Citations since 2017
42 Research Items
1803 Citations
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Introduction
J. Sanches (JS) is Full Professor at the Department of Bioengineering from the IST, Universidade de Lisboa. His work has been focused on statistical signal and image processing of biomedical data mainly for Cancer diagnosis and Telemedicine applications for follow-up of chronic pathologies such as Mental and Cardiovascular diseases. JS published more than 170 international publications. He is senior member of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS).
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - April 2022
Institute for Systems and Robotics
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • My work has been focused on statistical signal and image processing of biomedical data mainly for Cancer diagnosis and Telemedicine applications for follow-up of chronic pathologies such as Mental and cardiovascular diseases.

Publications

Publications (216)
Article
Full-text available
Depressive disorders are a leading cause of morbility and disability in the working population worldwide. Psychiatric assessment and treatment of depressive disorders may be improved by using objective behavioral and physiological biomarkers. In this work we present a psychiatry telemedicine platform where two important biomarkers of depression, ey...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, there was a pressing need for simple yet effective remote monitoring solutions. In this paper, we describe a low-cost device developed for monitoring COVID-19 patients. The device uses an ESP32 module and integrates two distinct off-the-shelf biomedical sensors: a pulse oximeter by MAXIM, a...
Conference Paper
Depression is the leading cause of inability within the active population. The way depression is currently diagnosed is based on the clinician’s subjective examination of patient’s mental status and thus lacks biomarkers to support medical decision. Psychomotor retardation is one of the nine symptoms that are part of DSM-V criteria for major depres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of ultrasound (US) as an imaging technique is essential for the diagnosis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), which depends on US images of the carotid artery. However, US images are plagued by a specific type of noise called Speckle noise, which lowers image quality dramatically. As an attempt to improve US image quality, th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Non-expensive methods for measuring heart rate and oxygen saturation are of great importance in the scope of the COVID-19 outbreak to follow up on the symptoms and help to control the disease.Smartphones are widely available and their cameras can be used to acquire relevant physiological data, such as Photo-plethysmography (PPG) signals. Covering a...
Article
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The cell nucleus is a tightly regulated organelle and its architectural structure is dynamically orchestrated to maintain normal cell function. Indeed, fluctuations in nuclear size and shape are known to occur during the cell cycle and alterations in nuclear morphology are also hallmarks of many diseases including cancer. Regrettably, automated rel...
Article
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In 2019, a new virus, SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the COVID-19 disease, was discovered. Asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic patients were forced to quarantine and closely monitor their symptoms and vital signs, most of the time at home. This paper describes e-CoVig, a novel mHealth application, developed as an alternative to the current monitoring...
Article
Force transmission throughout a monolayer is the result of complex interactions between cells. Monolayer adaptation to force imbalances such as singular stiffened cells provides insight into the initiation of disease and fibrosis. Here, NRK‐52E cells transfected with ∆50LA, which significantly stiffens the nucleus. These stiffened cells were sparse...
Article
COVID-19 has infected 77.4 million people worldwide and has caused 1.7 million fatalities as of December 21, 2020. The primary cause of death due to COVID-19 is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), people who are at least 60 years old or have comorbidities that have primarily been targeted ar...
Article
Atherosclerotic plaque in carotid arteries can ultimately lead to cerebrovascular events if not monitored. The objectives of this study are (a) to design a set of artificial intelligence (AI)-based tissue characterization and classification (TCC) systems (Atheromatic 2.0, AtheroPoint, CA, USA) using ultrasound-based carotid artery plaque scans coll...
Article
Artificial Intelligence (AI), in general, refers to the machines (or computers) that mimic "cognitive" functions that we associate with our mind, such as "learning" and "solving problem". New biomarkers derived from medical imaging are being discovered and are then fused with non-imaging biomarkers (such as office, laboratory, physiological, geneti...
Article
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome that is characterised by a high prevalence of diffuse gastric cancer and lobular breast cancer. It is largely caused by inactivating germline mutations in the tumour suppressor gene CDH1, although pathogenic variants in CTNNA1 occur in a minority of families with HDGC...
Article
Artificial intelligence (AI) has penetrated the field of medicine, particularly the field of radiology. Since its emergence, the highly virulent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected over 10 million people, leading to over 500,000 deaths as of July 1st, 2020. Since the outbreak began, almost 28,000 articles about COVID-19 have been publi...
Conference Paper
Segmentation of cell nuclei in fluorescence microscopy images provides valuable information about the shape and size of the nuclei, its chromatin texture and DNA content. It has many applications such as cell tracking, counting and classification. In this work, we extended our recently proposed approach for nuclei segmentation based on deep learnin...
Conference Paper
The progression of cells through the cell cycle is a tightly regulated process and is known to be key in maintaining normal tissue architecture and function. Disruption of these orchestrated phases will result in alterations that can lead to many diseases including cancer. Regrettably, reliable automatic tools to evaluate the cell cycle stage of in...
Article
Full-text available
E-cadherin (CDH1 gene) germline mutations are associated with the development of diffuse gastric cancer in the context of the so-called hereditary diffuse gastric syndrome, and with an inherited predisposition of lobular breast carcinoma. In 2019, the international gastric cancer linkage consortium revised the clinical criteria and established guid...
Article
Transaminase activity was determined by time-lapse imaging using a colourimetric reaction and image analysis. A correlation between the benzaldehyde conversion and relative luminance was determined, allowing the identification of the...
Chapter
Cell nuclei segmentation is important for several applications, such as the detection of cancerous cells and cell cycle staging. The main challenges and difficulties, associated with this task, arise due to the presence of overlapping nuclei, image intensity inhomogeneities and image noise.
Chapter
This paper addresses the problem of automatic seriation of mouse brain cross-sections stained with green-florescence protein (GFP). This is fundamental for the neuroscience community to help in the processing and analyzing the huge amount of experimental data. It is also a challenging problem since, during the manual procedure of cutting the brains...
Article
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder which is caused by poor excretion of copper in mammalian cells. In this review, various issues such as effective characterization of ATP7B genes, scope of gene network topology in genetic analysis, pattern recognition using different computing approaches and fusion possibilities in imaging an...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to uncover the pathogenic relevance and the underlying molecular mechanism of a novel CDH1 variant found in a Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer family (p.L13_L15del), which affects the signal peptide of E-cadherin without changing the remaining predicted sequence. We verified that p.L13_L15del cells yield low levels of E-c...
Article
Full-text available
Background Basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) is a poor prognosis subgroup of triple-negative carcinomas that still lack specific target therapies and accurate biomarkers for treatment selection. P-cadherin is frequently overexpressed in these tumors, promoting cell invasion, stem cell activity and tumorigenesis by the activation of Src-Family kinase...
Article
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Immunofluorescence is the gold standard technique to determine the level and spatial distribution of fluorescent-tagged molecules. However, quantitative analysis of fluorescence microscopy images faces crucial challenges such as morphologic variability within cells. In this work, we developed an analytical strategy to deal with cell shape and size...
Article
Full-text available
Germline changes in the CDH1 tumor suppressor gene predispose to diffuse gastric cancer and lobular breast cancer. In carriers of deleterious germline CDH1 variants, prophylactic gastrectomy is recommended. In case of germline missense variants, it is mandatory to assess the functional impact on E-cadherin, the protein encoded by CDH1, and to predi...
Chapter
Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains one of the leading causes of cancer mortality worldwide. Regarded as a heterogeneous disease, a number of biomarkers have been proposed to help in the stratification of CRC patients and to enable the selection of the best therapy for each patient towards personalized therapy. However, although the molecular mechanism...
Article
Full-text available
The role of E-cadherin in Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC) is unequivocal. Germline alterations in its encoding gene (CDH1) are causative of HDGC and occur in about 40% of patients. Importantly, while in most cases CDH1 alterations result in the complete loss of E-cadherin associated with a well-established clinical impact, in about 20% of...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The family name of Rui Tato Marinho was incorrectly spelled as Marinhoe. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Article
Background and Objective Fatty Liver Disease (FLD) - a disease caused by deposition of fat in liver cells, is predecessor to terminal diseases such as liver cancer. The machine learning (ML) techniques applied for FLD detection and risk stratification using ultrasound (US) have limitations in computing tissue characterization features, thereby limi...
Article
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The optimization formulations of sparse signal recovery problems use a regularizer term which encourages the solution to be sparse or piece-wise smooth. Of special interest are the ℓp norms with 0 ≤ p ≤ 1 which penalize large values and encourage the solution of the optimization problem to be sparse. In this work, we propose a new regularizer in wh...
Article
Full-text available
Fatty Liver Disease (FLD) is caused by the deposition of fat in liver cells and leads to deadly diseases such as liver cancer. Several FLD detection and characterization systems using machine learning (ML) based on Support Vector Machines (SVM) have been applied. These ML systems utilize large number of ultrasonic grayscale features, pooling strate...
Article
In the past decades, there has been an amazing progress in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of the cell cycle. This has been possible largely due to a better conceptualization of the cycle itself, but also as a consequence of technological advances. Herein, we propose a new fluorescence image-based framework targeted at the identificat...
Article
Physical forces mediated by cell-cell adhesion molecules, as cadherins, play a crucial role in preserving normal tissue architecture. Accordingly, altered cadherins' expression has been documented as a common event during cancer progression. However, in most studies, no data exist linking pro-tumorigenic signaling and variations in the mechanical b...
Article
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Scientific Reports 6: Article number: 25101; 10.1038/srep25101 published online: May 06 2016; updated: July 27 2016. In the original version of this Article, Affiliation 1 was incorrectly given as “Institute for Systems and Robotics, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal”. The correct Affiliation is listed below: “Institute for Systems and...
Article
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In cancer, defective E-cadherin leads to cell detachment, migration and metastization. Further, alterations mediated by E-cadherin dysfunction affect cell topology and tissue organization. Herein, we propose a novel quantitative approach, based on microscopy images, to analyse abnormal cellular distribution patterns. We generated undirected graphs...
Conference Paper
Intentions of specific motor movements are known to generate event-related (de)synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns which may be interpreted as changes in the degree of synchronization of underlying neuronal networks. When activated, the neural populations in a certain region of the brain de-synchronize, leading to a decrease in the EEG power signal....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT), melatonin and cortisol salivary concentrations are often used as fatigue markers. Salivary protocols to analyse synchronously different markers are very important in human research, especially due to their applications in daily routines. PVT, melatonin and cortisol present circadian variations, and pr...
Article
Full-text available
Mean X-ray attenuation of salivary calculi computed from microtomography data - Volume 21 Issue S6 - P Nolasco, P. V. Coelho, A.P. Alves de Matos, A. Maurício, M.F.C. Pereira, J.M.R. Sanches, P.A. Carvalho
Article
Full-text available
E-cadherin is a central molecule in the process of gastric carcinogenesis and its posttranslational modifications by N-glycosylation have been described to induce a deleterious effect on cell adhesion associated with tumor cell invasion. However, the role that site-specific glycosylation of E-cadherin has in its defective function in gastric cancer...
Conference Paper
Ubiquitous monitoring has become a useful tool for the prevention and early diagnosis of some disorders. This kind of monitoring is nowadays very common thanks to the irruption of smartphones, which make easier the collection and delivery of the patient’s data. However, some problems arise due to the occasional low quality of the acquired data. Thi...
Conference Paper
In some imaging modalities based on coherent radiation, the noise contaminating an image may contain useful information, thereby necessitating the separation of the noise field rather than just denoising. When the algebraic operation that relates the image and noise is known, the noise component can be estimated in a straightforward manner after de...
Article
In this paper, we address the problem of image reconstruction with missing pixels or corrupted with impulse noise, when the locations of the corrupted pixels are not known. A logarithmic transformation is applied to convert the multiplication between the image and binary mask into an additive problem. The image and mask terms are then estimated ite...
Conference Paper
Most sleep deprivation (S.D.) studies are conducted either with animal models or in young adults and occur in highly controlled situations (sleep laboratory). • In their regular living and working conditions these studies are however lacking. • Causes of disturbed or curtailed sleep vary, but one obvious source are the effects of daily working life...
Conference Paper
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301562914009399
Article
In this paper, we present a method for reconstructing images or volumes from a partial set of observations, under the Rayleigh distributed multiplicative noise model, which is the appropriate algebraic model in ultrasound (US) imaging. The proposed method performs a variable splitting to introduce an auxiliary variable to serve as the argument of t...
Article
Full-text available
Missense mutations result in full-length proteins containing an amino acid substitution that can be neutral or deleterious, interfering with the normal conformation, localization, and function of a protein. A striking example is the presence of CDH1 (E-cadherin gene) germline missense variants in hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC), which repr...
Article
This paper proposes a risk score computed from ultrasound data that correlates to plaque activity. It has the twofold purpose of detecting symptomatic plaques and estimating the likelihood of the asymptomatic lesion to become symptomatic. The proposed ultrasonographic activity index (UAI) relies on the plaque active profile which is a combination o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Detection and characterization of vulnerable plaques is of paramount importance for early disease diagnosis and treatment of carotid and coronary vascular accidents, which are mostly caused by this type of plaques. In this scope, the echo-morphology and composition are described in the literature, in statistical frameworks, by using several distrib...
Book
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the world, resulting mostly from the sudden ruptures of atherosclerosis carotid plaques. Understanding why and how plaque develops and ruptures requires a multi-disciplinary approach such as radiology, biomedical engineering, medical physics, software engineering, hardware engineering, pathological an...
Article
The automatic computation of the hypnogram and sleep Parameters, from the data acquired with portable sensors, is a challenging problem with important clinical applications. In this paper, the hypnogram, the sleep efficiency (SE), rapid eye movement (REM), and nonREM (NREM) sleep percentages are automatically estimated from physiological (ECG and r...
Article
Full-text available
Carotid and coronary vascular incidents are mostly caused by vulnerable plaques. Detection and characterization of vulnerable plaques are important for early disease diagnosis and treatment. For this purpose, the echomorphology and composition have been studied. Several distributions have been used to describe ultrasonic data depending on tissues,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter addresses the problem of liver cirrhosis classification via ultrasound imaging. For this classification problem, a liver semiautomatic contour segmentation algorithm to characterize the morphology and a textural feature extraction scheme for the characterization of liver parenchyma are proposed. Phase congruency is used to enhance live...
Article
Introduction One of the prominent features in fibromyalgia patients (FMP) is the discrepancy between subjective and objective data. Pain index are more intense than in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients but supportive objective data are lacking. Sleep is among the most prevalent complaints and the intrusion of alpha activity, although common, is not spe...
Article
Introduction The advent of small and portable devices, with high storage and processing capabilities have allowed physiological data to be acquired outside clinical environments in a reliable way, often across several days. These sources of data include ECG, Respiratory Inductance Plethysmography (RIP), oxygen saturation, Actigraphy (ACT), among ot...
Article
Full-text available
Liver steatosis is a common disease usually associated with social and genetic factors. Early detection and quantification is important since it can evolve to cirrhosis. In this paper, a new computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for steatosis classification, in a local and global basis, is presented. Bayes factor is computed from objective ultrasou...
Article
Active carotid plaques are associated with atheroembolism and neurological events; its identification is crucial for stroke prevention. High-definition ultrasound (HDU) can be used to recognize plaque structure in carotid bifurcation stenosis associated with plaque vulnerability and occurrence of brain ischemic events. A new computer-assisted HDU m...
Article
Wrist actigraphy (ACT) is a low cost and well established technique for long term monitoring of human activity. It has a special relevance in sleep studies, where its non-invasive nature makes it a valuable tool for behavioural characterization and for the detection and diagnosis of some sleep disorders. The traditional sleep/wakefulness state esti...
Article
Full-text available
Laser scanning fluorescence confocal microscope (LSFCM) imaging is an extensively used modality in biological research. However, these images present low signal to noise ratio and a time intensity decay effect due to the so called photoblinking/photobleaching (PBPB) phenomenon that corresponds to an intensity fading of a fluorescent probe along the...
Article
This chapter proposes an ultrasound-based diagnostic measure to quantify plaque activity which is the likelihood of the asymptomatic lesion to produce neurological symptoms. This method, based on a classification study, first identifies the active plaque profile containing the most relevant ultrasound parameters associated with symptoms. This infor...