João Pedro Nunes

João Pedro Nunes
Edith Cowan University

BSc MSc
J.P.

About

80
Publications
156,902
Reads
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742
Citations
Citations since 2016
80 Research Items
741 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Interested in muscle architecture and plasticity, resistance training, biomechanics, and ageing. I'm a PhD student at Edith Cowan University, Australia, under the supervision of Professors Anthony J. Blazevich, Ken Nosaka, and Janet L. Taylor. I completed BSc and MSc degrees at Londrina State University, Brazil, under the supervision of Professors Edilson S. Cyrino and Alex S. Ribeiro. joaonunes.jpn@hotmail.comtwitter.com/joaonunesjpnbit.ly/lattes_jpnhttps://bit.ly/googlescholar_jpn
Additional affiliations
April 2018 - May 2020
Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Position
  • MSc student
January 2014 - February 2018
Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Position
  • BSc scientific initiation student

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
Resistance exercise range of motion (ROM) influences muscular adaptations. However, there are no consistent practical guidelines about the optimal ROM for maximizing muscle hypertrophy. The objective of the present paper was to systematically review the literature for studies that compared the effects of full ROM (fROM) and partial ROM (pROM) on mu...
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Purpose This study compared concentric–eccentric coupled (CON-ECC), concentric-only (CON), and eccentric-only (ECC) resistance training of the elbow flexors for their effects on muscle strength and hypertrophy. Methods Non-resistance-trained young adults were assigned to one of the four groups: CON-ECC (n = 14), CON (n = 14) and ECC (n = 14) train...
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Background Evidence regarding chronic stretching training is limited. This study aimed to review studies that performed stretching training and evaluated the effects on muscular strength. Methods Literature search was performed using three databases. Studies were included if compared the effects on strength following stretching training versus a n...
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Purpose: To compare the effects of four resistance exercise orders on muscular strength, body composition, functional fitness, cardiovascular risk factors, and mental health parameters in trained older women. Methods: The intervention lasted 63 weeks. Sixty-one physically independent women (> 60 years) after completing a 12-week resistance train...
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Although one-repetition maximum (1RM) and lean soft tissue (LST) are the most common measures to assess muscular strength and skeletal muscle mass in older adults, reference data is still missing. Therefore, the present study aimed to produce reference values for the 1RM tests and LST in physically independent older women. Furthermore, the effect o...
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Aims The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the acute effects of different resistance training loads on the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) and feelings of pleasure/displeasure (sFPD) of the session in older women. Method In a randomized, counterbalanced, and cross-over design, 16 older women (66.1 ± 3.9 years, 67.0 ±...
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We read with interest the meta-analytic review of Pallarés et al. (doi: 10.1111/sms.14006), which assessed the effects of full vs. partial range of motion (fROM vs. pROM) resistance training interventions on neuromuscular, functional, and structural adaptations. We congratulate the authors on a comprehensive review of current data on a topic that h...
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The present study analyzed the effects from day-before to day-of bodybuilding competition on intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), total body water (TBW), and bioimpedance analysis (BIA) parameters (resistance, R; reactance, Xc; and derived scores) in bodybuilding athletes. We assessed anthropometry and BIA (foot-to-hand; tetrapolar...
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Fitness professionals routinely employ a variety of resistance training exercises in program design as a strategy to enhance muscular adaptations. However, it remains uncertain whether such an approach offers advantages over a fixed-exercise selection. The objective of this paper was to review the effects of exercise variation on muscle hypertrophy...
Article
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The squat is one of the most widely used exercises in resistance-training programs. The aim of the present narrative review was to analyze the effect of the squat on lower-limb muscle hypertrophy. Briefly, the available literature indicates that the squat is an effective exercise for inducing hypertrophy of the quadriceps, mainly the vastii, but al...
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Purpose: This study aimed to compare the cross-education effect of unilateral stretching intervention programs with two different intensities (high- vs. normal-intensity) on dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM), muscle stiffness, and muscle architecture following a 4-week stretching intervention. Methods: Twenty-eight healthy males were randomly a...
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The present study compared strength responses between preferred (PREF) and non-preferred (N-PREF) legs in older women. Muscular strength was measured unilaterally using an isokinetic dynamometer and was analyzed for reproducibility scores, acute performance, and responsiveness to a resistance training (RT) program. One hundred and eleven women (≥60...
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Purpose: Resistance training combined with appropriate dietary intake can promote a concomitant increase in skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and reduction in fat mass, a condition termed body recomposition. This study's primary purpose was to explore the effects of protein ingestion on body recomposition following 24 weeks of resistance training (RT) in...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementation of whey protein (WP) versus leucine-matched collagen peptides (CP) on muscle thickness (MT) and performance after a resistance training (RT) program in young adults. Twenty-two healthy untrained participants were randomly assigned to either a WP (n = 11) or leucine-matched...
Article
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the impact of previous resistance training (RT) experience on cognitive function in older women. METHODS: Sixty-one physically independent women (> 60 years) were assigned to one of the three groups: novice (n = 21, untrained individuals with no RT experience or who had not trained for several months), intermediate (...
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The purpose of this study was to compare two static stretching (SS) programs at high-intensity (HI-SS) and normal-intensity (NI-SS) on passive and active properties of the plantar flexor muscles. Forty healthy young men were randomly allocated into three groups: HI-SS intervention group (n=14), NI-SS intervention group (n=13), and non-training cont...
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The present study compared two unilateral arm curl resistance exercise protocols with a different starting and finishing elbow joint angle in the same ROM for changes in elbow flexors strength and muscle thickness of the trained and non-trained arms. Thirty-two non-resistance trained young adults were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: e...
Article
Objectives Photobiomodulation (PBM) with light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) are among the most common strategy for improving performance and recovery from physical exercise in young adults. However, its effectiveness in resistance-trained women remains contradictory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of light-emitting diode...
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of intensity of load and cuff pressure on training volume and myoelectric activation during the knee extension exercise executed with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) to failure. Ten young men (22 ± 2 y), with at least six months of training experience, visited the laboratory on...
Article
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Calculating resistance-training volume in programs focused on muscle hypertrophy is an attempt to quantify the external workload carried out, then to estimate the dose of stimulus imposed on targeted muscles. The volume is usually expressed in some variables that directly affected the total training work, such as the number of sets, repetitions, an...
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Objective This study aims to investigate the effects of laser photobiomodulation (PBM) at 808 nm on biceps brachii performance to exhaustion, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in untrained young women. Methods Thirteen young women (20.1 ± 2.9 years) participated in a crossover study in which they received...
Article
Background and purpose: Physical and therapeutic strategies to maintain and rehabilitate skeletal muscle mass, strength, and postural balance are clinically relevant to improve the health, well-being, and quality of life of older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM)/laser therapy combined wit...
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Objectives The purposes of this study were to analyze the effect of resistance training (RT) on depressive and anxiety symptomsand examine the possible consequences of age, cognitive alterations, and muscular strength on such symptoms.Method: Forty-one older women (68 ± 8 years) composed a training group (TG) or a control group (CG). The TG was sub...
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PurposeStatic stretching (SS) is performed in various settings, but there is no consensus about the effects of SS programmes on changes in muscle morphofunction. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a high-volume SS programme on muscle strength and architecture.Methods Sixteen healthy young male adults participated, and the dominant leg w...
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Performing static stretching (SS) during resistance training (RT) rest periods is posited to potentiate muscular adaptations, but the literature is scarce on the topic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of adding inter-set SS to a lower-limb flywheel RT program on joint flexibility, muscular strength, and regional hyper...
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We compared the magnitude of muscular strength changes among older women occupants of different strength tertiles in response to progressive resistance-training (RT). Additionally, we examined the possibility of older women initially characterized as weak (occupants of the lower tertile of strength status) can achieve a higher muscular strength lev...
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The objectives of this paper were to: (a) systematically review studies that explored the effects of exercise order (EO) on muscular strength and/or hypertrophy; (b) pool their results using a meta-analysis; and (c) provide recommendations for the prescription of EO in resistance training (RT) programmes. A literature search was performed in four d...
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A stretching intervention program is performed to maintain and improve range of motion (ROM) in sports and rehabilitation settings. However, there is no consensus on the effects of stretching programs on muscle stiffness, likely due to short stretching durations used in each session. Therefore, a longer stretching exercise session may be required t...
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Two of the foremost principles of progression are progressive overload and variation. A way to vary within a resistance training (RT) program is to perform different exercises for the same muscle group; however, this strategy is still overlooked. The purpose of the present study was to compare strength adaptations between an RT routine that maintai...
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of free leucine supplementation on muscle recovery from resistance exercise (RE) in young adults. Fourteen untrained subjects (23.9 ± 3.6 years old) underwent RE sessions (leg press and hack squat; 3 sets of 8-12 reps at 70% 1RM) supplemented with leucine (LEU; 2 daily doses of 3 g) or placebo (PLA), sepa...
Article
Background: Providing accommodating resistance with the use of chains (CRT) is a programming technique that may enhance muscle size, strength, and power. However, there is a paucity of studies comparing the responses to CRT and traditional resistance training (TRT) approaches. This study aimed to examine the effects of 8 weeks of CRT and TRT on mu...
Article
Specialized resistance training techniques (e.g., drop-set, rest-pause) are commonly used by well-trained subjects for maximizing muscle hypertrophy. Most of these techniques were designed to allow a greater training volume (i.e., total repetitions x load), due to the supposition that it elicits greater muscle mass gains. However, many studies that...
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The present study aimed to compare the activation of the lower lumbar erector spinae, gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, and rectus femoris in two trunk positioning (straight, and inclined) during three lunge exercises (static, step-forwarding, and walking) in trained young women. Twelve women (24 ± 3 years) were selected and then performed, in a ran...
Article
The study aimed to compare the effect of performing the same or different exercises for a muscle group on resistance training (RT) sessions on muscle hypertrophy at different sites along muscle length. Twenty-two detrained men (23.3 ± 4.1 years) were randomly allocated to the following groups: a group that performed the same exercises in all traini...
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The aims of this study were: (i) to analyze the relationship between the performance of different measures of muscular strength, and (ii) to identify which measurements present a greater relationship with an overall strength score. Sixty older women (aged 69 ± 6 years) were submitted to muscular strength measurements from isotonic, isokinetic, and...
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Background: Bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) is a widely used method based on the interpretation of raw bioimpedance parameters to evaluate body composition and cellular health in athletes. However, several variables contribute to influencing BIVA patterns by militating against an optimal interpretation of the data. This study aims to explore th...
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This study analyzed the effects of the pyramidal resistance training (RT) system with two repetition zones on cardiovascular risk factors in older women (≥ 60 years old). Fifty-nine older women were randomly assigned in three groups: non-exercise control (CON, n = 19), narrow-pyramid system (NPR, n = 20), and wide-pyramid system (WPR, n = 20). Trai...
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Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) and phase angle (PhA) have been widely used to monitor changes in health-related parameters in older adults, while resistance training (RT) is one of the potential strategies to mitigate the adverse effects of aging. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the crescent-pyramid RT system...
Article
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Muscular strength and hypertrophy following resistance training may be obtained in different degrees depending on the approach performed. This study was designed to compare the responses of the biceps brachii to two preacher curl exercises, one performed on a cable-pulley system (CAB; in which a greater torque was applied during the exercise when e...
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The main purpose of this study was to assess the effects of resistance training (RT) frequency following a retraining period on muscular strength, body composition, and metabolic biomarkers after a detraining period in older women. Fourty older women ( 60 yrs) were randomly assigned to two groups that perform RT two or three times per week during...
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Objective: This study aimed to investigate the acute effects of laser PBM (λ: 808 nm) therapy on muscle performance and perceived exertion in physically active elderly women. Methods: Seventeen physically active elderly women (72.6 ± 4.1 y) participated in a crossover study in which they received active or placebo laser therapy on the rectus femori...
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We aimed to compare the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation combined resistance training (RT) on skeletal muscle mass (SMM), total body water (TBW), intracellular water (ICW), and extracellular water (ECW) in resistance-trained men, as well as determining whether the SMM/ICW ratio changes in response to the use of this ergogenic aid. Twenty-se...
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INTRODUCTION: Static stretching (SS) programs are widely used in clinical and athletic settings. Many previous studies investigate the effect of SS program on muscle strength and muscle architecture (muscle thickness, and pennation angle). However, no consensus has been reached about the effect of SS programs on muscle strength and muscle architect...
Article
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This study aimed to compare the effects of resistance training performed with low versus moderate loads on systemic resting blood pressure (BP) in older women. A total of 29 women (72.6 ± 5.1 years) were randomized into two groups: low load (LOW, n = 15) and moderate load (MOD, n = 14). An 8-week whole-body resistance training program was carried o...
Article
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Resistance training has been widely recommended as a strategy to enhance the functional autonomy and quality of life in older individuals. Among the variables that comprise a training session, the selection of exercises stands out as an important consideration for the elderly. Although a wide range of resistance exercise options exists, current gui...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of three resistance exercise orders on muscular strength, body composition, and functional fitness in trained older women. Forty-five women (aged ≥ 60 years), after performing 12 weeks of a pre-conditioning resistance-training program were randomly assigned in one of the following groups t...
Article
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Background: Many factors may influence the magnitude of individual responses to resistance training (RT). How the manipulation of training volume and/or frequency affects responsiveness level for muscle mass gain in older women has not been investigated. Aims: This study had the objective of identifying responders (RP) and non-responders (N-RP) old...
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The aim of the present study was to compare the changes in gastrocnemius muscle thickness (MT) between conditions in which foot was pointed outward (FPO), inward (FPI), or forward (FPF). Twenty-two young men (23 ± 4 years) were selected and performed a whole-body resistance training program three times per week for nine weeks, with differences in t...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training (RT) performed using low vs. moderate loads on muscular strength, muscle mass, and muscle quality index (MQI) in older women. Twenty-seven older women (71.5 ± 5 years, 65.2 ± 11 kg, 154.2 ± 5 cm, 27.4 ± 4 kg.m-2) were randomized into two groups: one that performed RT wi...
Article
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The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of holding the chair handles during the assessment of older women’s knee flexion and extension isokinetic and isometric strength. Of 57 older women (≥ 60 years) selected from a convenience sample for this research, 23 were randomly chosen to perform the tests twice for reproducibility analyses. Each...
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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of resistance training (RT) performed with a higher versus lower training volume on oxidative stress (OS) biomarkers in older women. Thirty-eight older women (≥ 60 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a group that performed one set per exercise (LV, n = 18), or 3 sets pe...
Article
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The online support of IBM SPSS proposes that users alter the syntax when performing post-hoc analyses for interaction effects of ANOVA tests. Other authors also suggest altering the syntax when performing GEE analyses. This being done, the number of possible comparisons (k value) is also altered, therefore influencing the results from statistical t...
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Stretch training is widely used in a variety of fitness-related capacities such as increasing joint range of motion, preventing contractures, and alleviating injuries. Moreover, some researches indicate that stretch training may induce muscle hypertrophy; however, studies on the topic have been primarily relegated to animal and in vitro models. The...
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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 24-week resistance-training (RT) program performed 2 vs. 3 times per week on body fat and metabolic health markers in older women. METHODS: Thirty-nine women (≥60 years old) were randomly assigned to two groups according to RT frequency (G2x = two sessions per week, n=19; and G3x...
Article
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The aim of this study was to compare the acute effects of four resistance-training (RT) exercise orders on rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and RT variables with exercise load properly adjusted according to its position within the sequence in older women. That is, the load was adjusted so that it was possible that the sets were performed within the...
Article
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Bodybuilding is an aesthetic sport whereby competitors aspire to achieve a combination of high levels of muscularity combined with low levels of body fat. Protein is an important macronutrient for promoting muscle growth, and meeting daily needs is necessary to optimize the accretion of lean mass. Current recommendations for muscle hypertrophy sugg...
Article
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the acute effects of different training loads on ratings of perceived exertion and discomfort and feelings of pleasure/displeasure in resistance-trained men. Twelve resistance-trained men (26.7 ± 3.5 years, 85.1 ± 17.5 kg, and 174. 9 ± 9.9 cm) performed 3 sets of the bench press, squat on a h...
Article
Backgrounds & aims: Obesity and sarcopenia are independent illnesses associated with contemporary dietary and physical activity behaviors, aggravated by aging. Their coexistence is termed sarcopenic obesity (SO). Hence, increasing protein intake and resistance training (RT) are interventions that could counteract these illnesses. The objective of...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of 24 weeks of resistance training (RT) performed 2 vs. 3 times per week on muscle strength, muscle mass, and muscle quality in older women. Thirty-nine older women (≥ 60 years old) were randomly assigned to two groups according to RT frequency (G2x = two sessions per week, n=19; and G3x = three...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of resistance-training (RT) exercise order on muscle strength, hypertrophy, and anabolic hormones in older women. Forty-four older women were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a non-exercise control group (CON, n=15) and two RT groups that performed a 12-weeks RT program in a multi...
Article
Background: Aging is accompanied by progressive and accentuated decline in muscular strength and skeletal muscle mass, affecting health and functional autonomy. Both resistance training (RT) and diet are strategies that may contribute to improvement in the health of the elderly. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of highe...
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different amounts of energy intake in combination with progressive resistance training on muscle mass and body fat in bodybuilders. Eleven male bodybuilders (26.8 ± 2.3 years, 90.1 ± 9.7 kg, and 176.9 ± 7.1 cm) were randomly assigned into one of two groups: a group that ingested higher amoun...
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The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of different resistance-training (RT) frequencies (two vs. three times per week) with an equivalent number of weekly sets performed between conditions on muscular strength and body composition in older women. Forty-seven older women (65 ± 4 years) were divided into two groups that performed a 12-week...