Joao Carreiras

Joao Carreiras
The University of Sheffield | Sheffield · University of Sheffield

PhD, Forestry

About

79
Publications
37,619
Reads
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2,691
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
1544 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
Since 2014 I'm working as a Research Associate at the National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), University of Sheffield, UK. My main area of scientific activity is related to the use of remote sensing data for mapping and quantifying the status and changes in the biophysical parameters and land use/land cover in tropical and subtropical forests in relation to anthropogenic and climate change.
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - present
National Centre for Earth Observation
Position
  • Research Associate
May 2008 - May 2014
Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical
Position
  • Senior Researcher
October 2007 - December 2007
Aberystwyth University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
January 2000 - December 2003
Technical University of Lisbon
Field of study
  • Forestry
September 1987 - February 1993
Technical University of Lisbon
Field of study
  • Forestry

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade, several global maps of above-ground biomass (AGB) have been produced, but they exhibit significant differences that reduce their value for climate and carbon cycle modelling, and also for national estimates of forest carbon stocks and their changes. The number of such maps is anticipated to increase because of new satellite mi...
Article
Full-text available
For monitoring and reporting forest carbon stocks and fluxes, many countries in the tropics and subtropics rely on default values of forest aboveground biomass (AGB) from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventories. Default IPCC forest AGB values originated from 2006, and are relativ...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forests play a key role in the global carbon and hydrological cycles, maintaining biological diversity, slowing climate change, and supporting the global economy and local livelihoods. Yet, rapidly growing populations are driving continued degradation of tropical forests to supply wood products. The United Nations (UN) has developed the Re...
Article
Full-text available
The terrestrial forest carbon pool is poorly quantified, in particular in regions with low forest inventory capacity. By combining multiple satellite observations of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) backscatter around the year 2010, we generated a global, spatially explicit dataset of above-ground live biomass (AGB; dry mass) stored in forests with a...
Article
Full-text available
Positive biodiversity‐ecosystem function relationships (BEFRs) have been widely documented, but it is unclear if BEFRs should be expected in disturbance‐driven systems. Disturbance may limit competition and niche differentiation, which are frequently posited to underlie BEFRs. We provide the first exploration of the relationship between tree specie...
Article
Full-text available
Selective logging is the primary driver of forest degradation in the tropics and reduces the capacity of forests to harbour biodiversity, maintain key ecosystem processes, sequester carbon, and support human livelihoods. While the preceding decade has seen a tremendous improvement in the ability to monitor forest disturbances from space, large-scal...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forests harbour the highest biodiversity on the planet and are essential to human livelihoods and the global economy. However, continued loss and degradation of forested landscapes, coupled with a rapidly rising global population is placing incredible pressure on forests globally. The United Nations has developed the Reducing Emissions fro...
Article
Full-text available
The characterization of carbon stocks and dynamics at the national level is critical for countries engaging in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. However, several tropical countries, including Kenya, lack the essential information typically provided by a complete national forest inventory. Here we present the most detailed and rig...
Preprint
Full-text available
The terrestrial forest carbon pool is poorly quantified, in particular in regions with low forest inventory capacity. By combining multiple satellite observations of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) backscatter around the year 2010, we generated a global, spatially explicit dataset of above-ground forest biomass (dry mass, AGB) with a spatial resolut...
Article
Full-text available
Frequent cloud cover in the tropics significantly affects the observation of the surface by satellites. This has enormous implications for current approaches that estimate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fires or map fire scars. These mainly employ data acquired in the visible to middle infrared bands to map fire scars or thermal data to estima...
Preprint
Full-text available
Selective logging is the primary driver of forest degradation in the tropics and reduces the capacity of forests to harbour biodiversity, maintain key ecosystem processes, sequester carbon, and support human livelihoods. While the preceding decade has seen a tremendous improvement in the ability to monitor forest disturbances from space, advances i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Secondary forests (SFs) are one of the major carbon sink in the Neotropics due to the rapid carbon assimilating in their aboveground biomass (AGB). However, the accurate contribution of the SFs to the carbon cycle is a great challenge because of the uncertainty in AGB estimates. In this context, the main objective of this work is to explore polarim...
Article
Full-text available
The amount and spatial distribution of forest aboveground biomass (AGB) were estimated using a range of regionally developed methods using Earth Observation data for Poland, Sweden and regions in Indonesia (Kalimantan), Mexico (Central Mexico and Yucatan peninsula), and South Africa (Eastern provinces) for the year 2010. These regions are represent...
Article
Full-text available
Secondary forests (SF) are important carbon sinks, removing CO2 from the atmosphere through the photosynthesis process and storing photosynthates in their aboveground live biomass (AGB). This process occurring at large-scales partially counteracts C emissions from land-use change, playing, hence, an important role in the global carbon cycle. The ab...
Article
Full-text available
Forests play a critical role in the global carbon budget, either acting as a sink of carbon from growth processes (e. [...]
Article
Full-text available
Hundreds of millions of hectares of tropical forest have been selectively logged, either legally or illegally. Methods for detecting and monitoring tropical selective logging using satellite data are at an early stage, with current methods only able to detect more intensive timber harvest (>20 m3 ha-1). The spatial resolution of widely available da...
Preprint
Hundreds of millions of hectares of tropical forest have been selectively logged, either legally or illegally. Methods for detecting and monitoring tropical selective logging using satellite data are at an early stage, with current methods only able to detect more intensive timber harvest (>20 m3 ha-1). The spatial resolution of widely available da...
Article
Full-text available
Countries are required to generate baselines of carbon emissions, or Forest Reference Emission Levels, for implementing REDD+ under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and to access results-based payments. Developing these baselines requires accurate maps of carbon stocks and historical deforestation. Global remote sensing pro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Secondary forests (SF) are important carbon sinks, removing CO2 from the atmosphere through the photosynthesis process and storing photosynthates in their aboveground live biomass (AGB). This process occurring at large-scales partially counteracts C emissions from land-use change, playing, hence, an important role in the global carbon cycle. The ab...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a novel approach for estimating the height of individual trees in secondary forests at two study sites: Manaus (central Amazon) and Santarém (eastern Amazon) in the Brazilian Amazon region. The approach consists of adjusting tree height-diameter at breast height (H:DBH) models in each study site by ecological species groups: pio...
Article
Full-text available
The Brazilian Amazon in the past decades has been suffering severe landscape alteration, mainly due to anthropogenic activities, such as road building and land clearing for agriculture. Using a high-resolution time series of land cover maps (classified as mature forest, non-forest, secondary forest) spanning from 1984 through 2011, and four uncorre...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the consequences of habitat modification on wildlife communities is central to the development of conservation strategies. However, albeit male and female individuals of numerous species are known to exhibit differences in habitat use, sex-specific responses to habitat modification remain little explored. Here, we used a landscape-sca...
Article
Full-text available
Secondary forests play an important role in restoring carbon and biodiversity lost previously through deforestation and degradation and yet there is little information available on the extent of different successional stages. Such knowledge is particularly needed in tropical regions where past and current disturbance rates have been high but regene...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonality causes fluctuations in resource availability, affecting the presence and abundance of animal species. The impacts of these oscillations on wildlife populations can be exacerbated by habitat fragmentation. We assessed differences in bat species abundance between the wet and dry season in a fragmented landscape in the Central Amazon chara...
Article
Full-text available
The magnitude of the global terrestrial carbon pool and related fluxes to and from the atmosphere are still poorly known. The European Space Agency P-band radar BIOMASS mission will help to reduce this uncertainty by providing unprecedented information on the distribution of forest above-ground biomass (AGB), particularly in the tropics where the g...
Article
Full-text available
Fragmentation of tropical forests is a major driver of the global extinction crisis. A key question is understanding how fragmentation impacts phylogenetic diversity, which summarises the total evolutionary history shared across species within a community. Conserving phylogenetic diversity decreases the potential of losing unique ecological and phe...
Conference Paper
Across the world, particularly in the tropics, the extent of forest clearance has been widespread. At present, few studies have been undertaken and little is known on the long-term effect of land use history following clearance, on forest recovery, a significant sink for atmospheric CO2. This study aimed at quantifying the capacity of regenerating...
Article
Differentiation of forest growth stages through classification of single date or time-series of Landsat sensor data is limited because of insensitivity to their three-dimensional structure. This study therefore evaluated the benefits of integrating the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) L-...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the Amazon region, the age of forests regenerating on previously deforested land is determined, in part, by the periods of active land use prior to abandonment and the frequency of reclearance of regrowth, both of which can be quantified by comparing time-series of Landsat sensor data. Using these time-series of near annual data from 197...
Article
Full-text available
Land cover change (LCC) models are used in many studies of human impacts on the environment, but knowing how well these models predict observed changes in the landscape is a challenge. We used nearly three decades of LCC maps to run several LCC simulations to: (1) determine which parameters associated with drivers of LCC (e.g. roads) get selected f...
Article
Full-text available
Information on the status of and changes in mangroves is required for national and international policy development, implementation and evaluation. To support these requirements, a component of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's (JAXA) Kyoto and Carbon (K&C) initiative has been to design and develop capability for a Global Mangrove Watch (GMW...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape ecology plays a vital role in understanding the impacts of land-use change on biodiversity, but it is not a predictive discipline, lacking theoretical models that quantitatively predict biodiversity patterns from first principles. Here, we draw heavily on ideas from phylogenetics to fill this gap, basing our approach on the insight that h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Multiclass classification is a common requirement of many land cover/land use applications, one of the pillars of land science studies. Even though genetic programming has been applied with success to a large number of applications, it is not particularly suited for multiclass classification, thus limiting its use on such studies. In this paper we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mapping and understanding the spatial distribution of forest aboveground biomass (AGB) is an important and challenging task. This paper describes an exercise of predicting the forest AGB of Guinea-Bissau, West Africa, using synthetic aperture radar data and measurements of tree size collected in field campaigns. Several methods were attempted, from...
Article
Full-text available
The quantification of forest above-ground biomass (AGB) is important for such broader applications as decision making, forest management, carbon (C) stock change assessment and scientific applications, such as C cycle modeling. However, there is a great uncertainty related to the estimation of forest AGB, especially in the tropics. The main goal of...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst extensive clearance of forests in the eastern Australian Brigalow Belt Bioregion (BBB) has occurred since European settlement, appropriate management of those that are regenerating can facilitate restoration of biomass (carbon) and biodiversity to levels typical of relatively undisturbed or remnant formations. However, maps of forests are di...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst extensive clearance of forests in the eastern Australian Brigalow Belt Bioregion (BBB) has occurred since European settlement, appropriate management of those that are regenerating can facilitate restoration of biomass (carbon) and biodiversity to levels typical of relatively undisturbed or remnant formations. However, maps of forests are di...
Article
Guinea-Bissau is one of the poorest countries in the world with a large proportion of its population living in rural areas. While industry is limited, over 70% of the territory is covered by forests, which can potentially be used to attract investment through forest-based projects that promote reductions in carbon emissions and sustainable manageme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the areas of Genetic Programming (GP) that, in comparison to other Machine Learning methods, has seen fewer research efforts is that of generalization. Generalization is the ability of a solution to perform well on unseen cases. It is one of the most important goals of any Machine Learning method, although in GP only recently has this issue...
Article
Full-text available
Fire frequency in 21 forest planning regions of Portugal during the period 1975-2005 was estimated from historical burnt area maps generated with semi-automatic classification of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) satellite imagery. Fire return interval distributions were modelled with the Weibull function and the estimated parameters were used to calcul...
Article
Full-text available
1] Annual emissions of CO 2 , CH 4 , CO, N 2 O, and NO x from biomass burning in shifting cultivation systems in tropical Asia, Africa, and America were estimated at national and continental levels as the product of area burned, aboveground biomass, combustion completeness, and emission factor. The total area of shifting cultivation in each country...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fires severity has increased in Portugal in the last decades. Climate change scenarios suggest the reinforcement of this severity. Forest ecosystem managers and policy-makers thus face the challenge of developing effective fire prevention policies. The characterization of forest fires is instrumental for meeting this challenge. An approach f...
Article
Full-text available
Focusing on woody vegetation in Queensland, Australia, the study aimed to establish whether the relationship between Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array L-band SAR (PALSAR) HH and HV backscattering coefficients and above ground biomass (AGB) was consistent within and between structural formations (forests, woodlands and open woodl...
Article
Focusing on woody vegetation in Queensland, Australia, a recent study (Lucas et al., 2010) established that the relationship between Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array L-band SAR (PALSAR) HH and HVbackscattering coefficient (gamma0;?o) and above ground biomass (AGB)varied as a function of surface moisture conditions and vegetatio...
Conference Paper
The use of a non-linear estimation algorithm for retrieving the biomass and structure of vegetation from polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data is demonstrated for woody regrowth in Queensland, Australia dominated by Acacia harpophylla (Brigalow). By varying the size and density of trees and associated woody components (branches and trunk...
Conference Paper
Based on case studies undertaken in tropical forests in Brazil and Indonesia and subtropical woodlands in Australia, the paper highlights how data acquired by the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Arrayed L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Landsat sensors can be integrated to better quantify the extent, biophysical characterist...
Article
Full-text available
Research undertaken as part of the Japanese Space Exploration Agency (JAXA) Principal Investigator (PI) and Kyoto and Carbon (K&C) program has focused on the regional characterization (growth stage as a function of biomass and structure) and mapping of forests across northern Australia and mangroves (including wetlands) in selected tropical regions...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity of scales and modes in which ground, airborne and spaceborne LiDAR operate has increased opportunities for quantitatively assessing forest structure, biomass and species composition and obtaining more general information on dynamics and ecological/commercial value. However, the level of information extracted can be increased even furt...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of deriving a land-cover map of the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the year 2000, using data from the 1 km SPOT-4 VEGETATION (VGT) sensor. For this purpose we used a VGT temporal series of 12 monthly composite images, which were further transformed to physical-meaningful fraction im...