Joanne Marie Cairns

Joanne Marie Cairns
Hull York Medical School

PhD, MA, BA (Hons)

About

28
Publications
2,915
Reads
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598
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
528 Citations
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Introduction
Dr Jo Cairns is a Research Fellow in the Hull York Medical School. Jo is currently working on the TRANSFORM project funded by Yorkshire Cancer Research as part of a five year career development fellowship (2019-2024). Jo's fellowship focuses on inequalities in screening uptake.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Hull York Medical School
Position
  • Fellow
November 2017 - August 2019
Canterbury Christ Church University
Position
  • Lecturer
October 2016 - November 2017
Alcohol Research UK
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
October 2009 - October 2012
Durham University
Field of study
  • Health Geography
October 2008 - October 2009
Durham University
Field of study
  • Social Research Methods
October 2005 - June 2008
Durham University
Field of study
  • Sociology, History, French

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Divergent narratives from a former coal-mining ‘community’ in the North East of England are analysed using Bourdieu’s conceptualisation of social capital. Thirty-three research participants (20 females; 13 males) took part in 15 semi-structured interviews and three focus groups over a six-month period (May and October 2011). The research findings s...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides a rapid evidence review of empirical studies, from the UK and Republic of Ireland, that have examined associations between suicidal behaviour (suicide and non-fatal self harm) and area-level deprivation. Five electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Citation Index and EconLit) were searched from 2005...
Article
Previous studies have identified an area-level association between socio-economic deprivation and poorer population health. However, some recent studies have suggested that some areas exhibit better health outcomes than would be expected given their level of deprivation. This has been conceptualised in terms of 'health resilience'. This study is th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Addressing socio-economic inequalities in obesity is a public health priority and the workplace is seen as a potential health promotion site. However, there is a lack of evidence on what works. This article systematically reviews studies of the effects of workplace interventions on socio-economic inequalities in obesity. Methods: Fol...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is the first empirical examination of the association between brownfield land and spatial inequalities in health. Linear mixed modelling of ward-level data suggests that there is higher exposure and susceptibility to brownfield land in the Northern compared to the Southern regions (with the exception of London); that brownfield exposure...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster details the PPI work we have done to develop the comic book for the focus groups.
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this scoping review, we examined the international literature on risk-stratified bowel screening to develop recommendations for future research, practice and policy. Methods Six electronic databases were searched from inception to 18 October 2021: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Ce...
Chapter
While the alcohol industry promotes alcohol as the essential ingredient for a happy, sociable life, individuals, families, communities and countries experience its harms. This chapter clarifies the various terminologies that are used to describe alcohol use and misuse, and explains how alcohol, a toxic substance, damages the human body and causes d...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
There are growing calls for NHS cancer screening programmes to be risk stratified (Autier, 2019), more specifically colorectal cancer screening (Imperiale and Monohan, 2020). A lot of work has been done in the UK, and internationally, on developing CRC risk models, based on genomic, lifestyle and family history data. However, there remains a dearth...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The welfare state distributes financial resources to its citizens - protecting them in times of adversity. Variations in how such social protection policies are administered have been attributed to important differences in population health. The aim of this systematic review of reviews is to update and appraise the evidence base of the...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Our central research question was, in England, are geographical inequalities in opioid use driven by health need (pain)? To answer this question, our study examined: (1) if there are regional inequalities in rates of chronic pain prevalence, pain intensity and opioid utilisation in England; (2) if opioid use and chronic pain are associat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background The WHO recently recognised stigma as a fundamental cause for health inequalities. Weight stigma is associated with negative health consequences, and patients experience it commonly in healthcare settings. This study forms part of systematic review that aimed to understand how weight stigma can be reduced through the adoption of whole sy...
Article
The relationship between adverse individual socio-economic circumstances and suicidal behaviour is well established. However, the impact of adverse collective circumstances - such as the socio-economic context where people live - is less well understood. This systematic review explores the extent to which area-level socioeconomic disadvantage is as...
Article
This paper critically discusses the utility of using qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in geographical research following the ‘complexity turn’. Although QCA methodology has increasingly been applied in other social science disciplines, it is not widely used by geographers. The major benefit of QCA is that it can handle complexity by exploring...
Article
Full-text available
Tackling obesity is one of the major contemporary public health policy challenges and is vital in terms of addressing health inequalities. Objectives To systematically review the effectiveness of interventions (individual, community and societal) in reducing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among (1) children aged 0–18 years (including prenat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Transport is an important determinant of health and there is a well-established association between socio-economic status (SES) and risk of road accidents. Effective traffic calming interventions such as 20 mph zones and limits may therefore improve health and reduce health inequalities. Methods: Systematic review methodology was use...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Tackling childhood obesity is one of the major contemporary public health policy challenges and vital in terms of addressing socioeconomic health inequalities.We aimed to systematically review studies of the effectiveness of interventions (individual, community and societal) operating via different approaches (targeted or universal) in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity are well established in high-income countries. There is a lack of evidence of the types of intervention that are effective in reducing these inequalities among adults. Objectives: To systematically review studies of the effectiveness of individual, community and societal interventions in reducing...
Article
It is increasingly understood that the physical environment remains an important determinant of area-level health and spatial and socioeconomic health inequalities. Existing research has largely focused on the health effects of differential access to green space, the proximity of waste facilities, or air pollution. The role of brownfield-or previou...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity and associated risk factors for obesity are widening throughout developed countries worldwide. Tackling obesity is high on the public health agenda both in the United Kingdom and internationally. However, what works in terms of interventions that are able to reduce inequalities in obesity is lackin...
Article
Previous research has found evidence that some economically deprived areas in England exhibit 'health resilience' in terms of lower than expected mortality rates. Consistent with earlier research we analysed area 'resilience' for parliamentary constituencies and our work extends previous research by including measures of morbidity. Standardised Mor...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To examine ethnic inequalities in cervical screening uptake using the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) Understanding Society wave 10.
Project
To explore attitudes towards risk stratified bowel cancer screening among members of the public and healthcare professionals/stakeholders.