Joann Montepare

Joann Montepare
Lasell College · Fuss Center for Research on Aging

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63
Publications
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Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Intergenerational classroom activities have been used to enhance age inclusivity in higher education in the traditional aging curriculum. As ageism continues to be prevalent, there is a need to extend intergenerational contact across the curriculum. Moreover, intergenerational exchange can be an asset to content learning in diverse classrooms. As p...
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Manifestations of ageism during the recent COVID‐19 pandemic call for ways to combat persistent negative views of older adults and the disparities they fuel, especially in light of the aging of populations. We discuss the pioneering Age‐Friendly University (AFU) initiative that takes a systems‐level approach and offers guiding principles for advanc...
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Full-text available
Considerable research has documented relationships between subjective age and consequential outcomes such as life satisfaction, daily stress, health, and even mortality. Less is known about associations between the age people perceive themselves to be and everyday behaviors that may serve as the paths to broader life outcomes. To begin to fill this...
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Full-text available
Considerable research has documented relationships between subjective age and consequential outcomes such as life satisfaction, daily stress, health, and even mortality. Less is known about associations between the age people perceive themselves to be and everyday behaviors that may serve as the paths to broader life outcomes. To begin to fill this...
Article
The Age-Friendly University (AFU) initiative was established as a framework to guide higher education in the development of programs, practices, and partnerships that support aging populations. This study examined the need for age-friendly efforts to include dementia-friendly educational opportunities by providing information about undergraduate st...
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Shifting age demographics are reshaping societies and challenging institutions of higher education to respond to aging populations through new approaches to teaching, research, and community engagement. The Age-Friendly University (AFU) initiative offers a set of guiding principles institutions can use to assess the extent to which their programs a...
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The aging of the world's population is an unprecedented recent phenomenon in human history, as for millennia - at least from the Neolithic to the mid-18th century - the age structures of human populations have changed little. The question posed by this anthropological perspective seems at first sight quite simple: how did this aging come to be? We...
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As populations age at record rates, institutions must ready themselves to be more age-friendly. Institutions with an affiliated university-based retirement community (UBRC) are particularly poised to adopt the Age-Friendly University (AFU) campus concept. The partnership of Lasell College and Lasell Village is used to illustrate how AFU principles...
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How do non-Western societies envisage the relationship between the body and ageing? The present work aimed to shed light on this question by exploring how adult men and women of different ages living in Dakar, Senegal, view their bodies. A quantitative methodology was selected, and this study was carried out on a sample of 1,000 dwellers of the Sen...
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Studies on correlates of subjective well-being of older adults are virtually non-existent in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, understanding and improving the well-being of older adults should be a focal point of research and policy directed at this fast growing population. The aim of this study was to assess the links between socio-demographic factors, eco...
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Subjective age, a component of subjective aging, has received growing empirical attention locally and globally. Reflecting the age individuals perceive themselves to be, subjective age involves the experience of time along multiple dimensions—including lifetime, marked by movement through developmental life stages and socially structured, historica...
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This Special Issue of the Journal of Nonverbal Behavior explores nonverbal issues in the digital age, with an emphasis on how information is communicated and received on social networking sites such as Facebook. In addition to showing that a variety of user characteristics play an important role in the exchange of information, the featured articles...
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Evidence is accumulating on the effects of subjective aging-that is, how individuals perceive their own aging process-on health and survival in later life. The goal of this article is to synthesize findings of existing longitudinal studies through a meta-analysis. A systematic search in PsycInfo, Web of Science, Scopus, and Pubmed resulted in 19 lo...
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This Special Issue of the Journal of Nonverbal Behavior explores nonverbal issues in the digital age, with an emphasis how digital technologies provide researchers with new tools for exploring nonverbal components of interpersonal interactions in digital environments. In addition to showing a range of exciting applications, the featured articles al...
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To understand better how age-related physical qualities affect age stereotyping, this research investigated the social judgments young adult listeners make when they hear the voices of younger, middle-aged, and older adult speakers. Ninety-six listeners judged 24 speakers (22-79 years in age) reading a content-neutral passage. The listeners rated e...
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Objectives.Although theorists acknowledge that beliefs about emotions may play a role in age-related emotion behavior, no research has explored these beliefs. This research examined beliefs about the experience and expression of emotions across the life span, especially across the adult years. Younger and older adults rated the extent to which infa...
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The objectives of this study in Dakar were twofold: to determine whether the representations of older adults are mainly positive, neutral or negative in the Senegalese capital; and to analyse the emic notions on which these age representations are based. As a first step in understanding how older adults are represented in this contemporary urban Af...
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The objectives of this quantitative study were to (1) ascertain to what extent older adults aged 50 and above feel and desire to be younger than their age, and classify themselves as young versus old; (2) compare these patterns with those found among other cross-cultural populations; and (3) assess the extent to which self-rated health and life sat...
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A little over 10 years ago, the Journal of Nonverbal Behavior published a Special Issue on Aging and Nonverbal Behavior. The introductory remarks called for greater attention to age-related questions in the nonverbal field not only because of the dramatic demographic age shifts which were occurring, but also because it could serve as a testing grou...
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What information guides how perceivers evaluate people's emotional experiences? Some regard expressive fa-cial cues to be the critical source of information whereas others argue that situational cues exert the decisive im-pact. This research explored an alternative view suggesting that both information sources are of consequence and that cognitive...
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This article attempts to integrate the contributions of research in this volume of the International Journal of Behavioral Development with related research under a guiding lifespan framework that describes the dynamics of subjective age identification. The framework rests on the premise that subjective age derives from a process of anchoring and a...
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We form first impressions from faces despite warnings not to do so. Moreover, there is considerable agreement in our impressions, which carry significant social outcomes. Appearance matters because some facial qualities are so useful in guiding adaptive behavior that even a trace of those qualities can create an impression. Specifically, the qualit...
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Age-related trends and predictors were explored with respect to three dimensions of adults’ body consciousness. Consistent with the notion that aging adults’ perceptions of their bodies are multidimensional and multidirectional, adults reported being more concerned about their external physical appearance (public body consciousness), more aware of...
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The effect of perceived competence on congressional elections reported by Todorov et al. likely reflects differences in their babyfacedness. In their Perspective, Zebrowitz and Montepare review research to support this explanation, with suggestions for future research on appearance biases.
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No discussion of nonverbal behavior would be complete without a consideration of issues pertaining to interpersonal sensitivity. Interpersonal sensitivity is the ability to accurately assess other people's abilities, states, and traits from nonverbal cues. The articles brought together in this two part Special Issue of the "Journal of Nonverbal Beh...
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This study tested the hypothesis derived from ecological theory that adaptive social perceptions of emotion expressions fuel trait impressions. Moreover, it was predicted that these impressions would be overgeneralized and perceived in faces that were not intentionally posing expressions but nevertheless varied in emotional demeanor. To test these...
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This is Part II of our Special Issue on Evolution and Nonverbal Behavior. In Part I, researchers explored how our reactions to particular people could be traced to distal evolutionary challenges our ancestors faced and the mechanisms that evolved to meet them. Just as Darwin (1872) theorized that facial expressions have their roots in adaptive evol...
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This research utilized a novel methodology to explore the relative salience of facial cues to age, sex, race, and emotion in differentiating faces. Inspired by the Stroop interference effect, participants viewed pairs of schematic faces on a computer that differed simultaneously along two facial dimensions (e.g., race and age) and were prompted to...
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Previous research has shown that the cognitive generalizations we maintain about ourselves, termed self-schemas, influence how we process self-referent information. This study investigated the operation of self-schemas in the domain of age. In the first phase of the study, 50 young adult men and women completed a scale designed to measure their age...
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We consider 2 questions in this commentary. One is the extent to which the understanding of aging can be advanced by the application of social psychological theories. The second is the extent to which social-psychological theories can be enriched by considering issues in aging. We argue that the focus on situational causes of behavior in social psy...
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We consider 2 questions in this commentary. One is the extent to which the understanding of aging can be advanced by the application of social psychological theories. The second is the extent to which social-psychological theories can be enriched by considering issues in aging. We argue that the focus on situational causes of behavior in social psy...
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Eighty-two younger and older adults participated in a two-part study of the decoding of emotion through body movements and gestures. In the first part, younger and older adults identified emotions depicted in brief videotaped displays of young adult actors portraying emotional situations. In each display, the actors were silent and their faces were...
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The ability to process emotional information was assessed in 42 individuals: 23 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 19 healthy elderly controls. Four tasks assessed the ability to recognize emotion in audiotaped voices, in drawings of emotional situations, and in videotaped vignettes displaying emotions in facial expression, gestures, and bo...
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The field of nonverbal behavior encompasses a wide range of topics, none of which have been examined closely in the context of adult development and aging. Statistics abound attesting to the pressing need for social scientists to take into account the characteristics and concerns of our rapidly aging population (e.g., AARP, 1991). We believe that g...
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This chapter examines people's perceptions of individuals of different ages and the social and psychological consequences of these age-related judgments. The chapter considers age as a salient and significant component of social judgments. It essentially describes the nature of the physical information that differentiates people on the basis of age...
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This research examined the extent to which variations in adults' subjective age identities were related to information provided by proximal age markers, which are specific age-symbolic experiences presumed to channel shifts in age identities. To this end, adults' psychological, physical, and social subjective age identities were examined in relatio...
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The present study examined actual and subjective age-related variations in women's perceptions of their weight, sexual attractiveness, physical condition, and overall body satisfaction. To this end, 265 women between the ages of 17 and 85 years completed the Body Esteem Scale (Franzio & Shields, 1984), the subjective age scales of the Subjective Ag...
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Two studies examined whether variations in height influence children's impressions of men and women. In Study 1, 28 preschool-aged children judged the strength, dominance, smartness, and concern for others of male and female targets of different heights. Children judged both taller male and female targets as stronger and more dominant, but not to h...
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Reliability, content, and homogeneity of own- and other-race impressions were assessed: U.S. White, U.S. Black, and Korean students rated faces of White, Black, or Korean men. High intraracial reliabilities revealed that people of 1 race showed equally high agreement regarding the traits of own- and other-race faces. Racially universal appearance s...
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Cross-cultural similarities and differences in impressions of age-related gait qualities were investigated. Specifically, Korean subjects'' perceptions of the age, sex, and traits of 5 to 70 year old American men and women, whose gaits were depicted in point-light displays, were compared with American subjects'' perceptions documented by Montepare...
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Four questions were addressed concerning perceptions of babyfaced individuals from infancy to older adulthood: (1) Do perceivers make reliable babyface judgments at each age; (2) does a babyface have the same effects on trait impressions at each age; (3) are the effects of a babyface independent of the effects of attractiveness; and (4) what facial...
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This study examined characteristics of young adult children's vocal communication with parents and grandparents. Seven young adult women telephoned their parents and grandparents, had a brief conversation with them, and described a collage to them. Voice samples of the conversations were rated by groups of 12-15 male and female judges on scales ref...
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This research examined young adult men's and women's subjective perceptions of their age along several dimensions including how old they felt, looked, acted, desired to be, and thought they were regarded by others. The relationship between young adults' subjective age identities and other perceptions of the self were also examined. It was found tha...
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Drawing on McArthur and Baron's (1983) ecological theory of social perception, the present research examined younger and older children's ability to differentiate male and female adults who varied in the babyishness of their facial appearance. Children's perceptions of the targets' dominance and warmth were also assessed. Systematic effects were fo...
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The present research examined if the impact of a babyface on trait impressions documented in previous research holds true for moving faces. It also assessed the relative impact of a babyface and a childlike voice on impressions of talking faces. To achieve these goals, male and female targets'' traits as well as their facial and vocal characteristi...
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We examined differences in subjective age identification from adolescence to old age and the relation between subjective age and fears about one's own aging and life satisfaction. Using a questionnaire format, 188 men and women from 14 to 83 years of age made judgments about how old they felt, looked, acted, and desired to be. Respondents also answ...
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Drawing on the ecological theory of social perception, we investigated the impact of age-related gait qualities on trait impressions. In Study 1, subjects observed 5- to 70-year-old walkers depicted in point-light displays, and rated the walkers' traits, gaits, and ages. Younger walkers were perceived as more powerful and happier than older walkers...
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To further our understanding of the impact of social factors on women's vocal behavior, women's vocal reactions to different male friends were examined. Specifically, subjects listened to women talking to intimate and casual male friends on the telephone, made ratings about women's vocal qualities and psychological traits, and identified with whom...
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Two studies tested the hypothesis that adults with childlike voices would be perceived as having childlike psychological attributes. In Study 1, United States undergraduates listened to either 16 male or 16 female speakers reciting the English alphabet, and they rated psychological traits and vocal qualities of each speaker. The results revealed th...
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Full-text available
The present study examined the potential for information provided in a person's style of walking to reveal certain emotions. Ten subjects observed five walkers expressing four different emotions and made emotion identifications as well as judgments about specific gait characteristics. Results revealed that subjects were able to identify sadness, an...
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To examine the impact of age-related variations in facial characteristics on children's age judgments, two experiments were conducted in which craniofacial shape and facial wrinkling were independently manipulated in stimulus faces as sources of age information. Using a paired-comparisons task, children between the ages of 2 1/2 and 6 were asked to...
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--Brandeis University, 1985. "UMI 8617019." Includes bibliographical references (p. 94-100). Photocopy.

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