Joan A Reid

Joan A Reid
University of South Florida | USF

PhD Criminology

About

55
Publications
25,846
Reads
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1,384
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
University of South Florida St. Petersburg
Position
  • Research Assistant
August 2014 - April 2015
University of South Florida St. Petersburg
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2012 - August 2014
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
Extending prior research regarding victim injury during sexual assault, the current study employed mixed-methods sequential explanatory research design to identify predictors of victim injury and victim death in 361 attempted and completed sexual assaults committed by 72 repeat sex offenders who assaulted strangers. Results from multinomial path an...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We observed how perceptions of risks, costs, crime rewards, and violence exposure change as individual gun-carrying behavior changes among high-risk adolescents. Methods: We analyzed a longitudinal study (2000-2010) of serious juvenile offenders in Maricopa County, Arizona, or Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, assessing within-perso...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to analytically identify risk profiles for juvenile human trafficking (JHT) based on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and health risk behaviors. First, the study examined which types of ACEs and health risk behaviors were more prevalent among trafficked adolescents using a sample of 913 male and female juvenile-j...
Article
Justice-involved youth witness and experience disproportionately high levels of violence and abuse, yet our understanding of trauma-related symptoms and exposure to violence (ETV) in this group remains largely underdeveloped. Using data from a sample of 1,354 youth, this study uses latent class analysis to construct a typology of justice-involved t...
Article
Background Researchers have raised awareness of high levels of violence exposure among justice‐involved adolescents and its association with psychological distress, yet the relationship between the violence and psychological distress has rarely been studied longitudinally. Aim This study aimed to gain understanding of the relationship between long...
Article
Little is known about how justice-involved youth are coping with stress related to COVID-19. This study examined changes in psychological distress and antisocial behavior indicators among 557 youths on probation who completed two assessments during pre-COVID-19 conditions and two assessments during post-COVID-19 conditions. Drawing from Agnew’s Gen...
Article
The current study castssome of the first light into the initial impacts of the largest global health crisis in a generation on family and domestic violence, the long-term repercussions of which may take decades to unpack. Statewide trends in juvenile arrests for domestic violence (DV)-related offending are examined, taking into account school closu...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the immense impact of wildlife trafficking, comparisons of the profits, costs, and seriousness of crime consistently rank wildlife trafficking lower relative to human trafficking, drug trafficking and weapons trafficking. Using the published literature and current events, we make the case, when properly viewed within the context of COVID-19...
Article
Full-text available
Background There has been little research into whether personality traits increase vulnerability to serious forms of recurring victimisation, such as commercial sexual exploitation of young people. Aims To investigate whether impulsivity, emotional dysregulation or high psychopathy scale scores indicative of personality traits increase vulnerabili...
Article
Full-text available
Early exposure to violence (ETV) has been repeatedly linked to violence in intimate relationships later in life. However, this association has rarely been explored among young men involved in the justice system, a group that is of significant policy concern. Methods. Drawing from four waves of data collected from 808 young men with histories of ser...
Article
Extensive efforts have focused on preventing or reducing the prevalence of sexual assault and sexual homicide of children and adults. Offender, victim, offence, and environmental factors have been associated with sexual assault injury and death more broadly, however, little to no prior research has investigated the role of these factors in explaini...
Chapter
Full-text available
In an era of unprecedented technological accessibility coupled with the possibility of online anonymity, human traffickers often operate in the shadows – avoiding interference by typical societal safeguards and law enforcement. This chapter highlights challenges to combatting human trafficking due to the widespread use of mobile technology and the...
Article
Abstract COVID-19 has wreaked havoc on the lives of persons around the world and social scientists are just beginning to understand its consequences on human behavior. One policy that public health officials put in place to help stop the spread of the virus were stay-at-home/shelter-in-place lockdown-style orders. While designed to protect people f...
Book
The current policing landscape has seen the rise in serious and organized crime across the globe. Criminals are innovating in real-time leveraging cyber, social media, enhanced surveillance to support their activities. In so doing, the criminal landscape has become transnational whereby collaborative networks have flourished thereby creating greate...
Chapter
In this chapter, the links between human trafficking and intimate partner violence (IPV) over the life course are reviewed. Exposure to intimate partner violence during childhood increases risk for victimization in sex trafficking during young adulthood. The lasting impacts of exposure to interpersonal violence during childhood affect one’s ability...
Article
Background: Important unresolved questions remain concerning the specific vulnerabilities and intervention needs of female adolescents who experience commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), when compared to other highly vulnerable female adolescents. Objective: This study aimed to assess differences in the level of post-traumatic symp...
Article
Child sexual exploitation is deemed to be an exceptionally inexcusable form of human trafficking due to the inherent vulnerability of children. In some developing countries the prostitution of children in the form of child sex tourism contributes significantly to the gross national product, and the well‐being of children is traded for short‐term ec...
Article
Research has consistently linked two forms of childhood antisocial behavior, physical aggression and nonaggressive rule-breaking, to adolescent delinquency. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the development of problem behavior during the latter years of childhood and early adolescence (ages 6 to 14). The current study utilized longitu...
Chapter
The emergence of human trafficking as an international, national, and local crime prompted interest among criminology researchers in human trafficking and its intersections with the criminal justice system. This chapter aims to underscore research strategies employed by criminology researchers to gain greater understanding of sexual exploitation an...
Chapter
Emerging evidence exposes a heightened risk for victimization in commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) currently impacting individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). The chapter examines the most common presentation of trauma symptoms among individuals with ID as well as the treatment options for clinicians working with CSE survivors with ID....
Chapter
Sex traffickers often prey on vulnerability and employ manipulative tactics to create opportunity for exploitation. A review of 93 cases of sexually exploited girls and interviews with their case managers revealed that in approximately half of these cases exploitation in sex trafficking occurred after the girls had contact with child welfare and/or...
Article
Full-text available
Research has consistently linked residual trauma-related shame among child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors to sexual revictimization, health risk behaviors, and poorer response to mental health treatment. However, questions remain regarding the imprint of childhood maltreatment on trauma-related shame including which CSA characteristics or types of ch...
Article
Substantial bodies of research from various fields have consistently documented the long-term, detrimental effects of childhood maltreatment and trauma. In the health science field, a body of research—known as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) studies—has raised awareness among health-care providers of the cumulative or dose-response impact of ch...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the asso...
Article
Objectives: To examine the link between human trafficking of minors and childhood adversity. Methods: We compared the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cumulative childhood adversity (ACE score) among a sample of 913 juvenile justice-involved boys and girls in Florida for whom the Florida child abuse hotline accepted human t...
Article
Full-text available
Few researchers have examined sex trafficking of girls with intellectual disabilities (IDs). Drawing from 54 juvenile sex trafficking (JST) cases, this exploratory, mixed methods study compared 15 JST cases involving girls with ID with 39 JST cases involving girls without ID. Findings revealed a disproportionate risk for exploitation in JST for gir...
Chapter
Human trafficking is a complex crime of profit-driven exploitation facilitated by force, fraud, or coercion. Human trafficking manifests in many forms, including sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and child sex tourism. While many victims of human trafficking are moved across international borders, others are victims of domestic human trafficking...
Article
Few studies have explored the longitudinal relationship between commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) and the use of specific types of substances by male youth. To gain a more comprehensive understanding of the links between CSE and substance use in male youth, the current study explored this connection using longitudinal data collected from a sampl...
Article
Within the growing body of scholarly research focused on sex trafficking, the existence of male victims is not often acknowledged. Current understanding of sex trafficking overlooks exploitation of male victims by restricting the phenomenon to a single exploiter-exploited gender pattern, that of males exploiting females. This comparative review aim...
Article
Using latent class analysis (LCA), this study identified a dyadic taxonomy of delinquent youth categorized by varying types of maternal-youth reporting discrepancies (i.e., youth < maternal, youth > maternal) within a sample of 764 14-year-old high-risk youth. Four distinctive subgroups of youth were identified, two of which reported more than a mi...
Article
Using latent class analysis (LCA), this study identified a dyadic taxonomy of delinquent youth categorized by varying types of maternal-youth reporting discrepancies (i.e., youth < maternal, youth > maternal) within a sample of 764 14-year-old high-risk youth. Four distinctive subgroups of youth were identified, two of which reported more than a mi...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this research was to explore the understudied characteristics and dynamics of family-facilitated juvenile sex trafficking (FF-JST). Drawing from case records of juvenile sex trafficking (JST) victims in Florida, the current study examined child maltreatment histories, perpetrator–victim relationship patterns, trafficker motivations,...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging research suggests that sex traffickers/pimps control the majority of trafficked girls in the United States. The youthfulness of these victims and their lack of psychosocial maturity severely diminish their ability to detect exploitative motives or withstand manipulation of traffickers. A review of 43 cases of sexually exploited girls invol...
Article
Researchers have consistently linked commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) of youth and involvement in prostitution with substance dependency and delinquency. Yet, important questions remain regarding the directionality and mechanisms driving this association. Utilizing a sample of 114 CSE/prostituted youth participating in the Pathways to Desistanc...
Article
Previous research into age-related variables relevant to girls and young women being involved in commercial sexual exploitation (including prostitution) has not distinguished between its onset and limitation to adolescence and its early onset and persistence into adult life. The aims of this study were to examine variables associated with adolescen...
Article
Emerging evidence indicates male youth are affected by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). However, most studies investigating risk markers influencing age of onset of CSE have focused on vulnerabilities of girls and women. Using a sample of 1,354 serious youthful offenders (of whom approximately 8% of males and females reported being paid for se...
Article
Scholarly research on commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) of youth has been impeded due to difficulties in researching hidden and vulnerable populations. Drawing from Agnew’s general strain theory, this study utilized multigroup structural equation modeling to explore similarities and differences in vulnerability to CSE across gender. The strain r...
Article
Purpose: Understanding the motivation of sex offenders plays a key role in societal perception of victim culpability and offender responsibility. This study identified patterns of offender motivation, assessed motivation stability across offenses, and estimated the influence of offense/victim specific factors on motivation in comparison to offender...
Article
Critical psychological, systemic, and legislative barriers to the successful prosecution of child sex traffickers who exploit U.S. citizens were uncovered during a rapid assessment conducted in a U.S. metropolitan region considered a high intensity child prostitution area. Information obtained during 34 face-to-face interviews with criminal justice...
Article
Alumni of a Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE)–accredited graduate rehabilitation counselor education (RCE) program were surveyed to evaluate career outcomes, job satisfaction, licensure and certification rates, client populations served, and RCE program satisfaction and effectiveness. Results indicate a high level of satisfaction with the...
Article
The psychological phenomenon labeled Stockholm syndrome or trauma bonding has been explained as a product of interpersonal trauma whereby the perpetrator elicits fear in the victim that is experienced as venerating gratitude for being allowed to survive. There is no widely accepted theory to explain how perpetrators of trauma emotionally bind their...
Chapter
The psychological phenomenon labeled Stockholm syndrome or trauma bonding has been explained as a product of interpersonal trauma whereby the perpetrator elicits fear in the victim that is experienced as venerating gratitude for being allowed to survive. There is no widely accepted theory to explain how perpetrators of trauma emotionally bind their...
Article
Victim-offenders are generally considered a distinct group with one or more shared characteristics; however, some have suggested possible victim-offender subgroups with varied victimization-offending patterns. The potential for victim- offender subgroups was assessed within a nationally representative sample of 1,000 youth using latent class analys...
Article
The status of research on human trafficking has been characterized as methodologically inadequate and lacking sufficient theoretical framework necessary for solution development. This review of sex trafficking in North America examined prior research regarding victim vulnerabilities through the theoretical lens of life course theory endeavoring to...
Article
Full-text available
Due to inaccessibility of child victims of commercial sexual exploitation, the majority of emergent research on the problem lacks theoretical framing or sufficient data for quantitative analysis. Drawing from Agnew’s general strain theory, this study utilized structural equation modeling to explore: whether caregiver strain is linked to child maltr...
Article
Full-text available
While the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 and subsequent reauthorizations defined all minors under the age of 18 involved in commercial sex acts as victims, state and local systems continue to classify prostituted minors who are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents as offenders. A review of the historical, neurological, and...
Article
Full-text available
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is the commercial sexual exploitation of U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident children. This study explored the identification of DMST victims and their access to crime victim services. Findings suggest an acute lack of awareness or understanding of DMST among professionals likely to come into contact with...
Article
Although juveniles are known to experience relatively high levels of violence and abuse, study of their victimization is underdeveloped. Using data from a nationally representative survey of 1,000 youth, this study used latent class analysis to construct a typology of juvenile victims and latent class regression to explore previously proposed corre...
Article
Extending previous research, this study utilized structural equation modeling to examine the effects of poor mother/child attachment, child neglect, juvenile sexual victimization (JSV), and Finkelhor and Browne's (1985) proposed construct of traumatic sexualization on vulnerability to adult sexual victimization. The proposed model was assessed usin...

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