Joan Enrique-Romero

Joan Enrique-Romero
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Unidad de Química Física

PhD
PostDoctoral resarcher at UAB in the group of Albert Rimola, "Quantum Grain"

About

30
Publications
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384
Citations

Publications

Publications (30)
Preprint
Full-text available
Binding energies (BEs) are one of the most important parameters for astrochemical modeling determining, because they govern whether a species stays in the gas-phase or is frozen on the grain surfaces. It is currently known that, in the denser and colder regions of the interstellar medium, sulphur is severely depleted in the gas phase. It has been s...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Protostellar jets are an important agent of star formation feedback, tightly connected with the mass-accretion process. The history of jet formation and mass ejection provides constraints on the mass accretion history and on the nature of the driving source. Aims. We characterize the time-variability of the mass-ejection phenomena at work...
Article
The formation of the interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) is a hot topic in astrochemistry. One of the main paradigms trying to reproduce the observations postulates that iCOMs are formed on the ice mantles covering the interstellar dust grains as a result of radical–radical coupling reactions. We investigate iCOM formation on the icy sur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Protostellar jets are an important agent of star formation feedback, tightly connected with the mass-accretion process. The history of jet formation and mass-ejection provides constraints on the mass accretion history and the nature of the driving source. We want to characterize the time-variability of the mass-ejection phenomena at work in the Cla...
Article
Full-text available
Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is a relatively common molecule, often found in star-forming regions. Recent studies suggest that it could be a parent molecule of several so-called interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs). However, the formation route of this species remains under debate. In the present work, we study the formation of ethanol through the...
Preprint
We present ALMA high-angular resolution ($\sim$ 50 au) observations of the Class I binary system SVS13-A. We report images of SVS13-A in numerous interstellar complex organic molecules: CH$_{\rm 3}$OH, $^{13}$CH$_{\rm 3}$OH, CH$_{\rm 3}$CHO, CH$_{\rm 3}$OCH$_{\rm 3}$, and NH$_{\rm 2}$CHO. Two hot corinos at different velocities are imaged in VLA4A...
Article
We present ALMA high-angular-resolution (∼50 au) observations of the Class I binary system SVS13-A. We report images of SVS13-A in numerous interstellar complex organic molecules: CH 3 OH, ¹³ CH 3 OH, CH 3 CHO, CH 3 OCH 3 , and NH 2 CHO. Two hot corinos at different velocities are imaged in VLA4A ( V sys = +7.7 km s ⁻¹ ) and VLA4B ( V sys = +8.5 km...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ethanol (CH$_3$CH$_2$OH) is a relatively common molecule, often found in star forming regions. Recent studies suggest that it could be a parent molecule of several so-called interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs). Yet, the formation route of this species remains debated. In the present work, we study the formation of ethanol through the rea...
Preprint
Full-text available
The formation of the interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) is a hot topic in astrochemistry. One of the main paradigms trying to reproduce the observations postulates that iCOMs are formed on the ice mantles covering the interstellar dust grains as a result of radical--radical coupling reactions. We investigate iCOMs formation on the icy s...
Article
Full-text available
Context. Interstellar grains are known to be important actors in the formation of interstellar molecules such as H 2 , water, ammonia, and methanol. It has been suggested that the so-called interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) are also formed on the interstellar grain icy surfaces by the combination of radicals via reactions assumed to ha...
Thesis
In this thesis I have investigated some of the critical points towards the formation of iCOMs on interstellar icy dust.In particular I have tackled the problem of the synthesis of iCOMs on the surfaces of interstellar dust grains from a theoretical point of view with quantum chemistry calculations. Such calculations have shown that radical—radical...
Preprint
Full-text available
Interstellar grains are known to be important actors in the formation of interstellar molecules such as H$_2$, water, ammonia, and methanol. It has been suggested that the so-called interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) are also formed on the interstellar grain icy surfaces by the combination of radicals via reactions assumed to have an ef...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular hydrogen is the most abundant molecular species in the Universe. While no doubts exist that it is mainly formed on the interstellar dust grain surfaces, many details of this process remain poorly known. In this work, we focus on the fate of the energy released by the H$_2$ formation on the dust icy mantles, how it is partitioned between t...
Chapter
In cold and dense regions of the interstellar medium, such as molecular clouds, more than 200 gas-phase molecular species have been observed by means of infra-red and rotational spectroscopy techniques alongside solid sub-micrometer sized particles called dust grains. These grains are of uttermost importance because their surfaces serve as meeting...
Chapter
Formamide is observed in the interstellar medium and it is thought to play an important role as a precursor of prebiotic molecules. In this work we study the reactivity of NH and HCO on the open surface of amorphous ice model, which can either lead to the formation of formamide (through radical-radical coupling) or CO + NH (through direct H-abstrac...
Article
Context: Low-mass protostars drive powerful molecular outflows that can be observed with millimetre and submillimetre telescopes. Various sulfuretted species are known to be bright in shocks and could be used to infer the physical and chemical conditions throughout the observed outflows. Aims: The evolution of sulfur chemistry is studied along the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular clouds are the cold regions of the Milky Way where stars form. They are enriched by rather complex molecules. Many of these molecules are believed to be synthesized on the icy surfaces of the interstellar submicron-sized dust grains that permeate the Galaxy. At 10 K thermal desorption is ineffcient and, therefore, why these molecules are...
Article
The formation of interstellar complex organic molecules is currently thought to be dominated by the barrierless coupling between radicals on the interstellar icy grain surfaces. Previous standard density functional theory (DFT) results on the reactivity between CH3 and HCO on amorphous water surfaces showed that the formation of CH4 + CO by H trans...
Preprint
Full-text available
Formation of interstellar complex organic molecules is currently thought to be dominated by the barrierless coupling between radicals on the interstellar icy grain surfaces. Previous standard DFT results on the reactivity between CH$_3$ and HCO on amorphous water surfaces, showed that formation of CH$_4$ + CO by H transfer from HCO to CH$_3$ assist...
Article
The latest developments in astrochemistry have shown how some molecular species can be used as a tool to study the early stages of the solar-type star formation process. Among them particularly relevant are the interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) and the deuterated molecules. Their analysis give us information on the present and past his...
Preprint
The latest developments in astrochemistry have shown how some molecular species can be used as a tool to study the early stages of the solar-type star formation process. Among them, the more relevant species are the interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) and the deuterated molecules. Their analysis give us information on the present and pas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) can be loosely defined as chemical compounds with at least six atoms in which at least one is carbon. The observations of iCOMs in star-forming regions have shown that they contain an important fraction of carbon in a molecular form, which can be used to synthesize more complex, even biotic molecules....
Article
Interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs)can be loosely defined aschem-ical compounds withat leastsix atoms in which at least one is carbon.The obser-vations of iCOMs in star-forming regions have shown that they contain an important fraction of carbon in a molecular form, which can be used tosynthesize more complex, even biotic molecules. Henc...
Article
We present the first census of the interstellar Complex Organic Molecules (iCOMs) in the low-mass Class I protostar SVS13-A, obtained by analysing data from the IRAM-30 m Large Project ASAI (Astrochemical Surveys At IRAM). They consist of a high-sensitivity unbiased spectral survey at the 1mm, 2mm, and 3mm IRAM bands. We detected five iCOMs: acetal...
Preprint
We present the first census of the interstellar Complex Organic Molecules (iCOMs) in the low-mass Class I protostar SVS13-A, obtained by analysing data from the IRAM-30m Large Project ASAI (Astrochemical Surveys At IRAM). They consist of an high-sensitivity unbiased spectral survey at the 1mm, 2mm and 3mm IRAM bands. We detected five iCOMs: acetald...
Article
Interstellar formamide (NH2CHO) has recently attracted significant attention due to its potential role as a molecular building block in the formation of precursor biomolecules relevant for the origin of life. Its formation, whether on the surfaces of the interstellar grains or in the gas phase, is currently debated. The present article presents new...
Article
Complex Organic Molecules (COMs) have been detected in the interstellar medium (ISM). However, it is not clear whether their synthesis occurs on the icy surfaces of interstellar grains or via a series of gas-phase reactions. As a test case of the COMs synthesis in the ISM, we present new quantum chemical calculations on the formation of acetaldehyd...

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