Joachim Gerich

Joachim Gerich
Johannes Kepler University Linz | JKU · Institute of Sociology

About

43
Publications
7,789
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737
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
495 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Background: Research on the spillover effects of work stress on substance use have mainly focused on the concept of escapist substance. Objective: Building on the concept of self-endangering work behavior, we expand this stress-theoretic view with a presenteeism path of work-induced substance use. Contrary to emotion-based disengaging coping strat...
Article
Objective: Previous research found increased sickness presenteeism (working despite sickness) associated with home-based telework. The Covid-19 pandemic offers new insights into mechanisms, as a large proportion of the workforce was forced to work from home, irrespective of organizational and individual predispositions. Methods: A path analysis ba...
Article
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Purpose There is consensus that Quality of Life (QOL) should be obtained through self-reports from people with intellectual Disability (ID). Thus far, there have been no attempts to collect self-reported QOL from people who are deaf and have ID. Methods Based on an established short measure for QOL (EUROHIS-QOL), an adapted easy-to-understand sign...
Article
Full-text available
Inefficient health service utilisation puts pressure on health systems and may cause such negative individual consequences as over-medicalisation or exacerbation of health problems. While previous research has considered the key relevance of health literacy (HL) for efficient use of health services, the results of that research have been somewhat i...
Article
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This position paper brings together recent and emerging developments in the field of presenteeism. A critical synthesis of the evidence is needed due to persisting conceptual and methodological challenges as well as the increased volume of research in the field.This paper integrates emerging evidence and critical thinking into three areas: (1) concep...
Article
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Within an extended challenge–hindrance framework, it is assumed that job demands are subjectively appraised both as challenges (that is, as working conditions that are associated with potential personal gains) and hindrances (as working conditions associated with constrains) at the same time. In accordance with transactional stress theory, the asso...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Obwohl in der Forschungsliteratur zahlreiche Vermutungen zur Heterogenität von Präsentismusmotiven und den Hintergründen dieser Handlungsmotiven bestehen, existieren bislang nur wenige Studien, die sich explizit den Motivdimensionen dieses Verhaltens widmen. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden Zusammenhänge zwischen divergierenden Präse...
Chapter
Full-text available
Handlungsautonomie wird in der Forschungsliteratur überwiegend als positive, salutogene Eigenschaft von Arbeitsplätzen betrachtet. Im Widerspruch dazu werden - beispielsweise auf Basis von Subjektivierungstheorien – gesundheitsabträgliche Wirkungen von hoher Autonomie und indirekten Steuerungsformen abgeleitet, da dies mit Arbeitsintensivierung und...
Article
Job control – denoting an employee’s decision authority regarding timing, location or method – plays a key role in occupational research and is typically viewed as a positive resource that helps to buffer negative health effects induced by work demands. Moreover, previous research has suggested that higher job control helps to reduce sickness prese...
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A recently published study introduced a new instrument (HLS-EU) for the measurement of health literacy (HL) and comparative data at population level for this measure across eight European Union (EU) countries, and revealed significant differences in HL at population level. The HLS-EU instrument consists of items that aim to assess respondents’ esti...
Data
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Chapter
Instrumente zur Erfassung psychischer Arbeitsbelastungen konzentrieren sich häufig auf die Erhebung der Intensität von Arbeitsbedingungen, welche a-priori entweder als gesundheitsfördernde oder -beeinträchtigende Tätigkeitsmerkmale angesehen werden. Anknüpfend an die transaktionale Stresstheorie gehen neuere Challenge/Hindrance-Ansätze davon aus, d...
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Full-text available
Psychosocial risk assessments are frequently applied with an a priori classification of favorable and unfavorable working conditions. However, such classifications contradict transactional stress theory and the results of research that found the effects of work stressors on wellbeing to be dependent on boundary conditions. The challenge/hindrance f...
Article
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Background: Recent studies have suggested that leaveism may be a link between sickness absence and sickness presence (attending work despite illness). This paper examines one of the three components of leaveism (utilization of annual leave entitlements or flexi hours instead of sick leave). Aims: To study whether leaveism provides additional inf...
Article
Full-text available
Research on determinants of workplace presenteeism is based on the assumption that presenteeism is the outcome of a decision process with two options: taking sick leave, or attending work despite illness. However, frequency measures of sickness presenteeism are usually employed as the dependent variables in previous research on the determinants of...
Article
Full-text available
Data on sickness absence is frequently used as a health indicator of employees. Based on a cross-sectional analysis with a random sample of employees covered by the Upper Austrian Sickness Fund (n = 930), it is shown that presenteeism (attending work despite illness) is a better indicator of health states than sickness absence. Compared to sickness...
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Full-text available
Abstract Research on the determinants of sickness presence can be based on employees' number of sickness presence days or employees' propensity to "opt" for presenteeism in case of sickness. This study compares associations between potential determinants and presenteeism in cross-sectional data from a sample of Austrian employees by considering day...
Article
Data on sickness absence is frequently used as a health indicator of employees. Based on a cross-sectional analysis with a random sample of employees covered by the Upper Austrian Sickness Fund (n = 930), it is shown that presenteeism (attending work despite illness) is a better indicator of health states than sickness absence. Compared to sickness...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Previous research on the association between adjustment latitude (defined as the opportunity to adjust work efforts in case of illness) and sickness absence and sickness presence has produced inconsistent results. In particular, low adjustment latitude has been identified as both a risk factor and a deterrent of sick leave. The present...
Article
This paper focuses on the relevance of quantitative and qualitative aspects of social networks in a health context. The study combined a stress theoretical perspective with theories of social support and social capital in order to investigate the mechanisms behind the association of social network size and self-rated health. The main research quest...
Article
Research on substance use, health-, and risk-seeking behavior has focused on various control mechanisms, which are either embedded in the person (self-control) or in the social environment (social control), that prevent individuals from engaging in unhealthy behavior. The present article examines the role of both types of control with respect to al...
Article
In video-enhanced computer interviews, questions are presented by virtual interviewers by means of pre-recorded video sequences. To date, two strands of scientific interest in video-enhanced data collection are identifiable. On the one hand, video-enhanced data collection is employed for interviewing respondents with special needs (especially deaf...
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This article endeavors to investigate the role of social networks in contributing to the quality of life of an elder and middle-aged Deaf population. In particular, it poses the question of whether a certain network composition (deaf and hearing network persons) provides positive resources to improve quality of life and attempts to identify moderat...
Article
In diesem Beitrag werden Skalierungsverfahren für solche Items behandelt, welche einer hierarchischen Operationalisierung folgen. Es handelt sich dabei um Items, welche eine gesuchte latente Variable eindimensional abbilden, indem sie deren Ausprägungsspektrum aufgrund unterschiedlicher Itemschwierigkeiten in einzelne Abschnitte teilen. Ein einfach...
Article
Eindimensionale Skalierungsverfahren sind notwendig, wenn eine gesuchte Merkmalsdimension nicht direkt messbar ist und ersatzweise durch die Kombination mehrerer manifester Indikatoren erhoben wird. Um diese Einzelmessungen zu einem gemeinsamen Messwert zusammenführen zu können sind Annahmen nötig, in welcher Weise die einzelnen Indikatoren mit der...
Chapter
Prelingual deafness has a prevalence rate of 1 per 1,000 in the adult population. It entails far reaching communicative problems with profound consequences in cognitive, social and emotional development. In that context the term “deaf” is seen from a cultural perspective. The use of sign language is the most important factor in establishing a deaf...
Article
Multimedia Features in Computer Based Data Collection The Influence of Auditory and Visual Features on Response Behavior in Surveys Developments of computer based methods have brought a more diverse spectrum of data collection modes within the recent decades. Especially the implementation of multimedia elements allows the inclusion of human interfa...
Article
This article compares response behavior in video-enhanced self-administered questionnaires with three standard methods: paper-and-pencil, face-to-face, and audio-enhanced self-administered questionnaires. Although its scope is limited, and only small mode differences were observed, preliminary results suggest that video-enhanced interviews may prod...
Article
In recent decades various modes of data collection have emerged due to the implementation of computer methods. Especially in the case of multimedia enhancement, some arguments based on theoretic considerations can be raised for the special viability of these methods for children as respondents (e.g. overcoming problems regarding literacy skills, br...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown evidence for mode differences between computer-assisted self-administered interviews (CASI) and paper-and-pencil interviews, especially in the case of sensitive questions. Some of these differences are explained by higher degrees of self-disclosure for CASI than for paper-and-pencil interviews, due to the more private si...
Article
Zusammenfassung Das Ziel der vorliegenden Untersuchung lag darin, für zukünftige Maßnahmen betrieblicher Gesundheitsförderung für GymnasiallehrerInnen gesundheitsrelevante berufliche Belastungen und Ressourcen zu erheben. Mittels postalischer Befragung (Rücklaufquote 55%) wurden Indikatoren für berufliche Belastungen, Ressourcen, Indikatoren der be...
Article
This study aims to compare levels of psychological distress and the quality of life in the hard of hearing with levels reported by the signing deaf, and the hearing population. A total of 373 members of the Hard of Hearing Association completed the brief WHO's Quality of Life, 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Brief Symptom Inventory, and pr...
Article
As sign language is the primary communication channel for the vast majority of deaf persons, options for survey research with this population are limited. A video computerassisted self-administered interview (CASI) instrument developed for deaf respondents is introduced. With the help of a case study involving 234 deaf persons in Austria, the impac...
Article
Although ego-centered network data provide information that is limited in various ways as compared with full network data, an egocentered design can be used without the need for a priori and researcher-defined network borders. Moreover, ego-centered network data can be obtained with traditional survey methods. However, due to the dynamic structure...
Article
High risks of mental illness within the deaf community are reported. The assessment of the level of mental distress and quality of life in the deaf community is difficult due to communication problems in spoken and written language. The deaf community is characterized by the use of sign language. A new measure of acceptable reliability using sign l...
Article
Structured assessment of quality of life and mental distress in deaf people is difficult for various reasons. This paper describes the development and reliability of an interactive computer-based assessment package for measuring quality of life and psychological distress in the deaf population. The Brief version of the WHO Quality of Life (WHOQOL)...
Article
Different roles of social networks for the explanation of the emergence of drug affinity (regarding nicotine, alcohol, illegal substances) are presumed. This paper summarizes some different theories toward the context of social networks and personal drug affinity. By means of a sample of 297 university students an ego-centered network analysis was...
Article
In this paper we will present the tradition of social network research under the special view of the practical and theoretical research aspects. With theoretical aspects we will emphasize on the specific network attempt of reducing the „individualistic bias“ of traditional survey research. The practical aspects will be covered by the presentation o...
Article
'Die Anwendung einer schriftlichen standardisierten Befragung ist an bestimmte Voraussetzungen der interviewten Personen gebunden. Insbesondere stellt ausreichende Lesekompetenz eine zentrale Anwendungsvoraussetzung dar. Für gehörlose Menschen - d.h. Mitglieder der Gehörlosenkultur - ist die Gebärdensprache die eindeutig bevorzugte Kommunikationsfo...
Chapter
Arbeitsstiftungen sind ein Instrument zur sozialen Abfederung von Massenkündigungen und werden in Österreich seit der zweiten Hälfte der 1980er Jahre eingesetzt, als man im Zuge der Umstrukturierungen in der Stahlindustrie neue Wege suchte, um den gekündigten Mitarbeitern eine geeignete Anschlußperspektive zu eröffnen.1 Arbeitsstiftungen sind eine...

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Project (1)
Project
Much is still unknown about the formation of presenteeism and its consequences. This project resulted from the 2017 AOM Symposium "Presenteeism in the Workplace: New Insights and Future Research" and is currently focusing on further cooperation. The next event is the EAWOP Small Group Meeting on Presenteeism and Absenteeism at the University of Klagenfurt. We aim to foster interaction among presenteeism researchers, as studies of presenteeism tended to be scattered across different fields, and create an integrative perspective on presenteeism.