Jiunn-Horng Kang

Jiunn-Horng Kang
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

MD, PhD

About

104
Publications
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Publications

Publications (104)
Article
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The aims of this study were (1) to compare the effect of robot-assisted gait orthosis (RAGO) plus conventional physiotherapy with the effect of conventional therapy alone on functional outcomes, including balance, walking ability, muscle strength, daily activity, and cognition, in chronic stroke patients, and (2) to determine the association of adj...
Article
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Oxygen consumption (VO2) during strength training can be predicted through surface electromyography (sEMG) of local muscles. This research aimed to determine relations between VO2 and sEMG of upper and lower body muscles to predict VO2 from sEMG during moderate-intensity strength training exercises. Of the 12 participants recruited, 11 were divided...
Article
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Introduction Conflicting results persist regarding the effectiveness of robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) for functional gait recovery in post-stroke survivors. We used several machine learning algorithms to construct prediction models for the functional outcomes of robotic neurorehabilitation in adult patients. Methods and materials Data of 1...
Article
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Energy expenditure through metabolic equivalent (MET) prediction during resistance exercises in humans can be modeled by using cardiorespiratory parameters. In this study, we aimed to predict MET during six moderate-intensity resistance training sessions consisting of three different exercises. Eleven participants were recruited into two groups; an...
Article
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Spasticity measured by manual tests, such as modified Ashworth scale (MAS), may not sufficiently reflect mobility function in stroke survivors. This study aims to identify additional ambulatory information provided by the pendulum test. Clinical assessments including Brünnstrom recovery stage, manual muscle test, MAS, Tinetti test (TT), Timed up an...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of shared decision-making (SDM) intervention among patients with lumbar degenerative diseases (LDDs) in terms of decision self-efficacy, control preferences, SDM process, decision satisfaction, and conflict. Methods A total of 130 outpatients with LDDs recruited from orthopedic or rehabilitation clinics were rand...
Article
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Background We designed a novel ankle foot orthosis (AFO), namely, ideal training AFO (IT-AFO), with motion feedback on the hemiparetic lower limb to improve ambulation in individuals with stroke-related hemiplegia. We, therefore sought to compare the kinematic parameters of gait between IT-AFO with and without dynamic control and conventional anter...
Article
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Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a multifactorial disorder whose pathogenesis and diagnosis are poorly understood. This study investigated differential serum proteome profiles in patients with FM and healthy pain-free controls and explored the association between serum proteome and clinical profiles in patients with FM. Twenty patients with FM (accord...
Article
The authors of the published version of this article incorrectly presented the affiliation of Li-Chin Sung. The revised affiliation is now presented correctly in this article.
Article
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Failure to deliver the standard stroke care is suspected to be a potential reason for disproportionately high mortality among patients with co-morbid bipolar disorder (BD). Few studies have explored adverse outcomes and medical care costs concurrently (as a proxy for care intensity) among patients with BD admitted for stroke. Data for this nationwi...
Article
Specific data regarding the full range of stroke outcomes among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. This study aimed to investigate outcomes in RA patients hospitalized for a stroke. The study retrieved data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We identified 26,336 patients who were hospitalized for stroke t...
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Whether statins and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) / angiotensin receptor blockors (ARBs) are associated with reduced risks of infection events is still inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the risk of hospitalization for pneumonia among patients who had received treatment with ACEIs/ARBs and/or statins using a population-...
Conference Paper
Objectives: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. Methods: We conducted a nested case–control study by using the data of pat...
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Objectives: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study by using the data of...
Article
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OBJECTIVES: Fourteen-day rehospitalization with new traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) diagnosis is used as an indicator for the diagnostic quality of the first hospitalization. In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we identified risk factors for this indicator. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study by using the data of pa...
Article
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Some of the prior literature investigated the potential association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) because these two diseases may share similar inflammatory mechanisms. Nevertheless, to date, findings of the previous literature are still controversial, and some methodological limitations were observed in those studie...
Article
A biological system obtains information, reacts to stimuli, and modifies its behavior to adapt to the environment via complex control systems. A healthy system is expected to adequately adapt to a variety of changes. Physiological signals obtained from a healthy individual should contain rich information and complex behaviors. Entropy-derived measu...
Article
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Shoulder problems are common in patients with a cervical herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD). This study aimed to explore the incidence and risk of shoulder capsulitis/tendonitis following cervical HIVD surgery. We used data from the Taiwan “Longitudinal Health Insurance Database”. We identified all patients who were hospitalized with a diagnosis...
Article
Objectives: The effects of non-invasive brain stimulation (NBS), including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS), in treating FM remain inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate present evidence of using NBS as an add-on treatment in treating FM. Methods: We conducted...
Article
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Objectives: Recurrent falls not only have risk factors different from those of single falls but also have less favorable outcomes. The aim of our study was to determine the association between the injury characteristics of a first fall and the likelihood of recurrent injurious falls in a cohort of hospitalized patients. Methods: We designed a na...
Data
ICD-9-CM codes for comorbidities. (DOCX)
Article
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OBJECTIVES: Recurrent falls not only have risk factors different from those of single falls but also have less favorable outcomes. The aim of our study was to determine the association between the injury characteristics of a first fall and the likelihood of recurrent injurious falls in a cohort of hospitalized patients. METHODS: We designed a natio...
Article
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The risk for stroke in alopecia areata (AA) patients is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the risk for subsequent risk of a stroke in AA patients in a large-scale retrospective cohort study. We identified 3231 patients with AA included in the study group from 2004 to 2011 in the "Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000" in Taiwan....
Article
Cardiovascular diseases are reported to be associated with both chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and dementia. Nevertheless, whether dementia is associated with CRS is still unknown. In the present study, we explored the association between dementia with prior CRS using a population-based data set. This study used the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insuran...
Article
Since inversion ankle sprain (IAS) damages ankle ligaments and induces changes in their viscoelastic properties, evaluating these properties may provide an approach to assess injury. The study purposes were to investigate how the viscoelastic properties of the ankle ligament complex can be used to quantitatively assess IAS, and to investigate the u...
Article
This study aimed to explore the risk for depressive disorder (DD) among stroke patients with statin use. Totally, 11,218 patients who had a first-time acute hospitalization for stroke were identified from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. We individually followed each study subject for a 1-year period to identify those patients...
Article
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Background This study investigated the association between statin use and herpes zoster (HZ) occurrence in a population-based case-control study. Methods Study subjects were retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. This study included 47,359 cases with HZ and 142,077 controls. We performed conditional logistic regress...
Article
Shift work is associated with adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of shift work on circadian activity rhythms (CARs) and objective and subjective sleep quality in nurses. Female day-shift (n = 16), evening-shift (n = 6), and night-shift (n = 13) nurses wore a wrist actigraph to monitor the activity. We used cos...
Article
Cognitive derangement and neurological symptoms are observed in patients with anemia. Although it is still controversial, a few studies suggested that anemia may increase the risk of dementia. This study aimed to explore the association between iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and dementia in a population-based case-control study. We retrieved our stud...
Article
Objective: Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic disabling condition of the urological system. Many gynecological conditions are reported to be associated with IC/BPS. This study presents epidemiological evidence of a possible association between dysmenorrhea and IC/BPS, using population-based data. Design: A case-con...
Article
Objectives Measurement of viscosity of the ankle joint complex is a novel method to assess mechanical ankle instability. In order to further investigate the clinical significance of the method, this study intended to investigate the relationship between ankle viscosity and severity of functional ankle instability (FAI). Design Cross-sectional stud...
Article
It was suggested that statin may improve outcomes of pneumonia patients. However, there are sparse data regarding this topic in ethnic Chinese populations. In the present study, we investigated associations between prior statin use and pneumonia outcomes in Taiwan with a large-scale matched cohort study. Totally 11,576 patients with pneumonia were...
Article
Whether post-stroke spasticity is associated with autonomic status is unclear. The purpose of our study was to determine whether spasticity in post-stroke patients is associated with heart rate variability (HRV), an indicator of sympathetic and parasympathetic regulation. To determine whether HRV is associated with spasticity in post-stroke patient...
Article
The link between chronic inflammatory disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is recognized. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases. However, whether CRS increases the risk for CVD is still unknown. This epidemiology study investigated the risk for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with CRS...
Article
The study aimed to explore the frequency and risk of stroke following hospitalization for burn through the analysis of a population-based dataset in Taiwan. We identified 692 hospitalized subjects who had received a diagnosis of burn. We randomly selected 2768 comparison subjects to match the study subjects by sex and age group. We individually tra...
Article
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While an association between zolpidem use and fracture and road accident was previously proposed, this study aimed to further explore the frequency and risk of a wide spectrum of injuries in subjects prescribed with zolpidem in Taiwan. We identified 77,036 subjects who received Zolpidem treatment between 2005 and 2007. We randomly selected 77,036 c...
Article
To explore the frequency and risk for injury among children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Taiwan through a population-based study. A total of 3616 subjects aged between four and twelve years diagnosed with ADHD were selected along with a comparison cohort comprising 18 080 subjects. Each subject was individually traced for...
Article
Empirical findings on the prospective link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and subsequent depression are mixed. This nationwide, population-based study thus aimed at assessing the risk of depressive disorder within the first year following a diagnosis with OSA. Gender effects were further examined. Cohort study. Taiwan. This study used data f...
Article
Objectives/hypothesis: It has been recognized that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) involves intracranial vessels and may be associated with stroke occurrence. However, the detailed epidemiological profile of stroke risk among patients with CRS is still not well understood. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the frequency and risk for stroke among...
Article
Objective This study aimed to investigate the risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during the first 5 years following a diagnosis of OSA, compared with patients without OSA during the same period. Methods This study was a matched-cohort study in Taiwan that included 1424 study subjects with OSA an...
Article
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Sleep disorders are frequently seen in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), including rapid eye movement (REM) behavior disorder and periodic limb movement disorder. However, knowledge about changes in non-REM sleep in patients with PD is limited. This study explored the characteristics of electroencephalography (EEG) during sleep in patients with...
Article
Purpose: Biological tissues such as ligaments exhibit viscoelastic behaviours. Injury to the ligament may induce changes of these viscoelastic properties, and these changes could serve as biomarkers to detect the injury. In the present study, a novel instrument was developed to non-invasive quantify the viscoelastic properties of the ankle in vivo...
Article
Aims: Reflux esophagitis (RE) is a common disease which has been recognized to be associated with several medical co-morbidities. However, the association between RE and bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is still unknown. The present study aimed to explore the association between these two diseases. Methods: We identified 8,96...
Article
Objective: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is one type of chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease. It has been suggested that rheumatic diseases may have additional underlying factors in common with chronic periodontitis. However, few studies have addressed the possible link between AS and chronic periodontitis. We undertook the present case-control st...
Article
This population-based matched cohort analysis explored the effects of bisphosphonate treatment on acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We found that patients who received bisphosphonate therapy had a lower risk of AMI during a 2-year follow-up period (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.35). Our data support that bisphosphonates may provide protective effects agai...
Article
Objective: Chronic inflammation has been associated with endothelial dysfunction and altered coagulation status. However, at the present time, the data regarding the risk for developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is still scanty and conflicted. This study aimed to explore the frequency and association of...
Article
This population-based analysis explored the association between osteoporosis and a previous diagnosis of psoriasis. We found that the adjusted odds ratio (OR) of having been previously diagnosed with psoriasis for subjects with osteoporosis was 1.65 (95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.42–1.94) when compared to controls. Introduction Although previous...
Article
Background: Ischemic bowel disease and stroke have been noted to have shared pathomechanisms. However, data regarding the stroke occurrence following ischemic bowel disease are still lacking. Aim: The aim of this study is to explore the risk of stroke in patients with ischemic bowel disease during a one-year follow-up period in Taiwan. Methods:...
Article
Objective: Although the etiology of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) remains unknown, there is increasing evidence suggesting an underlying cardiovascular pathomechanism. This study set out to explore a possible association between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and having previously been diagnosed with SSNHL by using a population-base...
Article
Objective: Asian dust storms (ADS) are long-ranged meteorological phenomena, which are suggested to be associated with several health problems. This study aimed to investigate the risk of stroke hospitalisation following ADS events by conducting a population-based study. Study design and setting: The authors identified 810 947 hospitalisations w...
Article
: Adequately addressing the scope of disability in patients with chronic neck pain is crucial in a clinical setting. The aim of this study was to determine the disease profile of patients with chronic neck pain and to analyze the factors related to the level of disability. : We studied 121 patients with chronic neck pain. The following data were ob...
Article
This population-based case–control analysis investigated the association between osteoporosis and prior urinary calculus (UC) in Taiwan. We succeeded in detecting an association between osteoporosis and prior UC (adjusted odds ratio = 1.66). This association was consistent and significant regardless of stone location. Introduction UC has been demon...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with chronic inflammation. However, no data regarding the risk for autoimmune disease in patients with OSA has been reported. This study aims to investigate the longitudinal risk for the development of certain autoimmune diseases in patients with OSA. For the study cohort, we identified 1411 patient...
Article
This study aims to examine the association of Asian dust storm (ADS) events with the daily number of pneumonia admissions using 10-year population-based data in the Taipei metropolitan region. We identified 1,933,247 admissions with a principal discharge diagnosis of pneumonia between 2000 and 2009. The auto-regressive integrated moving average (AR...
Article
This study aims to investigate the risk of psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared with age- and gender-matched unaffected individuals, using a nationally representative population-based dataset. We used data from the Taiwan "Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000." The study consisted of 2258 p...
Article
This population-based study in Taiwan aimed to investigate the risk of having a diagnosis of malignant brain tumors within 3 years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study used data from the Traumatic Brain Injury Registry and the National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort comprised 5007 patients who had visited ambulator...
Article
We examined the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth, small for gestational age (SGA), cesarean section (CS), low Apgar score (at 5 minutes after delivery), and preeclampsia in pregnant women with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our subjects included 791 women with OSA and 3955 randomly selec...
Article
To hypothesize an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and urinary calculi (UC) and assess the presence of such an association using a national population-based dataset. Elevated systemic proinflammatory pathways found in OSA patients may be linked to increased cardiovascular risk. Similar pathways have been identified in patients with...
Article
This study aimed to explore the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on stroke using a large population cohort study. We found that the patients who received bisphosphonate therapy were less likely to suffer a stroke than comparison patients (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.66-0.99; p = 0.005) during a 2-year follow-up peri...
Article
The aim of the present study was to explore the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and coronary heart disease. We identified 25,367 patients from the National Health Insurance Research Database who underwent nonstenting PCI in Taiwan in 2007. Of these patients, 240 had been diagnosed with...
Article
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is usually associated with systemic disorders. This population-based study supports and expands on previous research. It also presents data in a Taiwanese male population where existing data on this topic remain sparse. The aim of this study is to analyze the prevalence and risk of 36 medical comorbidities in patients with...
Article
The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is still not well known. Previous data show conflicting results regarding the association between MS and prior brain trauma. This study aims to investigate the risk for MS following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) using a large-scale cohort study design. This study used data from the National Health Insurance...
Article
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a relatively common rheumatic disease, particularly in the elderly. Vasculitis is associated with PMR and theoretically makes such patients susceptible to vascular events such as stroke. This study aims to explore the frequency and risk of stroke among patients with PMR through a population-based case-controlled stud...
Article
Purpose In the recent years, the mortality rates attributed to pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) have decreased substantially on account of advancements in antibiotics and surgical techniques. It is thus important to better understand the risks associated with the increased number of survivors. This population-based study was designed to estimate the ri...
Article
Provocative tests are useful in diagnosing biceps tendon tendinitis. This is the first study to establish the reliability of these tests by comparing the resuts with musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) findings. This study examined 125 patients (69 women and 56 men) and 143 shoulders with shoulder pain. Yergason's test, Speed's test and a bicipital gro...
Article
Previous studies have identified an array of morbidities following traumatic brain injury (TBI), including certain neurological disorders. However, no direct evidence has been reported on the link between TBI and stroke. This population-based study was designed to estimate the risk of stroke during a period of 5 years following a TBI, compared with...
Article
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(See the editorial commentary by Corona and Flores, on pages 177-8.)  Varicella zoster virus (VZV) has been proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the epidemiological data regarding the MS occurrence rate following herpes zoster are still scanty. The goal of this study is to investigate the frequency and ri...
Article
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Osteochondritis dissecans of the talus is a potential cause of chronic post-traumatic ankle pain. Soft-tissue ultrasound (US) traditionally is rarely used to detect intra-articular lesions. With two case reports, we suggest that a unique soft-tissue US picture, large amount of ankle joint effusion without ligament injury and no obvious bone fractur...
Article
Previous reports of comorbid conditions in poliomyelitis survivors mainly focused on some disease categories, such as respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, psychiatric diseases, neurological diseases and cancer. Data regarding a wide spectrum of medical comorbidities in patients with poliomyelitis is still sparse. This study aimed to inv...