Jiří Nekvapil

Jiří Nekvapil
Charles University, Prague; Faculty of Arts · Department of Linguistics

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154
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (154)
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Linguistic Choices in the Contemporary City focuses on how individuals navigate conversation in highly diversified contexts and provides a broad overview of state of the art research in urban sociolinguistics across the globe. Bearing in mind the impact of international travel and migration, the book accounts for the shifting contemporary studies t...
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Hradec Králové is a regional centre situated about 100 km northeast of the Czech Republic’s capital, Prague. This chapter provides an overview of the sociolinguistic research conducted there since the 1960s, draws attention to the research paradigms involved, and, most importantly, seeks to present it as a coherent whole. Overall, the chapter aims...
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This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts and approaches discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. In line with the concept of ‘globalising sociolinguistics’, this book tries to give a central role to authors, places, approaches, and theories that stem from outside the Anglowestern realm of sociolinguistic influence. Combi...
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The development of research areas, disciplines and sub‐disciplines is hard to map; thus, researchers can often choose to what extent they want to represent it: either via the rhetoric of continuity or revolution. Using Hradec Králové (HK) as an example I demonstrate that a number of sociolinguistic findings are relevant across different research pa...
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Zpráva z konference IIEMCA v Mannheimu
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This text reviews a recently published book Critical Sociolinguistic Research Methods: Studying Language Issues that Matter written by Canadian, Finnish and Catalan (Spain) authors (Monica Heller, Sari Pietikäinen and Joan Pujolar). From a disciplinary point of view all authors are sociolinguists in the broadest sense of the word, but when it comes...
Preprint
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In November 2013 the Czech National Bank (CNB) took steps to devalue the Czech currency (koruna) by buying euros, doing so to forestall deflation. The decision and its implementation came to be widely questioned. The conflict concerned the wisdom (or the lack of it) of the decision, its likely success in narrow financial terms, and its broader econ...
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In this introductory chapter, the authors define the concept of language management and characterize the main features of Language Management Theory (LMT). This is done against the background of other conceptualizations of language management in Language Policy and Planning. Afterwards, the authors deal with the methodology used in the study of lan...
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This paper is a case study of the Czech central bank's communication with the public following the bank's decision to devalue the Czech currency. The aim is to contribute to knowledge of how central banks discharge their obligations to be transparent in communicating controversial decisions and actions. It is argued that transparency cannot be cons...
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Fulltext: http://languagemanagement.ff.cuni.cz/system/files/documents/Zawiszova-Nekvapil_5.%20symposium%20o%20JM.pdf
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A book review of Dirk vom Lehn: Harold Garfinkel. The Creation and Development of Ethnomethodology.
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This is a Czech translation of Harvey Sacks' Lecture 4 An Impromptu Survey of the Literature published in his Lectures on Conversation (1992, Volume 1, pp. 26-31). Translated by Jakub Mlynář, Jiří Nekvapil and Tamah Sherman.
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Recent years have witnessed organized efforts to utilize social approaches to multilingualism in research on families, and thus to further delimit the multilingual family as a particular field of inquiry. This overview focuses on two recent such endeavors, a special issue of the journal Language Policy entitled "Family Language Policy" (Curdt-Chris...
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A review of Berthoud, Anne-Claude, Grin, François, Lüdi, Georges (eds.): Exploring the Dynamics of Multilingualism: The DYLAN Project, written in Czech.
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The core of this article is a substantial part of an interview conducted by J. Nekvapil with F. Daneš on September 21, 1988. The aim of the interview was to gain information for a profile of Daneš on the occasion of his 70th birthday, which was later published in Philologica Pragensia (Nekvapil 1989). Unlike other published interviews given by Dane...
Article
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Language Policy and Planning is currently a significantly diversified research area and thus it is not easy to find common denominators that help to define basic approaches within it. Richard B. Baldauf attempted to do so by differentiating between four basic approaches: (1) the classical approach, (2) the language management approach (Language Man...
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In these introductory remarks, the authors deal with the metaphors “top-down”, “bottom-up” and related concepts in the Language Policy and Planning research. Furthermore, they sketch out the position of Language Management Theory in this field of study and characterize “language management” in various research traditions. Afterward, the main featur...
Chapter
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Croatian version of Nekvapil (2009) The integrative potential of Language Management Theory
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The thematically oriented biographical interview (TOBI) is a research tool used frequently in contemporary qualitative research. Compared to other interviewing techniques, its main advantage is its combination of a thematic focus and sensitivity to the perspective of the interviewee. The authors demonstrate that TOBI is made up of several constitue...
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Against the background of various linguistic and non-linguistic fields of study, we present an initial definition of the concept of language management as an activity focused on any aspect of language or communication or on language or communication as a whole. We explain the position of Language Management Theory (LMT) as a sociolinguistic theory...
Book
This book presents cutting-edge research into the complex interrelationships between linguistic diversity and ideology. It provides insight into how institutions and individual stakeholders carry ideologies forward into the discursive space through policies, propaganda or individual perceptions and reflections. The chapters focus on different Europ...
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This paper analyses how “noting” has been conceptualized in the Language Management Framework originating in the work of Neustupný and Jernudd. It deals with the influence of the cognitivist concept of “noticing” as used in the theories of Second Language Acquisition and instead proposes to assume the discursive approach of “noting” inspired by Dis...
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Against the backdrop of the current popularity of the concept of narrative in the social sciences the authors analyse the uses of narrative analysis in empirical social research and provide a unifying frame based on Paul Ricoeur's notion of narrative mimesis. To begin they situate 'narrative' in the context of the social research tradition. Using b...
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A note overviewing the language planning situation in the South Africa on the basis of the author's research visit. Written in Czech.
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A note reviewing Miroslav Hroch's contribution to the sociology of language.
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This article extends the idea of ‘structured immediacy’ (Leudar et al., 2008b) by investigating methods that adversaries use to make the past relevant and consequential in conflicts. Our strategy was to revisit our analysis of political discourse immediately following the 9/11 attacks in the USA (Leudar et al., 2004; Leudar and Nekvapil, 2007). We...
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The aim of the paper is to present the development of language planning from the perspective of the central current of western sociolinguistics, i.e. sociolinguistics from the Anglo-American world, in which the concept of language planning was born (as surprising as this statement may be for researchers from post-communist countries). Following Neu...
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The chapter examines linguistic diversity in large multinational companies operating in Central Europe, particularly in the Czech Republic.
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Drawing on ethnomethodology, this article addresses what participants do as 'practical historians' - how they use and produce history in and through their activities. Specifically, it studies how historical contingencies are built into antagonistic political talk and to what effect. To that end, the authors revisit three of their own papers, all of...
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A review of Orders of Ordinary Action: Respecifying Sociological Knowledge, edited by Stephen Hester and David Francis. Written in Czech.
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Drawing on ethnomethodology, this article addresses what participants do as 'practical historians' - how they use and produce history in and through their activities. Specifically, it studies how historical contingencies are built into antagonistic political talk and to what effect. To that end, the authors revisit three of their own papers, all of...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this contribution is to present the development of language planning from the perspective of the central current of western sociolinguistics, i.e. sociolinguistics from the Anglo-American world, in which the concept of language planning was born (as surprising as this statement may be for researchers from post-communist countries). Follo...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this contribution is to present the development of language planning from the perspective of the central current of western sociolinguistics, i.e. sociolinguistics from the Anglo-American world, in which the concept of language planning was born (as surprising as this statement may be for researchers from post-communist countries). Follo...
Article
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This article is devoted to the linguistic, communicative and sociocultural situation in branches of multinational companies located in the Czech Republic and Hungary. There are typically several languages used in these branches. In addition to the local languages, there are the languages of the parent companies – most commonly English or German, an...
Chapter
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Large multinational companies/corporations (multinationals) operate in several countries and are characteristic of the exchange of know-how, people and products which takes place between parent and daughter companies (subsidiaries). An important common feature of such businesses is that several operational languages are involved. This chapter exami...
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In this paper, we demonstrate the dialectical relationship between micro and macro language planning: macro planning influences micro planning and yet macro planning results (or should result) from micro planning. The relation between the two planning perspectives is illustrated within the framework of Language Management Theory (Jernudd & Neustupn...
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The Concept of Language CultivationThe Origin of “Language Cultivation” in the Prague School of LinguisticsThe Current State of Language Cultivation in Two National ContextsLanguage Management in the Postmodern Era
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In this article, we use the concept of `dialogical network' systematically to analyse hostilities towards refugees and asylum seekers in the UK and their effects on refugees' and asylum seekers' biographical self-presentations and psychological adjustment. We find that hostility towards refugees took different forms which were in part contingent on...
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Jeroen Darquennes (ed.): Contact Linguistics and Language Minorities / Kontaktlinguistik und Sprachminderheiten / Linguistique de Contact et Minorités Linguistiques. St. Augustin: Asgard, 2007. viii+192 pp. Plurilingua, 30.
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The contributions to the second part of this two-part issue of Ethnographic Studies focus on the practices of public discourse pertinent to conflicts and identities in the Arab and Muslim world. They all take an ethnomethodological stance, which reveals the illusionary character of any ‘culturalist’ interpretation of conflicts related to the Middle...
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This article draws on the analysis of (standard) Slavic languages comprising the following pairs: Slovenian-Serbo-Croatian, Lower Sorbian-Upper Sorbian, Slovak-Czech, Rusyn-Slovak, Belarusian-Russian, and Ukrainian-Russian. In these pairs, the first language may be classified as small, the second one as large. This may be done on the basis of the f...
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This paper outlines the basics of the Prague School concept of language cultivation and main features of how it has been put into practice in the Czech Republic, and compares this approach with current language planning in Sweden. The paper aims at (1) placing the Prague School concept of language cultivation within the framework of international s...
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The contributions to the first part of this two-part issue of Ethnographic Studies focus on the practices of public discourse pertinent to conflicts and identities in the Arab and Muslim world. They all take an ethnomethodological stance, which reveals the illusionary character of any ‘culturalist’ interpretation of conflicts related to the Middle-...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we demonstrate the dialectical relationship between micro and macro language planning: macro planning influences micro planning and yet macro planning results (or should result) from micro planning. The relation between the two planning perspectives is illustrated within the framework of Language Management Theory (Jernudd & Neustupn...
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Full-text available
This article deals with intercultural contact in branches of multinational companies or corporations founded in the Czech Republic by German, Austrian or Swiss owners. Multinational businesses (large ones in particular) are trying to regulate the communication within the company. This is achieved predominantly by introducing an official corporate l...
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This article focuses on how the actions of enemies are co-ordinated in and through the mass media. Using ethnomethodologically informed membership categorisation analysis, the authors establish links between the presentation of the September 2001 attacks on New York and Washington in the public addresses of George W. Bush, Osama bin Laden and Václa...
Article
This article deals with intercultural contact in branches of multinational companies or corporations founded in the Czech Republic by German, Austrian or Swiss owners. Multinational businesses (large ones in particular) are trying to regulate the communication within the company. This is achieved predominantly by introducing an official corporate l...
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A review of Noelie Rodriguez, Alan Ryave: Systematic Self-Observation, written in Czech.
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The paper deals with theoretical, methodological and historical aspects of the study of languages for special purposes.
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Lynne Young & Claire Harrison (eds.): Systemic Functional Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis: Studies in Social Change. London, New York: Continuum, 2004. x+306 pp.
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This monograph, based on the Language Management model, provides information on both the simple (discourse-based) and organised modes of attention to language problems in the Czech Republic. This includes but is not limited to the language policy of the State. This approach does not satisfy itself with discussing problems of language varieties but...
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Die gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen nach 1989 veränderten in einer entscheidenden Art und Weise auch die Sprachsituation in der Tschechischen Republik. Dies betrifft eine ganze Reihe von Kommunikationsdomänen (vollständiger siehe NEUSTUPNÝ/NEKVAPIL 2003), und selbstverständlich auch das Gebiet der Wirtschaft. Durch den Einfluss ausländischen Kapit...
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A concise introduction to the structure and social functions of the Czech language.
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In this paper we provide a synopsis of our research on dialogical networks in media (Leudar 1998; Leudar and Nekvapil 1998; Nekvapil and Leudar 1998; Nekvapil and Leudar 2002a, 2002b, Leudar, Marsland and Nekvapil 2003, Nekvapil and Leudar in press). We outline the concept, provide an example of analysis with that concept, and summarize constitutiv...
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This article concerns the attacks on New York and Washington in September 2001. We use Membership Categorization Analysis to establish how the key figures involved in the conflict represented these events and the participants in them. We analyse public addresses made soon after the attacks by the US President George W. Bush, the British Prime Minis...
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This article deals with asymmetrical relations on borders between current and future EU member states which may be seen as axes of several asymmetries. During the times of the Iron Curtain, these asymmetries could stay latent. Now, with more and more border liberalisation, old and new inequalities are re-surfacing, which might lead to future confli...
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Full-text available
This monograph, based on the Language Management model, provides information on both the simple (discourse-based) and organised modes of attention to language problems in the Czech Republic. This includes but is not limited to the language policy of the State. This approach does not satisfy itself with discussing problems of language varieties but...
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The article analyses the linguistic, social, and political situation that has developed on the territory of the Czech Republic in the course of the twentieth century. The materials used are biographical accounts provided by people of German origin who live in the Czech Republic. A language biography is a biographical account in which the narrator m...
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This paper had three aims. One was to extend our work on how media in the Czech Republic represented Romanies in early nineties. Our previous work addressed this issue in the settings of TV debates. We had found that the category 'Romany' was contested, but the 'predicates' bound to it by many Czech participants were negations of what they found po...
Chapter
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In this paper we provide a synopsis of our research on dialogical networks in media (Leudar 1998; Leudar and Nekvapil 1998; Nekvapil and Leudar 1998; Nekvapil and Leudar 2002a, 2002b). We outline the concept, provide an example of analysis with that concept, and summarize constitutive properties of these networks. The analysis uses materials from b...

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1,568 articles in the online edition explain more than 7,000 linguistic terms connected with description of Czech embedded in the broader context of Slavonic and general linguistics: https://www.czechency.org/index.html