Jirí Moravec

Jirí Moravec
National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic · Department of Zoology

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256
Publications
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2,359
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Publications

Publications (256)
Article
Full-text available
We describe through integrative taxonomy a new species of snouted treefrog of the genus Scinax from white-sand forests of the Rio Negro Sustainable Development Reserve in Central Amazonia, Brazil. The new species is phylogenetically related to other Scinax with striped eyes and pulsed advertisement calls. It differs from other Amazonian species mai...
Article
Full-text available
Background The application of molecular-phylogenetic approaches to taxonomy has had a dramatic effect on our understanding of the diversity of reptiles. These approaches have allowed researchers to reveal previously hidden lineages as well as taxonomic overestimation in morphologically plastic taxa. Slow worms, legless lizards of the genus Anguis (...
Article
The slow-worm lizards (Anguis) comprise five species occurring throughout most of the Western Palearctic. Although these species are relatively uniform morphologically – with the exception of A. cephallonica, which exhibits a quite unique morphology – they are genetically deeply divergent. Here, we provide detailed distribution maps for each species...
Article
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The geological and geographical settings of the Eastern Mediterranean have resulted in complex patterns of intraspecific diversifications and phylogeographical histories that can be observed in squamates. In this study, we examined genetic differentiation of the Collared dwarf racer (Platyceps collaris) using a multilocus genetic dataset with a sam...
Article
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Two evolutionary lineages of the fire salamander occur in central Europe: the typically striped subspecies Salamandra salamandra terrestris (Bonnaterre, 1789) and the typically spotted Salamandra salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758). In the Czech Republic, fire salamanders have traditionally been viewed as belonging to the S. s. salamandra evolut...
Article
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True toads of the genus Rhinella are among the most common and diverse group of Neotropical anurans. These toads are widely distributed throughout South America, inhabiting a great diversity of environments and ecoregions. Currently, however, the genus is defined solely on the basis of molecular characters, and it lacks a proper diagnosis. Although...
Article
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Populations of Johnstone's whistling frog Eleutherodactylus johnstonei Barbour, 1914 are reported in greenhouses in Prague for the first time. Currently, this non-native species is accidentally being transferred on plants between botanical and zoological greenhouses. Exceptionally, E. johnstonei can temporarily occupy habitats outside greenhouses a...
Article
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The Na Hupech meadow in Prague-Modřany is an important site for both biodiversity and well-being of local people. A survey conducted by the authors there in 2018-2020 revealed 90 spider, three harvestman, three false scorpion, eight millipede, two centipede, seven woodlice, 47 leaf-and planthopper, 66 true bug, 37 beetle, three amphibian, three rep...
Article
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We describe a new Pristimantis species from the eastern Andes, Región Junín, Peru following an integrative taxonomic approach. The description is based on three adult males (snout-vent length 25.7–28.8 mm) collected in two montane forests between 1615 and 1800 m a.s.l. in the Pui Pui Protected Forest and its close surroundings. The new species is m...
Article
The relationships of the hyline tribe Dendropsophini remain poorly studied, with most published analyses dealing with few of the species groups of Dendropsophus. In order to test the monophyly of Dendropsophini, its genera, and the species groups currently recognized in Dendropsophus, we performed a total evidence phylogenetic analysis. The molecul...
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Different frog-bromeliad associations are frequently reported from various habitats of Central and South America. Here, we present the first data on the association of two hylid species (Dendropsophus nanus and Scinax nasicus) with the bromeliad Bromelia balansae in the Brazilian Pantanal. Both treefrog species use rosettes of B. balansae as a diur...
Article
Aim We investigate the spatiotemporal context of the diversification of Allobates, a widespread genus of Amazonian frogs with high species diversity particularly in western Amazonia. We tested if that diversity originated in situ or through repeated dispersals from other Amazonian areas and if this diversification took place during or after the Peb...
Article
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Recent studies have shown that species diversity of the South American frog genus Dendropsophus is significantly underestimated, especially in Amazonia. Herein, through integrative taxonomy a new species of Dendropsophus from the east bank of the upper Madeira River, Brazil is described. Based on molecular phylogenetic and morphological analyses, t...
Article
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The Horn of Africa supports a unique and rich diversity of squamate reptiles. Among them, the gecko genus Hemidactylus stands out as the most species-rich genus of the region. In this study, we assembled a genetic and morphological data set of 22 Hemidactylus species that form a clade termed the African radiation, which is part of the arid clade of...
Article
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We describe a new terrestrial genus of the family Gymnophthalmidae, subfamily Cercosaurinae, from central Peru on the basis of genetic and morphological characters. The monotypic Wilsonosaura gen. n. can be distinguished morphologically from all other genera of Cercosaurinae except of Proctoporus by having lower palpebral disc semi-transparent and...
Article
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Current knowledge on the habitat and natural history of the gecko Hemidactylus palaichthus is limited. During short-term herpetological surveys at the Rio Negro Sustainable Development Reserve (Amazonas, Brazil) carried out in 2017–2018, a population of H. palaichthus associated with the bromeliad Aechmea huebneri was detected in a relatively . und...
Book
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Along the advantage of molecular genetic methods within the zoological research an increased need of methodical guide that summarizes all the essential information appeared including instructions about sampling of biological material from different kind of organisms and following molecular analysis. In the first part of this guide, proper collecti...
Article
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Squamate reptiles are considered to exhibit indeterminate growth. Nevertheless, current literature disputes the available definitions of this growth type, presents new theoretical models, and questions its universality in cold-blooded vertebrates. We have followed up on our previous research employing micro-CT to explore growth plate cartilage (GPC...
Article
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Osteocephalus vilarsi (Melin, 1941) is an Amazonian treefrog species known for over 75 years from its holotype only. Due to a lack of published data on its morphological diagnostic characters and their variations, as well as the absence of molecular, acoustic and ecological data supporting its identity, a highly dynamic taxonomic history has led th...
Book
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This critical catalogue from the “The Age of Genes” exhibition presents readers with the comprehensive development of molecular phylogenetic and taxonomic research conducted at the National Museum. The reader will thus become acquainted with the Natural History Museum, which is part of the National Museum, and within which modern molecular genetic...
Book
Full-text available
Amphibians and Reptiles of the Czech Republic
Article
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The maternal origin of isolated populations of the common wall lizard (Podracis muralis) in the Czech Republic, representing the northeastern range border of the species, was addressed. We compared mitochondrial DNA sequences of the cytochrome b gene of samples from these populations with those from within the continuous range in Slovakia, the nort...
Article
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We describe a new arboreal genus and species of the family Gymnophthalmidae, subfamily Cercosaurinae, from Peru on the basis of genetic and morphological characters. Dendrosauridion gen. n. can be distinguished morphologically from all other genera of Cercosaurinae by having the lower palpebral disc transparent and undivided, dorsal scales smooth,...
Article
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Euspondylus excelsum was described from 8 specimens from the Region Huánuco in central Peru. We obtained an adult female from the Region Junín and a subadult male (photo vouchers only) from the Region Madre de Dios. Our new records of E. excelsum extend the range of this species by 592 km to the south and increase the previously known elevational r...
Article
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We describe a new small species of Scinax from the rain forests on the interfluve between Purus and Madeira Rivers, Brazilian Amazonia. The new species is diagnosed by snout–vent length 20.2−22.5 mm in males; a yellowish-bronze dorsum showing small spots along the body and limbs; a red stripe horizontally extended on the medial portion of the iris;...
Article
Full-text available
Cercosaurine lizards (subfamily Cercosaurinae of the family Gymnophthalmidae) represent a substantial component of the reptile fauna in the Neotropics. Several attempts have been made to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships within this group, but most studies focused on particular genera or regions and did not cover the subfamily as a whole....
Data
Supplementary phylogenetic trees and table of analysed samples
Article
Full-text available
The genus Scinax is one of the most specious genera of treefrogs of the family Hylidae. Despite the high number of potential new species of Scinax revealed in recent studies, the rate of species descriptions for Amazonia has been low in the last decade. A potential cause of this low rate may be the existence of morphologically cryptic species. Desc...
Data
Species of Scinax occurring in Amazonia
Data
Sampling methods for the environmental variables
Data
Morphometric measurements of Scinax ruberoculatus sp. nov. from Purus-Madeira Rivers Interfluve, State of Amazonas, Brazil Abbreviations: (INPA-H) Herpetological Section of the Zoological Collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil, (RAPELD) sampling sites, (M) male, (F) female, (SVL) snout-vent length, (HL) head l...
Data
Specimens examined for morphological comparisons Abbreviations: (AM) Highway at State of Amazonas, Brazil; (PDBFF) Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais (a project in Brazil focused on dynamics of forest fragments), (km) kilometre; (INPA-H) Herpetological Section of the Zoological Collection of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da A...
Data
Principal Components resulting from the Principal Component Analyses conducted for the SVL and 15 morphometric ratios from all individuals of Scinax ruberoculatus sp. nov. (males and females) Abbreviations: (PC) Principal Component, (SVL) snout-vent length, (HL) head length, (HW) head width, (ED) horizontal eye diameter, (UEW) upper eyelid width, (...
Article
Climatic changes during the Pleistocene played an instrumental role in the shaping recent distribution and diversity of the Western Palearctic biota. Range oscillations often lead to allopatric differentiation followed by the establishment of secondary contact zones. As a result, many species are composed of complex networks of phylogenetic lineage...
Article
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We describe a new species of Phrynopus from the upper montane forests and high Andean grasslands (puna) of the Pui Pui Protected Forest and its close surroundings (Región Junín, central Peru) and compare it morphologically and genetically with other species of Phrynopus. Phrynopusintisp. n. is known from four localities outside and two localities i...
Article
Full-text available
A new tree frog species of the genus Scinax from the interfluve between the Purus and Madeira rivers, Brazilian Amazonia, is described and illustrated. The new species is diagnosed by medium body size, snout truncate in dorsal view, ulnar and tarsal tubercles absent, nuptial pads poorly developed, skin on dorsum shagreen, dorsum light brown with da...
Article
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The new zoological exposition of the National Museum will be installed in eight exhibition halls on the second floor of the Historical Building. The exposition has the preliminary title Evolution and thematically, it will follow several significant evolutionary events, which enabled animals to occupy Earth. The first two exhibition halls will be de...
Article
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We describe three new species of Pristimantis from the upper montane forests and high Andean grasslands of the Pui Pui Protected Forest and its close surroundings (Región Junín, central Peru) and compare them morphologically and genetically with other taxonomically and biogeographically relevant species of Pristimantis. All three new species have t...
Article
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Mesalina are small lacertid lizards occurring in the Saharo-Sindian deserts from North Africa to the east of the Iranian plateau. Earlier phylogenetic studies indicated that there are several species complexes within the genus and that thorough taxonomic revisions are needed. In this study, we aim at resolving the phylogeny and taxonomy of the M. b...
Article
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We describe a new minute species of the genus Pristimantis, P. boucephalus sp. nov., from the Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park, Región Pasco, Peru. The description is based on a freshly collected male specimen found at 2950 m a.s.l. in a cloud forest and four previously unidentified museum specimens consisting of two adult males, one subadult fema...
Article
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A new semiarboreal species of the Rhinella festae group is described from montane forests of the Cordillera Azul National Park between 1245 and 1280 m a.s.l. in the Cordillera Oriental, San Martín region, north-ern Peru. The new species is morphologically and genetically compared with members of the Rhinella acrolopha group (former genus Rhamphophr...
Research
Full-text available
Parque Nacional Yanachaga-Chemillén, Pasco, Perú Anfibios del bosque de nubes y su zona de amortiguamiento
Article
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A new species of frog of the genus Pristimantis is described from a montane forest between 1700 and 1800 m a.s.l. of the Pui Pui Protected Forest (Región Junín) in central Peru. Pristimantis ashaninka sp. n. is described based on five adult females (snout–vent length 23.1–26.7 mm) and ten juveniles (snout-vent length 10.6–13.4). It differs from its...
Article
Full-text available
Rising habitat loss is one of the main drivers of the global amphibian decline. Nevertheless, knowledge of amphibian diversity needed for effective habitat protection is still highly inadequate in remote tropical regions, the greater part of the Amazonia. In this study we integrated molecular, morphological and bioacoustic evidence to evaluate the...
Data
Specimens examined, voucher numbers, localities, and GenBank accession numbers. (PDF)
Data
Formulae for cryptic diversity estimates. (PDF)
Data
Morphometric data of Scinax species from the Purus-Madeira interfluve and east bank of the upper Madeira river, Brazilian Amazonia. (PDF)
Data
Temporal and spectral parameters of the advertisement call of Scinax species from the Purus-Madeira interfluve and east bank of the upper Madeira river, Brazilian Amazonia. (PDF)
Data
List of specimens examined for the morphological comparisons. (PDF)
Data
Genetic divergence between Scinax species from the Purus-Madeira interfluve and east bank of the Upper Madeira river and related species. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Background Genetic architecture of a species is a result of historical changes in population size and extent of distribution related to climatic and environmental factors and contemporary processes of dispersal and gene flow. Population-size and range contractions, expansions and shifts have a substantial effect on genetic diversity and intraspecif...