Jing Feng

Jing Feng
North Carolina State University | NCSU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

77
Publications
46,826
Reads
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2,225
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - present
North Carolina State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
November 2012 - July 2013
University of Toronto
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2011 - October 2012
Baycrest
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Low-level cognitive processes like visual search are crucial for hazard detection. In dual-target searches, subsequent search misses (SSMs) are known to occur when the identification of one target impedes detection of another that is concurrently presented. Despite the high likelihood of concurrent hazards in busy driving environments , SSMs have n...
Article
[Background and Objectives] Mobility is a critical factor that influences older adults’ independence and well-being. Older drivers may experience increased crash risks due to age-related cognitive declines. Ensuring safe driving practices among older drivers is important to maintain their mobility without sacrificing safety. Investigations for an e...
Article
Full-text available
A significant portion of the risk of driver distraction comes from the cognitive consequences of attention deviating from the current task. While distraction can be due to external stimulations such as flashing billboards or a ringing phone, simply engaging in internally-generated task-unrelated thoughts (i.e., mind wandering) could raise one’s cra...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: The majority of existing investigations on attention, aging, and driving have focused on the negative impacts of age-related declines in attention on hazard detection and driver performance. However, driving skills and behavioral compensation may accommodate the negative effects that age-related attentional decline places on driving per...
Conference Paper
Prostheses help amputees to maintain physical health and quality of life. Prosthesis wearers’ satisfaction and adherence to the prosthesis are closely related to the preferences for prosthesis tuning settings. However, the underlying factors that contribute to the preferences were under-explored. In this study, two able-bodied participants were ask...
Article
Visuospatial attention during walking has been associated with pedestrian safety and fall risks. However, visuospatial attention measures during walking remained under-explored. Current studies introduced a newly-developed Standing and Walking Visual Attention Field (SWAVF) task to assess visuospatial attention during walking and examined its relia...
Article
Objectives With advancing age, older drivers experience greater fatal crash risks due to age-related declines in cognitive and physical capabilities. Being informed of the age-related increased risks could help older drivers form compensatory strategies and determine when to seek further help to stay on the road safely for longer. Using a self-repo...
Article
Full-text available
The Industrial Design (ID) education offers numerous opportunities for students to learn the market and user-centered approach; however, in cases in which design students lack technical knowledge, they can have difficulty and lack confidence in technology-driven design projects. The purpose of this study is to answer a research question "how are de...
Chapter
Inclusivity of design for an aging population will be one of the most critical problems to address in the near and far future. With advancing age comes new needs, goals, and unique issues – all of which may be ameliorated through well-designed systems and technologies. But what does it mean to be “well-designed”? In this chapter, the authors discus...
Article
This study investigates placebos and video games’ usefulness as psychological research tools. One proposed underlying mechanism of the placebo effect is participants’ expectations. Such expectation effects exist in sports psychology and healthcare domains, but inconsistent findings have emerged on whether similar effects impact a participants’ cogn...
Article
Virtual reality technology is constantly improving such that a virtual environment is more like a physical one. However, some research evidence suggest that certain virtual reality scenarios are less real than others to human observers (e.g., experience of falling from a high place) leading to potential limitations of using virtual reality as a res...
Article
Objective Cognitive training for reducing crash rate can be delivered to older drivers via in-person on-road sessions, a driving simulator, or using computer-based cognitive methods. Despite established effectiveness, in-person on-road assessment and rehabilitation are expensive, and limited professional service may not be readily accessible; simul...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Tuning of lower-limb (LL) robotic prosthesis control is necessary to provide personalised assistance to each human wearer during walking. Prostheses wearers’ adaptation processes are subjective and the efficiency largely depends on one’s mental processes. Therefore, beyond physical motor performance, prosthesis personalisation should c...
Conference Paper
This study investigates the presentation of service logo information under partially automated driving. Drivers completed simulated drives with partial automation during which they had to detect target logo signs and react to hazards by taking over vehicle control when needed. Driver performance was measured in terms of sign detection rate, crash r...
Article
Mind wandering is a common phenomenon in our daily lives, especially in routine tasks such as driving familiar routes. Some evidence suggests that there are detrimental effects of mind wandering on driving performance, but limited research has been conducted to examine the influence of mind wandering on a driver’s attentional processing of relevant...
Article
Vehicle automation is becoming more advanced in helping drivers understand and react to the environment around them. Many newer vehicle models come standard with backup cameras, blind spot detection, and warning signals. It’s important to identify if such features significantly improve driver performance. The current study investigated the relation...
Chapter
Each year around the world, approximately 1.25 million lives are lost in fatal vehicle crashes. This statistic equates to 3,434 deaths per day. In addition, another 20–50 million people are injured or disabled in crashes (Association for Safe International Road Travel 2002). This chapter provides a review of studies that utilized neurocognitive met...
Article
Objective We examine the relationships between contemporary progress in on‐road vehicle automation and its coherence with an envisioned “autopia” (automobile utopia) whereby the vehicle operation task is removed from all direct human control. Background The progressive automation of on‐road vehicles toward a completely driverless state is determin...
Article
Full-text available
Anticipatory thinking is a critical cognitive skill for successfully navigating complex, ambiguous systems in which individuals must analyze system states, anticipate outcomes, and forecast future events. For example, in military planning, intelligence analysis, business, medicine, and social services, individuals must use information to identify w...
Conference Paper
In-vehicle technologies for communicating information to drivers have realized increasing use in recent years. While most attention has been paid to in-vehicle displays for presenting safety-related information, such as warnings, few studies have explored communication of non-safety-related information with in-vehicle displays. This simulated drivi...
Article
People are known to naturally segment meaningful units of activity into individual events. Though an influential body of work demonstrating the relationship between event perception and human performance in daily tasks does exist, less consideration has been given to ideas that event perception can shape driving performance. This paper offers an in...
Article
With age-related changes in cognitive functioning including attention, older drivers experience increased crash risks and are particularly overrepresented in vehicle crashes in driving situations such as making a left turn and merging with traffic. Effective remedies via assessment, training, and interface design require understanding of individual...
Article
In-vehicle technologies for communicating information to drivers have realized increasing use in recent years. While most attention has been paid to in-vehicle displays for presenting safety-related information, such as warnings, few studies have explored communication of non-safety-related information with in-vehicle displays. This simulated drivi...
Article
The only evidence that seeing in slow-motion exists comes from retrospective interviews. An ongoing debate is whether this phenomenon exists as a figment of memory or a true function of visual perception. Testing these speculations is difficult given slow-motion experience is often associated with intense, stressful, and even threatening situations...
Article
This study investigated the utility of emotional expression for human decision aids, when human aids conflict with an automated decision support system (DSS). The increasing presence of automation in society has resulted in critical, and often life threatening, situations when information from human and automated sources disagree. It has been known...
Preprint
Anticipatory thinking is a critical cognitive skill for successfully navigating complex, ambiguous systems in which individuals must analyze system states, anticipate outcomes, and forecast future events. For example, in military planning, intelligence analysis, business, medicine, and social services, individuals must use information to identify w...
Chapter
Inclusivity of design for an aging population will be one of the most critical problems to address in the near and far future. With advancing age comes new needs, goals, and unique issues – all of which may be ameliorated through well-designed systems and technologies. But what does it mean to be “well-designed”? In this chapter, the authors discus...
Article
The perceptual decoupling hypothesis suggests a general mechanism that while mind wandering, our attention is detached from our environment, resulting in diminished processing of external stimuli. This study focused on examining two possible specific mechanisms: the global suppression of all external stimuli, and a combination of reduced target fac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this project was to understand the difficulties encountered in the proper placement of secondary controls on an automotive instrument panel while driving a rented car on a short-term basis, such as provided through a service such as Zip Car. Suggested interaction design guidelines for designing a sharing-friendly car were the outcome...
Chapter
Compared to other genres, action video games have been the principal focus of recent research on their possible impact on cognition. Most of these studies have concentrated on visual attentional processing. Action games place considerable demands on the spatial and temporal allocation of attentional processing, since players are required to perform...
Article
Full-text available
Car-sharing system users generally rent a vehicle for a brief amount of time, and they often do not take enough time to learn the controls and functions of a car that they are unfamiliar with. The purpose of this study is to understand the difficulty of controlling a car's functions while driving an unfamiliar car and to redesign controls to improv...
Article
Full-text available
Cellphone use while driving has been recognized as a growing and important public health issue by the World Health Organization and U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveys typically collect data on overall texting while driving, but do not differentiate between various forms of cellphone use. This study sought to improve the survey...
Conference Paper
Adaptive training and support technologies have been used to improve training and performance in a number of domains. However, limited work on adaptive training has examined anticipatory thinking, which is the deliberate, divergent exploration and analysis of relevant futures to avoid surprise. Anticipatory thinking engages the process of imagining...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hazard recognition is an essential element for successful accident and injury prevention. However, studies have revealed that construction workers fail to identify a large proportion of hazards in their workplaces. Therefore, understanding factors that adversely affect hazard recognition performance is a fundamental step towards improving safety pe...
Article
Both hazard recognition and safety risk perception are fundamental to effective safety management. When construction hazards remain unrecognized or the associated safety risk remains unperceived, the likelihood of human errors and injuries increases. Unfortunately, recent studies have shown that a large number of construction hazards remain unrecog...
Chapter
Older drivers are known to face inordinate consequences from automobile crashes. Given that their presence is expected to climb in the near future, the field of human factors is currently in a unique position to help mitigate age-related issues on the road as technological advances are made. This chapter begins by examining the cognitive changes th...
Article
Full-text available
Mind wandering has been considered as a mental process that is either independent from the concurrent task or regulated like a secondary task. These accounts predict that the form of mind wandering (i.e., images or words) should be either unaffected by or different from the modality form (i.e., visual or auditory) of the concurrent task. Findings f...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to examine the effect of age and various characteristics of non-driving related activities during highly automated driving on subsequent performance in notified takeovers among younger and older drivers. The paper presents new analyses of data collected in our earlier study (Clark & Feng, 2016). Non-driving-related activities that p...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have shown that secondary information presented in spatially commingled environments along with primary tasks can adversely affect the performance of that task, as might be the case for information delivered to drivers by a Heads-Up Display (HUD). However, it is unclear how that message’s relevance to the task at hand (e.g., driving) might...
Article
Full-text available
Within human factors research of highly automated driving, in addition to examining the design of notifications of expected takeovers of vehicle control, understanding how drivers handle unexpected takeovers is of critical importance. Given a sufficient level of situational awareness has been shown as a premise for task performance in various domai...
Article
Full-text available
Background With an ever increasing population of older adults (65+ years) in the USA, a better understanding of this population’s travel patterns is needed to improve travel mobility and transportation safety. Objective In this study, we described the travel patterns of older adults in the USA during 2015. Methods Travel patterns of older adults...
Article
Full-text available
Frequently, we use expectations about likely locations of a target to guide the allocation of our attention. Despite the importance of this attentional process in everyday tasks, examination of pre-cueing effects on attention, particularly endogenous pre-cueing effects, has been relatively little explored outside an eccentricity of 20°. Given the v...
Article
Full-text available
Age differences in the spatial distribution of attention over a wide field of view have only been described in terms of the spatial extent, leaving the topographical aspect unexplored. This study examined age differences between younger and older adults in good general health in an important topographical characteristic, the asymmetry between the u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is well known that traffic collisions can easily occur when a driver’s attention is consumed by task irrelevant information (e.g. cellphone, or billboards). Is it possible though that drivers will fail to identify certain hazards or traffic signals because their focus is consumed by other, equally, pertinent events on the road? In order to answe...
Article
Full-text available
Building a computational model for how the visual cortex identifies objects is a problem that has attracted much attention over the years. Generally, the interest has been in creating models that are translation, rotation, and luminance invariant. In this paper, we utilize the philosophy of Hough Transform to create a model for detecting straight l...
Chapter
As the number of persons over 65 makes a meteoric rise worldwide, there is a need for convergence of many fields to best prepare systems and technology that support older adults. These adults constitute a special population with capabilities, limitations, needs, and motivations that can only be addressed through interdisciplinary innovations. We si...
Article
Full-text available
Age differences in the spatial distribution of attention over a wide field of view have only been described in terms of the spatial extent, leaving the topographical aspect unexplored. This study examined age differences between younger and older adults in good general health in an important topographical characteristic, the asymmetry between the u...
Chapter
Age-related slowing of responses to cognitive tasks is a ubiquitous phenomenon in research on cognitive aging. The general slowing hypothesis is built upon broad observations in many studies of age-related slowing and suggests that age-related general slowing is the primary contributor to the declines in cognitive functioning associated with aging....
Article
Full-text available
Human minds often wander around while performing a task. When the mind wanders, attention drifts away from task-relevant perceptual information, leading to deteriorated performance on the task at hand. The current study aims to examine how mind-wandering is associated with different aspects of attentional functions that are critical for perceptual...
Article
Full-text available
Mind wandering, when attention is internally engaged on task-unrelated thoughts, is potentially hazardous for driving. Understanding the factors that influence the frequency of mind wandering during driving is important, but remains unclear. This study investigated the effect of perceptual load on the rate and cost of mind wandering during driving....
Article
Full-text available
Human factors elements are critical to the success of autonomous vehicle technology. These human factors elements can include understanding how drivers adopt and interact with this technology, identifying the challenges that a driver may face during the driver-vehicle interaction, and considering these challenges in the design of the driver-vehicle...
Chapter
Video-game training generally refers to games designed to improve specific skills, knowledge, and fluid abilities such as executive function and spatial ability. Fluid abilities are important for daily activities but are susceptible to significant age-related decline. As a result, there has been great interest in harnessing video games to ameliorat...
Article
Full-text available
Driver distraction significantly impairs performance and increases the likelihood of vehicle crashes. Understanding the underlying reasons of distraction engagement as well as individuals’ susceptibility to different types of distractions is a necessary step to develop effective solutions to mitigate distraction. This paper describes the developmen...
Article
Full-text available
Older drivers experience increasing risks of vehicle crashes. This increase in crash risks has been associated with age-related declines in attention. To assess attentional failures during driving, we develop a self-report measure, the Attentional Failures during Driving Questionnaire (AFDQ). In this paper, we describe the development of the questi...
Conference Paper
One mode of authentication used in modern computing systems is graphical passwords. Graphical passwords are becoming more popular because touch-sensitive and pen-sensitive technologies are becoming ubiquitous. In this paper, we construct the “BioSketch” database, which is a general database of sketch-based passwords (SkPWs) with pressure informatio...
Article
Full-text available
Biases exist in many perceptual and cognitive functions. Since visual attention plays an important role in a wide range of perceptual and cognitive processes, any bias in the spatial distribution of attention is likely to be a significant source of perceptual and cognitive asymmetries. An attentional visual field task (AVF) requiring localizatio...
Article
Auditory distractions can have serious consequences in critical situations such as driving. Mobile phones, radios, media players, and information devices that interpret and produce speech are increasingly common in vehicles, but the threats to visual attention are not yet fully understood. In three experiments, we found that most speech tasks had r...
Article
Full-text available
Although it may seem paradoxical, the unified-focus and multiple-foci theories of spatial selective attention are both well supported by experimental evidence. However, the apparent contradiction is illusory and the two competing views may be reconciled by a closer examination of the spatial mechanisms involved. We propose that the deployment of at...
Article
Full-text available
Attention and visuospatial working memory (VWM) share very similar characteristics; both have the same upper bound of about four items in capacity and they recruit overlapping brain regions. We examined whether both attention and VWM share the same processing resources using a novel dual-task costs approach based on a load-varying dual-task techniq...
Article
Full-text available
Playing a first-person shooter (FPS) video game alters the neural processes that support spatial selective attention. Our experiment establishes a causal relationship between playing an FPS game and neuroplastic change. Twenty-five participants completed an attentional visual field task while we measured ERPs before and after playing an FPS video g...
Article
Full-text available
Video game enthusiasts spend many hours at play, and this intense activity has the potential to alter both brain and behavior. We review studies that investigate the ability of video games to modify processes in spatial cognition. We outline the initial stages of research into the underlying mechanisms of learning, and we also consider possible app...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paradoxically, recent increases in the physical size and resolution of displays have introduced new challenges for interface design over a wide field of view. Since the visual system processes information very differently depending on whether it is presented in the central or in the peripheral regions of the visual field, the effectiveness of our a...
Article
Full-text available
Meta-analytic studies have concluded that although training improves spatial cognition in both sexes, the male advantage generally persists. However, because some studies run counter to this pattern, a closer examination of the anomaly is warranted. The authors investigated the acquisition of a basic skill (spatial selective attention) using a matc...
Article
Full-text available
The technology profile inventory (TPI) measures attitudes toward computers and the internet. We describe the most recent phase of the construction of the TPI. The studies reported refine and validate the instrument, and we present the final version as an Appendix A. Using a new sample of respondents (N = 394), we replicated the three major factors...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although studies have shown that physically large displays bring benefits in performance and user satisfaction, the expanded field-of-view (FOV) places considerably higher demands on our cognitive capacities. Understanding how we process information over a wide FOV is increasingly important to optimize interface design. So far, however, empirical i...
Article
Full-text available
We demonstrate a previously unknown gender difference in the distribution of spatial attention, a basic capacity that supports higher-level spatial cognition. More remark