Jianxi Gao

Jianxi Gao
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | RPI · Department of Computer Science

PHD

About

122
Publications
28,342
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,700
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2012 - July 2016
Northeastern University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Network science
September 2009 - May 2012
Boston University
Position
  • Research Assistant
September 2006 - November 2012
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Many systems on our planet shift abruptly and irreversibly from the desired state to an undesired state when forced across a “tipping point”. Some examples are mass extinctions within ecosystems, cascading failures in infrastructure systems, and changes in human and animal social networks. The ability to avoid such regime shifts or to recover quick...
Article
Full-text available
An excellent method for predicting links in multiplex networks is reflected in its ability to reconstruct them accurately. Although link prediction methods perform well on estimating the existence probability of each potential link in monoplex networks by the set of partially observed links, we lack a mathematical tool to reconstruct the multiplex...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine raises the question of whether and when the ongoing pandemic could be eliminated with vaccination and non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Despite advances in the impact of NPIs and the conceptual belief that NPIs and vaccination control COVID-19 infections, we lack evidence to employ control theory in...
Article
Full-text available
From mass extinction to cell death, complex networked systems often exhibit abrupt dynamic transitions between desirable and undesirable states. These transitions are often caused by topological perturbations (such as node or link removal, or decreasing link strengths). The problem is that reversing the topological damage, namely, retrieving lost n...
Article
Mobility restriction is a crucial measure to control the transmission of the COVID-19. Research has shown that effective distance measured by the number of travelers instead of physical distance can capture and predict the transmission of the deadly virus. However, these efforts have been limited mainly to a single source of disease. Also, they hav...
Article
Full-text available
Compound failures occur when urban flooding coincides with traffic congestion, and their impact on network connectivity is poorly understood. Firstly, either three-dimensional road networks or the traffic on the roads has been considered, but not both. Secondly, we lack network science frameworks to consider compound failures in infrastructure netw...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring the state of infrastructure systems proactively is crucial to ensure their proper functionality during extreme events. Flood control networks are designed to keep communities safe from inundation. Accurately monitoring the inundation status of flood control components could enhance flood situational awareness and risk management during e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Efficient model selection for identifying a suitable pre-trained neural network to a downstream task is a fundamental yet challenging task in deep learning. Current practice requires expensive computational costs in model training for performance prediction. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for neural network selection by analyzing the g...
Article
During the COVID-19 pandemic, more than ever, data science has become a powerful weapon in combating an infectious disease epidemic and arguably any future infectious disease epidemic. Computer scientists, data scientists, physicists and mathematicians have joined public health professionals and virologists to confront the largest pandemic in the c...
Article
Percolation theory is essential for understanding disease transmission patterns on the temporal mobility networks. However, the traditional approach of the percolation process can be inefficient when analysing a large-scale, dynamic network for an extended period. Not only is it time-consuming but it is also hard to identify the connected component...
Article
Full-text available
Lightning strikes pose a severe threat to the United States (US) National Airspace System (NAS). Although the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) implements lightning protection practices and procedures to protect personnel, electronic equipment, and structures within the NAS, many lightning-induced outages still occur. To date we found that m...
Article
Research has documented increasing partisan division and extremist positions that are more pronounced among political elites than among voters. Attention has now begun to focus on how polarization might be attenuated. We use a general model of opinion change to see if the self-reinforcing dynamics of influence and homophily may be characterized by...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neural architecture search enables automation of architecture design. Despite its success, it is computationally costly and does not provide an insight on how to design a desirable architecture. Here we propose a new way of searching neural network where we search neural architecture by rewiring the corresponding graph and predict the architecture...
Article
Full-text available
Many systems may switch to an undesired state due to internal failures or external perturbations, of which critical transitions toward degraded ecosystem states are prominent examples. Resilience restoration focuses on the ability of spatially-extended systems and the required time to recover to their desired states under stochastic environmental c...
Article
The cascading spreading process in social and economic networks is more complicated than that in physical systems. These networks' multiple nodes and edges increase their structural complexity and recoverability, enabling the system to lose partial functionality rather than completely fail. However, these phenomena in social and economic networks i...
Article
Full-text available
Human mobility is crucial to understand the transmission pattern of COVID-19 on spatially embedded geographic networks. This pattern seems unpredictable, and the propagation appears unstoppable, resulting in over 350,000 death tolls in the U.S. by the end of 2020. Here, we create the spatiotemporal inter-county mobility network using 10 TB (Terabyt...
Preprint
Full-text available
The performance of the entanglement transmission task, i.e., distributing entanglement between two arbitrarily distant nodes in a large-scale quantum network (QN), is notably benchmarked by the classical entanglement percolation (CEP) scheme. Improvement of entanglement transmission beyond CEP can only be achieved, with great loss of generality, by...
Article
Full-text available
We combined survey, mobility, and infections data in greater Boston, MA to simulate the effects of racial disparities in the inclination to become vaccinated on continued infection rates and the attainment of herd immunity. The simulation projected marked inequities, with communities of color experiencing infection rates 3 times higher than predomi...
Article
Full-text available
Many critical complex systems and networks are continuously monitored, creating vast volumes of data describing their dynamics. To understand and optimize their performance, we need to discover and formalize their dynamics to enable their control. Here, we introduce a multidisciplinary framework using network science and control theory to accomplis...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the advances in discovering new nuclei, modeling microscopic nuclear structure, nuclear reactors, and stellar nucleosynthesis, we still lack a systemic tool, such as a network approach, to understand the structure and dynamics of over 70 thousands reactions compiled in JINA REACLIB. To this end, we develop an analysis framework, under which...
Article
Full-text available
Major disasters such as extreme weather events can magnify and exacerbate pre-existing social disparities, with disadvantaged populations bearing disproportionate costs. Despite the implications for equity and emergency planning, we lack a quantitative understanding of how these social fault lines translate to different behaviours in large-scale em...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a number of successful approaches in predicting the spatiotemporal patterns of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and quantifying the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions starting from data about the initial outbreak location, we lack an intrinsic understanding as outbreak locations shift and evolve. Here, we fill this g...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rapid rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine global raises the question of whether and when the ongoing pandemic could be eliminated with vaccination and non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Despite advances in the impact of NPIs and the conceptual belief that NPIs and vaccination control COVID-19 infections, we lack evidence to employ control the...
Article
The study of the robustness of interdependent networks has attracted enormous attention from researchers of diverse fields. For this topic, the node-dependent scheme is most widely adopted to describe the interdependency between different network layers, where nodes in one layer are interdependent with nodes in other layers. However, this scheme ma...
Article
Full-text available
Establishing long-distance quantum entanglement, i.e., entanglement transmission, in quantum networks (QN) is a key and timely challenge for developing efficient quantum communication. Traditional comprehension based on classical percolation assumes a necessary condition for successful entanglement transmission between any two infinitely distant no...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human mobility is crucial to understand the transmission pattern of COVID-19 on spatially embedded geographic networks. This pattern seems unpredictable, and the propagation appears unstoppable, resulting in over 350,000 death tolls in the U.S. by the end of 2020. Here, we create the spatiotemporal inter-county mobility network using 10 TB (Terabyt...
Article
Full-text available
Data-driven risk networks describe many complex system dynamics arising in fields such as epidemiology and ecology. They lack explicit dynamics and have multiple sources of cost, both of which are beyond the current scope of traditional control theory. We construct the global economy risk network by combining the consensus of experts from the World...
Preprint
Full-text available
Establishing long-distance quantum entanglement, i.e., entanglement transmission, in quantum networks (QN) is a key and timely challenge for developing efficient quantum communication. Traditional comprehension based on classical percolation assumes a necessary condition for successful entanglement transmission between any two infinitely distant no...
Preprint
Full-text available
We combined survey, mobility, and infections data in greater Boston, MA to simulate the effects of racial disparities in the inclination to become vaccinated on continued infection rates and the attainment of herd immunity. The simulation projected marked inequities, with communities of color experiencing infection rates 3 times higher than predomi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the Summer of 2020, the Boston Area Research Initiative (BARI) at Northeastern University, the Center for Survey Research (CSR) at University of Massachusetts Boston, and the Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) conducted a survey that captures the experiences of 1626 Bostonians during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted a...
Article
The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 62 million people worldwide. Control responses varied across countries with different outcomes in terms of epidemic size and social disruption. This study presents an age-specific susceptible-exposed-infected-recovery-death model that considers the unique characteristics of...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 37 million people worldwide. The control responses varied across countries with different outcomes in terms of epidemic size and social disruption. In this study, we presented an age-specific susceptible-exposed-infected-recovery-death model that considers the unique charac...
Article
Full-text available
Robustness is a prominent feature of most biological systems. Most previous related studies have been focused on homogeneous molecular networks. Here we propose a comprehensive framework for understanding how the interactions between genes, proteins and metabolites contribute to the determinants of robustness in a heterogeneous biological network....
Preprint
Full-text available
From mass extinction to cell death, complex networked systems often exhibit abrupt dynamic transitions between desirable and undesirable states. Such transitions are often caused by topological perturbations, such as node or link removal, or decreasing link strengths. The problem is that reversing the topological damage, namely retrieving the lost...
Preprint
Full-text available
As ecosystems might lose their biodiversity and even change from the functional state to the extinct state due to environmental degradation, resilience restoration thus plays an increasingly important role in recovering the service and functions of the systems. The existence of alternative stable states and the switches between them in ecological s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Data-driven risk networks describe many complex system dynamics arising in fields such as epidemiology and ecology. They lack explicit dynamics and have multiple sources of cost, both of which are beyond the current scope of traditional control theory. We construct the global risk network by combining the consensus of experts from the World Economi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Non-pharmaceutical interventions are the current central strategy to stop transmitting the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) globally. Despite remarkably successful approaches in predicting the ongoing pandemic's spatiotemporal patterns, we lack an intrinsic understanding of the travel restrictions' efficiency and effectiveness. We fill this gap...
Preprint
Full-text available
Major disasters such as extreme weather events can magnify and exacerbate pre-existing social disparities, with disadvantaged populations bearing disproportionate costs. Despite the implications for equity and emergency planning, we lack a quantitative understanding of how these social fault lines translate to different behaviors in large-scale eme...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the advances in discovering new nuclei, modeling microscopic nuclear structure, nuclear reactors, and stellar nucleosynthesis, we lack a systemic tool, in the form of a network framework, to understand the structure and dynamics of 70 thousands reactions discovered until now. We assemble here a nuclear reaction network in which a node repre...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the elasticity of the real networks, the components in the network have a redundant capacity against the load, such as power grids, traffic networks and so on. Moreover, the interaction strength between nodes is often different. This paper proposes a novel nonlinear model of cascade failure in weighted complex networks considering overl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many systems on our planet are known to shift abruptly and irreversibly from one state to another when they are forced across a "tipping point," such as mass extinctions in ecological networks, cascading failures in infrastructure systems, and social convention changes in human and animal networks. Such a regime shift demonstrates a system's resili...
Preprint
Full-text available
Travel restrictions are the current central strategy to globally stop the transmission of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Despite remarkably successful approaches in predicting the spatiotemporal patterns of the ongoing pandemic, we lack an intrinsic understanding of the travel restriction's effectiveness. We fill this gap by developing a...
Article
Full-text available
While abrupt regime shifts between different metastable states have occurred in natural systems from many areas including ecology, biology, and climate, evidence for this phenomenon in transportation systems has been rarely observed so far. This limitation might be rooted in the fact that we lack methods to identify and analyze possible multiple st...
Conference Paper
Inferring topological characteristics of complex networks from observed data is critical to understand the dynamical behavior of networked systems, ranging from the Internet and the World Wide Web to biological networks and social networks. Prior studies usually focus on the structure-based estimation to infer network sizes, degree distributions, a...
Article
Mutualistic networks, which describe the ecological interactions between multiple types of species such as plants and pollinators, play a paramount role in the generation of Earth’s biodiversity. The resilience of a mutualistic network denotes its ability to retain basic functionality when errors and failures threaten the persistence of the communi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Knowledge of time-variant functionality of real-world physical, social, and engineered networks is critical to the understanding of the resilience of networks facing external perturbations. The majority of existing studies, however, focus only on the topological properties of networks for resilience assessment, which does not fully capture their dy...
Article
Full-text available
The negative impact of climate change continues to escalate flood risk. Floods directly and indirectly damage highway systems and disturb the socioeconomic order. In this study, we propose an integrated approach to quantitatively assess how floods impact the functioning of a highway system. The approach has three parts: (1) a multi‐agent simulation...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence demonstrates that in many places language coexistence has become ubiquitous and essential for supporting language and cultural diversity and associated with its financial and economic benefits. The competitive evolution among multiple languages determines the evolution outcome, either coexistence, or decline, or extinction. Here...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inferring topological characteristics of complex networks from observed data is critical to understand the dynamical behavior of networked systems, ranging from the Internet and the World Wide Web to biological networks and social networks. Prior studies usually focus on the structure-based estimation to infer network sizes, degree distributions, a...
Article
Full-text available
We study nonlinear dynamics on complex networks. Each vertex i has a state xi which evolves according to a networked dynamics to a steady-state xi*. We develop fundamental tools to learn the true steady-state of a small part of the network, without knowing the full network. A naive approach and the current state-of-the-art is to follow the dynamics...
Article
Resilience describes a system's ability to adjust its activity to retain the basic functionality when errors or failures occur in components (nodes) of the network. Due to the complexity of a system's structure, different components in the system exhibit diversity in the ability to affect the resilience of the system, bringing us a great challenge...
Preprint
Full-text available
Network reconstruction is fundamental to understanding the dynamical behaviors of the networked systems. Many systems, modeled by multiplex networks with various types of interactions, display an entirely different dynamical behavior compared to the corresponding aggregated network. In many cases, unfortunately, only the aggregated topology and par...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study nonlinear dynamics on complex networks. Each vertex $i$ has a state $x_i$ which evolves according to a networked dynamics to a steady-state $x_i^*$. We develop fundamental tools to learn the true steady-state of a small part of the network, without knowing the full network. A naive approach and the current state-of-the-art is to follow the...
Article
Full-text available
Although existing computational models have identified many common driver genes, it remains challenging to identify the personalized driver genes by using samples of an individual patient. Recently, the methods of exploiting the structure-based control principles of complex networks provide new clues for identifying minimum number of driver nodes t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Robustness is a prominent feature of most biological systems. In a cell, the structure of the interactions between genes, proteins, and metabolites has a crucial role in maintaining the cell functionality and viability in the presence of external perturbations and noise. Despite advances in characterizing the robustness of biological systems, most...
Article
Catastrophic and major disasters in real-world systems, such as blackouts in power grids or global failures in critical infrastructures, are often triggered by minor events which originate a cascading failure in interdependent graphs. We present here a self-consistent theory enabling the systematic analysis of cascading failures in such networks an...
Article
Full-text available
In the gathered multiplex systems, nodes inherit a part of their original system's topological features, as in the world economic system, national policies and resource distribution bring industry advantages and resource advantages to the domestic industry. Although they represent one of the important original topological features of nodes, the inh...