Jiang Pi

Jiang Pi
Guangdong Medical University · Department of Clinical Immunology

PhD

About

74
Publications
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1,954
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Publications

Publications (74)
Article
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Current chemotherapy strategies used in clinic appear with lots of disadvantages due to the low targeting effects of drugs and strong side effects, which significantly restricts the drug potency, causes multiple dysfunctions in the body, and even drives the emergence of diseases. Immunotherapy has been proved to boost the body’s innate and adaptive...
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Gambogic acid (GA), a kind of polyprenylated xanthone derived from Garcinia hanburyi tree, has showed spectrum anticancer effects both in vitro and in vivo with low toxicity. However, up to now, there is little information about the effects of GA on esophageal cancer. In this study, we aim to test the anticancer effects of GA on esophageal cancer E...
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Liquid biopsy has been rapidly developed in recent years due to its advantages of non-invasiveness and real-time sampling in cancer prognosis and diagnosis. Exosomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles secreted by all types of cells and abundantly distributed in all types of body fluid, carrying diverse cargos including proteins, DNA, and RNA, whi...
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Bacterial infection remains one of the most dangerous threats to human health due to the increasing cases of bacterial resistance, which is caused by the extensive use of current antibiotics. Photothermal therapy (PTT) is similar to photodynamic therapy (PDT), but PTT can generate heat energy under the excitation of light of specific wavelength, re...
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Both host genetics and the gut microbiome have important effects on human health, yet how host genetics regulates gut bacteria and further determines disease susceptibility remains unclear. Here, we find that the gut microbiome pattern of participants with active tuberculosis is characterized by a reduction of core species found across healthy indi...
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Tuberculosis (TB), induced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection, remains a top killer among infectious diseases. While Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the sole TB vaccine, the clumped-clustered features of BCG in intradermal immunization appear to limit both the BCG protection efficacy and the BCG vaccination safety. We hypothesize that...
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Asthma is one of the most common chronic pulmonary disorders, affecting more than 330 million people worldwide. Unfortunately, there are still no specific treatments for asthma so far. Therefore, it is very important to develop effective therapeutics and medicines to deal with this intractable disease. Berberine (Ber) has fabulous anti-inflammatory...
Article
The resistance of urinary tract pathogenic bacteria to various antibiotics is increasing, which requires the rapid detection of infectious pathogens for accurate and timely antibiotic treatment. Here, we propose a rapid diagnosis strategy for the antibiotic resistance of bacteria in urinary tract infections (UTIs) based on surface-enhanced Raman sc...
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Cobalt is essential to the metabolism of all animals due to its key role in cobalamin, also known as vitamin B12, the primary biological reservoir of cobalt as an ultra-trace element. Current cancer treatment strategies, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, have been seriously restricted by their side effects and low efficiency for a long time,...
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The synergistic manipulation of autophagy blocking with tumor targeting and penetration effects to enhance cancer cell killing during photothermal therapy (PTT) remains a substantial challenge. Herein, we fabricated a biomimetic nanoplatform by precisely coating homologous prostate cancer cell membranes (CMs) onto the surface of mesoporous polydopa...
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Infectious diseases, caused by the direct exposure of cellular or acellular pathogens, are found to be closely associated with multiple inflammation and immune responses, keeping one of the top threats to human health. As an indispensable trace element, Selenium (Se) plays important roles in antioxidant defence and redox state regulation along with...
Article
Tuberculosis (TB), induced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), is a fatal infectious disease that kills millions of lives worldwide. The emergence of drug-resistant and multidrug-resistant cases is regarded as one of the most challenging threats to TB control due to the low cure rate. Therefore, TB and drug-resistant TB epidemics urge us to explor...
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Exosomes are cell-derived nanovesicles carrying protein, lipid, and nucleic acid for secreting cells, and act as significant signal transport vectors for cell-cell communication and immune modulation. Immune-cell-derived exosomes have been found to contain molecules involved in immunological pathways, such as MHCII, cytokines, and pathogenic antige...
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How to actively target tumor sites manipulating the controllable release of the encapsulated anticancer drugs and photosensitizers for synergistic anticancer therapy remains a big challenge. In this study, a cancer cell-targeted, near-infrared (NIR) light-triggered and anticancer drug loaded liposome system (LPs) was developed for synergistic cance...
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It remains undefined whether a subset of CD4+ T cells can function as fast-acting cells to control Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Here we show that the primary CD4+CD161+ T-cell subset, not CD4+CD161-, in unexposed healthy humans fast acted as unconventional T cells capable of inhibiting intracellular Mtb and BCG growth upon exposure t...
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Objectives Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms regulate antimicrobial immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Methods The present study assessed circular RNA TRAPPC6B (circTRAPPC6B) for antimicrobial immune functions and defined mechanisms wherein circTRAPPC6B regulates Mtb growth, autophagy and microRNA in macrophages. Results...
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The cytokine storm or cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) is associated with high mortality in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), for example following sepsis or infectious diseases including COVID-19. However, there are no effective treatments for CSS-associated ALI or ALI/ARDS. Thus, there remains an u...
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How to enable protein degradation pathways including the autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) to enhance the efficacy of anticancer treatments remains a substantial challenge. Cobalt oxide nanoparticles (Co3O4 NPs) have attracted interest in recent years for their potential use as a synergistic anticancer treat...
Article
s Oridonin has been found to be a potential anti-angiogenesis agent. However, its functional targets and the underlying mechanisms are still vague. In vitro studies we found that oridonin not only inhibited VEGF-induced cell proliferation, migration and tube formation but also caused G2/M phase arrest and triggered cellular apoptosis in HUVECs. In...
Article
Pathogenesis hallmarks for tuberculosis (TB) are the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) escape from phagolysosomal destruction and limited drug delivery into infected cells. Several nanomaterials can be entrapped in lysosomes, but the development of functional nanomaterials to promote phagolysosomal Mtb clearance remains a big challenge. Here, we rep...
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CD47 is an immunoglobulin that is overexpressed on the surface of many types of cancer cells. CD47 forms a signaling complex with signal-regulatory protein α (SIRPα), enabling the escape of these cancer cells from macrophage-mediated phagocytosis. In recent years, CD47 has been shown to be highly expressed by various types of solid tumors and to be...
Article
CD4+/CD8+ T cells play a major role in conferring immune protection against tuberculosis (TB), but it remains unknown how the immune responses of CD4+/CD8+ T cells exactly correlate with the clinical variables and disease statuses during anti-TB chemotherapy. To address this, several major immune parameters of CD4+/CD8+ T cells in peripheral blood...
Article
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by M.tuberculosis (Mtb), has become a top killer among infectious diseases. Enhancing the ability of anti-TB drugs to kill intracellular Mtb in host cells remains a big challenge. Here, an innovative nano-system was developed to increase drug delivery and Mtb-killing efficacy in Mtb-infected macrophages. We employed mannos...
Chapter
As a high-resolution imaging technique, AFM has been found to be a novel tool for cell topography and its quantitative imaging. This chapter is focused on the introduction of AFM cell topography and its quantitative imaging, which includes the basic principle of AFM imaging, basic operation modes of AFM imaging, AFM imaging of biological sample, cr...
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Integrin β1 is known to be involved in differentiation, migration, proliferation, wound repair, tissue development, and organogenesis. In order to analyze the binding probability between integrin β1 ligand and cluster of differentiation 29 (CD29) receptors, atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to detect native integrin β1-coupled receptors on the...
Article
Graphene oxides (GO) is a promising building material to fabricate desired drug delivery system due to its excellent physicochemical properties. In this study, an innovative nano-drug (Ori@GE11-GO) was constructed based on GE11 peptide functionalized GO for targeted delivery of oridonin to realize the specific recognition of tumour cells and enhanc...
Article
Oridonin, an active diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, has been reported for its antitumor activity on several cancers. However, its effect on human esophageal cancer remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that oridonin could inhibit the growth of human esophageal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Oridonin not only suppres...
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Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in an increasing number of industrial products such as rubber, paint, coating, and cosmetics. In the past two decades, ZnO NPs have become one of the most popular metal oxide nanoparticles in biological applications due to their excellent biocompatibility, economic, and low toxicity. ZnO NPs have emerged...
Article
Matrine, as a natural alkaloid isolated from the traditional herb medicine sophora flavescens, has been proved to possess excellent biological activities, including anticancer effects. Now, this research aims to assess the anticancer activities and the mechanism of matrine against esophageal cancer cells, we investigated the proliferative inhibitio...
Chapter
Consisting of viscous phospholipid bilayer, different kinds of proteins and various nano/micrometer-sized domains, cell membranes have proven to play very important roles in ensuring the stability of the intracellular environment and order of cellular signal transductions. The developments of modern cell biology, immunology, and medicine urge us to...
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Selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) have attracted increasing interest in recent decades because of their anticancer, immunoregulation, and drug carrier functions. In this study, GE11 peptide-conjugated Se NPs (GE11-Se NPs), a nanosystem targeting EGFR over-expressed cancer cells, were synthesized for oridonin delivery to achieve enhanced anticancer ef...
Article
Poor bioavailability and non-specificity of chemotherapeutic agents are major challenges in breast cancer treatment. Antibodies and small molecules that block cell signaling pathways have shown promise in the clinic, but their application is also limited by high costs and treatment dosages required. Novel therapies that aim to rapidly and specifica...
Article
Surface engineering is crucial to improve biocompatibility and sensing response of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials. For nanostructured MoS2 biosensors, post functionalization via cumbersome procedures unfortunately leads to inevitable structural damages and thus reduced functionalities. Herein, in-situ surface functionalization by the reactant o...
Article
As the active anticancer component of Rabdosia Rubescens, oridonin has been proved to show strong anticancer activity in cancer cells, which is also found to be closely related to its specific inhibition effects on the EGFR tyrosine kinase activity. In this study, atomic force microscopy based single molecule force spectroscopy (AFM-SMFS) was used...
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Angiogenesis provides necessary nutrients and oxygen for tumor growth and metastasis; thus, every stage of angiogenesis process is the potential target for cancer therapies. Ursolic acid (UA) is reported to decrease tumor burden through anti-angiogenesis pathway, but its poor water solubility greatly limits its efficiency and clinical application....
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Dihydromyricetin (DMY) a flavonoid derived from medicinal plant Ampelopsis grossedentata, possesses anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in vitro, however, the in vivo anti-inflammatory action of DMY remains unknown. In the current study, carrageenan-induced paw edema in rat, an acute inflammation model, and RAW264.7 macrophages activated b...
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Ursolic acid (UA) has proved to have broad-spectrum anti-tumor effects, but its poor water solubility and incompetent targeting property largely limit its clinical application and efficiency. Here, we synthesized a nanoparticle-based drug carrier composed of chitosan, UA and folate (FA-CS-UA-NPs) and demonstrated that FA-CS-UA-NPs could effectively...
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The degranulation of mast cells and basophils is often initiated by a number of pathophysiological responses, especially in allergic and inflammatory conditions. Efficient techniques and methods for determining the level of such degranulation are highly demanded for laboratory and clinical studies. In this work, a rapid and sensitive assay based on...
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Polysaccharide compounds (PCs), which composed of different kinds of polysaccharides always isolated from different kinds of traditional Chinese medicine, are now attracting more and more attentions due to their strong immunomodulatory activities beyond the corresponding one-component polysaccharides. In this study, we demonstrated for the first ti...
Article
Mast cell degranulation is the typical anaphylaxis process of mast cells associated with the release of cytokines, eicosanoids and their secretory granules, which play very important roles in the allergic inflammatory response of the human body upon anaphylactogen stimulation. The calcium ionophore ionomycin is widely used as a degranulation induct...
Article
A rapid, facile assay for sensitive cytosensing of breast cancer cells should help to guide potential medical evaluation for breast cancer. Here, we report development of novel resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) cytosensor for cell recognitions and folate (FA) receptor expression analyses on living cells. Using FA-conjugated gold nanoparticles (FA...
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High levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells is recognized as one of the major causes of cancer cell apoptosis and has been developed into a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer therapy. However, whether apoptosis associated biophysical properties of cancer cells are related to intracellular ROS functions is still unclea...
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A new method based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) was developed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of drugs on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. The LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cell line is a widely used in vitro cell model for the screening of anti-inflammatory drugs or the study of anti-inflammatory mech...
Article
Apigenin has shown to have killing effects on some kinds of solid tumor cells. However, the changes in cell membrane induced by apigenin on subcellular- or nanometer-level were still unclear. In this work, human esophageal cancer cells (EC9706 and KYSE150 cells) were employed as cell model to detect the cytotoxicity of apigenin, including cell grow...
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Type 1 diabetes is an insulin-dependent metabolic disorder always associated with ketoacidosis and a high morbidity rate in teenagers. The in situ single molecule detection of insulin receptors on healthy and diseased erythrocytes is helpful to understand the pathomechanism of type 1 diabetes ketoacidosis (T1-DKA), which would also benefit the diag...
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Quercetin, a wildly distributed bioflavonoid, has been proved to possess excellent antitumor activity on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, the biophysical properties of HepG2 cells were qualitatively and quantitatively determined using high resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM) to understand the anticancer effects of querceti...
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Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) was used for real-time and label-free detection of changes and folate receptor (FR) expression levels on living MCF-7 cells for evaluating the anticancer activity of resveratrol. Here, the mechanical changes of cellular responses to resveratrol was tracked by poly(L-lysine) (PLL) modif...
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Colorectal cancer, a kind of malignant cancer, has more than 1 million new patients and results in 0.5 million deaths every year globally based on the estimation of Globocan in 2008. One of the most important issues against colon cancer is tumor metastasis. Anti-angiogenesis, a form of targeted therapy uses drugs or other substances to prevent the...
Article
In recent years, LPS activated RAW264.7 cells are widely used as an in vitro inflammatory model for the screen of effective anti-inflammation drugs and the investigation of exact anti-inflammation mechanism of these drugs. But up to now, there are few data about the effect of LPS on the morphology, especially on the membrane ultrastructure and bio-...
Article
Cell membrane, which consists of viscous phospholipid bilayer, different kinds of proteins and various nano/micro meter sized domains, plays very important roles in ensuring the stability of intracellular environment and the order of cellular signal transductions. Exploring the precise cell membrane structures and detailed functions of biomolecules...
Article
Full-text available
A simple method for preparing quercetin surface-functionalized germanium nanoparticles (Qu-GeNPs) with enhanced antioxidant and anticancer activity is reported. Spherical germanium nanoparticles (GeNPs) were capped by quercetin (Qu) with a mean particle size of approximately 33 nm and were characterized by TEM, AFM, UV-visible absorption spectrosco...