Jian Peng

Jian Peng
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung | UFZ · Department of Remote Sensing

Prof. Dr.

About

80
Publications
28,394
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,949
Citations
Introduction
My research interests are the quantitative retrieval of land surface parameters from remote sensing data, the assimilation of remote sensing data into climate and land surface process models, understanding land-atmosphere interactions using earth system models and observational data, and quantification of climate change impact on water resources. I am the Editor-in-Chief of the journal “Geoscience Data Journal”. Please find more information via: https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=47410

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
In the propagation from meteorological to hydrological drought, there are time-lag and step-abrupt effects, quantified in terms of propagation time and threshold, which play an important role in hydrological drought early warning. However, seasonal drought propagation time and threshold and their dynamics as well as the corresponding driving mechan...
Preprint
The Earth climate system is out of energy balance and heat has accumulated continuously over the past decades, warming the ocean, the land, the cryosphere and the atmosphere. According to the 6th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this planetary warming over multiple decades is human-driven and results in unpreceden...
Article
Full-text available
Actual evapotranspiration (ET) is an essential variable in the hydrological process, linking carbon, water, and energy cycles. Global ET has significantly changed in the warming climate. Although the increasing vapor pressure deficit (VPD) enhances atmospheric water demand due to global warming, it remains unclear how the dynamics of ET are affecte...
Article
Full-text available
Central Asia is a data scarce region, which makes it difficult to monitor and minimize the impacts of a drought. To address this challenge, in this study, a high-resolution (5 km) Standardized Precipitation Evaporation Index (SPEI-HR) drought dataset was developed for Central Asia with different time scales from 1981–2018, using Climate Hazards gro...
Article
In the context of global warming and human interventions, the impact of climate on crop yield may change over time. Therefore, assessing the dynamics of drought thresholds that trigger various maize yield losses is critical for food security under climate change. To this end, this study aims to assess the vulnerability of maize to drought stress in...
Article
Meteorological drought (MD) is the source of agricultural drought (AD), and in-depth understanding of the propagation process from MD to AD can help AD early warning. However, previous studies primarily focused on average state of propagation time (PT) rather than from the perspective of various drought levels, and had coarse spatiotemporal resolut...
Preprint
Full-text available
Actual evapotranspiration (ET) is an essential variable in the hydrological process, linking the carbon, water, and energy cycles. Global ET has significantly changed in the warming climate. Although increasing vapour pressure deficit (VPD) due to global warming enhances atmospheric water demand, it remains unclear how the dynamics of ET are affect...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the coarse spatial resolution of currently available microwave (mostly passive) soil moisture (SM) products, it is difficult to apply these SM data in watersheds or at local scales. To this end, a number of downscaling approaches have been developed to improve the spatial resolution of microwave SM products. Specifically, the optical-/therma...
Chapter
Soil moisture is an essential climate variable and knowledge about its state and dynamics is vital for numerous applications, from agricultural drought monitoring to studying land–atmosphere interactions. Remote sensing instruments mounted on satellites are currently our only way to obtain frequent observations of global soil moisture patterns. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Land evaporation (ET) plays a crucial role in the hydrological and energy cycle. However, the widely used model-based products, even though helpful, are still subject to great uncertainties due to imperfect model parameterizations and forcing data. The lack of available observed data has further complicated estimation. Hence, there is an urgency to...
Article
Long-term and high-quality surface soil moisture (SSM) and root-zone soil moisture (RZSM) data is crucial for understanding the land-atmosphere interactions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). More than 40% of QTP is covered by permafrost, yet few studies have evaluated the accuracy of SSM and RZSM products derived from microwave satellite, land su...
Article
Soil moisture is an important component of the Earth system and plays a key role in land-atmosphere interactions. Remote sensing of soil moisture is of great scientific interest and the scientific community has made significant progress in soil moisture estimation using Earth observations. Currently, several satellite-based coarse spatial resolutio...
Article
This study presents an assessment of a pre-operational soil moisture product at 1 km resolution derived from satellite data acquired by the European Radar Observatory Sentinel-1 (S-1), representing the first space component of the Copernicus program. The product consists of an estimate of surface soil volumetric water content Θ [m 3 /m 3 ] and its...
Article
Full-text available
A better understanding of the water and energy cycles at climate scale in the Third Pole Environment is essential for assessing and understanding the causes of changes in the cryosphere and hydrosphere in relation to changes of plateau atmosphere in the Asian monsoon system and for predicting the possible changes in water resources in South and Eas...
Article
Full-text available
Soil moisture (SM) plays a critical role in the water and energy cycles of the Earth system; consequently, a long-term SM product with high quality is urgently needed. In this study, five SM products, including one microwave remote sensing product-the European Space Agency's Climate Change Initiative (ESA CCI)-and four reanalysis data sets-European...
Article
Food production systems, urbanization, and other anthropogenic activities dramatically alter natural hydrological and nutrient cycles and are primarily responsible for water quality impairments in China's rivers. This study compiled a 16-year (2003-2018) dataset of river water quality (161,337 records from 2,424 sites), watershed/landscape features...
Article
Full-text available
Pedotransfer functions are used to relate gridded databases of soil texture information to the soil hydraulic and thermal parameters of land surface models. The parameters within these pedotransfer functions are uncertain and calibrated through analyses of point soil samples. How these calibrations relate to the soil parameters at the spatial scale...
Article
Pedotransfer functions are used to relate gridded databases of soil texture information to the soil hydraulic and thermal parameters of land surface models. The parameters within these pedotransfer functions are uncertain and calibrated through analyses of point soil samples. How these calibrations relate to the soil parameters at the spatial scale...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the performance of the early, late and final runs of IMERG version 06 precipitation products at various spatial and temporal scales in China from 2008 to 2017, against observations from 696 rain gauges. The results suggest that the three IMERG products can well reproduce the spatial patterns of precipitation, but exhibit a grad...
Preprint
Full-text available
Land evaporation (ET) plays a crucial role in hydrological and energy cycle. However, the widely used numerical products are still subject to great uncertainties due to imperfect model parameterizations and forcing data. Lack of available observed data has further complicated the estimation. Hence, there is an urgency to define the global benchmark...
Article
Full-text available
Evaporation is a crucial driver of Congo Basin climate, but the dynamics controlling the seasonality of basin evaporation are not well understood. This study aims to discover why evaporation on the basin-wide average is lower at the November rainfall peak than the March rainfall peak, despite similar rainfall. Using 16-year mean LandFlux-EVAL data,...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple soil moisture (SM) products have been produced based on observations from microwave satellite sensors nowadays, allowing for the acquisition of global SM dynamics in a timely manner. Currently, only two blended microwave SM products, namely the Climate Change Initiative (CCI) from the European Space Agency and the Soil Moisture Operational...
Preprint
Full-text available
Soil moisture (SM) plays a critical role in the water and energy cycles of the earth system; consequently, a long-term SM product with high quality is urgently needed. In this study, five SM products, including one microwave remote sensing product [European Space Agency's Climate Change Initiative (ESA CCI)] and four reanalysis datasets [European C...
Article
Full-text available
Soil moisture observations are of broad scientific interest and practical value for a wide range of applications. The scientific community has made significant progress in estimating soil moisture from satellite-based Earth observation data, particularly in operationalizing coarse-resolution (25-50 km) soil moisture products. This review summarizes...
Article
Several management strategies, such as wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), have been increasingly used to mitigate nutrient pollution at watershed scale during the past few years. However, their cost-efficiency in controlling nutrient load is still debatable. This study quantified the annual cost of WWTP and constructed wetland based on process-ba...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pedotransfer functions are used to relate gridded databases of soil texture information to the soil hydraulic and thermal parameters of land surface models. The parameters within these pedotransfer functions are uncertain and calibrated through analyses of point soil samples. How these calibrations relate to the soil parameters at the spatial scale...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a community effort to develop good practice guidelines for the validation of global coarse-scale satellite soil moisture products. We provide theoretical background, a review of state-of-the-art methodologies for estimating errors in soil moisture data sets, practical recommendations on data pre-processing and presentation of st...
Article
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) can have dire repercussions on aquatic wildlife and human health, and may negatively affect recreational uses, aesthetics, taste, and odor in drinking water. The factors that influence the occurrence and magnitude of harmful algal blooms and toxin production vary in space and time and remain poorly understood. It is with...
Article
Full-text available
Droughts in Africa cause severe problems, such as crop failure, food shortages, famine, epidemics and even mass migration. To minimize the effects of drought on water and food security on Africa, a high-resolution drought dataset is essential to establish robust drought hazard probabilities and to assess drought vulnerability considering a multi- a...
Article
Full-text available
Existing gauging networks are sparse and not readily available in real-time over the transboundary Lancang–Mekong River (LMR) basin, making it difficult to accurately identify drought. In this study, we aimed to build an operational real-time Lancang–Mekong drought monitor (LMDM), through combining satellite real-time data and the Variable Infiltra...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in L-band passive microwave remote sensing provide an unprecedented opportunity to monitor soil moisture at ~40 km spatial resolution around the globe. Nevertheless, retrieval of the accurate high spatial resolution soil moisture maps that are required to satisfy hydro-meteorological and agricultural applications remains a challenge...
Chapter
The range of variability present in the Earth's climate presents a series of challenges to water managers and policy‐makers. Much recent work has shed light on the detailed natural patterns of Earth's climatic variability. including mechanisms such as El Niño and tropical monsoon systems, although there remains much to learn about their predictabil...
Preprint
Full-text available
Droughts in Africa cause severe problems such as crop failure, food shortages, famine, epidemics and even mass migration. To minimize the effects of drought on water and food security over Africa, a high-resolution drought dataset is essential to establish robust drought hazard probabilities and to assess drought vulnerability considering a multi-...
Article
Full-text available
The Greater Horn of Africa region increasingly experiences high risk of water scarcity. A combination of frequent droughts, rapid population growth and rising urbanization have reduced streamflow and intensified water abstraction, causing water and food shortages. Estimates of future streamflow changes in the region have so far been highly uncertai...
Article
The High resOlution Land Atmosphere surface Parameters from Space (HOLAPS) programme provides a modeling system to maximize the use of satellite-based products and ensure internally consistent estimation of surface water and energy fluxes. Leaf area index (LAI) and land surface albedo are two key parameters for estimation of latent and sensible hea...
Article
Despite the fact that it is the total crop production that shapes future food supply rather than one of its single component, previous studies have mainly focused on the changes in crop yield. It is possible that recent gains in crop production are mainly due to improvement of yield rather than growth of harvest area. However, it remains unclear ab...
Article
Full-text available
Drought in Australia has widespread impacts on agriculture and ecosystems. Satellite-based Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) has great potential to monitor and assess drought impacts on vegetation greenness and health. Various FAPAR products based on satellite observations have been generated and made available to the...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the changing relationships between vegetation coverage and precipitation/temperature (P/T) and then exploring their potential drivers are highly necessary for ecosystem management under the backdrop of a changing environment. The Jing River Basin (JRB), a typical eco-environmentally vulnerable region of the Loess Plateau, was chosen t...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the trends in economic damages caused by three types of inland floods (flash flood, flood, and heavy rain) in the United States and the variations in related hazard and vulnerability indicators between 1996 and 2016. We explore the underlying mechanisms based on a survey-based dataset maintained by the National Oceanic and A...
Article
Full-text available
A high-resolution and near real-time drought monitoring dataset has not been made readily available in drought-prone China, except for the low-resolution global product. Here we developed a set of near real-time meteorological drought data at a 0.25° spatial resolution over China, by seamlessly merging the satellite-based near real-time (RT) precip...
Article
Extreme climate events such as severe droughts and floods have become more frequent and widespread in the 21st Century. Recent studies have revealed the tele-connections between Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) and extreme precipitation over different regions such as South America, India and China. This study investigates the influence of MJO on glo...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we compile and analyse 136,920 records of flood and 50,967 records of drought from a survey-based database to investigate recent changes in annual occurrence and economical cost in the United States. Results show that an average of 6520 floods has occurred per year during 1996–2016, with annual mean economic losses up to 3986 million...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring variations in terrestrial water storage (TWS) is of great significance for the management of water resources. However, it remains a challenge to continuously monitor TWS variations using in situ observations and hydrological models because of a limited number of gauge stations and the complicated spatial distribution characteristics of T...
Article
Full-text available
Surface soil moisture (SSM) plays significant roles in various scientific fields, including agriculture, hydrology, meteorology, and ecology. However, the spatial resolutions of microwave SSM products are too coarse for regional applications. Most current optical/thermal infrared SSM retrieval models cannot directly estimate the quantitative volume...
Article
Full-text available
Global long-term Satellite-based leaf area index (LAI) products have been generated and applied widely for understanding the feedbacks between climate and terrestrial vegetation. However, these long-term LAI products are not internally consistent over time and also not consistent with each other, which means they might be not suitable for serving a...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring soil moisture dynamics from local to global scales is essential for a wide range of applications. The field of remote sensing of soil moisture has expanded greatly and the first dedicated soil moisture satellite missions (SMOS, SMAP) were launched, and new missions, such as SENTINEL-1 provide long-term perspectives for land surface monit...
Article
A recent paper in Reviews of Geophysics describes techniques for improving the spatial resolution of satellite data on soil moisture.
Article
Full-text available
Land surface temperature (LST) is a key variable used for studies of water cycles and energy budgets of land–atmosphere interfaces. This study addresses the theory of LST retrieval from data acquired by the Chinese operational geostationary meteorological satellite FengYun-2E (FY-2E) in two thermal infrared channels (IR1: 10.29–11.45 μm and IR2: 11...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite remote sensing technology has been widely used to estimate surface soil moisture. Numerous efforts have been devoted to develop global soil moisture products. However, these global soil moisture products, normally retrieved from microwave remote sensing data, are typically not suitable for regional hydrological and agricultural applicatio...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) plays a major role in regional and global climate. The understanding of latent heat (LE) flux can help to better describe the complex mechanisms and interactions between land and atmosphere. Despite its importance, accurate estimation of evapotranspiration (ET) over the TP remains challenging. Satellite observations allow f...
Article
Full-text available
Surface water and energy fluxes are essential components of the Earth system. Surface latent heat fluxes provide major energy input to the atmosphere. Despite the importance of these fluxes, state-of-the-art data sets of surface energy and water fluxes largely differ. The present paper introduces a new framework for the estimation of surface energy...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) plays a major role in regional and global climate. Land–atmosphere interactions are largely influenced by surface latent heat fluxes through evapotranspiration. Despite its importance, a ccurate estimation of ET over the TP remains challenging, due to its unique and special geographical position and physical environment. Sa...
Article
Full-text available
Surface water and energy fluxes are essential components of the Earth system. Surface latent heat fluxes provide major energy input to the atmosphere. Despite the importance of these fluxes, state-of-the-art datasets of surface energy and water fluxes largely differ. The present paper introduces a new framework for the estimation of surface energy...
Article
Full-text available
Soil moisture retrieved from satellite microwave remote sensing normally has spatial resolution on the order of tens of kilometers, which are too coarse for many regional hydrological applications such as agriculture monitoring and drought prediction. Therefore, various downscaling methods have been proposed to enhance the spatial resolution of sat...