Jia-Wei Lin

Jia-Wei Lin
Taipei Medical University | TMU

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83
Publications
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Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Radiosurgery serves an important function in the treatment of patients with intraocular tumors and preserves visual function via organ conservation. Therefore, it is important to ensure the safety and precision of GK-SRS as a primary treatment for intraocular tumors. The present case study described a 57-year-old female with uveal melanoma treated...
Article
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In Gamma Knife forward treatment planning, normalization effect may be observed when multiple shots are used for treating large lesions. This effect can reduce the proportion of coverage of high-value isodose lines within targets. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of forward treatment planning techniques using the Leksell Gamma...
Article
Objective Bicycle riding is increasingly popular in Taiwan, but the number of cyclists injured and cyclists' death rate are both increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the different characteristics and clinical outcomes of traffic-accident related head injuries to cyclists in urban and rural areas. Methods Records of 812 patients (533...
Article
Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the risk of stroke in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), based on nationwide data in Taiwan. Method: This prospective cohort study was comprised of patients recorded on the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 (LHID2005) who had a diagnosis of CP (n=1975) in records between 1 January 200...
Article
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Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a major public health issue, representing 75-90% of all TBI cases. In clinical settings, mTBI, which is defined as a Glascow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13-15, can lead to various physical, cognitive, emotional, and psychological-related symptoms. To date, there are no pharmaceutical-based therapies to manage the...
Article
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Background: To analyse the disability status of elderly Taiwanese dementia patients by using the World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0). Methods: We enrolled 12 126 disabled elderly (>65 years) patients with dementia during July 2012-January 2014 from the Taiwan Data Bank of Persons with Disability. Trained int...
Article
Background: Exercise preconditioning has been widely accepted as a being of safe and effective preventive measure for stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether exercise preconditioning improves outcomes of ischemic stroke by promoting neuronal and glial expressing of heat shock protein (HSP) 20. Method: Adult male Sprague-Dawl...
Article
Objective: Patients who have experienced a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are susceptible to symptoms of anxiety or depression. To explore the potential biomarkers for emotional disorders in mTBI patients, we analyzed the frequency domain of heart rate variability (HRV) and serum concentrations of four neurohormones. Methods: We assessed mTB...
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Decrease of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-δ (PPARδ) expression has been observed after spinal cord injury (SCI). Increase of PPARδ may improve the damage in SCI. Telmisartan, the antihypertensive agent, has been mentioned to increase the expression of PPARδ. Thus, we are going to screen the effectiveness of telmisartan in SCI for the...
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The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of PbtO 2 -guided therapy with traditional intracranial pressure- (ICP-) guided treatment on the management of cerebral variables, therapeutic interventions, survival rates, and neurological outcomes of moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. From 2009 to 2010, TBI patients with...
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High grade gliomas are the most common type of malignant brain tumor, and despite their rarity, cause significant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to compare the treatment patterns of high grade glioma to examine survival patterns in patients who receive specific treatments between cohorts in Ohio and Taiwan. Patients aged 18 years and old...
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A motor vehicle seat belt use law for the driver and front-seat passenger was implemented in Taiwan on June 1, 2001. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of motor vehicle seat belt use on the severity of traumatic brain injuries because of motor vehicle accidents. Data were collected from 27 major teaching hospitals four years befo...
Poster
The small heat shock protein (HSP) 20 is expressed in the brain, stomach, liver, lung, kidney, blood smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, and cardiac tissue. This study provides the new finding on translocation of HSP20 in response to exercise preconditioning with special emphasis on its protection effects in ischemic stroke. Here, we report that, in a...
Article
Over 2 million people suffer from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) each year. Predicting symptoms of mTBI and the characterization of those symptoms has been challenging. Biomarkers that correlate clinical symptoms to disease outcome are desired to improve understanding of the disease and optimize patient care. BMX, a member of the TEC family of...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of glioblastoma chemotherapy is not satisfactory; therefore, a new medication is expected to improve outcomes. As much evidence shows that antidepressants decrease cancer incidence and improve patients' quality of life, we therefore attempted to explore the potential for fluoxetine to be used to treat GBM and its possible underlying me...
Article
Astragaloside (AST) is traditionally prescribed for the prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. We directly tested the therapeutic effects of AST in a rat model of traumatic brain injury (TBI). One hour after the onset of TBI rats were given Saline (1 ml/kg) or AST (20-80 mg/kg) via i.p. injection. AST causes the attenuation of TBI-in...
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Hypoxia is a common occurrence in brain tumors and traumatic brain injury. microRNA (miR)-1 participates in the regulation of brain development and neuronal function. Interestingly, miR-1 can mediate ischemia-induced injury to cardiomyocytes. This study was designed to evaluate the roles of miR-1 in hypoxia-induced insults to neurons and the possib...
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The aim of this study was to investigate rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) as risk factors for stroke. The study was analyzed by Using the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 (LHID2005), this cohort study investigated patients with a recorded diagnosis of RA (N = 6114), and SLE (N = 621) between January...
Article
Astragalosides (AST) are reported to be neuroprotective in focal cerebral ischemic models in vivo. In this study, the direct effect of AST against oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) including neuronal injury and the underlying mechanisms in vitro were investigated. 5 h OGD followed by 24 h of reperfusion [adding back oxygen and glucose (OGD-R)] w...
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Purpose: Schwannomatosis, a subtype of neurofibromatosis, is characterized by multiple benign, nonvestibular, nonintradermal schwannomas. Although the tumor suppressor SMARCB1 gene has been frequently identified as the underlying genetic cause of half of familial and ~10% of sporadic schwannomatosis, for most other cases, further causative genes re...
Article
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) maintains brain microenvironment. Our previous study showed that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) can damage the BBB by inducing apoptosis of cerebrovascular endothelial cells. This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of resveratrol on high-fat diet-induced insults to the BBB and brain neurons. Exposure of...
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The present study investigated the merit of ginseng in the improvement of heart failure in diabetic rats and the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors δ (PPAR δ ). We used streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat (STZ-rat) to screen the effects of ginseng on cardiac performance and PPAR δ expression. Changes of body weight, water intake, a...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk of adhesive capsulitis among hyperthyroidism patients. The data were obtained from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 (LHID 2005) in Taiwan, using 1 million participants and a prospective population-based 7-year cohort study of survival analysis. The ambulatory-care c...
Article
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Reduced baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is widely observed in diabetic human and animals. Rosiglitazone is one of the clinically used thiazolidinediones (TZD) known as PPAR γ agonist. Additionally, the klotho protein produced from choroid plexus in the central nervous system is regulated by PPAR γ . In an attempt to develop the new therapeutic strateg...
Article
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Ginseng has been shown to be effective on cardiac dysfunction. Recent evidence has highlighted the mediation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in cardiac function. Thus, we are interested to investigate the role of PPAR δ in ginseng-induced modification of cardiac contractility. The isolated hearts in Langendorff apparatus and...
Article
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Objective: This study assessed the posttreatment tumor control and auditory function of vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients after CyberKnife (CK) and analyzed the possible prognostic factors of hearing loss. Methods: We retrospectively studied 117 VS patients, with Gardner-Robertson (GR) classification grades I to IV, who underwent CK between 20...
Article
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Musclin is a novel skeletal muscle-derived factor found in the signal sequence trap of mouse skeletal muscle cDNAs. Recently, it has been demonstrated that musclin is involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). However, it is known as a genetic hypertension model. In the present study, we aim to investigate the role of m...
Article
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate cell survival and death by targeting apoptosis-related gene expression. miR-210 is one of the most hypoxia-sensitive miRNAs. In this study, we evaluated the roles of miR-210 in hypoxia-induced insults to neural cells. Treatment of neuro-2a cells with oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD) induced cell apoptosis in a time-d...
Article
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Neuroblastomas, an embryonic cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, often occur in young children. Honokiol, a small-molecule polyphenol, has multiple therapeutic effects and pharmacological activities. This study was designed to evaluate whether honokiol could pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce death of neuroblastoma cells an...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the clinical outcomes of patients with primary and metastatic lung tumors treated by CyberKnife(superscript ®) (CK) stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT).Methods: Between November 2005 and June 2008, we treated 19 patients with SBRT at Taipei Medical University-Wan Fang Hospital. The SBRT was delivered by CK tumor tracking s...
Article
Object: Neuroinflammation, which is characterized by the overproduction of cytokines and chemokines, plays an important role in neurodegenerative diseases, especially in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the brain, chemokines are predominantly released by astrocytes and microglias. Expression of RANTES, as well as other cytokines, is involved in the in...
Article
In 1995 a government-supported Universal National Health care system was implemented in Taiwan, which in 2008 was available to 98% of the population. This system offers affordable, rapid medical attention. A multi-center retrospective study was conducted to assess the prognosis of malignant glioma patients under this system. In 2005 and 2006, patie...
Article
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Curcumin has been proposed for treatment of various neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative conditions, including post-traumatic inflammation during acute spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we examined whether curcumin anti-inflammation involves regulation of astrocyte reactivation, with special focus on the injury-induced RANTES (regulated o...
Article
Chronic neurodegenerative disorders are having an increasing impact on public health as human longevity increases. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system and is characterized by motor system disorders resulting in loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. Pueraria thomsonii Benth. (Fabaceae) is an herbal med...
Article
J. Neurochem. (2010) 115, 921–929. Antagonism of tumor necrosis factor-alpha with etanercept has proved to be effective in the treatment of spinal cord injury and centrally endotoxin-induced brain injury. However, etanercept may offer promise as therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, anesthetized rats, immediately after the onset...
Article
The Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score is used in the initial evaluation of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the determination of an accurate score is not possible in all clinical situations. Our aim is to determine if the individual components of the GCS score, or combinations of them, are useful in predicting mortality in patients...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebrovascular endothelial cells (CEC) comprise the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In a previous study, we showed that oxidized LDL (oxLDL) can induce apoptosis of mouse CEC. Resveratrol possesses chemopreventive potential. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of resveratrol on oxLDL-induced insults to mouse CEC and its possible mechanisms. Exposu...
Article
Recurrence of chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) occurs in up to 30% of patients. The rate of recurrence is higher in bilateral versus unilateral CSDH and the reason for this has not been fully elucidated. There are few quantitative studies of temporal changes in brain re-expansion after haematoma evacuation. The aim of this study is to use a simple...
Article
The present study was attempted to assess the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2; 100% O2 at 253 kpa) in treating experimental heatstroke. Anesthetized rats were divided into five major groups: the normothermic control (NC) rats treated with normobaric air (NBA; 21% O2 at 101 kpa) (NC+NBA), the NC rats treated w...
Article
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The aims of the present paper were to ascertain whether the heat-induced ischemia and oxidative damage to the hypothalamus and lethality in mice could be ameliorated by hyperbaric oxygen therapy. When normobaric air-treated mice underwent heat treatment, the fractional survival and core temperature at 4 hours after heat stress were found to be 0 of...
Article
Peritumoral edema induced by radiosurgery after the treatment of intracranial meningioma has been reported and its mechanism remains unclear. A 65-year-old woman presented with a history of intermittent dizziness. A CT scan and MRI of the brain revealed an extra-axial space-occupying lesion in the left frontal region. She was treated by stereotacti...
Article
Background/Purpose The aim of the present study was to review the clinical manifestations, risk factors and outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Methods We reviewed the medical records of 1,323 patients who were identified with CSF leakage that occurred after head trauma. Results...
Article
Brain tissue scarring (gliosis) was believed to be the major cause of epileptic focus after brain injury, and prevention of scarring could reduce the incidence of seizure. We tried the HA coating onto the cortical brain defect of Spraque-Dawley rats to reduce the marginal glial scarring. A 4 x 2 x 2 mm(3) cortical defect was created in the brain of...
Article
Parkinson's disease, affecting at least 1% of population older than 65 years, is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder. Up to now, no evidence has demonstrated that biochemical changes in CSF occur preceding the onset of Parkinson's symptoms. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that biochemical changes in CSF precede behavioral de...
Article
Severe TBIs are major causes of disability and death in accidents. The Brain Trauma Foundation supported the first edition of the Guidelines for the Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in 1995 and revised it in 2000. The recommendations in these guidelines are well accepted in the world. There are still some different views on trauma mechan...
Article
Cholestasis occurs in a wide variety of human liver diseases, and hepatocellular injury is an invariant feature of cholestasis, causing liver dysfunction and inflammation, promoting fibrogenesis, and ultimately leading to liver failure. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) acts in an autocrine and paracrine manner to promote glucose utilization, usi...
Article
Clinical use of doxorubicin is greatly limited by its severe cardiotoxic side effects. L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance which has been successfully used in many cardiomyopathies, however, the intracellular mechanism(s) remain unclear. The objective of this study was set to evaluate the protective effect of L-carnitine on doxorubicin-induced...
Article
The heart is unable to synthesize L-carnitine and is strictly dependent on the L-carnitine provided by the blood stream; however, additional studies are needed to better understand the mechanism of L-carnitine supplementation to the heart. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of L-carnitine on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiac fi...
Article
1. Mechanical stretch leads to cardiac hypertrophy and may ultimately cause heart failure. However, the effect of mechanical stretch on gene induction in cardiomyocytes remains to be determined. 2. In the present study, we compared transcript profiles of mechanically stretched neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with those of unstretched cells using cDNA m...
Article
Spinal metastases are associated with significant symptoms. From September 2005 to September 2007, 69 consecutive patients with 127 malignant spine metastatic lesions were treated at Wanfang Hospital with CyberKnife (CK) radiosurgery. The radiosurgery dose ranged from 10 to 30 Gy (mean 15.5 Gy) prescribed to the 75-85% isodose line that encompassed...
Article
Urotensin II (U-II) is implicated in vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, which results in vascular remodeling. We recently demonstrated that both reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation play critical roles in U-II signal transduction. However, the detailed intracellular mechanism o...
Article
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) has been shown to maintain proliferation and self-renewal capacities of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) in vitro. We have previously identified FGF1B as the major transcript of FGF1 gene expressed exclusively in brain areas that are known to be abundant for NSPCs in vivo. The 540-bp (-540 to +31) sequence upst...
Article
Recent experimental and human studies have shown that hyperuricemia is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Elevated levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been regarded as one of the most powerful independent predictors of cardiovascular diseases. For investigating whether uric acidinduced vascular diseases are related to ET-1, the...
Article
The association between hyperuricemia and cardiovascular diseases has long been recognized. Elevated levels of uric acid may have a causal role in hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. However, the direct effect of uric acid on cardiac cells remains unclear. Therefore, this study was aimed to examine the effect of uric acid in rat cardiac fibro...
Article
1. Hesperidin, a member of the flavanone group of flavonoids, can be isolated in large amounts from the rinds of some citrus species and has been reported to have antihypotensive and vasodilator properties. However, the mechanism of action of hesperidin in the prevention and treatment of vascular diseases remains unclear. 2. The vascular endotheliu...
Article
Full-text available
Cholestasis occurs in a wide variety of human liver diseases, and hepatocellular injury is an invariant feature of cholestasis causing liver dysfunction and inflammation, promoting fibrogenesis, and ultimately leading to liver failure. alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a potent anti-inflammatory agent in many models of inflammatio...
Article
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of hypertension. Recent studies have suggested that leptin, a 167-amino acid peptide hormone produced by white adipose tissue, is related to the pathogenesis of obesity-related hypertension. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying the effects of leptin remain to be extensively examined. In thi...
Article
In 1991, a population-based epidemiologic traumatic brain injury (TBI) study was done in urban and rural areas of Taiwan; this was 5 years before the helmet use law was passed and 8 years before the drink driving law was passed. In order to evaluate the impact of three major determinants (time, geography, and legislation) on the epidemiology of TBI...