J.F. Ren

J.F. Ren
Chengdu University of Technology | CDUT

About

810
Publications
66,605
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42,003
Citations
Citations since 2016
176 Research Items
17471 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500

Publications

Publications (810)
Article
Trastuzumab (TZM) is commonly used for target therapy in breast cancer patients with high HER2 although the cardiotoxicity restricts its clinical usage. DNA damage and ferroptosis are implicated in anti-tumor drug cardiotoxicity. Given the emerging use of SGLT2 inhibitors in clinical cardiology, this study evaluated the impact of SGLT2 inhibitor Em...
Article
Background Uncorrected obesity facilitates premature aging and cardiovascular anomalies. This study examined the interaction between obesity and aging on cardiac remodeling and contractile function. Methods: Cardiac echocardiographic geometry, function, morphology, intracellular Ca²⁺ handling, oxidative stress (DHE fluorescence), STAT3 and stress s...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most prevalent form of primary liver cancer with a multifactorial aetiology comprising genetic, environmental, and behavioural factors. Evading cell death is a defining hallmark of hepatocellular carcinoma, underpinning tumour growth, progression, and therapy resistance. Ferroptosis is a form of nonapoptotic cell dea...
Article
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The chronological events associated with cannabis utilization are viewed perceptively as matters/issues that happened from the period “before Christ” (BC) or “anno domini” (AD, “in the year of our Lord”) to the present time. Cannabis is one of the oldest natural products known to humanity worldwide and has been used by various civilizations, cultur...
Article
The novel coronavirus, namely, SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), broke out two years ago and has caused major global health issues. Adequate treatment options are still lacking for the management of COVID-19 viral infections. Many patients afflicted with COVID-19 may range from asymptomatic to severe symptomatic, triggering poor clinical outcomes, morbidity,...
Article
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(1) Background: RNA binding motif 20 (RBM20) regulates mRNA splicing specifically in muscle tissues. Missense mutations in the arginine/serine (RS) domain of RBM20 lead to abnormal gene splicing and have been linked to severe dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in human patients and animal models. Interestingly, many of the reported DCM-linked missense mu...
Article
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) governs the proper folding of polypeptides and proteins through various chaperones and enzymes residing within the ER organelle. Perturbation in the ER folding process ensues when overwhelmed protein folding exceeds the ER handling capacity, leading to the accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins in the ER lumen—a...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by gradual loss of memory and cognitive function, which constitutes a heavy burden on the healthcare system globally. Current therapeutics to interfere with the underlying disease process in AD is still under development. Although many efforts have centered on the to...
Article
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. After an institutional investigation into the work of Dr. Jun Ren, University of Wyoming subsequently conducted an examination of other selected p...
Article
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Mitochondrial Ca²⁺ overload contributes to obesity cardiomyopathy, yet mechanisms that directly regulate it remain elusive. The authors investigated the role of Parkin on obesity-induced cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in human hearts and a mouse model of 24-week high-fat diet (HFD) feeding. Parkin knockout aggravated HFD-induced cardiac remodel...
Article
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This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-10-40.
Article
With the growing prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), there is an urgent need to explore non-conventional therapeutic measures to alleviate the burden of CVD on global healthcare. Mitochondrial injury plays a cardinal role in the pathogenesis of CVD. Mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy are essential machineries that govern mitochondrial hea...
Article
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection evokes severe proinflammatory storm and pulmonary infection with the number of confirmed cases (more than 200 million) and mortality (5 million) continue to surge globally. A number of vaccines (e.g., Moderna, Pfizer, Johnson/Janssen and AstraZeneca vaccines) have been developed over the past two years...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-based therapy has displayed some promises in ischemia heart diseases although its efficacy may be affected by changes in surrounding environments. This study evaluated the role of autophagy insufficiency using Beclin1 haploinsufficiency (BECN+/-) on intra-myocardial MSC transplantation-evoked effect against myocardial...
Article
Inherited arrhythmias are the leading causes for cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Other than ion channel mutations, inherited arrhythmias including catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), long QT syndrome (LQTS), idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC/D...
Article
Objective Mitochondria are essential for myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. TBC domain family member 15 (TBC1D15) participates in the regulation of mitochondrial homeostasis although its role remains elusive in I/R injury. Methods and materials This study examined the role of TBC1D15 in mitochondrial homeostasis under myocardial I/R inj...
Article
Background COVID-19 and tuberculosis (TB) are infectious diseases that predominantly affect the respiratory system with common symptoms such as cough, fever, and shortness of breath, making them dual burdens. Methods This review will discuss the characteristics of the coexistence of TB and new infectious illnesses to provide a framework for addres...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), arise from a complex interplay among genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic abnormalities. Emerging evidence has recently consolidated the presence of robust DNA damage in a variety of cardiovascular disorders. DNA damage triggers a series of cellular responses termed DNA damage response (DDR) including detection of DNA...
Article
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intracellular organelle that fosters the correct folding of linear polypeptides and proteins, a process tightly governed by the ER‐resident enzymes and chaperones. Failure to shape the proper 3‐dimensional architecture of proteins culminates in the accumulation of misfolded or unfolded proteins within the ER, di...
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Full-text available
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a devastating metabolic abnormality featured by insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia. T2D provokes unique metabolic changes and compromises cardiovascular geometry and function. Meanwhile, T2D increases the overall risk for heart failure (HF) and acts independent of classical risk factors including...
Article
Paraquat is a quaternary nitrogen herbicide evoking mitochondrial damage and heart failure with little therapeutic remedies available. Recent reports depicted a role for unchecked autophagy in paraquat-induced cardiotoxicity. This study was designed to examine the role of the mitophagy receptor protein FUNDC1 in paraquat-induced cardiac contractile...
Article
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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria are interconnected intracellular organelles with vital roles in the regulation of cell signaling and function. While the ER participates in a number of biological processes including lipid biosynthesis, Ca2+ storage and protein folding and processing, mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles governi...
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The goal of this study was to analyze the effect of COVID-19 drugs and biologicals on hyperglycemia. A literature search with key terms, such as “COVID-19 drugs and hyperglycemia” and “COVID-19 vaccines and hyperglycemia,” was conducted using PubMed through September 2021. The CDC data were referenced for current COVID-19 profile and statistics. Th...
Article
Advanced aging exhibits altered cardiac geometry and function involving mitochondrial anomaly. Natural compounds display promises in the regulation of cardiac homeostasis via governance of mitochondrial integrity in aging. This study examined the effect of oleanolic acid (OA), a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid with free radical scavenging and P450...
Article
Alcohol‐related liver disease (ARLD) refers to a spectrum of hepatic damage triggered by excessive alcohol intake, resulting in inflamed and swollen livers, ultimately, liver cirrhosis. Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a similar term denoting liver disorders encompassing steatosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Recent evidence has sugges...
Article
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) contributes to sustained inflammation and myopathic changes in the heart although the precise interplay between the two remains largely unknown. This study evaluated the impact of deficiency in CD74, the cognate receptor for the regulatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), in T2D-induced cardiac r...
Article
Atherosclerosis refers to a unique form of chronic proinflammatory anomaly of the vasculature, presented as rupture-prone or occlusive lesions in arteries. In advanced stages, atherosclerosis leads to the onset and development of multiple cardiovascular diseases with lethal consequences. Inflammatory cytokines in atherosclerotic lesions contribute...
Article
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Several members of the FGF family have been identified as potential regulators of glucose homeostasis. We previously reported that a low threshold of FGF-induced FGF receptor 1c (FGFR1c) dimerization and activity is sufficient to evoke a glucose lowering activity. We therefore reasoned that ligand identity may not matter, and that besides paracrine...
Article
Given the unprecedented global pandemic of obesity, a better understanding of the etiology of adiposity will be necessary to ensure effective management of obesity and related complications. Among the various potential factors contributing to obesity, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress refers to a state of excessive protein unfolding or misfolding t...
Article
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The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally, and T2DM patients are at an increased risk of major cardiac events such as myocardial infarction (MI). Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying MI injury in T2DM remain elusive. Ubiquitin-specific protease 10 (USP10) functions as a NICD1 (Notch1 receptor) deubiq...
Article
Alcohol consumption prompts detrimental psychological, pathophysiological and health issues, representing one of the major causes of death worldwide. Alcohol use disorder (AUD), which is characterized by compulsive alcohol intake and loss of control over alcohol usage, arises from a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. More...
Article
Cerebrovascular diseases such as ischemic stroke, brain hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage provoke cardiac complications such as heart failure, neurogenic stress-related cardiomyopathy and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. With regards to the pathophysiology of stroke-induced heart injury, several mechanisms have been postulated to contribute to this...
Article
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RNA binding motif 20 (RBM20) cardiomyopathy has been detected in approximately 3% of populations afflicted with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). It is well conceived that RBM20 cardiomyopathy is provoked by titin isoform switching in combination with resting Ca2+ leaking. In this study, we characterized the cardiac function in Rbm20 knockout (KO) rats...
Article
Aims: Acute myocardial infarction (MI), caused by acute coronary artery obstruction, is a common cardiovascular event leading to mortality. Nuclear dot protein 52 (NDP52) is an essential selective autophagy adaptor, although its function in MI is still obscure. This study was designed to examine the function of NDP52 in MI and the associated mecha...
Article
Objective: Ferroptosis is indicated in cardiovascular diseases. Given the prominent role of mitophagy in the governance of ferroptosis and our recent finding for FUN14 domain containing 1 (FUNDC1) in obesity anomalies, this study evaluated the impact of FUNDC1 deficiency in high fat diet (HFD)-induced cardiac anomalies. Methods and materials: WT...
Article
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Given the opposing effects of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) on metabolic homeostasis, this study examined the effects of deletion of Akt2 and AMPKα2 on fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis. Akt2-Ampkα2 double knockout (DKO) mice were placed on high fat diet for 5 months. Glucose metabolism, energy homeostasis, cardiac function, lipid ac...
Article
Iron deficiency and iron overload are the most prevalent and opposite forms of dysregulated iron metabolism that affect approximately 30 percent of the world population, in particularly, elderly and patients with chronic diseases. Both iron deficiency and overload are frequently observed in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases, contributing to t...
Article
The prevalence of heart failure is on the rise and imposes a major health threat, in part, due to the rapidly increased prevalence of overweight and obesity. To this point, epidemiological, clinical and experimental evidence supports the existence of a unique disease entity termed "obesity cardiomyopathy", which develops independent of hypertension...
Article
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death modality associated with disturbed iron-homeostasis and unrestricted lipid peroxidation. Ample evidence has depicted an essential role for ferroptosis as either the cause or consequence for human diseases, denoting the likely therapeutic promises for targeting ferroptosis in the preservation of human he...
Article
Stroke constitutes the second leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. Stroke is normally classified as either ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (HS) although 87% of cases belong to ischemic nature. Approximately 700,000 individuals suffer an ischemic stroke (IS) in the US each year. Recent evidence has denoted a rather pivota...
Article
Heart failure (HF) refers to a progressive pathological condition when cardiac muscles fail to pump adequate blood supply (cardiac output) to meet the metabolic demand of the body. Among various cellular and molecular mechanisms identified for the onset and progression of HF, autophagy dysregulation is increasingly getting recognized. Autophagy is...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular events but the mechanism remains elusive. Our previous study reveals a tight correlation between cardiac dysfunction and low mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) activity in elderly AD patients. In the present study we investigated the effect of ALDH2 overexpressio...
Article
Full-text available
• Many neurodegenerative diseases are associated with pathological aggregation of proteins in neurons. • Autophagy is a natural self‐cannibalization process that can act as a powerful mechanism to remove aged and damaged organelles as well as protein aggregates. It has been shown that promoting autophagy can attenuate or delay neurodegeneration by...
Article
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) hosts linear polypeptides and fosters natural folding of proteins through ER-residing chaperones and enzymes. Failure of the ER to align and compose proper protein architecture leads to accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins in the ER lumen, which disturbs ER homeostasis to provoke ER stress. Presence of ER stres...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), such as ischaemic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, atherosclerosis, hypertension, stroke and heart failure, are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although specific CVDs and the associated cardiometabolic abnormalities have distinct pathophysiological and clinical manifestations, they often...
Article
Acute myocardial infarction (MI), one of the most common cardiovascular emergencies, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Ample evidence has revealed an essential role for inflammasome activation and autophagy in the pathogenesis of acute MI. Tax1-binding protein 1 (TAX1BP1), an adaptor molecule involved in termination of proinflammatory...
Chapter
Paraquat, a quaternary ammonium herbicide, plays a distinctive role in agriculture around the world. However, it is highly toxic to humans with a mortality rate of up to 90%. After ingestion, paraquat enters blood circulation via carrier-mediated transport systems, and discharges from the cell by p-glycoprotein, an efflux pump. Paraquat acts as an...
Article
Background and purpose: Chronic alcohol consumption contributes to contractile dysfunction and unfavourable geometric changes in myocardium, accompanied by altered autophagy and disturbed mitochondrial homeostasis. The E3 ubiquitin ligase Parkin encoded by PARK2 gene maintains a fundamental role in regulating mitophagy and mitochondrial homeostasi...
Article
Full-text available
Ample clinical evidence suggests a high incidence of cardiovascular events in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), although neither precise etiology nor effective treatment is available. This study was designed to evaluate cardiac function in AD patients and APP/PS1 mutant mice, along with circulating levels of melatonin, mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase...
Article
Objective Cold exposure provokes cardiac remodeling and cardiac dysfunction. Autophagy participates in cold stress-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. This study was designed to examine the impact of Beclin1 haploinsufficiency (BECN+/−) in cold stress-induced cardiac geometric and contractile responses. Methods and materials Wild-type (WT) and BEC...
Article
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the irreversible death of cardiomyocyte secondary to prolonged lack of oxygen or fresh blood supply. Historically considered as merely cardiomyocyte powerhouse that manufactures ATP and other metabolites, mitochondrion is recently being identified as a signal regulator that is implicated in the crosstalk and signal int...
Article
Full-text available
Defective mitophagy is causally linked to obesity complications. Here, we identified an interaction between mitophagy protein FUNDC1 (FUN14 domain containing 1) and receptor subunit of human SCF (SKP1/cullin/F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complex FBXL2 as a gatekeeper for mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis through degradation of IP3R3 (inositol 1,4,5-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular and cellular mechanisms of mutations of splicing factors in heart function are not well understood. The splicing of precursor mRNA is dependent on an essential group of splicing factors containing serine-arginine (SR) domain(s) that are critical for protein-RNA and protein-protein interaction in the spliceosome assembly. Phosphorylation o...
Article
Rationale: Ischemic heart disease remains a primary threat to human health, while its precise etiopathogenesis is still unclear. TBC domain family member 15 (TBC1D15) is a RAB7 GTPase-activating protein participating in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics. This study was designed to explore the role of TBC1D15 in acute myocardial infarction (M...
Article
Second-hand smoking evokes inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. Recent evidence has revealed a pivotal role for deranged autophagy in smoke exposure-induced cardiac anomalies. This study evaluated the impact of haploinsufficiency of the mTOR-independent autophagy protein Beclin1 on side-stream smoke exposure-induced cardiac anomalies and mecha...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury imposes devastating cardiovascular sequelae in particular cardiac dysfunction as a result of restored blood flow. However, the mechanism behind MI/R injury remains elusive. Mitochondrial ubiquitin ligase (MITOL/MARCH5) is localized at the mitochondria-ER contact site and may be activated in...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial fission factor (Mff) has been demonstrated to play a role in the activation of mitochondrial cleavage and mitochondrial death, denoting its role in the regulation of mitochondrial quality control. Recent evidence suggested that the mRNA translation of Mff is under the negative regulation by the RNA-binding protein Pumilio2 (Pum2). Thi...
Article
Mitophagy serves as a cardinal regulator in the maintenance of mitochondrial integrity, function, and cardiovascular homeostasis, through the fine control and governance of cellular metabolism, ATP production, redox balance, and mitochondrial quality and quantity control. As a unique form of selective autophagy, mitophagy specifically recognizes an...
Article
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury, a complicated pathophysiological process, is regulated by lots of signaling pathways. Here in our present study, we identified TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), an IKK-related serine/threonine kinase, as a protective regulator in MI/R injury. Our results indicated that TBK1 was decreased in MI/R injury in...
Article
High fat diet intake contributes to undesired cardiac geometric and functional changes although the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Akt and AMPK govern to cardiac homeostasis. This study examined the impact of deletion of Akt2 (main cardiac isoform of Akt) and AMPKα2 on high fat diet intake-induced cardiac remodeling and contractile anomalies...
Article
Alcoholism leads to organ injury including mitochondrial defect and apoptosis with evidence favoring a role for autophagy dysregulation in alcoholic damage. Parkin represents an autosomal recessive inherited gene for Parkinson's disease and an important member of selective autophagy for mitochondria. The association between Parkinson's disease and...
Article
Aims: Aortic aneurysm/dissection (AAD) is a life-threatening disorder lacking effective pharmacotherapeutic remedies. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphism is tied with various risk factors for AAD including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hypercholesterolaemia although direct correlation between the two remains elusive. Methods and re...
Article
Acetylation belongs to a class of post-translational modification (PTM) processes that epigenetically regulate gene expression and gene transcriptional activity. Reversible histone acetylation on lysine residues governs the interactions between DNA and histones to mediate chromatin remodeling and gene transcription. Non-histone protein acetylation...
Article
In patients with sepsis, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria triggers cardiac dysfunction and heart failure, but target therapy for septic cardiomyopathy remains unavailable. In this study we evaluated the beneficial effects of cardamonin (CAR), a flavone existing in Alpinia plant, on endotoxemia-induced cardi...
Article
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved self-cannibalization process commonly found in all eukaryotic cells. Through autophagy, long-lived or damaged organelles, superfluous proteins, and pathogens are sequestered and encapsulated into the double-membrane autophagosomes prior to fusion with lysosomes for ultimate degradation and recycling. Given t...
Article
Second hand smoke exposure increases the prevalence of chronic diseases partly attributed to inflammatory responses. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a proinflammatory cytokine, is involved in the pathogenesis of multiple diseases although its role in second hand smoke exposure-induced cardiac anomalies remains elusive. This study eval...
Article
s Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most effective antineoplastic drugs. However, its clinical application has been greatly limited due to the development of cardiotoxicity with DOX utilization. A number of theories have been postulated for DOX-induced cardiotoxicity with a pivotal contribution from unchecked (excess) mitophagy and mitochondrial fiss...