Jesús Palacios

Jesús Palacios
Universidad de Sevilla | US · Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación

Professor

About

227
Publications
81,199
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Introduction
Prof. Jesús Palacios currently works at the Departament of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Seville, Spain. Jesús does research in the areas of adoption and foster care from the perspective of Developmental Psychology and social policy. Their current project is 'Individual, Familiar and Extrafamiliar predictors of attachment and social competence in school-aged adopted children'.

Publications

Publications (227)
Article
Extant literature suggests that adopted children can generate new attachment bonds with adoptive parents, although early adversity leaves an enduring mark. This research was focused on attachment representations when adoptees from Russia were reaching their adolescence. The participants were 29 adoptees and 38 children from a control group, aged be...
Article
Como ocurre con las demás realidades de la vida y de la ciencia, la Psicología Evolutiva está ella misma sometida a constantes modificaciones, a un proceso evolutivo. Es por ello por lo que sus contenidos, lejos de ser inmutables, sufren las transformaciones derivadas de los nuevos datos empíri- cos que la investigación descubre y de las nuevas ref...
Article
Introduction The extent and nature of SN among international adoptees at adolescence in different receiving countries (RC) has not been completely described, nor have differences between children of Eastern Europe (EE) and non-EE origin been fully assessed. Furthermore, the impact of SN on parent adoption satisfaction has not been systematically as...
Article
Full-text available
La théorie et les recherches sur l’attachement sont utilisées dans de nombreux cadres d’application, y compris dans les tribunaux compétents en matière familiale [1], mais les incompréhensions sont fréquentes et sources d’erreurs lorsqu’il s’agit de les mettre en pratique. L’objectif de cet article de consensus est donc d’accroître la compréhension...
Chapter
This Open Access book presents unique evidence from the first comprehensive study of the outcomes of open adoption from care in Australia. It contributes to the international debate concerning the advantages and disadvantages of face-to-face post adoption contact with birth families.
Preprint
Adoption provides a unique opportunity to study the simultaneous effect on adoptees’ development of environmental influences related to adoptive parenting, and children’s biology-based characteristics. In this paper, two Hybrid Dyadic Models were tested to study the mediational role of the adoptees’ negative reactivity on the relationship between m...
Article
La teoría y la investigación sobre el apego se utilizan en muchos contextos aplicados, incluidos los juzgados de familia, pero hay malentendidos muy extendidos y que a veces dan lugar a aplicaciones erróneas. El objetivo de este documento de consenso es, por lo tanto, mejorar la comprensión, contrarrestar la desinformación y dirigir el uso de la te...
Article
In a previous study, Palacios et al. (2013) explored the social competence of international adoptees, institutionalized children and a community group of peers during early childhood, mean age 6.5 years. As reported by caregivers and teachers, institutionalized children were found to have lower social skills than children growing up in family conte...
Article
Full-text available
Background Previous Scandinavian studies have shown increased levels of psychiatric morbidity in young refugees and international adoptees with an origin outside Europe. This study investigated their risk of non-affective psychotic disorders (NAPD) and whether this risk is influenced by early childhood adversity, operationalised as age at adoption/...
Article
Background: Although a very heterogeneous group, adopted persons may present developmental and mental health problems of varying severity. Pre-placement adversity and trauma have often been linked to these problems. It has been also suggested that adoption itself is a psychological trauma, predisposing the individual to emotional difficulties. Ob...
Article
Background: A high incidence of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) has been reported for children with experiences of trauma and other forms of adversity. Objective: The present study aims to explore symptoms of RAD and DSED in children in two protection alternatives (international adoption and...
Article
Full-text available
There is a high prevalence of children in foster care diagnosed with ADHD, together with higher difficulties in inattentive/hyperactive behaviors, executive and cognitive processes. Early exposure to adversity is a risk factor for the development of ADHD via the neurodevelopmental pathway. The goal of this research is (a) to study the cognitive and...
Article
The aim of this study is to analyse the interpersonal relationships in the school context of children living in different care settings (adoptive families, residential care centres, birth families). Participants were 76 children between eight and fourteen years of age (M = 10.78, SD = 1.38), belonging to one of three groups: international adoptees,...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment theory and research are drawn upon in many applied settings, including family courts, but misunderstandings are widespread and sometimes result in misapplications. The aim of this consensus statement is, therefore, to enhance understanding, counter misinformation, and steer family-court utilisation of attachment theory in a supportive, e...
Article
Full-text available
Background Non-European international adoptees in Sweden were shown to have a three-to fourfold higher risk of suicidal behaviour in youth during 1986–1995 compared with the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this high risk persists beyond youth and in later cohorts. Methods A register study of Swedish national co...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the cultural construction of “difficult” temperament in the first 2 years of life, as well as the logistical and thematic continuity across infancy and childhood in what mothers perceive as difficult. It extends earlier work regarding older children in six cultural sites: Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the Un...
Article
Although there is great consensus that family-based alternative care is the most appropriate caregiving environment for young children without parental care, institutions are still widely used in Chile. However, few studies have been conducted with samples of Chilean children in out-of-home care. The first aim of this study was to examine differenc...
Article
Parenting stress is related to the characteristics of both the child and the parents, as well as to parent–child interactions. In adoptive families, parenting stress has been identified as an indicator of the family's adjustment to adoption. The stress experienced by parents of adopted adolescents deserves special consideration, as adolescence is a...
Chapter
This chapter refers to those cases in which adoption fails to achieve full permanence and the connection between adopters and adoptees becomes unstable, at times ending in permanent breakdown.
Article
Recent years have witnessed increasing attention to early childhood education and care as a foundation for children's successful development in school and beyond. The great majority of children in postindustrial societies now attend preschools or daycare, making this setting a major part of their culturally constructed developmental niches. Althoug...
Article
Background A history of early adversity, including lack of stable, sensitive and supportive caregivers, abuse and institutionalization, has negative influences over cognitive development. However, previous research has shown heterogeneous patterns of impairment in executive processes among children adopted internationally. Method Executive process...
Article
To explore potential postadoption moderators of the link between preadoption experiences and adoptees' social competence. In the context of the limited and inconsistent knowledge about adopted children's social competence, our hypotheses concern the interplay between preadoption parental neglect and adoptive parents' emotion socialization practices...
Article
In the field of child protection, decision-making is a very complex task involving professionals with distinct qualifications, working in diverse sectors of the system (from social services to the courts) and incidents that vary in the type and seriousness of suspected maltreatment. Decisions made at the various levels of the child protection syste...
Article
Full-text available
Adoption provides stability, loving care, security, and family interactions for children that have been separated from their birth parents. It also entails many challenges and difficulties, especially for adoptees in middle childhood, since feelings of loss can be particularly strong at this developmental stage. Aiming to use empirical evidence to...
Article
Full-text available
Existing over many centuries, adoption has been challenged in recent years by evidence about practices that do not respond to the principles, ethics and laws under which it should be enacted. Written from a multidisciplinary and international perspective, this article outlines the place of adoption in the child protection system, as well as its cor...
Article
This study compares a sample of 223 adopted adolescents with a nonadopted reference group representative of the Spanish adolescent population from the “Spanish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study.” Variables related to the family context, peers, school context, and emotional well-being are compared. Adoptees are not only analyzed...
Article
Adoption breakdown has attracted an increasing amount of attention over recent years, and studies coincide in stating that the mean age at which this phenomenon occurs is early adolescence. Nevertheless, the specific factors which influence adoption breakdown, have never been empirically explored. The aim of this article is therefore to analyse the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Our aim was to investigate whether the risk of depression in adulthood in children raised by substitute parents from an early age differ by care arrangements. Methods Register study in Swedish national cohorts born 1972–1981, with three study groups of children raised in adoptive or foster homes with care starting before the age of 2 yea...
Article
In an attempt to go beyond the analysis of children's outcomes in adoption research, the central goal of this study was the analysis of parents' reflective functioning (PRF)—understood as the parents' capacity to reflect upon their own experience as parents, upon their child's experience, and upon the relationships between them— and its connection...
Article
Purpose The two goals of this article are the analysis of the duration of adoptive placements ending in breakdown and the role of age at placement in the breakdown experience. Method All known cases of adoption breakdown during a whole decade in Andalusia, a Spanish region, were studied. Preadoption and formalized adoptions, domestic and intercoun...
Article
Full-text available
Adoption breakdown is not a new phenomenon, and research into adoption breakdown has existed for some decades now. However, in recent years, the existence of adoptive placements ending prematurely due to serious difficulties in the family’s life together has attracted increased attention by researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. In particul...
Article
Purpose A rich and heterogeneous body of knowledge about adoption breakdown has accumulated in recent years. The goal of this article is to review the existing research literature on the topic. Method A comprehensive review of journal articles, book chapters, and technical reports addressing the issue of adoption breakdown was conducted. Results...
Article
Full-text available
Mental representations of attachment are one of the fundamental pillars of emotional functioning. This paper presents the Spanish use of the Story Stem Assessment Profile (SSAP) devised by Hodges et al. (2003) to assess mental representations of attachment in childhood using story stems. Two case studies are used to illustrate the procedure and two...
Conference Paper
En este trabajo se analiza la competencia social de menores que vivieron experiencias iniciales de negligencia y maltrato en su familia y que actualmente residen en centros de protección, en comparación con menores que conviven con sus familias biológicas sin experiencia de adversidad previa.
Poster
El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la competencia social de menores que residen en centros de protección, en base a sus habilidades sociales, problemas de conducta y relaciones con iguales.
Article
The experience of being adopted and the development of an adoption related identity are unique and dependent on both individual and interpersonal variables. The way the adoption story is lived can have an impact on the adoptee's wellbeing and adaptation, both at home and in the school context. The goal of this study is to analyze, from the adoptee'...
Article
Research is consistent in showing that international adoption is an intervention leading to great recovery for adopted children, but there is a need of research on factors associated with recovery. The present study is aimed at: (a) assessing children’s cognitive skills and social-emotional dimensions on their arrival to their new family; (b) evalu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Acknowledgement/rejection of adoption related differences and communication about adoption are two of the most important features of adoptive family dynamics. The present study focuses on the role played by these two variables on the adoptees’ emotion regulation. Method: The adoptive parents of 70 school-aged children participated in th...
Article
Full-text available
Poster
Researchers have emphasize the powerful role the adoption has itself, that is, to become part of a family, so that the adopted children may improve and grown positively. In order to analyse in more detail which family characteristics favour the adopted children positive development, we have studied the relationships between different family dimensi...
Poster
Full-text available
Traditionally, research in the context of the adoption has tried to answer two main research questions. The first question is whether adopted children have more problems than non-adopted children and the second is whether adopted children get recover from adversity experienced before being adopted. In the literature on adoption there are evidences...
Poster
Full-text available
Researchers have emphasize the powerful role the adoption has itself, that is, to become part of a family, so that the adopted children may improve and grown positively. In order to analyse in more detail which family characteristics favour the adopted children positive development, we have studied the relationships between different family dimensi...
Poster
Full-text available
Traditionally, research in the context of the adoption has tried to answer two main research questions. The first question is whether adopted children have more problems than non-adopted children and the second is whether adopted children get recover from adversity experienced before being adopted. In the literature on adoption there are evidences...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Researchers have emphasize the powerful role the adoption has itself, that is, to become part of a family, so that the adopted children may improve and grown positively. In order to analyse in more detail which family characteristics favour the adopted children positive development, we have studied the relationships between different family dimensi...
Article
Trabajando con familias, investigando sobre familias Jesús PALACIOS Universidad de Sevilla (España) Resumen La celebración de la primera década del Máster en Intervención y Mediación Familiar es una buena oportunidad para analizar la trayectoria del equipo de trabajo que lo puso en marcha y ha estado en el núcleo de su crecimiento y desarrollo. Est...
Research
Full-text available
This poster focuses on analyzing the characteristics of the adoptive parents. Specifically, we studied the history of adult attachment and parental stress in adoptive families, and their relation to security in attachment behaviors and behavioral adjustment of children adopted.
Article
Full-text available
Los procesos de desarrollo que se ponen en juego cuando los niños y niñas adoptados llegan a sus nuevas familias han sido ampliamente estudiados y analizados en la investigación hasta la actualidad. Sin embargo, son pocos los estudios que se han encargado de analizar de manera más concreta y exhaustiva las interacciones que se producen entre padres...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El reconocimiento de emociones es un componente de la comprensión de emociones que se encuentra fuertemente influenciado por las experiencias de interacción social. La adversidad temprana en menores suele estar ligada a déficits en las interacciones interpersonales, lo que puede afectar al desarrollo emocional. En este trabajo se explora e...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La presente investigación trata de conocer la incidencia y los principales factores de riesgo asociados a las rupturas adoptivas así como realizar algunas propuestas de mejora de cara a la intervención profesional. En el estudio se analizaron los 93 casos de ruptura detectados en Andalucía en la década de 2003-2012. La incidencia acumulada...
Article
As illustrated by the articles in this special issue, the research into ethnic identity in adoption is making significant progress. At the same time, it faces new challenges in the definition of concepts, the use of appropriate methods of study, and the consideration of implications for professional interventions. This commentary offers additional...
Poster
Adoptive and non-adoptive families: same or different in attachment and parental stress.
Poster
This poster focuses on analyzing the characteristics of the adoptive parents. Specifically, we studied the history of adult attachment and parental stress in adoptive families, and their relation to security in attachment behaviors and behavioral adjustment of children adopted.
Article
Based on a key note address given at the European Society on Family Relations conference in Madrid 2014, this article gives a general overview of some specific challenges adoptive families and adoption researchers face in recent years. Three crises in the area of adoption research are outlined: (1) the steady decline in the number of international...
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on parental stress in adoptive families with regard to certain key components of family functioning (the family cohesion and adaptability and the parental reflective functioning) as well as in its connection with adopted children’s adjustment. The sample included 98 Spanish parents and children: a group of 40 internationally adopt...
Chapter
This chapter is about children who were born in Russia and were later adopted by Spanish parents. Based on the authors' research, the characteristics of these children and their developmental status upon arrival, as well as their later development, are described in the main areas of development (physical growth, psychological development, attachmen...
Article
Research on adoption is contributing to our understanding of developmental plasticity. As early adversity is usually involved in adoption, researchers can study both the negative consequences of such adversity and the catch-up processes that follow once children are integrated into a protective, loving, and stimulating family context. In this artic...
Article
En este artículo se examinan las ideas sobre educación de Jerome Bruner a dos niveles distintos. Por una parte, puesto que Bruner es un Psicólogo cognitivo, el énfasis de esas ideas recae fundamentalmente sobre las implicaciones que, las aportaciones de la psicología evolutiva en lo relativo a la evolución de la inteligencia, tienen para la educaci...
Article
El estudio de la representación del mundo en el niño es una de las vías que permiten acercarse a la génesis del pensamiento infantil, a su progresiva estructuración. Interesados en la evolución del sincretismo y del pensamiento categorial, los diálogos con los niños en torno a las ultra-cosas nos han permitido detectar distintos niveles evolutivos...
Article
El artículo presenta una revisión del constructo reflexividad-impulsividad. Esta dimensión es operativa en tareas que implican incertidumbre en la respuesta, es decir, en problemas que tienen varias soluciones posibles. Tras una larga polémica sobre la validez del test de emparejamiento perceptivo de figuras conocidas (MFF) se ha desarrollado una v...
Article
La educación es un proceso social que sólo puede ser plenamente entendido y modificado si se enfoca como tal. Lejos de limitarse a dar «la visión del psicólogo sobre la educación», Wallon enfoca el problema desde una perspectiva amplia en la que los aspectos pedagógicos, psicológicos y sociales aparecen íntimamente imbricados los unos en los otros,...
Article
Full-text available
Se presenta en este trabajo un informe preliminar de una investigación longitudinal en la que las ideas evolutivo-educativas son evaluadas a lo largo del tiempo y se ponen en relación con las interacciones que 70 parejas (maridos y esposas) desarrollan con sus hijos de alrededor de 22 meses en situaciones diversas; se analiza también la relación co...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the contexts in which children grow up and develop is very often carried out from a microscopic perspective, where specific aspects of a particular context are examined in depth. This paper uses a different approach, trying to describe from a macroscopic viewpoint the developmental and educational contexts available to Spanish children...
Article
Full-text available
From a Vygotskian viewpoint, adult-infant interactions are observed around a construction task, in order to analyse the differences existing between adults in terms of the way in which they define the situation and negotiate it throughout the interaction with an infant 21-24 months-old. The analyses carried out on a sample of 133 subjects (husbands...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the literature about the topic of parent�s ideas about children�s development and education is reviewed. After analysing historical antecedents, it discusses the diversity, contents, and determinants of parental ideas on development and education. After a reference to the ideas-behaviour-development link, a theoretical frame is propo...
Article
Full-text available
Parental ideas about children�s development and education have been explored through a questionnaire answered by 278 subjects (husbands and wives) with different levels of schooling and different habitats, as well as different levels of previous experience as parents. Differences between subjects have been found regarding level of information, deve...