Jesús Martínez-Frías

Jesús Martínez-Frías
Institute of Geosciences | IGEO · Earth Dynamics and Observation

Ph.D

About

335
Publications
82,286
Reads
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6,966
Citations
Introduction
J. Martinez-Frias currently works at the Earth Dynamics and Observation, Institute of Geosciences (CSIC-UCM). J. does research in Planetary Geology and Astrobiology, Geoeducation and Geoethics
Additional affiliations
March 2012 - September 2013
Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA)
Position
  • Head of Department
July 2002 - July 2013
Associate Unit, CSIC-UVA
Position
  • Head
Description
  • Head (CSIC)
January 2000 - September 2013
Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA)
Position
  • Senior Scientist,
Description
  • Head of the Planetary Geology Laboratory 2000-2018 Head of the Department of Planetology and Habitability 2012-2013

Publications

Publications (335)
Article
We present a synthesis of PIXL elemental data and SHERLOC Raman spectra collected on two targets investigated by the Perseverance rover during the first year of its exploration of Jezero Crater, Mars. The Bellegarde target (in the Máaz formation) and Dourbes target (in the Séítah formation) exhibit distinctive mineralogies that are an ideal case st...
Article
Full-text available
Growing interest in studying large terrestrial lava tubes is motivated in part by their analogy with their extra‐terrestrial counterparts. However, on Earth, the formation of such structures is still poorly understood. Here, the lava tube system of La Corona (Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spain) is studied to identify how pre‐existing stratigraphy can...
Article
Prior to the Perseverance rover landing, the acoustic environment of Mars was unknown. Models predicted that: (i) atmospheric turbulence changes at centimeter scales or smaller at the point where molecular viscosity converts kinetic energy into heat1, (ii) the speed of sound varies at the surface with frequency2,3, and (iii) high frequency waves ar...
Article
The SuperCam instrument, onboard the Perseverance rover (Mars 2020 mission) is designed to perform remote analysis on the Martian surface employing several spectroscopic techniques such as Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Time-Resolved Raman (TRR), Time-Resolved Fluorescence (TRF) and Visible and Infrared (VISIR) reflectance. In additio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Perseverance rover landed on the floor of Jezero crater on 18 February 2021. The landing site, named “Octavia E. Butler” is located ~2.2 km from the SE-facing erosional scarp of the western fan deposits, which are of strong interest for the mission [1-2]. Images obtained using the Mastcam-Z camera and the Remote Micro-Imager (RMI) of the SuperC...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Orbital and rover observations of relict geomorphic features and stratigraphic architectures indicate Mars once had a warmer, wetter climate. Constraining the character, relative timing and persistence of ancient aqueous activity on Mars is possible through detailed interrogation of the stratal geometry of aqueously deposited sedimentary bodies. Su...
Article
Observations from orbital spacecraft have shown that Jezero crater, Mars, contains a prominent fan-shaped body of sedimentary rock deposited at its western margin. The Perseverance rover landed in Jezero crater in February 2021. We analyze images taken by the rover in the three months after landing. The fan has outcrop faces that were invisible fro...
Article
Full-text available
Nel 2016 l’ESA – Agenzia Spaziale Europea ha avviato il programma PANGAEA (Planetary ANalogue Geological and Astrobiological Exercise for Astronauts) dedicato alla formazione degli astronauti nel campo della geologia planetaria. Il corso permette agli astronauti e ad altri attori delle future esplorazioni spaziali di studiare diversi siti europei c...
Article
Full-text available
Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integration...
Preprint
Full-text available
Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integration...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Clark, B.C.; Kolb, V.M.; Steele, A.; House, C.H.; Lanza, N.L.; Gasda, P.J.; VanBommel, S.J.; Newsom, H.E.; Martínez-Frías, J. Abstract: Although the habitability of early Mars is now well established, its suitability for conditions favorable to an independent origin of life (OoL) has been less certain. With continued exploration, evidence...
Article
The extremophile lichen Circinaria gyrosa (C. gyrosa) is one of the selected species within the BIOMEX (Biology and Mars Experiment) experiment. Here we present the Raman study of a biohint found in this lichen, called whewellite (calcium oxalate monohydrate), and other organic compounds and mineral products of the biological activity of the astrob...
Article
Full-text available
On the NASA 2020 rover mission to Jezero crater, the remote determination of the texture, mineralogy and chemistry of rocks is essential to quickly and thoroughly characterize an area and to optimize the selection of samples for return to Earth. As part of the Perseverance payload, SuperCam is a suite of five techniques that provide critical and co...
Article
Full-text available
Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integrati...
Article
Full-text available
The SuperCam instrument suite provides the Mars 2020 rover, Perseverance, with a number of versatile remote-sensing techniques that can be used at long distance as well as within the robotic-arm workspace. These include laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), remote time-resolved Raman and luminescence spectroscopies, and visible and infrared...
Article
Full-text available
History, Maths and Astronomy are all mixed up in an innovative educational project that is being carried out in the Faculty of Education of the Universidad de La Laguna, in Spain. Students learn how to teach (to primary school students) about the shape of the Earth, the distances to the Moon, the Sun and other planets, collecting their own data wit...
Article
Full-text available
The practical limitations inherent to human and robotic planetary exploration necessitate the development of specific protocols and methods. This non-standard approach requires testing and validation phases in order to optimize instrumental setups and improve data interpretation; this can occur prior to, during, or even after a mission. Flight inst...
Article
Full-text available
The Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) have a unique ecosystem on Earth due to their outstanding biodiversity and geological features. This also extends to their subterranean heritage, such as volcanic caves, with plenty of secondary mineral deposits, including coralloid-type speleothems and moonmilk deposits. In this study, the bacterial communities asso...
Article
Full-text available
The key problems and challenges connected with the Covid-19 pandemic in the field of education in sub-Saharan Africa are described in this paper. The study is based on the information collected from teachers and parents during the lockdown. The main problems connected with the organization of distance learning, such as the availability and accessib...
Preprint
Full-text available
Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integration...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, the mineralogy of the Chamorga outcrop (Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain) has been studied by means of combining Raman-infrared spectroscopy (through laboratory instrumentation and the ExoMars Raman Laser spectrometer simulator (RLS)), X ray diffraction (XRD) and X ray fluorescence (XRF) (through portable systems). The research...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the Biology and Mars Experiment (BIOMEX; ILSRA 2009-0834), samples of the lichen Circinaria gyrosa were placed on the exposure platform EXPOSE-R2, on the International Space Station (ISS) and exposed to space and to a Mars-simulated environment for 18 months (2014-2016) to study: (1) resistance to space and Mars-like conditions and (2) b...
Article
As part of the Biology and Mars Experiment (BIOMEX; ILSRA 2009-0834), samples of the lichen Circinaria gyrosa were placed on the exposure platform EXPOSE-R2, on the International Space Station (ISS) and exposed to space and to a Mars-simulated environment for 18 months (2014–2016) to study: (1) resistance to space and Mars-like conditions and (2) b...
Book
Full-text available
This richly illustrated book offers a concise overview of the geology of Egypt in the context of the geology of the Arab Region and Northeast Africa. An introductory chapter on history of geological research in Egypt sheds much light on the stages before and after the establishment of Egyptian Geological Survey (the second oldest geological survey...
Chapter
This chapter analyses the planetary and astrobiological significance of the Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands UNESCO Global Geopark. The peculiarities and volcanic relevance Lanzarote has, along with its excellent preservation, have turned it into a place that is exceptionally similar to Mars (and similar to the Moon in some aspects too). The main poin...
Article
The pumice vol­canic sam­ples could have pos­si­ble con­nec­tions to the evo­lu­tion of life and give us in­sight about their bio-geo­chem­i­cal processes re­lated. In this re­gard, the sam­ples from the vol­canic erup­tion from La Restinga (El Hi­erro, Spain) in 2011 have been mainly stud­ied by means of Ra­man spec­troscopy. The re­search also in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Located in the northeastern part of the island of Lanzarote (Canary Islands), the La Corona lava tube with its 7.6 km length and 10-20 m diameter is one of the world's largest volcanic cave complex. Two different types of volcanic complexes characterized the area: the shield volcano building of the Famara complex (Mio-Pliocene activity) and the lat...
Chapter
The volcanic island of Lanzarote hosts an impressive variety of cavities formed by different volcanic processes. The presence of well preserved lava fields belonging to historic eruptions and more ancient and weathered quaternary and pliocene terrains and the association with an arid climate provide the unique oportunity of studying volcanic caves...
Article
Full-text available
BIOMEX (BIOlogy and Mars EXperiment) is an ESA/Roscosmos space exposure experiment housed within the exposure facility EXPOSE-R2 outside the Zvezda module on the International Space Station (ISS). The design of the multiuser facility supports—among others—the BIOMEX investigations into the stability and level of degradation of space-exposed biosign...
Book
This volume comprises a selection of papers describing the main features of the Lanzarote and Chinijo Islands Geopark (Canary Archipelago, Spain). Of all the Global Geoparks worldwide, it is the only one that has officially evaluated and characterized specific areas as analogues for the geological and astrobiological exploration of Mars. The identi...
Article
The potential of a mass asteroid impact on Earth to disturb the chemosynthetic communities at global scale is discussed. Special emphasis is made on the potential influence on anammox communities and their implications in the nitrogen biogeochemical cycle. According to our preliminary estimates, anammox communities could be seriously affected as a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Exploration of the solar system, needs science and technology support to work at a merged way. Space platforms, such as EXPOSE, are a priority for the performance of experiments which are focused on the exploration of the limits of terrestrial life, trying to get responses to some questions, such as the 1) survival capacity of biological organisms...
Chapter
There are strong links between astrobiology and environmental concern. Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe—including Earth. Understanding life, and in particular the basic conditions for life, is important for our ability to create a sustainable future on Earth. The connection goes both ways,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of the H2020-funded EURO-CARES project (grant agreement n° 640190) was to create a roadmap for the implementation of a European Extraterrestrial Sample Curation Facility (ESCF) that would be suitable for the curation of samples from all possible return missions likely over the next few decades, i.e. from the Moon, asteroids and Mars....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Exploration of the solar system is a priority research area of the AstRoMap European Astrobiology Roadmap (Horneck et al., 2015) [1], focused on various research topics, one of them is “Life and Habitability” and an other one is “Biomarkers for easy the detection of life”. Therefore “space platforms and laboratories” are necessary, such as EXPOSE,...
Book
Full-text available
This book studies geoethics in Latin America and offers comprehensive research on geoethics and geoeducation. Its respective chapters explore geoethics in relation to UNESCO geoparks, mining activities in Latin America, natural hazards and risk management. Geoethics is a key discipline in the field of Earth and Planetary Sciences, and not only inc...
Poster
Full-text available
The Corona lava tube (Lanzarote, Canary Island, Spain) is one of the world's largest volcanic cave complex, with a total length of about 8km, comprising both dry and submerged sections. The 6 km long terrestrial portion of the tube is open to the surface through a series of skylights, in the local language called “jameos”, that are aligned along th...
Article
Full-text available
During the Early Triassic, harsh environmental conditions delayed the biotic recovery after the end-Permian life crisis, which is generally related to the massive eruptive event of the Siberian traps. The scarcity of the fossil record in many areas of the Earth following this global crisis has been mainly attributed to arid and acid palaeoenvironme...
Chapter
Geoethics was born in 1991 at the junction of ethics and geology. Dr. Vaclav Nemec is considered the father of this discipline. Geoethics has been accepted by both Earth and Social Sciences because of the necessity of an appropriate ethical attitude to the whole geosphere and of a critical analysis of geoethical dilemmas and finding ways how to sol...
Article
Full-text available
The European Space Agency has proposed a Moon Village as the next step in the human exploration of the Solar System. Considering the cost of sending mass to the lunar surface, the utilization of in-situ resources for building the lunar base is a suitable option to make this mission affordable. Additive manufacturing can play an important role in th...
Article
The new discoveries on other moons and planets (e.g., Mars) are largely supported and guided by the geological knowledge obtained from the study of particular analogue localities on Earth. These planetary analogues show unique geological and environmental conditions, which approximate, in specific ways, to those possibly encountered on other celest...
Article
Full-text available
Elevating planetary and space sciences across Africa could help nations reach their development goals. Efforts will require collaboration, creativity, efficient planning, and political will.
Article
Africa has an enormous potential to provide insights into planetary and space sciences, but it has remained largely untapped. Fostering a new generation of scientists promises far-reaching benefits.
Conference Paper
Japanese mission “Mars Moon eXploration (MMX)” which is currently at the planning stage will make close-up remote and in-situ observations of Phobos and Deimos, and return Phobos samples to Earth. The major scientific objectives of MMX are to characterize geochemical regions in their surface and to determine whether the origin of these Moons is of...
Article
Since landing in Gale crater, the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity has traversed fluvial, lacustrine, and eolian sedimentary rocks that were deposited within the crater ∼3.6 to 3.2 b.y. ago. Here we describe structures interpreted to be pipes formed by vertical movement of fluidized sediment. Like many pipes on Earth, those in Gale crater ar...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed vibrational Raman-IR spectroscopic and diffractional analyses have been performed on basalts from two locations from Tenerife Island: (1) the Arenas Negras volcano which belongs to the historical eruption not showing visible alteration and (2) Pillow Lavas zone from Anaga Massif which shows a clearly fluid-rock interaction caused by subm...
Article
Decameter-scale polygons are extensively developed in the Bedded Fractured (BF) Unit of the lower Peace Vallis fan. The polygons occur in a likely extension of the Gillespie Lake Member, north of Yellowknife Bay, the section first drilled by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission. We examine hypotheses for the origin of these polygons to provide...
Article
Full-text available
We combine the results of orbitally-derived morphologic and thermal inertia data with in situ observations of abundance, size, morphologic characteristics, and distribution of pebble- to cobble-sized clasts along the Curiosity rover traverse. Our goals are to characterize rock sources and transport history, and improve our ability to predict upcomi...
Article
The outcrop of “Los Azulejos” is visible at the interior of the Cañadas Caldera in Tenerife Island (Spain). It exhibits a great variety of alteration processes that could be considered as terrestrial analogue for several geological processes on Mars. This outcrop is particularly interesting due to the content of clays, zeolite, iron oxides, and sul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Different types of hard and soft speleothems (stalactites, stalagmites, columns, crusts, flowstones, micro-gours and botryoidal coralloids) have been observed throughout lava tubes in the Galapagos archipelago, Ecuador. Three lava tubes were studied in this work: Gallardo and Royal Palm volcanic caves (Santa Cruz Island) and Sucre Cave (Isabela Isl...
Conference Paper
Resumen: En este trabajo se aportan nuevos datos geocronológicos Ar40-Ar39 en rocas ancaramíticas submarinas localizadas en dos puntos singulares del macizo de Anaga (NE de Tenerife): las ancaramitas submarinas hidrotermalizadas de Punta Poyata (NNW de Anaga) y las lavas submarinas ancaramíticas del Barranco de Igueste (SE de Anaga). Las muestras e...
Article
Full-text available
Several volcanic outcrops from Tenerife Island (Las Canadas Caldera, historical volcanism and Guimar-Malpais outcrop) has been selected as a potential terrestrial analog for Mars, regarding the Martian mineralogy and its volcanic characteristic. Diverse alteration processes, including weathering and hydrothermal alteration have been detected in the...