Jesús Gómez-Zurita

Jesús Gómez-Zurita
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Botanical Institute of Barcelona (CSIC-Aj. Barcelona)

PhD

About

119
Publications
32,621
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Introduction
I have a broad spectrum of interests ranging from the systematics of leaf beetles to the study of geographic speciation and the analysis of the spatial structure of genetic and phylogenetic diversity within a temporal framework (phylogeography and historical biogeography), as well as the investigation of biological processes such as hybridization, unisexuality or insect-host plant associations from an evolutionary perspective. Follow us on Twitter: @GomezZuritaLab
Additional affiliations
July 2021 - July 2021
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
July 2007 - June 2021
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
May 2006 - April 2007
Zoologische Staatssammlung München
Position
  • Humboldt Research Fellow
Education
January 1996 - January 2000
September 1990 - June 1995

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
The leaf beetle genus Calligrapha is one of the few examples of animals with several obligate unisexual, female‐only species. Previous work showed that each one arose independently from interspecific hybridization events involving different species. However, all of them clustered in a single mtDNA clade together with some individuals of the parenta...
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Calligrapha is a New World leaf beetle genus that includes several unisexual species in northeastern North America. Each unisexual species had an independent hybrid origin involving different combinations of bisexual species. However, surprisingly, they all cluster in a single mtDNA clade and with some individuals of their parental species, which a...
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Recent studies suggest that endosymbionts of herbivore insects can be horizontally transferred to other herbivores feeding on the same host plants, whereby the plant acts as an intermediate stage in the chain of transmission. If this mechanism operates, it is also expected that insect communities sharing the same host plant will have higher chances...
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With 5,300 species, the Cryptocephalinae is the fourth largest subfamily of the megadiverse Chrysomelidae beetles. This subfamily currently merges groups that were traditionally considered subfamilies of their own, including the fulcidacines, clytrines and cryptocephalines, and it is believed to be sister to the Lamprosomatinae, forming a natural g...
Article
There are 96 endemic species of Eumolpinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) described from New Caledonia, but some estimates propose that the actual number could be at least twice this figure. Not surprisingly, when a particular species assemblage has been revised, the number of species in that group increases significantly. Here, we revise the New Cale...
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The monophyletic group of species around Dematochroma pilosa Jolivet, Verma & Mille is identified in this work by combining information from mitochondrial DNA data and morphological features. A series of defining traits diagnosing this species assemblage from its closest phylogenetic relatives, including the genera Thasycles Chapuis and Atrichatus...
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The fauna of Eumolpinae of New Caledonia has been under intense scrutiny in over the last decade and numerous species are being described on a regular basis. In this study, we revise in detail the group of Colaspis laboulbenei Montrouzier, 1861, currently in the genus Dematochroma Baly, 1864, using a combined approach with DNA-based phylogenies and...
Article
In this work, the Chrysomelinae leaf beetle subgenus Calligrapha s. str. Chevrolat, 1836 is revised, offering redescriptions and keys for identification of twelve species currently considered in this group, allied to the South American species Calligrapha polyspila (Germar, 1821), the generic type of Calligrapha. The current species count results f...
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In this work, two endemic genera of Eumolpinae from New Zealand, Pilacolaspis Sharp, 1886 and Peniticus Sharp, 1876, are revised for the first time since the description of their constituent species in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The five taxa of Pilacolaspis are considered to comprise two species, P. huttoni (Broun, 1880) (=P. wakefiel...
Article
Tricholapita Gómez-Zurita and Cardoso nom. nov. is proposed as the replacement name for the leaf beetle taxon Lapita Gómez-Zurita and Cardoso, 2014, nec Bickel, 2002. Moreover, the rank of Tricholapita stat. nov. is elevated from subgenus of Taophila Heller, 1916 to generic status. Phylogenetic evidence based on mtDNA rrnS sequences and diagnostic...
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In the course of a recent visit to the Entomology collection of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, I have come across one Eumolpinae (Chrysomelidae) specimen from Albert Fauvel's collection that fits at perfection the species described as Colaspis dunali Montrouzier, 1861. Xavier Montrouzier's type was unknown and this specimen, a mal...
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New Caledonia is an important biodiversity hotspot, where numerous plant and animal groups show high levels of species diversity and endemicity, while facing multiple threats to their habitats. Leaf beetles in the subfamily Eumolpinae illustrate this pattern, with species estimates higher than the number of described taxa and distribution ranges th...
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Lamiinae is the most diverse subfamily of longhorned beetles, with about 20,000 described species classified into 80 tribes. Most of the tribes of Lamiinae were proposed during the 19th century and the suprageneric classification of the subfamily has never been assessed under phylogenetic criteria. In this study, we present the first tribal-level p...
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Gene expression profiles can change dramatically between sexes and sex bias may contribute specific macroevolutionary dynamics for sex-biased genes. However, these dynamics are poorly understood at large evolutionary scales due to the paucity of studies that have assessed orthology and functional homology for sex-biased genes and the pleiotropic ef...
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The Eumolpinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from New Zealand are poorly known in terms of species diversity and, logically, of any downstream understanding of species features, including species distribution or ecology. This is true even though some of the species have been recognised as agricultural pests and associated with economic losses in the...
Article
In this work, I revise a group of thirteen species in a natural assemblage of Calligrapha Chevrolat previously shown to represent a distinct and highly divergent lineage relative to other Calligrapha. The group is given subgeneric status, under the name Erythrographa subgen. nov., based on the morphological features of its representatives, which in...
Article
In this article, I describe a new endemic genus of New Caledonian Eumolpinae, Kumatoeides gen. nov. (tribe Eumolpini), and eight new species currently conforming the genus: K. anomala sp. nov., K. aulacia sp. nov. (generic type), K. leptalei sp. nov., K. megale sp. nov., K. metallica sp. nov., K. millei sp. nov., K. tarsalis sp. nov. and K. wanati...
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The digitization of museum specimens is a key priority in the Digital Era. Digital databases help to avoid unnecessary manipulation hazards to delicate collections, increase their accessibility to third party researchers, and contribute to the ongoing documentation of global biodiversity. Time, workforce and the need of specialized infrastructures...
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In this work, several taxonomic problems affecting the recently erected genus Acronymolpus Samuelson, 2015, endemic to New Caledonia, are addressed. Two of the three New Caledonian species described in Stethotes Baly are transferred to Acronymolpus and their priority is recognized over the names proposed in the revision of this genus. Moreover, dif...
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The interactions between herbivores and their host plants play a key role in ecological processes. Understanding the width and nature of these interactions is fundamental to ecology and conservation. Recent research on DNA-based inference of trophic associations suggests that the host range of phytophagous insects in the tropics may be wider than p...
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A local survey of Chrysomelidae in a coastal area of some 10 km² in the Núi Chúa National Park (Ninh Thuan, S Vietnam) yielded a remarkable number of Galerucinae. Most of them, up to 18 species, could be ascribed to the informal group Monoleptites, i.e. galerucines with very long first metatarsomere, longer than the remaining four combined. These r...
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The study of specimens that are part of the Hungarian Natural History Museum helps fixing the identity and systematic placement of Dematochroma samuelsoni Jolivet, Verma et Mille, 2007, as closely allied to D. difficilis (Heller, 1916). The males of D. samuelsoni had been overlooked in the original description because of sexual dimorphism resulting...
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The sensory drive hypothesis proposes that environmental factors affect both signalling dynamics and the evolution of signals and receivers. Sound detection and equilibrium in marine fishes are senses dependent on the sagittae otoliths, whose morphological variability appears intrinsically linked to the environment. The aim of this study is to unde...
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Biodiversity assessment has been the focus of intense debate and conceptual and methodological advances in recent years. The cultural, academic and aesthetic impulses to recognise and catalogue the diversity in our surroundings, in this case of living objects, is furthermore propelled by the urgency of understanding that we may be responsible for a...
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Our perception of diversity, including both alpha- and beta-diversity components, depends on spatial scale. Studies of spatial variation of the latter are just starting, with a paucity of research on beta-diversity patterns at smaller scales. Understanding these patterns and the processes shaping the distribution of diversity is critical to describ...
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We report the architecture of testis transcriptomes of four closely related species of Calligrapha (Chrysomelidae) beetles, which diverged during the last 3 million years. Five cDNA libraries were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq technology, retrieving 102,884-176,514 assembled contigs, of which ~33-45% of these longer than 499 nt were functionally a...
Article
In this work, a group of seven species of Calligrapha (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with pale spots contrasting with dark background of elytra is revised and their distributions specified based on the material studied from sixteen museums. Among these species, two are new and formally described: C. pavimentata sp. nov. and C. zapoteca sp. nov. A prag...
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Calligrapha Chevrolat is a large American leaf beetle genus of imprecise taxonomic boundaries. Most species occur in Central and South America where they have not been subject to modern systematic revisions. This work is the first attempt to clarify the systematics of the group by focusing on a relatively diverse species group well characterized fr...
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Since the description of Calligrapha scalaris (LeConte, 1824), a leaf beetle reported as an occasional serious pest of American elm, this taxon has been affected by remarkable taxonomic confusion. Most authors have invoked their particular and generally flawed concept of C. scalaris (LeConte) without reference to John E. LeConte's type material at...
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Many unisexual animal lineages supposedly arose from hybridization. However, support for their putative hybrid origins mostly comes from indirect methodologies, which are rarely confirmatory. Here we provide compelling data indicating that tetraploid unisexual Calligrapha are true genetic mosaics obtained via analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) a...
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Leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae; ~40,000 species) are commonly solitary animals but subsociality, maternal care of broods, is known in Cassidinae and Chrysomelinae. We report 11 novel records from Brazil and Peru, bringing the number of subsocial chrysomelids to 35 species in 10 genera. Two evolutionary models of chrysomelid subsociality have been prop...
Article
Calligrapha (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is a genus with species present in most of the American continent, from the Arctic polar circle to the Pampas in Argentina. In its current concept, the genus comprises some 80 species, but the diagnosis of the genus is problematic, based on a combination of potentially symplesiomorphic character states. In th...
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In species differentiation, characters may not diverge synchronously, and there are also processes that shuffle character states in lineages descendant from a common ancestor. Species are thus expected to show some degree of incongruence among characters, and therefore taxonomic delimitation can benefit from integrative approaches and objective str...
Article
The Cryptocephalus marginellus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) complex is composed by six species that are supposed to have originated by events of allo- or parapatric speciation. In the present study were investigated the alternative hypotheses that the bacterial communities associated with six populations of this species complex are shaped by environ...
Article
Rapid degradation of tropical forests urges to improve our efficiency in large-scale biodiversity assessment. DNA-barcoding can assist greatly in this task, but commonly used phenetic approaches for DNA-based identifications rely on the existence of comprehensive reference databases, which are infeasible for hyperdiverse tropical ecosystems. Altern...
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1. Molecular clock calibration is a crucial step for placing phylogenetic reconstructions in the temporal framework required to test evolutionary hypotheses and estimate evolutionary rates. In general, most authors agree that the best approach is to incorporate multiple calibrations to avoid the risk of bias associated with a single dating source....
Article
The genus Taophila Heller, 1916 was considered a monotypic taxon until the recent addition of 11 new species. We examined the recent revision of this genus to evaluate these new taxonomic considerations in the light of molecular data for a sample of 85 individuals in 8 out of 12 Taophila species, and to provide characters for a phylogenetic systema...
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In this study we use a combination of morphological, molecular (mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene), geographic and ecological (field observations and cpDNA sequences from ingested plant tissue) data to describe and diagnose a new southern Nearctic leaf beetle species of Calligrapha Chevrolat, 1836 (Chrysomelidae: Chrysomelinae): Calligrapha...
Article
Contemporary taxonomic work on New Caledonian Eumolpinae (Chrysomelidae) has revealed their high species richness in this Western Pacific biodiversity hotspot. To estimate total species richness in this community, we used rapid DNA‐based biodiversity assessment tools, exploring mtDNA diversity and phylogenetic structure in a sample of 840 specimens...
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The subgenus Mesocarabus Thomson, 1875 is a western Palaearctic group that currently includes five species: four of them inhabiting western Europe (Carabus lusitanicus Fabricius, 1801, Carabus problematicus Herbst, 1786, Carabus dufourii Dejean & Boisduval, 1829, and Carabus macrocephalus Dejean, 1826) and one found in the Rif Mountains in northern...
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Rates of molecular evolution are known to vary across taxa and among genes, and this requires rate calibration for each specific dataset based on external information. Calibration is sensitive to evolutionary model parameters, partitioning schemes and clock model. However, the way in which these and other analytical aspects affect both the rates an...
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Integrative taxonomy is a recently developed approach that uses multiple lines of evidence such as molecular, morphological, ecological and geographical data to test species limits, and it stands as one of the most promising approaches to species delimitation in taxonomically difficult groups. The Pnigalio soemius complex (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)...
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Gómez-Zurita, J., Sassi, D., Cardoso, A. & Balke, M. (2011). Evolution of Cryptocephalus leaf beetles related to C. sericeus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and the role of hybridization in generating species mtDNA paraphyly. —Zoologica Scripta, 41, 47–67. Autochthonous European insect diversity is the result of the very complex geological, geographic...
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The study of external morphology of the New Caledonian leaf beetle Dematochroma foaensis Jolivet, Verma & Mille (Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae, Colaspoidini) substantiates its new combination into the genus Rhyparida Baly (Chrysomelidae, Eumolpinae, Nodinini). The species is redescribed here to highlight characters important for suprageneric diagnosis....
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The Chrysomelidae of New Caledonia are rich and unique, but insufficiently characterized. New species are being rapidly described, sometimes without careful study of the earlier taxonomic research. Karl M. Heller (Dresden, Germany) de-scribed in 1916 seven species of Eumolpinae which are redescribed here to distinguish them from other known species...
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Complex morphological or functional traits are frequently considered evolutionarily unique and hence useful for taxonomic classification. Flea beetles (Alticinae) are characterized by an extraordinary jumping apparatus in the usually greatly expanded femur of their hind legs that separates them from the related Galerucinae. Here, we examine the evo...
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The first New Caledonian record for the genus Oulema Des Gozis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is reported here with the description of a new species: Oulema taophiloides sp. nov.
Article
A quantitative ecomorphological study was carried out on the sagitta otoliths of Antarctic and Subantarctic nototheniids, a particularly interesting family due to its fast adaptive radiation into different life strategies. We analyzed the otolith shape and size of 18 nototheniids to test the relationship between phylogeny, otolith characters and tr...
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This work investigates the systematics of the genus Holothuria in the Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic in the light of a wider molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of Holothuriidae, and it also provides a time-scale for the family diversification using mitochondrial markers and the molecular clock hypothesis. The subgenera Holothuria and Ro...
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New Caledonia is among Earth's biodiversity hotspots, and we are far from knowing how many species it sustains. We applied DNA-based methods for quick biodiversity assessment of New Caledonian Arsipoda flea beetles, enhancing the discovery and description of new species. Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic analysis (cox1, rrnS) for four out of five know...