Jesus Alfonso D. Datu

Jesus Alfonso D. Datu
The Education University of Hong Kong | ied · Department of Special Education and Counselling (SEC)

PhD in Educational Psychology

About

101
Publications
60,531
Reads
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1,725
Citations
Introduction
I am a well-being scientist focusing on two broad areas namely: (a) positive psychology; and (b) positive education. In terms of positive psychology, I study how and why positive psychological factors (e.g., positive traits and relationships) and interventions promote happiness and mental health. Concerning positive education, I investigate how these positive factors and interventions boost effective learning outcomes.
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - present
The Education University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Professor
May 2014 - September 2015
De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde
Position
  • Research Associate
June 2013 - April 2014
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Position
  • Instructor
Education
September 2015 - December 2017
September 2011 - February 2014
June 2007 - March 2011
Colegio de San Juan de Letran-Manila
Field of study

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
The Encouragement Character Strength Scale (ECSS) is a self-report measure of encouragement, which refers to a tendency to enjoy and perceive oneself as being accomplished in communicating affirmations to motivate others. Although it is theoretically assumed as an overarching construct consisting of two domain-specific factors (i.e., perceived abil...
Article
This research explored the association of perceptions of gratitude and kindness at work with well-being outcomes, such as relatedness needs satisfaction, life satisfaction, and COVID-19 anxiety among selected Filipino employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that kindness positively predicted relatedness...
Article
The Caring for Bliss Scale (CBS) is a new measure that assesses an individuals' capacity to cultivate inner joy and happiness. Developed in the United States, its generalizability remains unknown in non-Western contexts. This research explored the scale's cross-national invariance among college students in the Philippines (n = 546) and the United S...
Article
This study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the competence, confidence, connection, character, and caring (Five Cs) model using the Positive Youth Development (PYD) survey’s short (34 items) and very short versions (17 items). We also tested its criterion-related validity with life satisfaction, flourishing, transcendence...
Article
Passion and perseverance for long-term goals (often referred to as grit) has been found to be associated with well-being in typically developing students and adults. However, previous studies primarily relied on a two-factor model of grit, underpinned by perseverance of effort and consistency of interests. This model has received considerable theor...
Article
Objectives: Although gratitude relates to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) well-being outcomes in the United States, more evidence is needed to understand how this psychological strength reciprocally relates to mental health during this pandemic. This study examines the association of gratitude with stress, anxiety, and depression among undergr...
Article
Full-text available
Although research has shown that two types of academic encouragement (i.e., challenge-focused and potential-focused encouragement) generally increase academic engagement, few studies have explored how they relate to academic engagement among first-year undergraduate students. Moreover, little is known on psychological mechanisms linking encourageme...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research has demonstrated the role of kind school climate in students’ academic and social-emotional learning outcomes. However, there is sparse literature showing the link of school kindness to mental health functioning. This study examines the association of school kindness with well-being dimensions such as positive emotions and depressive...
Article
Full-text available
Core self-evaluations (CSE) is conceptualized as a higher-order personality construct underpinned by locus of control, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and neuroticism. Studies have shown that CSE predicts a variety of well-being outcomes. Yet, little is known on how CSE relates to well-being in different settings. This study addresses extant research g...
Article
The continuous surge in the number of confirmed diagnoses and fatalities associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused debilitating economic, educational, social, and psychological issues. However, little is known about how psychological interventions may boost well-being outcomes amid the pandemic. This research addresses this...
Article
There is a recognition about the mental health, educational, and career-related benefits of positive youth development (PYD) in children and youth. This brief review provides an overview of the current application of PYD in school settings. We begin by summarising the common conceptualisations of PYD along with similar and distinct features in such...
Article
Full-text available
The intense desire to achieve happiness is linked to increased well-being in collectivist societies. However, research showed that the emotional payback of valuing happiness only applies to older adults but not to younger undergraduate students. Existing studies on how valuing happiness predicts well-being in different populations use cross-section...
Article
Objectives: Prior studies have demonstrated the educational and mental health benefits of grit — disposition to show passion and perseverance for long term goals — in different societies. However, there is limited research on how grit's dimensions relate to pro-environmental outcomes. This study aims to explore the associations of grit's dimensions...
Article
Perceptions of kindness at schools has been found to be associated with increased well-being and academic outcomes in younger adolescents like primary and secondary school students. However, no study has been carried out to examine the link of this organizational-level kindness to well-being in older adolescents. This research explores the associat...
Article
Full-text available
Academic buoyancy refers to students’ capability of dealing with day-to-day obstacles in the school contexts. Previous studies have demonstrated that academic buoyancy is linked to optimal outcomes. However, limited research has been conducted to explore why academic buoyancy can predict positive academic functioning. This research examined the ass...
Article
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This study examined how the triarchic model of grit (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) is related to cultivation of genuine happiness, loneliness, and COVID-19 anxiety in American ( n = 643) and Filipino ( n = 546) undergraduate students. It also explored whether grit had indirect effects on suc...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined how the triarchic model of grit (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) is related to cultivation of genuine happiness, loneliness, and COVID-19 anxiety in American (n = 643) and Filipino (n = 546) undergraduate students. It also explored whether grit had indirect effects on such...
Article
Prior studies have shown that gratitude is a catalyst of well-being and desirable psychological outcomes. The academic benefits of gratitude, however, remains underexplored in school contexts. This research builds on previous research integrating gratitude interventions with educational technology via evaluating the impacts of a Facebook-based grat...
Article
Resumen Aunque investigaciones previas revelan que el bienestar está vinculado al aprendizaje eficaz, hay pocas pruebas sobre cómo están relacionadas las emociones positivas con las metas de logro y las medidas objetivas de compromiso escolar. Basándose en la teoría de ampliación y construcción de emociones positivas, el presente estudio analiza la...
Article
This research examines the cross-cultural differences on triarchic model of grit (TMG) dimensions (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) and the associations of grit with academic engagement in Math and Science among secondary school students in one secondary school in Hong Kong (n = 101; M age = 12...
Article
Although prior research shows that well-being is linked to effective learning, there is scarce evidence on how positive emotions relate to achievement goals and objective measures of school engagement. Drawing from the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions, this study examines the reciprocal associations of positive emotions with mastery-ap...
Article
Full-text available
The present research explored the link of triarchic model of grit underpinned by three dimensions – perseverance of effort, consistency of interest, and adaptability to situations with well-being outcomes using a cross-cultural design among Filipino, Japanese, and Polish undergraduate students (Study 1), a cross-sectional design including Filipino...
Article
The present research was designed to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the MLQ using a construct validation approach in 1,089 Hong Kong secondary school students. Confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine the structural validity of MLQ. Correlational analyses were done to assess how meaning in life dimensions relat...
Article
Studies have consistently shown that character strengths predict many well-being and positive outcomes. However, there is sparse research on how these strengths relate to stigma towards individuals with special educational needs (SEN). This study addresses this gap through exploring the link of using humanity-oriented strengths (i.e., kindness, lov...
Article
Full-text available
Grit, which is originally conceptualized as passion and perseverance for long-term goals, has been associated with optimal performance. Although previous meta-analytic and systematic reviews summarized how grit relates to performance outcomes, they possess considerable shortcomings like: (a) absence of summary on the association of grit with well-b...
Article
Alfred Adler considered social interest may contribute to an individual’s sense of belonging and confidence to engage in intimacy, friendships and work. This study was conducted with 2,638 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 14.92, SD = 1.32) to investigate associations among variables of meaning in life, social connectedness, and career self-efficacy....
Article
Recent studies have emphasized the importance of applying positive psychological theories in the context of career development (Hull et al., 2020; Vela et al., 2015, 2019). However, limited research has been carried out on how specific positive personality traits might contribute to optimal career functioning. We addressed this gap by exploring the...
Article
The Triarchic Model of Grit Scale (TMGS), a measure that assesses individuals’ dispositions to show perseverance, passion (or consistency of interests), and adaptability for long-term goals, had acceptable psychometric properties in Filipino student samples. However, there is scant evidence on the validity of this scale in other societies. This res...
Article
Limited research has been conducted so far to explore how meaning in life can promote key academic and psychological benefits in a school context. The research reported here aimed to address this issue by assessing how meaning in life is associated with dimensions of connectedness, academic self-efficacy (Study 1) and personal self-efficacy (Study...
Article
This research explores the association of character strengths with positive emotions, negative emotions, interdependent happiness, and academic self-efficacy in selected Filipino high school students using a longitudinal design. A survey comprising measures on character strengths, academic self-efficacy, and well-being outcomes was administered to...
Article
There is a growing traction about the educational and psychological benefits of fostering media literacy competencies. However, despite the increasing evidence about the social aspects of media literacy, limited research has been conducted on how socially oriented media literacy interventions affect media literacy and psychological outcomes. The pr...
Article
Studies have shown that implicit theories of intelligence can shape many educational and work-related outcomes. Espousing a belief that intelligence can change over time has been found to be associated with achievement, adjustment, and well-being in various contexts. Nevertheless, little attention has been paid to the role of implicit theories in o...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine whether the association between psychological capital (PsyCap; which is comprised of hope, self‐efficacy, resilience, and optimism) and optimal engagement is mediated by positive emotions. Three studies were conducted across different cultural contexts (Hong Kong SAR, Mainland China, and the Philippines), domain...
Article
The Almost Perfect Scale-Revised measures perfectionism using three subscales: Standards (i.e., expectations set by the self), Discrepancy (i.e., self-criticism related to not reaching these expectations or standards), and Order (i.e., tendency to appreciate orderliness). Measurement invariance was tested using undergraduate students from the Phili...
Article
Students’ connectedness to various social agents has been linked to specific domains of self-efficacy but little is known about the mechanisms linking connectedness to adaptive student outcomes. This research aimed to examine the association of connectedness academic self-efficacy (Study 1) and career development self-efficacy (Study 2) via the med...
Article
Abundant evidence indicates that personality, social, cultural, and contextual factors predict career adaptability. However, little research attends to the roles of academic engagement and achievement in career adaptability, especially in non‐Western cultural contexts. We examined the associations of perceived academic engagement dimensions (i.e.,...
Chapter
Research suggests that grit and gratitude can protect individuals against the hazards of maladaptive outcomes like suicidal ideation. However, there are scarce investigations on how such positive traits predict wellbeing and what mechanisms underpin the link of such dispositions to desirable psychological functioning especially in non-Western conte...
Article
There is dearth of research on how alternative models of grit predict well-being outcomes. In this research, we examine associations among the Triarchic Model of Grit dimensions (i.e., perseverance of effort, consistency of interests, and adaptability to situations) and positive and negative emotions. We also explore mediating role of social emotio...
Article
Full-text available
Existing studies have demonstrated that well-being catalyzes key learning outcomes. However, previous investigations concentrated on examining the link of subjective well-being dimensions such as positive affect and life satisfaction to academic achievement, motivation, and engagement. Also, limited research has been done to examine how flourishing...
Article
Some studies have shown that character strengths positively predicted optimal performance and wellbeing in WEIRD societies which may hold limited generalizability to individuals in non-WEIRD contexts. This prospective study examined the association of selected interpersonal character strengths (i.e., fairness, teamwork, leadership, forgiveness, and...
Article
Perceptions of kindness at school have been linked to a few positive psychological outcomes including optimism, happiness, life satisfaction, and social goals. However, limited evidence has been generated on how kindness relates to academic-related outcomes. This study explored the association of perceived school kindness with different domains of...
Article
Psychological capital (PsyCap) has been associated with key organizational and well-being outcomes. However, limited investigations have been carried out regarding the role of PsyCap in the educational settings. The present study assessed the association of PsyCap with life satisfaction and school belongingness in the academic context. Four hundred...
Article
Full-text available
Meaning in life refers to the extent to which individuals realize the meaning of their lives (presence of meaning) and are eager to understand the meaning of their existence (search for meaning). Whereas previous research has shown that meaning in life was associated with a wide range of positive psychological outcomes, few investigations explored...
Article
Full-text available
Research Findings: This meta-analysis examined 29 (quasi-)experimental studies that involved low-income children ages 3 to 5 who might be subject to risks of academic failure and other negative outcomes. Compared to the controls, children who learned with social-emotional learning (SEL) curricula demonstrated significantly improved social-emotional...
Article
Full-text available
Peace of mind (PoM) has been associated with positive psychological and well-being outcomes. However, it seems that limited research has been done to assess the role of PoM in the educational setting. The present study addressed this gap through examining the association of PoM with academic engagement via a cross-sectional (Study 1) and a two-wave...
Article
Previous research on gratitude has mostly focused on its effects on well-being. However, scant attention has been paid to how gratitude is associated with key learning-related outcomes. The aim of this series of studies was to examine how gratitude is associated with students' motivation, engagement, and achievement. Study 1, a cross-sectional stud...
Article
Passion and perseverance for long-term goals or grit has been linked to various indices of educational success such as academic achievement, engagement, and motivation. Despite the nascent evidence regarding the beneficial impact of grit, previous investigations adopted a variable-centered approach which could not explore how individuals with diffe...
Article
Previous studies have shown that subjective well-being promotes a wide range of adaptive psychological outcomes. However, the role of subjective well-being in the school context, as a potential facilitator of key academic outcomes, remains underexplored. The primary objective of this study was to examine the extent to which the different dimensions...
Article
Existing studies have focused on examining how academic buoyancy or the ability to cope with day-to-day challenges in school may be linked to academic functioning. This review article reported the current state of the academic buoyancy literature in the educational contexts. Findings from previous investigations on the theorizing, measurement, pred...
Article
Full-text available
The positive human attributes of passion and perseverance for long-term goals (referred to as ‘grit’) can be linked to wide range of positive educational, psychological, and employment outcomes. The original grit theory posits that there are two dimensions which characterize determination for long-term aspirations ―perseverance of effort and consis...
Article
Different forms of overt discrimination have been consistently linked to maladaptive psychological, physical health, and educational outcomes. However, limited research has been carried out to assess the link of subtle forms of discrimination like everyday discrimination on academic functioning in the school context. The current study addressed thi...
Article
Grit—passion and perseverance for long-term goals—has been linked to a wide array of positive academic and psychological outcomes. However, limited research has been conducted to explore the association of grit with different indicators of well-being and psychological health. The primary objective of this study was to assess the associations among...
Article
Full-text available
Flourishing emphasizes the importance of integrating subjective well-being and psychological well-being to offer a more comprehensive view of mental health. Recognizing the potential advantage of flourishing, previous empirical studies have examined the relations of flourishing to positive psychological outcomes such as hope, life satisfaction, men...
Article
Student well-being has mostly been studied as an individual phenomenon with little research investigating how the well-being of one's classmates could influence a student's well-being. The aim of the current study was to examine how the aggregate well-being of students who comprise a class could predict students' subsequent well-being (Time 2 well-...
Article
Previous investigations mostly relied on the two-factor model of grit (with perseverance of effort and consistency of interests as major dimensions) which received a number criticisms in the extant literature. Recent studies have provided promising lines of evidence regarding the triarchic model of grit (TMG) which posits three dimensions of grit i...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire – Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of t...
Article
Full-text available
Flow at work was associated with optimal psychological outcomes in the organizational setting. However, previous studies have concentrated on work-related flow as an outcome rather than a catalyst of positive psychological functioning. Further, the differential impact of work-related flow domains on key outcomes was still uncharted. To address this...
Article
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic m...
Article
Previous studies conducted in different settings have raised criticisms regarding the two-factor model of grit (perseverance of effort + consistency of interests) and its ability to account for individual differences in this personal attribute. A recent qualitative investigation in the Philippines (a collectivist society) suggests that a Triarchic...
Article
Subjective happiness has been found to be associated with key psychological outcomes. However, there is paucity of research that assessed how subjective happiness is related to a number of positive student outcomes in the educational setting. The objective of the study was to assess the associations of subjective happiness with academic engagement,...
Article
Full-text available
In the Western settings, power positively predicted happiness (e.g., Kifer et al., 2013). Though, this result may not be generalized across cultures as cultural psychologists recognized that interdependence is more important in collectivist cultures. Consistent with this conjecture, Datu and Reyes (2014) assessed the relations among power, relation...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine how materialism, or the focus on acquiring money and material possessions, is associated with students’ academic engagement and achievement via their motivational regulation (amotivation, controlled motivation, autonomous motivation). Study 1 (n = 606 secondary students) was a cross-sectional study which found t...
Article
Full-text available
Existing literature has demonstrated that cultivating media literacy skills may optimize various indicators of student success. However, limited research has been conducted to examine how media literacy programs can improve effective consumption and production of media contents. The present research addresses these gaps through providing preliminar...
Article
Psychological capital (PsyCap) has been widely investigated in the organizational context. However, limited attention has been given to the role of PsyCap in the academic setting. The primary objective of this study was to examine how PsyCap is associated with academic motivation, engagement, and achievement using both cross-sectional (Study 1) and...
Article
Grit (i.e., passion and perseverance for long-term goals) has been associated with positive educational, work, and well-being outcomes. However, limited research has been done to examine social and contextual antecedents of grit especially in non-Western settings. The aim of the current study was to assess the associations of relatedness with paren...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the psychometric validity and gender invariance of the Academic Buoyancy Scale in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. In terms of within-network construct validity, our results demonstrated that the unidimensional model of academic buoyancy significantly fit the current sample and was invariant across...
Article
The positive human attributes of passion and perseverance for long-term goals (referred to as ‘grit’) can be linked to wide range of positive educational, psychological, and employment outcomes. The original grit theory posits that there are two dimensions which characterize determination for long-term aspirations ―perseverance of effort and consis...
Article
Interdependent happiness has been found to be positively associated with optimal psychological outcomes in collectivist cultures. However, the relationship between interdependent happiness and key academic outcomes has remained unexplored. The current study examined the association of interdependent happiness with key academic outcomes such as auto...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies on academic emotions have mostly used variable-centered approaches. While these analyses have elucidated the relationships between academic emotions and key academic outcomes, they cannot identify naturally-occurring groups of students defined by distinct academic emotion profiles. In this study, we adopted a person-centered approa...
Article
This study examined the relationship of Dark Triad traits with interpersonal facilitation (IF) and interpersonal counterproductive work behavior (ICWB) through the mediators of independent and interdependent self-construals and power distance. Using multigroup latent variable modeling, we examined differences in this model between the United States...
Article
The objective of the study was to assess the moderating role of locus-of-hope on the relations between everyday discrimination and well-being outcomes in a collectivist setting. There were 444 Filipino undergraduate students who participated in the research. Findings showed that discrimination was negatively linked to subjective well-being and flou...
Article
Prioritizing positivity, which reflects the extent to which individuals organize their lives in ways that would maximize their experience of happiness, has been found to be associated with higher levels of well-being via positive emotions. However, previous research on this construct has been cross-sectional in nature which has made the temporal se...
Article
This article examines the potential benefits of possessing the personality traits of determination and perseverance (often referred to as ‘grit’) in an academic setting. Previous studies in Western individualistic societies have emphasized the advantages of possessing this attribute of grit; but to date, very few investigations have been conducted...
Article
Full-text available
Extant literature has shown that the compound personality variable core self-evaluations (CSE) is associated with various psychological outcomes. However, there is a dearth of research on CSE across cultures. Consistent with self-construal theory, because there can be differences in self-construals within and between cultures, the present study exa...
Article
Cultural theories of well-being emphasize the importance of establishing and maintaining satisfying interpersonal relationships to achieve happiness in collectivist societies. Yet, widely used measures of subjective well-being have failed to capture the social dimension of happiness. To address this research gap, Hitokoto and Uchida (2015) develope...
Article
Full-text available
The present research aims to validate the Short Grit Scale (Duckworth et al., 2009) among a sample of university (n=220) and high school students (n=606) from a collectivist culture (i.e., the Philippines) using both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation. Our results revealed interesting cross-cultural differences in...
Article
Full-text available
Previous literature emphasized the role of psychological capital (PsyCap) in fostering positive organizational and work outcomes. However, there were very scarce investigations on the benefits of PsyCap especially in non-Western academic settings. The current research addresses this gap through assessing the extent to which PsyCap can be associated...