Jessica Kate Mullard

Jessica Kate Mullard
University of Liverpool | UoL

About

7
Publications
4,935
Reads
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226
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
224 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050

Publications

Publications (7)
Article
Determination of the ratio of the hoof distal phalanx distance (HDPD) to the length of the palmar aspect of the distal phalanx (HDPD ratio) may be helpful for the diagnosis of laminitis. Estimates for normal values have varied (≤0.25 to ≤0.30) and been based on small numbers of horses. No study has compared external characteristics of the hoof wall...
Article
Differentiation between alteration in behavior which is the result of pain and that reflecting other behavior is potentially challenging in ridden horses. A ridden horse ethogram has been developed, tested, and combined with a pain score. Nonlame horses generally had lower pain scores than lame horses, although there was a small overlap. To determi...
Article
Determining the reasons for pain in ridden horses is challenging, because of the many variable factors, including primary musculoskeletal pain, tack-induced pain, or rider-induced pain. Field-based studies clearly have limitations. Assuming that those limitations are acknowledged, behavioral observations that are repeatable among horses, and that s...
Article
There is evidence that more than 47% of the sports horse population in normal work may be lame, but the lameness is not recognized by owners or trainers. An alternative means of detecting pain may be recognition of behavioral changes in ridden horses. It has been demonstrated that there are differences in facial expressions in nonlame and lame hors...
Article
Poor performance in horses is often attributed to rider or training problems or behavioural abnormalities. Riders often fail to recognise lameness. We need to determine if there are differences in facial expression in lame and non-lame horses when ridden, which may facilitate the identification of horses experiencing pain. A previously developed fa...
Article
Many horses presumed to be sound by their riders are not. Facial expression ethograms have previously been used to describe pain-related behavior in horses, but there is a need for a ridden horse facial ethogram to facilitate identification of pain in ridden horses. The objectives of this study were to develop and test an ethogram to describe facia...
Article
Equine cervical osteoarthritis is a common disease known to contribute to both neck pain and cervical vertebral compressive myelopathy. There are no published studies demonstrating the usefulness of latero-oblique radiography as a diagnostic tool for cervical osteoarthritis. To determine the sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predic...

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